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of disobedience in his favourite boy was the darling of his sister, whom he seemed at once a just retribution for in turn tenderly loved ; and he contihis errors as a parent, and an omen of nued the whole day in the apartment future and still more bitter disappoint where she and his mother were busy ments. He felt, in the conduct of his in arranging his trunks, books, and son, how keen is the sense of ill-requited clothes-sometimes mingling his tears kindness,-a feeling which it is in all with theirs-sometimes cheering them cases hard enough to bear, but which with gay anticipations of many a merry wounds with a venom, for which na and happy meeting.

Marie occature affords no cure, when it stings the sionally joined in these comforting toheart of a father. The dutiful and pics, but Madame Tarrant could not. affectionate behaviour of his other There seemed a load upon her heart, children, too young to have observed heavier than the mere thoughts of the his neglect, would have given a solace present hour could make it, and apin other griefs, but to Tarrant only pearing to take much of its weight furnished additional motives for self from some sad forebodings, which she reproach, by showing that the children sometimes expressed, for which she who deserved the most, had received knew not how to account, but which the least of their parents' kindness. she could not stifle. “ Unhappily, too, Madame Tarrant

- Such hours as these, my young had more than shared her husband's friend,” continued M. St Julien, weakness. Henri had been rather “ full as they are of painful tendersickly when an infant, and the cares ness, are some of the purest, the hoand anxieties she then felt, gave him liest, the best of our existence. All an interest in her affections, which the sluices of the affections are opened, became still stronger and more exclu- and the heart pours out the full tide of sive as he grew up to manhood. Be- its emotions, unrestrained by that cold sides, he had in personal appearance and hardening mockery, with which much the advantage of his brother, the world, by an absurd and cruel inand Madame Tarrant was not the first consistency, seeks to extinguish the mother who contracted an unreason feelings that every human creature in it able partiality for the superior beauties at some time or other loves to cherish. of one beloved child.

It is to times and scenes like these that “But though Henri had been spoil the mind will turn, with a sickening ed by indulgence, it had not destroyed sense of reproach and humiliation, his affections. His habits, though not when conscience points to something yet actually vicious, were so far de committed, or about to be committed, praved, that he was in general the which would give shame and sorrow headlong victim of his own selfwill; to those who, at some such time, have but the heart was still untainted ; and joined with us in feelings of pure and as the time approached when he was earnest affection. So it is that Provito bid a long adieu to his family and dence moulds and governs nations ; so home,--to the haunts and the friends it is that domestic sympathies fence of his boyhood,-he betrayed a serious and warn virtue; so it is that the child ness and softening of temper, from who is reared under his parents' eyes, which his father formed the most flat- and in company with those who are tering auguries. It seemed as if, in bound to him in blood and fondness, pondering upon some part of his past carries with him to his grave a train conduct, his own reflections charged of early and cherished recollections, him with faults, for which he desired a foundation of morals and religion to atone in the short space during which no mere systems ever did or which he was now to remain with his ever will supply. As far as I can family.

judge, and I have had good means of “The 19th of October 1790 was the knowing it, Henri Tarrant never whol. day appointed for his departure. The ly lost the remembrance of that day, preceding day was spent by his mother and of the evening that closed it. and sister in preparing matters for his " The family, after they had finishjourney,-a task which is always a ed their frugal and early supper, were painful one, even when friends part collected upon seats drawn round a for a shorter period than three years, large parlour window, within which it the time which Henri was to devote to was M. Tarrant's custom, on summer his professional studies in Paris. He and autumn evenings, to sit upon his

arm-chair with his family about him, made a more sincere and earnest vow looking on at the various arrangements than he did at that moment, never to made at the approach of night upon forfeit his title to those affections, for his farm, of a great part of which the the loss of which it seemed that this window afforded a prospect. Their fa- wide world could afford no compensamily meal had been silent and mourn

tion. ful,-for it was the last, for three " "Henri,' continued M. Tarrant, years, which Henri was to partake

