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ill, * Depechez vous .'" exclained the tinguished by literary exertions, the interpreter, “ Gee wo," returned the only means by which you can here coachman, “Must I go back?". " Al arrive at literary honours." lons donc," cried the interpreter, “ Aye to London!" said the coachman, An old Staffordshire farmer, one

very well!" He accordingly turned of the few that see into the empty his horses, and the ready beasts set off professions of what is falsely called at full gallop toward the metropolis. improved agriculture, being at one of The ladies, however, could not help the speculative meetings lately beld remarking that the road they were by these gentlemen at Litchfield, travelling seemed very like that they where a proposition was made on the had passed; but great indeed was their part of Staffordshire to show ten fat surprise, when, instead of Hampton, cows, the property and breeding of they found they had entered a crowd- one gentleman, against any other ten ed city; and still greater, when they cows in England, 500l. to 2001. addiscovered that owing to the misin- dressed the assembly as follows:terpretation of Allons done, they were 'Why dunna yea show 'em, fedden ia set down precisely at the place whence a nateral way, and bring 'em as they they had departed in such good spirits should be seen on your pasters. Ils in the morning.

all iny eye and Beity Martin, geeing

um your nice kick-shaws and sugar and When Dr. Markham, the late Arch- milk. 'Squire!-- you're throwing bun. bishop of York, filled the important dreds of pounds away in pampering situation of head master of West- your beasts up like aldermien and mibster School, the impartiality of his christians, and corporations, with your conduct, it was observed, was so per- oily-cakes, dainties, and tid bits: I fectly Lacedemonian, that Lycurgus tell you all, gentlemen, for it comes to himself never made less distinction nothing ! we wanten good sound meats, between the different classes of his and none of your greasy and sugary subjects than the Doctor did: of which flim flunis." The mirth of his audithe following is an instance:-The tors proved that the old farmer's reson of a nobleman, on his first entrance monstrances, if not heard with appro. into the school, approached the Doc- bation, were taken in good pait. tor, and enquired if there was not a proper place for the students of noble The late Mr. Windham, being one jamilies, and if there was, in what day driving his chaise in a much-frepart of it he was to be seated. The quented road, somewhere in the counmodcin'wbich this question was asked, try, saw a man, who, it is probabie, probably gave occasion to the Doctor had some sudden reason that should to answer nearly as follows:-" You, have impelled bim to bave withdrawn sir, with more confidence, and con- from public view, and not to have exsequently less respect for me than you posed those parts which Swift says ought to feel on this occasion, inquire are the north of the human system, in for your proper place in this school. the king's high-way. Mr. Windhayı It is therefore my duty to inform you, it seems, without hesitation, bestowed that here the only distinctions that are several lashes with his whip upon the made, are those which arise from offending object, and drove on, as may superior talents and superior application. be supposed, amidst tlie cordial apThe youth that wishes to obtain emic probation and the laughter of the nence, must endeavour by assiduity passengers. Nollong after Mr. Windto deserve it: therefore your place at ham had stopped wbere he was going present is, on the lowest seat of the to, he was informed that a genteman lorest form. You will rise in aca. wished to speak to bim; it was to demical ranh according to your scho- complain of the Jastic merit; and I shall be extremely whipping," said Mr. Windbam, glad to see your gepius and applica- very well deserved; an offence against tion carry you in a very short time to public decorum is little less criminal the head of your forst, and indeed to chan a breach of the public peace." the head of ihe school. May each of “ But sir," said the stranger, “ you your transactions therefore be dis used me very ill.”

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“ You do not want to fight me,” for the hero of my story, and you have said Mr. Windham.

furnished me with a curious one. I “Oh dear no! Yet when you know shall in future dignify my tale with who I am,"

your title, which I think will give it And pray sir who are you ?" said a zest; and if the catastrophe is conMr. Windham.

sidered, add to the moral of the piece. “I am," replied the stranger, Alderman." "An Alderman,” said Mr. Wind

Over the door of an oil-shop at ham, bursting into laughter,

“ this is Amsterdam : excellent."

Many men of many minds, “Excellent!" exclaimed the Alder- What loosens one, another binds.

I can see no excellence in it." If as many came into this shop as pass by it, "But I can, and do !" said Mr. I should sell a great deal inore, nobody can Windham, “ I wanted an appellation

deny it.


