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August the ninth,
One thousand six hundred eighty-three.
In the Name of God, Amen. I IZAAK WALTON, the
elder, of Winchester, being this present day, in the ninetyeth year of my age, and in perfect memory, for which praised be God; but considering how suddainly I may be deprived of both, do therefore make this my last will and testament as followeth: And first, I do declare my belief to be, that there is only one God, who hath made the whole world, and me and all mankind; to whom I shall give an account of all my actions, which are not to be justified, but I hope pardoned, for the merits of my Saviour Jesus: And because the profession of Christianity does, at this time, seem to be subdivided into Papist and Protestante, I take it, at least to be convenient, to declare my belief to be, in all points of faith, as the Church of England now professeth; and this I do the rather, because of a very long and very true friendship with some of the Roman Church. And for my worldly estate, (which I have neither got by falshood or flattery, or the extreme cruelty of the law of this nation,1) I do hereby give and bequeath it as followeth: First, I give my son-in-law, Doctor Hawkins, and to his wife; to them I give all my title and right of or in a part of a house and shop in Paternoster-row, in London, which I hold by lease from the Lord Bishop of London for about fifty years to come. And I do also give to them all my right and title of or to a house in Chancery-lane, London, wherein Mrs. Greinwood now dwelleth, in which is now about sixteen years to come: I give these two leases to them, they saving my executor from all damage concerning the same. And I give to my son Izaak all my right and title to a lease of Norington farme, which I hold from the Lord Bishop of Winton: And I do
1 Alluding, perhaps, to that fundamental maxim of our law, "Summum jus est summa injuria."-H.
also give him all my right and title to a farme or land near to Stafford, which I bought of Mr. Walter Noell; I say, I give it to him and his heirs for ever; but upon the condition following, namely; if my son shall not marry before he shall be of the age of forty and one years, or, being married, shall dye before the said age, and leave no son to inherit the said farme or land,-or if his son or sons shall not live to attain the age of twenty and one years, to dispose otherwise of it, then I give the said farme or land to the towne or corporation of Stafford, in which I was borne, for the good and benefit of some of the said towne, as I shall direct, and as followeth; (but first note, that it is at this present time rented for twenty-one pounds ten shillings a year, and is like to hold the said rent, if care be taken to keep the barn and housing in repair;) and I would have, and do give ten pound of the said rent, To bind out, yearly, two boys, the sons of honest and poor parents, to be apprentices to some tradesmen or handycraftmen, to the intent the said boys may the better afterward get their own living. And I do also give five pound yearly out of the said rent, to be given to some maid-servant that hath attained the age of twenty and one years, not less, and dwelt long in one service, or to some honest poor man's daughter, that hath attained to that age, to be paid her at or on the day of her marriage and this being done, my will is, that what rent shall remain of the said farme or land, shall be disposed of as followeth first I do give twenty shillings yearly, to be spent by the Major of Stafford, and those that shall collect the said rent, and dispose of it as I have and shall hereafter direct; and that what money or rent shall remain undisposed of, shall be imployed to buy coals for some poor people, that shall most need them, in the said towne; the said coals to be delivered the first weeke in January, or in every first weeke in February; I say then, because I take that time to be the hardest and most pinching times with poor people; and God reward those that shall do this without partiality, and with honesty, and a good conscience. And if the same major and others of the said towne of Stafford shall prove so negligent, or dishonest, as not to imploy the rent by me given as intended and exprest in this my will, which God forbid, then I give the said rents and profits of the said farme or land to the towne, and chief magistrates or governors, of Ecleshall, to be disposed of by them in such a manner as I have ordered the disposal of it by the towne of Stafford, the said farme or land being near the town of Ecleshall. And I give to my sonin-law, Dr. Hawkins, whom I love as my own son; and to my daughter, his wife; and my son Izaak; to each of them a ring, with these words or motto: "Love my memory, I. W. obiit