attend to me. I have delayed till with them ;-and they continued for this last hour to offer you,-not the some time gazing upon the little land- injunction or commands merely, my scape of their native spot, over which dear boy, but the earnest and solemn night was now drawing her curtain. request of an anxious parent. You are The moon had just risen, and shone going to a place full of temptations of full and clear upon the thoughtful all kinds. From many of them, I trust group; and now and then showed, by in God, your religion, and the moral a tear glistening in the eye, or falling habits in which you have been reared, upon some part of the dress, what will secure you. But there are two were the reflections which engaged dangers which I here give you my pathem all in common. The hushed rental and solemn warning to shun: stillness of the hour, broken only by the gambling companies,-nurseries the bleating of a sheep, or the rushing for the prison and the scaffold, -that of a little waterfall that tumbled and abound in Paris ; and the political -sparkled at the bottom of the lawn, clubs that it is said are now forming the pale pure cold light of an October there. As to gaming, Henri, I shall moon, looking mournfully down from not now urge the miseries to which it -a clear, and, as yet, a starless sky, leads, often and often I have spoken to were so much in character with their you on this theme; but remember, feelings, that all were disinclined, by that what I give you for your support, speaking, or by moving, to interrupt and to defray the charges of your stuthe silence. At length M. Tarrant dies, is wrung from our hard savings. spoke:

If you remember that, I know you will Henri, my child, 'tis growing never put upon the hazard of a die, late, and you have still some arrange- what your father only affords you at ments to make for to-morrow ;-come the expense of many privations. Benear me.'

ware, then, on that account, of the “Henri approached his father, but vice of gaming; but beware of it for he did not conceal his emotion. this also ;-that of all the vices which

“Cheer up; cheer up, my boy! debase human nature, it is perhaps We shall all meet happily yet. It is that which steels the heart in the hardnot manly to grieve so for a three est insensibility to all the charities and years' absence. Many sad things may, sympathies that make the world worth doubtless, happen during that time ; living for. Politics you will learn, as but I hope I hope

you learn the laws and history of your “ It was an ineffectual effort at firm, country. Go not into these new clubs

Nature burst her way ;--and and societies. Your ancestors fought before M. Tarrant ceased to speak, the and bled, and sacrificed their fortunes son and the father were sobbing on and lives in the cause of loyalty. Do each other's bosoms.

not tempt the danger of being pervert«« This is mere folly,' said M. Tar- ed from this sacred cause ;-a cause rant, after a few seconds' indulgence. dear to all true Frenchmen; à cause

And yet I believe I would not wholly which patriotism and religion unite to suppress it. Look round you, Henri; consecrate. These new philosophers, see these streaming, eyes ;-hear the who would change, or, as they say, resound of your sister's and your mo form a condition in which we have ther's weeping ;-see the weakness of been glorious as well as happy, are to your elder but not more firm father; be feared in this, Henri, -that they -and, oh, my child! remember this are levelling their deadliest blows at hour ;-may the time never come religion ; a clear proof that they attack when your heart can tell you, you do the state more through a hatred of not deserve this fondness !

piety than from mere hostility to pre“Henri sunk upon his knees at his tended political abuses. They are yet father's feet; but lie was too full for cautious and moderate; but do not utterance. Perhaps no youth ever trust them. There are signs as if some

ness.

dire convulsion were at hand Keep than he had dared to hope for. M. your hands unfettered, your mind un Tarrant's replies proved how fully, and contaminated. Stand aloof until the yet how easily, a child can repay the day of trial; and if that day shall cares and fondness of a parent. To do come, old Joseph Tarrant tells his son Henri but justice, the happiness which to be ready at the post of loyalty, he perceived his good conduct confer. duty, and honour, and maintain the red upon his father, served to prolong principles which his ancestors met.po- the watchful guard which he held verty, ignominy, and death, in defend- upon his actions. But his habits had ing.

not been formed for a continuance of « The next morning, as it dawned, self-restraint. Warm as his affections found Henri on his way to Paris. The were, they were not strong enough to events of the preceding evening were cope with the monster Self-will, which too full in his recollection to allow had been nourished within him by ineven the novelties of the journey, the dulgence, and had grown in strength as longest he had ever travelled from he had advanced in age. His letters, home, to have much effect upon his towards the end of a year from his despirits. But on the second day, the parture, became brief and infrequent. constant succession of new objects, the After some time, they contained little bustle of the towns, and the varieties else than notices of the expenses of a of the country through which his jour- Paris life, and pressing demands for ney lay, by degrees led his thoughts money. And at length, when M. from the little circle in which he had Tarrant, after many remonstrances, passed his youth, to the great world and after having mortgaged part of which he was about to enter.' He his little estate to answer these untherefore approached Paris with a reasonable calls, pointed out the absomind wholly engrossed by contempla- lute impossibility of supplying farther tions of the future, and with somewhat sums from a property which was now of that mixed feeling of fear and ex become insufficient even for the depectancy with which a mariner of little cent support of his family, Henri skill might be supposed to launch an wholly dropped the correspondence. untried bark upon a wide and treach. He changed his abode in town; and

