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substitute for a Son selected by con- ment-“ Mr. H. having heard that a seription to serve in the Spanish War report is in circulation of bis intend. (1822); that they pay taxes for the ing to give away a Sheep in his doors, windows, and MEUBLES (fur- grounds, begs leave to inform the niture) of their dwelling ; and that, neighbourhood that it is a Hoax." one and all, they have no gigs or Unluckily, the crier had a provincial other vanities.

accent, and contrived to transform.

the concluding word into “ Uit's Qunchion. The cousequence may easily be im

agined. Mr. H.'s visitors were swelled

into a mob, and finding themselves THE VILLAGE COQUETTE.

disappointed, wreaked their vengeance The partner of partners, the belle of the upon his fences, and loaded himn with ball,

execrations. And caring for none, though I smiled upon all;

TO CORRESPONDENTS. I flirted a season with all that I saw, The parson, the merchant, the limb of G. Sneyd might very naturally ima. the law.

gine that what we had promised, would The squire and the captain were fish in

never be performed, but Now we trust

he has a more favourable opinion of our my net, Which gained me the name of the Vil: good faith. With respect io' the lapse Coquette,

of memory he alludes to, we scarcely Years gathered, and robbed me of know how to credit it; bút, as we are swain after swain

unwilling to be rude, we shall state our Time snaps, link by link, the most ob objections in as delicate a manner as durate chain :

possible—thus :
The parson adored a rich widow at Kew: Suppose that you should ask a man
The merchant ran off with the piece of a

Just to inform you, if he can,
The lawyer eloped, being rather

Whether, upon a certain day,

He happen'd in a room to stay,
And the squire “ stole away", from the

And there, amid some other folks,
Village Coquette.
The captain, false pirate, for life took Why, you might very well expect

Was introduc'd to John-a-Nokes :-
in tow
A Wharfinger's daughter at Stratford- But should you ask hini to disclose

He'd say, he could not recollect. le-Bow,

If John-a-Nokes then 'pulld his nose, When, lo! pert and priggish, all con

And rudely too his bottom kick'd, grees and shrugs, Approached to adore me, a dealer in Because John's pocket he had pick'd

Would you believe him then, I pray, drugs!

Should he have brass enough to say, I shuddered. I sickened—I paid nature's debi

That really he had quite forgot

Jf John-a-Nokes did so or not? And died, sad and single, a Village Coquette. Hugo GRIM. : A letter shall be left for Clio, in a day

or two, as desired. We may find a EQUIVOQUE.-. false report was place for J. H.-B. and are obliged to bately circulated in the town of R-, Priapus. The cut so often suggested that Mr. H. a wealthy resident, in by Hugo Grim, will soon appear. tended, on a certain day, to distribute A large accumulation of articles, amongst the poor, a roasted Sheep. caused by the irregular appearance of The rumour was communicated to some of our late numbers, shall be les. Mr. H. who, apprehensive that it sened as speedily as practicable. All would, if suffered to remain uncon

that T. P. C. recommends, shall be

effected. tradicted, be the means of bringing apon him many troublesome visitors, LONDON.-Printed and Published by 1. Wallis ordered the town-crier to parade the streets, with the following announce

Camden Town ; and also Published by C. Harris, Bón Street, Covent Garden, by wbom Communications fur the Editor are received,

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This tower, which commands a very bule, at the entrance, is ornamented extensive and beautiful prospect of with armour and trophies, taken at the Metropolis, Greenwich, Woolwich, Severndroog Castle; and on the front the Thames, and the adjacent counties is placed the following Inscription: of Kent, Surrey, and Essex, was erec- * This building was erected in ted about 40 years ago by Lady 1781, by the representative of the James, widow of Sir William James, late Sir William JAMES, Baronet, Baronet, to commemorate the gallant to commemorate that gallant officer's conduct of her husband at the taking achievements in the East Indies, duof Severndroog Castle, on the coast ing his Command of the Company's of Malabar, April 2, 1755 : he being marine forces in those seas; and in a at that period Commander of_the particular manner to record the conCompany's marine forces in the East quest of the “ CASTLE Or SevernIndies. The building consists of three DROOG, on the coast of Malabar, floors; and on each of the upper sto- which fell to his superior valour and ries is a room, with two closets ad- able conduct on the 2d day of April, joining, neatly fitted up. The vesti- 1755."