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STATE OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS. TURKEY, Spain, and South Ame- Both parties seem to be waiting for

rica have called our attention to their respective supplies, and France them during the last month, and dis. and Austria are silent spectators of tresses at home have awakened many the great game which is now playing: from that dream of prosperity, in and the conquerors and conquered, which they have for so long a time tired with the labours of many a hardindulged ihemselves. Turkey appcars fought day, may expect that the new now to be sensible of its danger, and powers in league will not be content determined to struggle hard for its without a share of the spoil. The existence. Her reign over the finest Vizier's army is before Adrianople. It provinces of Europe seems to be is still numerous, and the repeated drawing near to its conclusion, and defeats it has niet with, must make the Turks are a different race of men them apprehensive for the fate of anofrom those who, clad with terror, ther action. If the Grand Signior fixed their standard on the walls of can perform his promise, and bring Constantinople, and put an end to the bis levies into the field, he must, by a empire of the Greeks. Dreadful have grand effort

, either drive the Russians been the engagements in Bulgaria; back again over the Danube, or by a on which side victory fixed her re- specdy peace retain for a short tiine sidence we can not, from the imperfect longer his possessions in Europe. accounts that have reached us, deter- Dreadful as this war is, between mine: but this is certain, that the these semi-barbarians, it is carried on sovereign himself of the Turks feels with some of those alleviations, which his danger, and has made the call on prevent, when the convict is over, his country for all its resources. The mutual assassinations and continued standard of Mahomet is unfurled; carnage. Not so in Spain. There every true believer is solemnly adjured war reigns in all its horrors. They to place himself under its banners; are pot generous enemies who meet and it is given out that the Grand each other; but parties, throwing out Signior hiniself is to take the field. alternate reproaches of rebels, usur

The Russians it is certain have not pers, and every name that passion can yet reached Adrianople. They are in invent, and threatening ample revenge the next province, and are collecting on those, whom the fortune of war all their forces to make head against have placed in each other's power. the powerful army which is advancing The French have issued a manifesto, against them. We shall see what the treating all who oppose them as rebels Asiatics, little skilled in military tac- to legitimate authority. The Junta, tics, can perform. Russia will pour forth from its little islet, are not behind fresh troops, who have been disci. hand with thein. The language of plined to a beiter warfare by their both is equally strong but there is recent conflicts with the French. great diffeience in the nicalls of each


to enforce their threats. The French English troops cannot be doubted, are in possession of the greater part of nor will they quit: the field, unless the territory, but in every place the they are out numbered by tremendous petit warfare which is kept up, odds. Probably at this moment the spreads continual alarm. They are, fate of Portugal is decided; and is our accounts are true, do wbere se. should it be in our favour, the Spani. cure: but what dependance can be ards must be roused to annoy the replaced on the rumours, which every treating army, and hopes maybe enterday brings forth, when fatal convic. tained, that the Cortez will issue edicts tion too strongly proves, that the with effect. Should we be constraingreat army of the French is moving ed to retreat, Portugal is lost for ever, on to the performance of its destined Spain must acknowledge its new mas.

ters, and recover, by the new-infusell Ciudad Rodrigo was taken in the industry, from the wounds so terribly sight of a British army, and no means inflicted on this unhappy country. seem to have been taken to preserve The Junta reigns at Cadiz, but the it. Lord Wellington then took a Cortez is not known to be assembled. new position, that is he retreated; The former, by a late act, makes us wisely without doubt, and we would fear both for its patriotism and its Biope with the view of acting with policy. The Caraccas had, in consegreater vigour on the next occasion ; quence of the confusion in the mo. but the French advance and lay siege ther country, chosen a Junta: their to Almeida. They open their trenches brethren in Spain have chosen to treat in sight of his army, to which intelli. them as rebels. They have issued a gence is conveyed from the besieged decree as strong as if they had power town by telegraph. The badness of to execute it. But surely it became the weather prevents a communica. them to examine previously into the tion, and when it clears up, no sig. foundation of their own power, beiore nals are made: the enemy is in pos- they thus violently call in question session of the town. A bomb it is the act of one of the provinces, at su said fell upon the magazine, and pro- great a distance from the mother duced a most dreadful explosion. country.