though M. Tarrant, almost distracted “Fear, certainly, predominated for with apprehensions of the death or a loạg time, after he had settled in ruin of his child, wrote repeatedly to Paris and commenced his studies. Left some of the few persons he knew in to his own guidance, he felt as if a Paris, he received no tidings of Henri. charge had been committed to him The revolution had broken out, and which he was unequal to manage ; and M. Tarrant was prevented from quitat every step he apprehended disaster. ting his own district to make personal He was beset with temptations; but inquiries for his son. After a long he shunnedathem, as a weak person period of anxiety and expectation, it avoids a powerful, dangerous, and for- seemed to him but too probable that ward foe. For many months his letters Henri had joined some of the revolubreathed nothing but indignation at tionary factions, or had perished in the vices of Paris, and his determina one of the massacres at Paris. tion to preserve himself from their in .“ Henri had joined in the revolution, fection. He gave regular and earnest its madness and its excesses; but he assurances to his father, that he suc had escaped its proscriptions. His cessfully resisted all solicitations, (and abandonment of his early principles they were numerous and pressing,) and virtuous habits was gradual, and wbich he received to join the associates was not completed without many of his studies, who were much addict- struggles. As if providence designed ed to gambling, and some of whom to afford him a warning at each wrong were very active members of the read- step he took, his progress to guilt was ing societies and debating clubs which by the very road against

which he had were then increasing in numbers, and been cautioned by his father. Some becoming every day more and more of the dark and cunning spirits, who, distinguished by the boldness and pub- at the beginning of the political licity of their proceedings.

changes, worked incessantly to en“I need not describe a father's pride snare partizans, had contrived to make and joy at finding in his own son even the blandishments of private vices suba better temper and a wiser conduct servient to their political designs.

erous sea.

They established houses of entertain- by example, and desperate at his state ment of various descriptions, into of total destitution, which seemed to which the young and unwary were leave him no refuge but in the public allured ; and then, when their vic- ruin, joined in their wildest excesses, tims were heated with the excesses and became too far committed to avail practised there, and were inclined to himself of a moment of repentance join in any pursuits the partners of and reflection, even were that moment their vices, these corrupters hurried allowed him—but it was not. His them into some crowd of revolu. sanguine temper had made him a tionists, engaged in fervid debate, and leader in the disorder which he at first colouring the most nefarious pro- only thought he shared ; and he was jects with the language and the senti- obliged to take an active, though subments of pure philanthropy and pa- ordinate post among the faction which triotic enthusiasm. It was at such a he had joined. The speed with which place and time that Henri became in a character can be changed in times fected with the contagious frenzy of of public convulsion would be increrepublicanism. He had been persua- dible, if facts did not terribly attest ded, after many refusals, to visit a gá- it. At the miserable period of our reming-house, which was a favourite volution, I have seen the mildest and place of resort to some most intimate best natures so soured and hardened associates. The recollection of his fa- by atrocious usage, or by a familiarity ther's last words stung him as he en with crimes which they were comtered ; but he went determined not to pelled to witness, or driven, at first, play, and he kept his resolution. Ene by the force of circumstances, to share, couraged by the forbearance to which that in the end they seemed to have he found himself equal, he fell at the tempers not of men, but of demons. length into the practice of visiting the But civil wars only make that more place as a sort of lounge, looking on glaring and manifest which occurs at his friends, but still refraining from less obtrusively in the most quiet play. He soon became familiar with times. Character must ever be the , these scenes ; gambling lost its horrors result of habit and example; and he for him ; he had passed the threshold who trusts his virtue in the neighof the temple of vice, and it was not bourhood of vice will find, that the long before he began the worship diseases of the mind are but too like which he saw all but himself practi- the contagious distempers of the body sing within it. In short, he yielded -as infectious, and as deadly. to the entreaties, the encouragement,