-;" to the Lord Bishop of Winton a ring, with this motto;
" and to his friends here
"A mite for a million, I. W. obiitafter named, I give to each of them a ring, with this motto: "A friend's farewell, I. W. obiit- And my will is, the said rings be delivered within forty days after my death: and that the price and value of all the said rings shall be thirteen shillings and fourpence a-piece. I give to Dr. Hawkins "Doctor Donne's Sermons," which I have heard preacht, and read with much content. To my son Izaak, I give Doctor Sibbs his "Soul's Conflict;" and to my daughter his "Bruised Reed," desiring them to read them so as to be well acquainted with them. And I also give unto her all my books at Winchester and Droxford, and whatever in those two places are, or I can call mine, except a trunk of linnen, which I give to my son Izaak: but if he do not live to marry, or make use of it, then I give the same to my grand-daughter, Anne Hawkins. And give my daughter Doctor Hall's Works," which be now at Farnham. To my son Izaak I give all my books, not yet given, at Farnham Castell; and a deske of prints and pictures; also a cabinett near my bed's head, in which are some little things that he will value, though of no great worth. And my will and desire is, that he will be kind to his aunt Beachame, and his aunt Rose Ken; by allowing the first about fifty shillings a year, in or for bacon and cheese, not more, and paying four pounds a year towards the boarding of her son's dyet to Mr. John Whitehead: for his aunt Ken, I desire him to be kind to her, according to her necessity and his own abilitie; and I commend one of her children, to breed up as I have said I intend to do, if he shall be able to do it, as I know he will; for they be good folke. I give to Mr. John Darbyshire the "Sermons "-of Mr. Anthony Farringdon—or, of Dr. Šanderson; which, my executor thinks fit. To my servant, Thomas Edgill, I give five pound in money, and all my cloths linnen and woollen -except one suit of cloths, which I give to Mr. Hollinshed, and forty shillings-if the said Thomas be my servant at my death; if not, my cloths only. And I give my old friend, Mr. Richard Marriot, ten pounds in money, to be paid him within three months after my death; and I desire my son to shew kindness to him if he shall neede, and my son can spare it. And I do hereby will and declare my son Izaak to be my sole executor of this my last will and testament; and Doctor Hawkins to see that he performs it; which I doubt not but he will. I desire my burial may be near the place of my death, and free from any ostentation or charge, but privately. This I make to be my
1 This book was an instrument in the conversion of Mr. Richard Baxter. See Dr. Calamy's Life of him, page 7.-H. 2 Bookseller, and his Publisher,
last will (to which I shall only add the codicil for rings), this sixteenth day of August, one thousand six hundred eightythree. IZAAK WALTON. Witness to this will.
The rings I give are as on the other side. To my brother John Ken; to my sister his wife; to my brother, Doctor Ken; to my sister Pye; to Mr. Francis Morley; to Mr. George Vernon; to his wife; to his three daughters; to Mrs. Nelson; to Mr. Richard Walton; to Mr. Palmer; to Mr. Taylor; to Mr. Tho. Garrard; to the Lord Bishop of Sarum; to Mr. Rede, his servant; to my cousin Dorothy Kenrick; to my cousin Lewin to Mr. Walter Higgs; to Mr. Charles Cotton; to Mr. Richard Marryot:22. To my brother Beachame; to my sister his wife; to the Lady Anne How; to Mrs. King; Doctor Phillip's wife; to Mr. Valentine Harecourt; to Mrs. Eliza Johnson; to Mrs. Mary Rogers; to Mrs. Eliza Milward; to Mrs. Dorothy Wollop; to Mr. Will. Milward, of Christ Church, Oxford; to Mr. John Darbyshire; to Mr. Undevill; to Mrs. Rock; to Mr. Peter White; to Mr. John Lloyde; to my cousin Creinsell's widow; Mrs. Dalbin must not be forgotten-16. IZAAK WALTON. Note, that several lines are blotted out of this will, for they were twice repeated, and that this will is now signed and sealed this twenty and fourth day of October, one thousand six hundred eighty-three, in the presence of us: Witness, ABRAHAM MARKLAND, JOS. TAYLOR, THOMAS CRAWLEY.