Billeder på siden

thing else; seven hundred and fifty that fellow-feeling one would have cloths for wrapping round them, expected from a prince rescued from three thousand ounces of gold, that very situation himself; how. which is thirty thousand dollars or ever that be, and however distresling crowns, are allowed by the State for the fituation of those princes, we their maintenance. Thele princes cannot but be satisfied with it, when are hardly used, and, in troublesome we look to the neighbouring kingtimes, often put to death upon the dom of Sennaar, or Nubia. There smallest misinformation. While Mr. no mountain is trusted with the con, Bruce was in Abyssinia, their revenue finement of their princes; but, as was so grossly misapplied, that some soon as the father dies, the throats of them were said to have died with of all the collaterals, and all their hunger and of cold, by the avarice descendants, that can be laid hold and hard-heartedness of Michael of, are cut; and this is the case neglecting to furnish them with me. with all the black states in the decessaries. Nor had the king, as far fert west of Sennaar, Dar Fowr, as ever Mr. Bruce could discern, Selé, and Bagirına,

[blocks in formation]


a kind of brandy is diftilled, which TIONS OF KAMCHATKA. produces a moderate revenue, but is

hurtful in its use, as nothing can (From the Travels of Count Benyowsky.] equal the poison of this plant. The

AMCHATKA produces me governor would act very prudently

tals. Near Avatset I found by prohibiting this disillation, and iron ores, and near Girova the ore importing a larger quantity of brandy of copper. The mountains afford from Europe, rock crystal, fome specimens of

Kamchatka makes no great figure which are green and reddish; the with respect to animals. The first natives of the country use it to make rank belongs to the dog, which heads for their javelins. The only serves instead of draught horses, and, kind of trees which grow in Kam- after its death, affords a skin for the chatka are a species of bastard fir, clothing of man. The dogs of cedars, willows, and birch; the ce- Kamchatka are large, but active dar affords a grain which the na- and laborious ;, they are fed with zives are very fond of: the bark of opana, which is a composition of the willows and the birch ferves stale fish and the bark of the birch, them instead of bread. The only but they are most commonly obliged useful plant in this country is the to seek their own food, which they farana, which flowers, and affords find in the rivers produced by the fruit in the month of Auguft. hot springs, where they find fith. The natives of Kamchatka make a The fox comes next after the dog; large provision of this substance, its skin is glossy, and there is no fur which, together with cavear, forins in Siberia which can be put in com. a certain parte, which they think petition with the fox's fkin of Kamdelicious, but upon which I think I chatka. never could support life. Besides The ram of Kamchatka is excelthe farana, government has caused lent food ; its skin is highly valued, another plant to be collected, under and its horns are likewise an article the name of Vinovaya, from which of commerce ; but of late years the


number of this species has greatly the manate are preferred to ivory. dininished,

Kamchatka affords annually of these The fable is very common in between two hundred and fifty and Kamchatka, and the natives con- three hundred. The flesh of the tinually hunt this animal, as do manate resembles beef when full likewise the hunters. The number grown, and veal when young. of fables brought to market last year Kamchatka likewise affords bea. froin Kamchatka amounted to fix vers. The fur of this creature is thousand eight hundred.

as soft as down ; its teeth are small The fur of the marmotte is very and sharp, but its tail short, flat and warm and light.

broad, terminating in a point. BeaBears are very numerous in Kam- vers are catched here with the line, chatka ; their difpofition is gentle, and fometimes they are shot under and they do no mischief, except in the ice. their own defence. The hunters The sea-lion 'is of the size of an are obliged to hunt the bear for sub- ox; its cry is dreadful; but, hapsistence, but it often happens that pily for navigators, it is one of the they get torn, though the bear very ligns of the vicinity of land during feldom kills a man. It seems as if the fogs, which are so common here, this animal spared the life of the The fea-lion is a timid animal; it is creature it no longer fears: they struck with the harpoon, or thot have never been known to hurt with the musket, or bow and are women. These creatures are fat row. during the summer, and lean in The fea-calf is found in great winter.

abundance near all the islands and headlands of Kamchatka; it never

goes far from shore, but enters the THE manate resembles a cow in mouths of rivers to devour fish. The the form of its head. The females skin of the sea-calf is used to make have two nipples, and hold their buskins. The inhabitants of Kamyoung againit their bosoms. The chatka take this animal with the French have named this animal la- line. menti, from its cry. It has a black Kamchatka affords a large quanrough skin, as thick as the bark of an tity of different kinds of fish, from oak, and capable of resisting the the whale to the smallest species; but Uroke of an hatchet. The teeth of the birds of this country are few,



[ocr errors]


a journeyman with the late Mr. LIFE OF DR. FRANKLIN. .