“So it was with Henri Tarrant. For and the ridicule of his associates; and a while he shuddered at the deeds in a little time became a constant at which it became his part to assist in tendant at the gaming-table. He had, perpetrating. He objected, he relike other gamblers, his vicissitudes of monstrated; but he only made himgood and ill fortune ; but having ex self suspected by his party, who talkhausted his father's means, he, on one ed of treason when he spoke of mercy evening, after a run of ill-luck, staked, or of justice. He found himself, therein despair, his all upon a single cast fore, obliged, at first, to abandon hu-and lost it. It was a moment of manity for self-preservation ; after wildness and tempest of the passions. some time, his conscience ceased to Virtue had lost her habitual hold, and prompt when he ceased to listen to its he was like a skiff upon the waters, dictates ; and at length he became a unoared, unruddered, and unanchor- proselyte to the doctrines and argued-ready to move as the current ments which flattered him, by seemmight drift it. His companions ad- ing to excuse or palliate the courses journed to a neighbouring political that he considered it impossible to. club. He walked with the crowd, avoid. Paris, however, was a place so and assisted in one of those stormy dangerous alike to those of moderaand portentous debates, which so often tion and humanity, and those who ended in maddening the auditors to a adopted measures of the sternest ri. resolution, promptly executed, to com gour, that he seized the first opportumit, as essential to the common weal, nity of procuring a commission in the some instant act of lawless violence. revolutionary army, and was The meeting broke up in tumult; after ordered on active service. the members proceeded in a body to “In the meantime, La Vendée had their work of atrocity; Henri, fired become the theatre of a conflict as

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singular in its character, and as san ter was given, and at its close the face guinary as any which history records. of the country presented only one The people of this district were equally wide succession of smoking ruins. remarkable for their primitive and The streets of every town which lay simple manners, and for a strong at- in the march of the merciless conquetachment to their religion and to the rors, literally ran blood. After the persons of their clergy. At first they decisive battle of Chollet, a mixed and regarded the distant din of the revolu- harassed host of upwards of eighty tion as they would the sound of a re thousand human beings, of all sexes mote torrent. They were peaceful and and conditions, sickly and decrepit contented, and exempt from many of old men, weak and affrighted women, the abuses which prevailed in other half-naked and famished children, parts of France. They therefore felt wounded peasants, and the remnant little interest in the political changes of them who saved their lives and which were occurring in the metropo- arms in the battle, rolled on towards lis. But when it was attempted to put the Loire, exhausted by fatigue and in execution the decree, suspending and hunger, but seeking, like a drove of degrading such of their pastors as panic-struck and hunted cattle, some would not take the revolutionary oath, refuge from the dreadful scourge

that which the clergy of La Vendée, al followed fast behind them. M. Tarmost to a man, rejected, the people rant had been wounded in the last enbecame frantic. The lowest ranks were gagement, and with difficulty made the first to arm, and the gentry, who his way among the crowd, supported were mostly staunch royalists, but by his daughter, who, in the midst of who feared that the country was not these terrible trials, never lost her reyet ripe for revolt, were in some in solution. Madame Tarrant, who had stances compelled, against their decla- been for some months rapidly declired wishes, to head a populace, exci- ning, was assisted forward by her son. ted to the highest pitch of enthusiasm Unfortunately, they deviated a little in the cause of their king and their from the track of the other fugitives, religion.

hoping, by following some of the by« The peasantry in the immediate roads which Gabriel thought he knew, neighbourhood of M. Tarrant, were and which were little frequented, to distinguished by a more than ordinary gain more easily the heights of St Ferdegree of activity and ardour. They ment, the point towards which all were foremost among those who gain were hastening, with the design of ed the first considerable advantage escaping across the Loire. They proover the revolutionary troops. M. ceeded a considerable space onward, Tarrant had, by the universal voice, the high ground which was their landbeen chosen their leader ; and, forget mark being hidden from their view ; ting his age and the infirmities which but they missed their way among the were growing fast upon him, he dis- lanes and valleys with which all this played in the field all the eager valour country abounds, and when they beof the stoutest and youngest of his lieved they had nearly reached the followers. His son Gabriel, too, rene point of rendezvous, they found them. dered important services; and when selves upon the bank of the river, upthe youth distinguished himself by wards of two miles from their place of some signal act of bravery, the old refuge. At this moment, several pea, gentleman would cry, Well done, sants passed them in great trepidation, my dear boy! Right, Gabriel ; right, crying, “The Blues ! The Blues ! my boy! But where is Henri-where (so the revolutionary soldiers were is Henri-if he be indeed alive, that called ;) and urging instant speed,he is not fighting by his father's side ‘Fly, fly, my children !' cried M. and in such a cause as this?'

Madame Tarrant, at the same mo“ I need not detail to you the succes ment, We must perish at all events ses and reverses of this miserable and escape while you can! It was a hopeless contest. After prodigies of moment of life and death. Gabriel valour and patient suffering, the un looked towards the heights of St Ferhappy Vendeans were overpowered by ment, and saw the first body of funumbers. The vengeance of the vic- gitives safe on the opposite bank of the tors was ample and terrible. During a river, and the rest following, appaconsiderable part of the war, no quar. rently unpursued. The peasants who VOL. XIX.

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