Sir William resided at Park-place making known, and counteracting farm, in the parish of Eltham, Kent, such rumours as 'her enemies were where he died, and was buried in De- anxious to propagate. Of this pubceinber, 1783. Sir Edward James, lication we have seen three printed his only son, was also buried at El. numbers in the collection of state patham, November 24, 1792, in his 18th pers in the British Museum. The year.

earliest number preserved is No. 50, Not far from the tower stands one dated July 23, 1588. It is entitled of the Telegraphs which communicate “The English Mercurie, published between Duver and London; and on by authoritie for the prevention of the top of the hill is a mineral spring, false report;" and is said at the end soine account of the virtues of which to be * imprinted by Christopher was published by a Wm. Godbid, in Barker, her Highness's printer.' It 1673. Shooter's Hill was formerly a would appear not to have been publishplace much dreaded by travellers, the ed at regular periodical intervals, but as steepness and narrowness of the roads, occasion required, or events of importand the harbour which the neigh- ance occurred. We observe, for inbouring coppices afforded to robbers, stance, the publication of No. 50 on rendering it a very fit place for their the 23d of July, and No. 5l on the depredations. Shakspeare has made 26th; while subsequently more than it the scene of Falstaff's robberies in

a month elapsed without a new nuinHenry iv." Measures were taken 'ber. The first article in No. 50, for improving the highway here, so ear- dated Whitehall, July 23, 1588 conty as Richard 1r's time, but they proved tains advices from Sir Francis Walsineffectual; and it was not till 1739 ingham, that the Spanish Armada was that any material improvement was seen on the 20th in the chops of the made, when a road of easier ascent Channel, making for the entrance of and greater width was laid out, at the Channel, with a favourable gale. some distance from the old one. Very 'An account is then given, of her Marecently the hill has been still more jesty's fleet, which consisted of 80 sail, lessened, by cutting through it, so divided into four squadrons, comthat what was formerly one of the manded by the Lord High Admiral, stéepest ascents in the neighbourhood in the Ark Royal, Sir Francis Drake, of London, is now reduced to a con- Admirals Hawkins and Forbisher. venient slope.

By the best computation, it is added, the enemy could not have fewer than

one hundred and fifty ships ; but as NEWSPAPERS, PRINTING,

soon as they were seen from the top

mast of the English fleet, instead of These vehicles of historical intelli- exciting any fear of the result, they gence and political discussion began were hailed by the English sailors to appear in England during the ci- with acclamations of joy. An acvil war.

The paper called The Eng- count is theu given of the attack made lish Mercury, which gave the first ex- on the Armada on the 21st of July, ample of this kind of publication, after which it fled. This official artiscarcely deserves to be mentioned in a cle goes on to state, that such preparageneral estimate. It seems to have tions were made, not only at Tilbury been established by Queen Elizubeth and Blackheath, but along the coast, in times of great difficulty and dan- that nothing was to be feared should ger, in order to communicate such the Spaniards even effect a landing. intelligence as she felt interested in The article concludes-

• By God's blessing, there is no For great part of this article we are

doubt but this unjust and daring indeb:ed to a cleaver weekly work, late- enterprise of the King of Spayne will ly commenced, under the title of - The turn out to his everlasting shame and Londýn Mechanics' Register."

dishonour, as all ranks of the people,



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without respect of religion, seem reso- were published in the shape of small lute to defend the sacred persone of quarto pamphlets, as they arrived. their Sovereigne, and the lawes and These pamphlets were entitled “News liberties of this country, against all from Italy, Germany, Hungary," &c. foreigne invaders.”

as they happened to refer to the Under the head London, July 23, transactions of those respective counit is said

tries, and purported to be transla“ The Lord Mayor, Aldermen, tions from the low Dutch. Common Council, and Lieutenantcie No discussion could of course exof this great city, wayted upon her ist, nor could any news but such as Majestie at Westminster this after- pleased the government be communinone, with assurances of their hearty cated, when the Star-chamber and and unanimous resolution to stand High Commissioned Courts exercised

by and support her Majestie at this an uncontrolled sway over the libercritical juncture with their lives and ties and ears of authors, or while the fortunes, when her invaluable life, the first of the British Stuarts was istrue Protestant religion, and all the suing frequent proclamations, forpriviledges of free-born Englishmen, bidding the people even to converse are threatened by an open attack from with one another on political topics. our bigotted and bloode-thirsty-ad- At that time, besides, there was neiversaries the Spaniards. The queen ther a very extensive reading public received them very graciously, and nor a system of convenient post comassured them that she did not doubte munication. In the time of the civil their zealous endeavours to serve their war, 'newspapers multiplied to a great Sovereigne on the present very im- extent, and whole flights of “Merportant occasion; that for her part, curies" (for that was their favourite she relyed on God's providence and title) were weekly dispatched with The goodnesse of her cause, and was royal or parliamentary intelligence. resolved to run all risques with her In the course of one year (1643) faithfull subjects."

nearly a score of papers were started, No. 51, dated Whitehall, July 28, 14 or 15 of which we have seen. contains