Watts*. Of his origin he made no

secret. In a conversation at Paris, in ENJAMIN Franklin, esq. company with the comte d'Aranda

LL.D. and F. R. S. was born and the duke de la Rochefoucault, in 1706, and brought up in the he replied to an Irish gentleman who profession of a printer; in which had asked him some questions about capacity he worked some years as the state of the paper manufactory

there, * Mr. Watts soon discovered in him that with an oath, that his "

young American vigour of intellect which has been since uni- composer,as he called him, would one day veisally acknowledged; and often affirmed, make a considerable figure in the world.


there, Few men can give you his respiration from these more information on that subject His own idea of death


be collecte than myself, for I was originally in ed from a letter* which he wrote the printing trade." His love of about thirty-five years ago to Mifs

. science can be traced from an early Hubbard, on the death of his brother, period. A letter of his to fir Hans Mr. John Franklin, of Boston, who Sloane, dated June 2, 1725, is still was father-in-law to that lady . extant. He appeared here in the In 1759, he published " An kifLine of his bufiness; but had pro- torical Review of the Government cured letters to, and was well re- of Pennsylvania ;" and in 1760, ceived by, Martin Folkes, efq. “ The Interests of Great Britain afterwards president of the Royal considered, with regard to her Coo Society, and, through him, was lonies." In 1773, he attracted the known to Dr. Clarke. He was not, public notice by a letter on the duel however, gratified with a fight of between Mr. Whateley and Mr. fir Ifaac Newton, which he often Temple. On the 29th of January lamented, and which he had labour- 1774, he was heard before the privy ed to obtain. Great age and in- council, on a petition he had long creasing infirmities prevented an in- before prefented, as agent for Mata troduction to fir Isaac.

fachusetts Bay, against their goverIn 1735, Mr. Frasklin had a fe- nor, Mr. Hutchinson ; when the vere pleurisy, which terminated in petition was ' abruptly difmiffed, an abscess on the left lobe of his and Mr. Franklin removed from lungs, and he was then almost suf: the office of deputy postmasterfocated with the quantity and sud- general for the colonies. Previous denness of the discharge. A second to this period, he is faid to have attack of a fimilar nature happened used his utmost endeavours to prefome years after this, from which vent a breach between Great Britain he foon recovered, and did not ap- and America ; and it is perhaps to pear to suffer any inconvenience in be lamented that his counsels were This prediction the old man lived to fce, in nevolent act of God. When they become part, verified; perhaps, in his own opinion, unfit for these purposes, and afford us paig completely fulfr:fed : for it can scarcely be instead of pleasure, instead of an aid ibey fupposed that he could have conceived the become an incumbrance, and answer none occurrence of thofe extraordinary events of the intentions for which they were given, that failed his “compofer" to the fummit it is equally kind and benevolent that a way of human greatness, and contributed to his is provided by which we may get rid of fhining as a negociator amongst princes, or them. Death is that way. We ourselves the legibutor of a rising state; or that the prudently chuse a partial death. In some climax would clofe with his enjoying a cases, a mangled, painful limb, which canportion of fovereign power.

not be restored, we willingly cut off. He * " Dear Child, I condole with you ; who plucks out a tooth, parts with it freely, we have loft a most dear and valuable re since the pain goes with it; and he that Zation ; but it is the will of God and Nature quits the whole body, parts at once with all that these mortal bodies be laid aside, when the pains, and possibilities of pains and difthe foul is to enter into real life; it is rather cases, was liable to, or capable of making an embryo kate, a preparation for living; him suffer. Our friend and we are invited a man is not completely born until he be abroad-on a party of pleasure that is to dead. Why then should we grieve that a talt for ever his carriage was first ready, new child is born among the immortals, a and he is gone before us; we could not all new member added to their happy society? conveniently start together: and why thould We are spirits. That bodies should be lent you and I be grieved at this, since we are us, while they can afford us pleasure, afsift foon to follow, and know where to find us in acquiring knowledge, or doing good him ?. Adieu! B. F." to our fellow-crcatures, is a kind and be

difregarded. He from this time en- mission in 1980. His pafsport to tertained so ardent a resentment, captain Cook, bears date March 10, that neither politeness nor modera- 1779. In 1783, he caused a medal tion could reitrain the most pointed to be ftruck, to commemorate the and bitter sarcasms against the con- independence of America. July 24, duct of England, in mixed compa- 1785, he embarked'at Havre, and on mies. It is certain, that Franklin the fame day landed at Southampforetold all the consequences, which ton; whence, after a flight refrethin reality ensued, with an alınoftment, he failed for Cowes, where a prophetic fagacity:-In May 1774, vetsel was ready to convey him to Phia dispute arose in the affeinbly at ladelphia. He was received there, Georgia, concerning his agency. on the 15th of September, with His conference with Dr. Fethergill, universal acclamation. for negociating with America, 1774, The memories of the aged are not may be seen in Dr. Lettfom's “ Me- supposed to be retentive. The truth, inoirs of Dr. Fothergill.” In the however, seems to be, that the tables summer of 1775, he returned to of the memory becomes callous at a Philadelphia, and was immediately certain period ; nor is it fufceptible elected one of their delegates to the of new impressions, and particularly Continental Congress. In the De- of verbal knowledge. Franklin was cember of that year he arrived at an exception to this rule ; he acParis, and soon after took the house quired French after seventy; he which lord Stormont had previously spoke fluently, and even fcientifioccupied.

