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mitted to the bar in 1787. In 1798, he was appointed a Justice of the Supreme Court, when he commenced the practice of delivering written argumentative opinions, supported by legal authorities; and hence the series of recorded judicial decisions which have enriched the jurisprudence of New York.

In connection with Judge Radcliffe, he revised the statutes of the state in 1800. In 1804 he was appointed Chief Justice, and in 1814 he received the appointment of Chancellor. In 1824, having arrived at the age of sixty, the constitutional limit of service in New York, he left the bench, and was appointed Law professor in Columbia College. In 1826 appeared the first volume of his admirable "Commentaries on American Law."

Chancellor Kent was an exemplary Christian, and sustained an excellent reputation in all the relations of life. His works were highly esteemed in Europe as well as in America; and as evidence of which, the Chief Justice of England, Baron Denman, wrote to him some years since, acknowledging the indebtedness of the legal profession for his able commentaries. From the many tributes of respect paid the memory of this great man, we select an eulogium. pronounced by a citizen of another state-himself a learned and distinguished man-Horace Binney, Esq., of Philadelphia.


"It is not for me," said Mr. Binney, "nor is this the occasion, to trace the entire life of the late Chancellor Kent. A sketch of his many services to his profession must be reserved to others. I cannot offer the resolutions without some allusion to the useful career of this eminent man. We first hear of him as a Judge of the Supreme Court of New York; it will be fifty years from the time of his appointment in February next. Four or five years after, he was appointed Chief Justice, and continued to administer justice, and, in fact, established the reputation of the court, not only in his district, but through the United States and the world. But it was chiefly as Chancellor that his reputation was acquired. His usefulness was particularly directed for the benefit of the young. deserved to be called the father of American Equity. His decisions are a school for the young practitioner. They stand like great works in the studio of an artist. His commentaries upon the law are immortal. As a jurist, his views were sound, liberal and comprehensive. He was not only all this, but when you go into a view of his private character, there was no shade, not the shadow of a shade, to dim the picture. His integrity was as pure as a child's. There was no man more simple; he appeared to be the only one who was not aware of his own greatness; he believed himself to be best suited for a private life, and when most at home he was most happy."



The sudden death of this distinguished statesman, on the 27th day of August, 1847, produced a profound sensation throughout the United States. Possessed of a strong and vigorous mind, with popular talents of the highest order, and a manner calm, simple and unaffected, he was greatly esteemed and respected by men of all parties.

"Mr. Wright was born in the town of Amherst, Mass., on the 24th day of May, 1785. The subsequent year his father and family removed to Vermont. In 1815, he graduated at Middlebury College, in that State, and in the fall of that year removed to New York, to commence the study of law at Sandy Hill. In the fall of 1823, he was elected to the State Senate, from St. Lawrence county. In 1826, he was elected to Congress. In 1829, he was chosen State Comptroller, to which office he was, in 1832, re-elected by the Legislature. In 1833, he was chosen United States Senator, to which office he was re-elected in 1837, for the term of six years. In 1843, he was again re-elected, and in 1844, was called from the Senate to take the post of Governor, on which he entered on the 1st of January, 1845, and from which he retired on the 1st of January, 1847. He died, aged 52 years."

An eminent divine has pronounced his eulogium in these words: "Silas Wright never occupied a station he did not honor. In his college life, his characteristic modesty was associated with the powers of a young giant. His first effort at the bar so strongly contrasted itself with his unpretending manner, and, I may add, his plain and rustic appearance, that it was hardly less triumphant than a similar one by Patrick Henry, and it called forth a like admiration from the spectators. In the Senate chamber of the United States, no man rose, in his own peculiar element, higher than he. His simple, straight forward presentation of his subject-his clear elucidation of its essential parts and intrinsic materials-his eloquence of thought, clothed in words only as its transparencies, and not as its embellishments-his logic, unmingled with sophistry-his direct and undisguised method of approaching and compassing his end-his courtesy in debate, a bright and perfect model for deliberative assemblies-which rendered him a safe friend and ally, and a fair and respected opponent-have built for him a monument that will outlast the marble. These qualities of intellect and heart are identified with thought and memory, and will live among the imperishable treasures of mind, in the generations which are to succeed us in this republic. A patriot more pure and unostentatious—a statesman more sagacious and far-seeing-a friend of human rights and

of an unshackled and universal freedom, more tried and firm, never trod our soil or breathed our air."

Mr. Wright was very much attached to agricultural pursuits, and to the quiet retired life of the country. He resided in Canton, St. Lawrence county, New York, and lived in the most plain and unostentatious manner. During the intervals of public duty, he was a practical farmer. Beloved and respected by his neighbors, he was always welcomed on his return home by the old and the young, the rich and the poor, who flocked to receive him.

His political opinions partook of the ultra cast, and were therefore violently assailed by his political opponents. His sincerity does not seem to have been questioned, and he was without doubt a republican in practice as well as profession. The Democratic Convention of the Union, before the last election, solicited him to accept the nomination to the Vice Presidency; and, it is stated on good authority, that the President offered him a seat on the bench of the Supreme Court. Both these offers he declined.