No allowance is made for Many lives were lost, and the gover- the extraordinary state of affalis

, nor himself was wounded. The siege which might have compelled the Ca. lasted little more than two days, when racras to the step they have takell

, he found himself obliged to capitu- and, at any rate, time might have late. The garrison is made prisoners been allowed for repentance. It is of war, but the Portuguese officers not like a colony rising into resistance are taken into the service of the against an act of arbitrary power.

It Frenchi, and the peasants are sent to is the assertion of a people of its own their homes. The great boliy of Mas. rigtits, when they were hereared of sena's army may now be expected to their former masier, and the juri-dicadvance, and ilie contlict is for the tion of the Junta was by no means so kingdom of Portugal: perhaps the re- warranted, as to compel, either in ward of his successful labours. conscience or in policy, their obedi

The two armies are near each other, ence. The act, however, put our and must be well acquainted with Government into an awkward situa. their respective strength. The posi- tion, and it has boldly come forward, tion of Lord Wellington is strong, strenuously asserting its intention to and his force is considerable in num- protect, as far as possible, the integrity bers. How far it is really increased of the Spanish empire. We may in strength, by the sixty thousand solve as we please, but the integrity of disciplined Portuguese in his pay, the Spanish empire is gone: time'must discover. Massena is one whoever has read its history for the of the most distinguished among the last hundred years, cannot wish to set French Generais. He has fought, it re-established, whether in the and with succese, in the greatest ac- hands of a Bourbon or a Buonaparte. tions. Nothing will be wanting on But the Cortez may perhaps relit his part, which skill can devise, or dy this injudicious step, and iis deilcourage execute. The bravery of the berations will form a singular epuent



in the history of Spain. They are to per had determined never to acknowdebate in two chambers, and ihe dif- ledge a King of England but one of ferent departments of finance, legisla. the house of Stuart. If Europe tion, war, &c. are to be managed by should be settled with the exclusion committees. It will be curious to sce of thai house, it is in vain, that we set how these new men will legislate. oir aifairs against it: and we cannot What regard they will have for the see any advantage to Portugal by the liberty of the press, and the rights of return of the Braganza family, vnless the people; how they will dispose of by its voyage cross the Atlantic, it the old laws, and what beneficial ones has got rid of several of its former will be made in their stead. The sub- prejudices. That it is improved is evijects they are to have must be concilia dent by two articles in the treaty, the ated by something beneficial, or they one against the inquisition being set will not bend to the new yoke; and up in the Brazils; the other encouragtheir deliberations will be frequently a hope for the Abolition of the Slave interrupted, if not put a stop to by Trade. the cannon within a few miles of themi. In France, Buonaparte publishes In the mean time it is said, that the edicts on commerce, and enforces his new king is not secure at Madrid; measures against the English trade. that a conspiracy was formed, and He has given a new specimen of his fery nearly executed, for carrying ideas of the liberty of the press, by him off: but his stay will depend on ordering that there shall be only one Massena's success, and with ihat the newspaper in cach department. He operations of the French at Cadiz are has not yet learved how beneficial materially connected.

these publications are to the revenue Buenos Ayres seems determined on here: but it cannot be imagined, its independence, and to be taking that they will nourish in a country every measure for securing it, and for where so much jealousy must exist of giving stability and prosperity to an popular communications. One piece extensive district. Monte Video had of intelligence from that country has not acceded to the measure: but, if given universal satisfaction. Fouche, the Portuguese from the Brazils the terror of bis fellow-citizens, wheshould interfere, there can be no ther an imperialist or a republican, is doubt of its union with the sister in disgrace: and lie, who has sent so province, rather than be coerced by many into confinemeht, is now said to a nation, which it holds in abhorrence. be suffering the same treatment in Here, it is to be feared, that the poli. Marseilles. tics of England will prevent the due Sweden has presented a sight someadvantage that may be taken of this what similar to that of England in the measure: for we may secure an ex- seventeenth century, with this excep. tensive commerce with the rising tion, that in Sweden iis meeting was state. The other states of Spanish constitutional and complete in EngAmerica do not seem to have been land the convention parliament wanidecided on the steps to be taken, un. ed one of its constituent members

. less it is true, that Florida bas already The Dice las chosen a French General seceded from the mother country.