cally, in that language. In his The teftimonies of Franklin's French embafly, Dr. Franklin bemerit were conceived in the higheft came the ton, the fashionable topic strain of panegyric. In the year of modish conversation; the ladics 1777, lord Chatham adverted, in a had hats à-la-Franklin ; and crowds remarkable speech, to his diffuafive of belles and beaux often fluttered afarguments against the war, and to ter him in the garden of the Thuillethe fagacious advice of the Ameri- ries. His conversation was rendered can Newton. Upon his reception valuable not only by a love of truth, in the French Academy, D'Alem- but by an accuracy of definition bert welcomed him with that well. which he had acquired from matheknown line which revived the bold- inatical study. Speaking of the late ness and the sublimity of Lucan count de Vergeones, the French « Eripuit cælo fulmen, fceptrumque tya said that he was a man of honour,

minifter, and having accidentally rannis." Dubourg, the first Frenchman he immediately added, “ I call him who openly espoused the cause of a man of honour, because he never America, has inscribed under the made me a promise, nor even gave head of Franklin this inscription

'me a hope, that he did not amply 6. Il a ravi le feu des Cieux ;

fulfil.” In society he was fentenIl fait fleurir les arts en des climats fau- tious, but not fluent ; a liffener ravages :

ther than a talker ; an informing, L'Amerique le place à la tête des fages; rather than a pleafing companion : La Grèce l'auroit ines au nombre des ses impatient of interruption, he often Dieux."

mentioned the custom of the Indians, In February 1777, he had the who always remain filent some time regular appointment of plenipoten- before they give an answer to a queltiary from the Congress to the French tion, which they have heard attenCourt; but obtained leave of dif- tively; unlike some of the politeit


6 The


focieties in Europe, where a sentence his fellow-citizens for fo exalted a can scarcely be finished without in- character. The National Assembly terruption.

of France have also decreed a geneHe has left issue one son, gover- ral mourning of three days. nor William Franklin, who was a august spectacle of the representatives zealous and active loyalist during the of the first free people on earth in late revolution, and now resides in mourning for the father of the London ; and a daughter, married liberty of two worlds (said a gentleto Mr. Richard Bache, a merchant man at Paris, June 14) added

pecuin Philadelphia. To the two latter liar interest and solemnity to the he has bequeathed the chief part of sellion of this day. So memorable his ettate, during their respective a victory of philosophy over prejulives, and afterwards to be divided dice, is not recorded in the annals of equally among their children. To the human race." his grandson, Williain Temple Without an endeavour to rob the Franklin, esq. he leaves a grant of French of that genuine liberty which some lands in the state of Georgia, constitutes them the first free people the greatest part of his library, and on earth, it must be owned, that Dr. all his papers, besides something ad- Franklin had a great share in bringditional in case of his marriage. He ing about the American revolution ; has also made various bequests and which in some degree, no doubt, condonations to cities, public bodies, tributed to that fabric now erected in and individuals; and has requested France. that the following epitaph, which he The principles and qualities of composed for himself fome years electricity were scarcely known in ago, may be inscribed on his tomb- the last

The electric fluid was stone

barely mentioned at the end of New“ The body of

ton's Optics. It was reserved for BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, Printer, Franklin to investigate its proper(like the cover of an old book,

ties; and of that branch of science its contents torn out, and stript of its lettering and gilding:) he may be considered as the father. lies here food for worms:

Theory was advanced to practice and yet the work itself shall not be lost, utility by the invention of the conbut will (as he believed) appcar once more, ductor. Nor were his observations in a new

confined to this science. There were and more beautiful edition, corrected and amended

few fubje&ts of common utility upon by

which he did not comment, none THE AUTHOR."

which he did not improve and illusPhiladelphia never displayed a trate ; of which, his Advice to Ser. scene of greater grandeur than was vants--to Tradesmen-to Settlers in exhibited at his funeral. His re- America-on the Cure of Smoky mains were interred on the 21st; Chimnies-Rules for Clubs and for and the concourse of people affem. Conversation-Maxims to convert bled on the occation was immense. a great into a small Empire, written The body was attended to the grave with the caustic spirit of Swiftby thirty clergymen, and men of all abundantly prove. To be generally ranks and professions, arranged in useful, that he might be universally the greatest order. All the bells in celebrated, seemed to be his ruling the city were tolled muffled, and principle; and if his happiness inthere was a discharge of artillery. creased in itriet proportion to his Nothing was omitted that could fame, Dr. Franklin enjoyed more thew the respect and veneration of than usually falls to the human lot.

« ForrigeFortsæt »