The subject of this notice was one of the most remarkable men of the age. He was born at Braintree, in Massachusetts, July 11, 1767, and was the son of John Adams, the second President of the United States. In early life he accompanied his father to Europe, and at the age of 14, was taken by Mr. Dana, Minister Plenipotentiary to Russia, as his private secretary. He afterwards returned to America, graduated with distinguished honor at Harvard University, in 1787, and studied law with Chief Justice Parsons. In 1794, he was appointed by General Washington Minister to the United Netherlands, and in 1797, Minister to Prussia. In 1801, he returned home, having first concluded an important treaty of commerce at Berlin. In 1803, he was chosen Senator in the Congress of the United States. Having resigned his seat in that body, he was appointed Professor of Rhetoric in Harvard University. His lectures attracted great attention, for Mr. Adams cultivated the graces of elocution, had a profound knowledge of the sciences, of ancient and modern languages, and of the history and literature of all nations. In 1809, Mr. Madison nominated him Minister Plenipotentiary to Russia. His energetic and faithful discharge of this trust, produced a most favorable impression. Mr. Adams was at the head of the commission which negotiated at Ghent, in 1815, the peace with England. The commission consisted of John Quincy Adams, James A. Bayard, Jonathan Russel, Albert Gallatin, and Henry Clay. At the conclusion of

this negotiation, Mr. Adams was appointed Minister Plenipotentiary to St. James. In 1817, he was called home, and took the place of Secretary of State, in the cabinet of Mr. Monroe. In the fall of 1824, he was a candidate for the Presidency. Andrew Jackson received 99 votes, John Quincy Adams 84 votes, Wm. H. Crawford 41 votes, and Henry Clay 37 votes. The election was thus thrown into the House of Representatives, and Mr. Adams having received on the first ballot the vote of thirteen states, was declared duly elected. In 1829, when his term of office expired, he retired to his family mansion in Quincy, and in 1831, was chosen to represent in Congress the district in which he lived. He continued an active member of the House of Representatives until his decease, which happened Feb. 23d, 1848, in his 81st year. He was struck by death whilst at his seat in the House, and exclaimed, "This is the end of earth,-I am content." Removed to the speaker's room, he died there.

Mr. Adams was remarkable for his industry and regularity. He was naturally of an impetuous temper, and in the decline of life is said to have lamented the indulgence of it. He was a strict attendant upon religious services-a reverent student of the Bible. We conclude our notice of this eminent citizen with an extract from the remarks made by Senator Benton on the occasion of his decease.

"In this long career of public service, Mr. Adams was distinguished not only by faithful attention to all the great duties of his station, but to all their less and minor duties. He was not the Salaminian galley, to be launched only on extraordinary occasions, but he was the ready vessel, always launched when the duties of his station required it, be the occasion great or small. As President, as cabinet minister, as minister abroad, he examined all questions that came before him, and examined all in all their parts, in all the minutiæ of their detail, as well as in all the vastness of their comprehension. As Senator, and as a member of the House of Representatives, the obscure committee room was as much the witness of his laborious application to the drudgery of legislation, as the halls of the two Houses were to the ever-ready speech, replete with knowledge, which instructed all hearers, enlightened all subjects, and gave dignity and ornament to debate.

"In the observance of all the proprieties of life, Mr. Adams was a most noble and impressive example. He cultivated the minor as well as the greater virtues. Wherever his presence could give aid and countenance to what was useful and honorable to man, there he was. In the exercises of the school and of the college-in the meritorious meetings of the agricultural, mechanical, and commercial societies-in attendance upon Divine worship-he gave the punc

tual attendance rarely seen but in those who are free from the weight of public cares.

"Punctual to every duty, death found him at the post of duty; and where else could it have found him, at any stage of his career, for the fifty years of his illustrious public life? From the time of his first appointment by Washington, to his last election by the people of his native town, where could death have found him but at the post of duty? At that post, in the fullness of age, in the ripeness of renown, crowned with honors, surrounded by his family, his friends and admirers, and in the very presence of the national representation, he has been gathered to his fathers, leaving behind him the memory of public services which are the history of his country for half a century, and the example of a life, public and private, which should be the study and the model of the generations of his countrymen."



The trial of Dr. Valorus P. Coolidge, for the murder of Edward Mathews, took place the 14th of March, 1848, at Augusta in Maine, before Chief Justice Whitman, and two associate justices.

The respectable position in society held by the prisoner, and the singular atrocity of the crime with which he was charged, excited unusual interest; so much so, that to accommodate the large number desirous of hearing the trial, the court was induced to transfer its sittings from the court-house to a very capacious church, which was filled as soon as the doors were thrown open.

The trial lasted an entire week, and the number of witnesses examined amounted to about seventy. From this voluminous mass of testimony it appeared that Dr. Coolidge was a physician in the town of Waterville, in a very successful practice, notwithstanding which he was always in need of money, and borrowed it wherever he could, and commonly at usurious interest. More than a dozen witnesses stated that he was indebted to them for money lent, from fifty to three or four hundred dollars, and that about the time of Mathews' death, he offered $500 for the use of $2,000 for six months, and even for a still shorter time.

It further appeared that the prisoner knew that Mathews had gone to Brighton with a drove of cattle; that he made repeated inquiries of the amount Mathews would receive, and requested the barkeeper of the house where Mathews boarded, to let him know when Mathews returned. Mathews arrived on Saturday, the 25th of March, but Coolidge did not see him until the following Wednesday. There

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