to be the reir to the crown, the King The Prince of the Brazils seerns to himself proposing him for its choice. be firmly settled in his territories, and in consequence our papeis have inhe has made a treaty of alliance, of. duiged in many tirades against the fensive and defensive with this coun- low birth of Bernadotte; as if every try. This will be beveficial to both royal family in Europe miglit not be parties; but one article might as well traced to a lower origio, and the sehave been omitted. The King of vereignty of nations was a species of England pledges himself to acknow- thing" entailed on a peculiar order

no sovereignty in Portugal, but of men. The Swedes have chosen a that of the liouse of Braganza. The brave general, who has distinguished history of our own country shews tbe himself in many actions, and raised futility of such promises : for what a himself to fame by his abilities. Tastate of bostilities must have disgraced lents have made bim a prince, aud the world, if the French in this mans chance of birth places many others


in that situation without a particle of for the display of British valour. any other kind of merit. The Swedes Gun-boats are prepared on the Cala. had an opportunity which seldom oc- brian side, but they in vain appear in curs; and were they to narrow their the strait: our vessels have, in every choice by confining themselves to action, succeeded, run them on shore, the downfalling princes of the old or destroyed them under the very batdynasties? No! they have chosen teries. The King of Sicily has pubfor themselves, and the upstart, as he lished an address to his subjects, exis called, will, when he becomes a pressive of the highest confidence in king, shew that the crown will sit as his allies; but we must think that the well on one who was not born to it, as island would be safer, if left entirely on him who came to it by birth. In to'our care. Tlie efforts of the Nea. fact, a title by election is far more politan King will be continued, but noble than that by birth: and Europe ihe prowess of our men on the sea will not be the worse for the new blood will be more distinguished; and if the on its thrones. It would be happy for sailors of England, in such small bomankind, if successions to ibrones dies, can, in so sn all a strait, prevent could be as easily and properly an invasion, what may we not think settled.

of the British navy, should the French The Dutch have presented an ad. ever attempt the vain project of passdress to their imperial sovereign, ing an army over our channel in their which is couched in the usual terms gun-boats. of such communications, and pro- Prussia presents a melancholy pic inising loyalty, obedience, and in- ture. The unfortunate Queen, who violable attachinent to their prince so fatally hurried on the country to and father: they hope for protection destruction, has left this world, with from a mighty, generous, uprigbt, the fears, undoubtedly, that the crown and benevolent government. To ibis would not long remain on ber busaddress, Buona parte, seated on his band's head. It is indeed confidently throne in grand state, deigned to re- reported, that another French general ply: observing, that they lost their is to be rewarded with regal dignity, liberty and ancient constitution and that Berthier is to be elevated to through the English abetting the the Prussian throne. The subjects of stadtholder against the state, and call. Prussia will have no reason to lament ing in the Prussian troops to assist the change, for the imbecility that him; that they had been conquered has prevailed in the councils of that by France, yet raised to an independ. unhappy country, is as well known to ent kingdom with a prince of his them as it is to the rest of Europe, blood at its head; but his hopes had and they cannot but feel sensibly their been deceived, and he had taken the disgrace. measure of uniting them to France to The confusion that has taken place prevent the annihilation of their pro- in India, was of too alarming a nature perty and resources. Thus the whole to be concealed from the public; and continent is open to their industry, the circumstances attending it are and in time they will assist in destroy, such as must create, in this country, ing that tyrannical and irrational universal astonishment. The judgesystem, set up by the English govern- ment of the directors is now know ! ment, to outlaw all commerce and trade it was published at Fort St. George on not under the arbitrary authority of the 3d of March, and was extracted its licences. He assures them finally from letter's dated 15th Sept. 1809. of his protection, and he evidently It occupies nearly ten columns of the seized ibis opportunity of issuing a Times newspaper, enters into argo. continental manifesto against what he inent, and of course is liable to much chooses to call our tyranny of the seas, contradiction from those who are of a Time will shew to the Dutch, how far different side of the question. It does the new sovereign will better the state not seem indeed calculated for any of commerce: but at present they good end. It will not convert or soothe inust continue to labour under very the refractory, nor is it drawn up in considerable difficulties.

that masterly commanding stile which sicily has afforded an opportunity indicates skill, judgment, and spirit

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