Among them we find the following “ The journal of what passed since titles : Special Passages, or certain the 21st of this month, between her Informations ;" “ England's MemorMajestie's fleet and that of Spayne, able Accidents ;" Diurnal of Certain transınitted by the Lorde Highe Ad- Passages of Parliament;"

" Mermirall to the Lordes of the Coun- curius Aulicus ;" “ The Kingdome's cill.” Also,

Weekly Intelligencer;" Mercurius A letter from Madrid, dated July Civicus, or London's Intelligencer;" 16, details “ the hopes of Spayne in “ The Parliament's Scout's Discothe Armada expedition."

very, or certain Information from The next number in the collection, both Armies ;" " The Parliaments being 54, is dated Nov. 24, an inter- Scout;" “ Mercurius Rusticus, or val of four months. It contains an the Country's Complaint of the Robe account, under the head of London, beries, Plunderings, and other Outof " the solemn general thanksgiv- rages committed by the Rebels on his inge for the successes obtayned against Majesty's Faithful Subjects ; " "Merthe Spanish Armada." Her Majesty curius Britannicus," a parliamentary went in state to St. Paul's. She paper; “ The Weekly Account;' and dined at the Deanery, and rode back • 'l'he Scotch Intelligencer." ". The to Whitehall by torch-lights. Mercurius Aulicus" was first puh

From the time this publication was lished at Oxford in January, 1643, given up, we find no continued vehi- to counteract the alleged falsehoods cle for political intelligence with a of the Roundheads or partisans of the fixed title for many years. In the Parliament. This purpose is expressreign of James 1. packets of news ed in the following introductory paragraph. “ The Mercurius Auli- delivered, he was obliged, like honest cus" begins thus

Andrew Marvel, to communicate with The world hath long enough them every day by letter. We sub been abused with falsehoods; and join a paragraph from Dr. Johnson'. there's a weekly cheat put out to Life of Addison,” giving his acnourish the abuse among the people, count of the commencement and and make them pay for their seduce- original character of a species of pubment. And that the world may see lication, which, like its cotemporary that the Court is neither so barren of and constant companion--a tea breakintelligence as it is conceived, nor the fast-has almost now become a neafl'airs thereof in so unprosperous a

cessary of life:condition as these pamphlets make “ This mode of conveying cheap them, it is thought fit to let them and easy knowledge began among us truly understand the state of things, in the civil war, when it was much that so they may no longer pretend the interest of either party to raise ignorance, or be deceived with un- and fix the prejudices of the people. truthes, which being premised once At that time appeared “ Mercurius for all, we now go into the businesse, Aulicus," Mercurius Rusticus," and wherein we shall proceed with all " Mercurius Civicus." It is said, truth and candour."

that when any title grew popular, it At the Restoration, thc wings of was stolen by the antagonist, who, political fame were clipt, and the by this stratagem, conveyed his no• Mercurius" disappeared. In the tions to those who would not have time of William and Anne, though received him, had he not worn the the press to a certain extent was free, appearance of a friend. Those “ Mer. and though several literary journals curies” were succeeded by 6. L'Eswere established, the only vehicle for trange's Observator," and that by news was “ The London Gazette," Lesly's Rehearsal." which was established in 1642. Dur. It is needless to say to what an ing the reign of the two first Sove- extent the publication of newspapers reigns of the House of Hanover, more is now carried. It was ascertained than a dozen of journals, almost in 1821, by a return of the stamp exclusively devoted to the communi- office, where the paper for all the cation of news, were established in journals in London and the United London, but as yet much was wanting Kingdom is stamped, that the number to complete the scheme of our present in London was 300 000; in the counnewspapers. At the late King's ac- try, 650,000 weekly; making nearly cession, and for many years subse- a inillion weekly, and fifty inillions quently, we find in the newspapers per annum.* “ The London Chronicle,

It would extend this article to too James's Chronicle," and " The Daily great a length to give even the most Advertiser," for instance), no politi- concise account of the origin, number, cal discussion, no parliamentary in- . and characters of foreign journals. telligence, and no reports of the Holland led the way in this species of proceedings of the Courts of Law. publication. Scarcely a country or The debates of Parliament at that a capital of any extent is now to be time seem to have been as unknown found without its “ Gazette.” They to the body of the people as the have Aourished most where liberty is deliberations of the Privy Council ; most widely diffused and most firmly the commencement and conclusion established. America; next to Engof a Session were mentioned some- land, seems the chosen seat of free times in a single paragraph ; and discussion and newspaper publication. if a member wished to inform his It is calculated that the number of constituents of the particular line of newspapers published in the Ameri, conduct which he had pursued, or the individual speeches which he had * See Nic-Nac, vol. i. pp. 118, 158,

" St.

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