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The earl of Moira considered the say, that it was not intended for the real point in question to be, why ad- defence of Ireland exclufively, but miral Colpoys had not received or- for every part of his majesty's Euroders to proceed to Ireland, as foon pean dominions. With regard to as he received information that the the question, where the fieet could be French fleet had failed. A noble befi ftationed for general defence, he earl (Spencer) had contended that, maintained that it had actually been from the mass of intelligence which staiioned in a place and fituation ministers received, it was impossible where it could operate to the beat to decide on the real object of the advantage for the defence of this enemy's expedition. But did not nation, and was in readiness to come the noble earl know, that it was the to the defence of Ireland, as foon as province of talents and ability to de- that of any other part. Admiral duce causes and consequences from Colpoys had orders to intercept the the materials with which they might enen v's fleet going to any part of be furnished, and that on such occa

the world, and although it appearfions only true fag-city was to be. ed doubtful, at that time, whether discovered? He had been at Dublin they were intended for Ireland or when the preparations of the Portugal, was it pogible to imagine, enemy were going on, and the arms, that it'admiral Colpoys thoughithey ftores, and other articles with which were going to Ireland, he had such they were provided, demonstrated or ers as did not leave him at liberty the real point of their destination. to follow them to Ireland. The ad. That their design was to furnish the miral, viewing all circumstances, discontented in Ireland with arms formed the resolution of remaining was evident. But if the best means on his station. From all the infor. of securing Ireland bad not been ination he had, the admiral was taken, this did not affect the admi- right in so doing: and all that hapTalty exclusively, but the administra- pened to disappoint his hopes and tion in general. He should vote for expectations was owing to the the inquiry in the hope that the house wind. would proceed farther, thew to The duke of Bedford confessed whom the disasters of the war were that he was but little satisfied with to be attributed, and why ministers the consolation held out by the nodid not seize and improve the fa- ble earl, who spoke laft, that it was vourable opportunities which were always held fufficient in former wars

for us to equal the enemy with a The earl of Liverpool maintained channel fleet; thereby infinuating that a channel fleet, equal to that of that it would be fufficient for us to the enemy, had always been deemed do so in this. Such doctrine apr fufficient for our defence. Such peared to him to be but frigid conlowas the understanding in the last and lation, after the repeated affertions all our former wars. That the fleet which had been made, that we had under admiral Colpoys was fitted to almost annihilated the maritime face the enemy's was a point that power of France. It had been said, did not seem to be much disputed. that at the time the armament was As to the place to which he was to preparing at Brest, it was uncertain dire& his force, he begged leave to whether it was intended for Ireland




umph. In the continental mif- was the notorious want of intellicarriage we had, indeed, suffered gence. The noble earl had said, some pecuniary loss, which could be that he would resign when he could easily repaired : and he was so far find a person daring enough to confrom regretting what had been thus tend against the winds. What the expended, that were it possible to public wanted was, not a man who recall what was pafled, he would could govern against the winds and rote for the assistance that had waves, but one who would govern been actually given over again. with them : this was the case in the

The marquis of Lansdowne said, presentinstance. The wind had been that in Ireland it had been a preju- favourable; and all that had been dice to represent the government of wanting, was an admiralty capable this country, as careless of the sister of making use of it. On the 16th of kingdom. At present a new dif- December, admiral Colpoys receivcontent had arisen, and gentlemen ed intelligence of the French having who were in the habit of correspond- failed, the wind continued fair, and ing with Ireland, knew very well, if he had proper orders, he would that they who had formerly taken have been off the Irish coast. Had the part of the government, were the ships under ford Bridport been now forced to acknowledge that ready, the wind would still have Ireland had been neglected. Ap- been fair. The noble earl had plications had been made from talked of long nights; was it lo thence for protection; and it must great a reach of foresight to know be confesfed that country had that there were long nights in Debeen abandoned by England.- cember? But the French fleet, it Ministers had pledged to keep up seemed, might have gone up the a great land force in Ireland, channel. In the first place, the which they had withdrawn. In wind was agair.ft them; but if they the last war, a pledge had been had, what would have been the made, that a naval force should, in case? They would have been under all future wars, be kept off the Irish lock and key. The remainder of coast; and were he minister now, the subject lay in a very Imall comhe should think it necessary to station pass; it turned upon two points. a fleet in the Cove of Cork imme- Why were not orders given to addiately. An inquiry could not but miral Colpoys to go off Cape Clear? be satisfactory in every point of And why were not more thips kept view; fatisfactory to admiral Col- ready at Portsmouth? poys, to lord Bridport, and to the The earl Fitzwilliam said, that profession at large. There were, where there had been blame, there besides, other persons concerned ought to be inquiry. Some exprefin the inquiry; the admiralty, the fions that had been thrown out of commissioners of accounts, and other “greater care being required for inferior boards. It would not im- England than Ireland," would make pede, but accelerate operations a deep impression on the pinds of Ministers, indeed, had shewn some the people of that country; and he consciousness of the neceflity of a was sorry to have heard them. ;mock inquiry at least, by their pro- Lord Grenville assured their lordducing papers; and the first thing thips, that they might set their minds to be remarked on these papers at rest on the fubject of Ireland;

which, fo far from having been ne- or on which, at least, they were glected, had been the object of par- rested. ticular attention. The house having In the house of peers, the earl divided on lord Albemarle's motion, of Moira rose to make a motion, it appeared that it was rejected by of which, as usual in all fimilar 74 against 14.

cases, he had given previous notice, The noble secretary's repeated respecting Ireland, on the twentyaflurances, respecting the security, first of March. The exordium of external and internal, of Ireland, his lordship's speech turned on the were not satisfactory to the mem- delicacy that was to be observed, bers in opposition to government, in 'agitating questions in which nor to fome not always or often in separaie and independant legislaoppofition, in both houses of par- tures, --in agitating questions in liament. Motions for inquiries into which the privileges and the inthe internal state, and allaying the dependence of cach other, were discontents, of Ireland were made, involved. Yet, when urgent cases ard

gave rise to animated and long render interference necessary, the debates in both houses. Of thele delicacy, which may be oblerved, debates, however, it would be un- may remove € ery jealousy which neceliary and even nugatory to give might otherwise be excited; and other than a very summary account: it would be meritorious for the as the explosion which soon aster different parties mutually to matook place throws greater light on nifest their attention, and their the situation of Ireland than was, anxiety, for objects in which their at this time, enjoyed, proves or

common interests were disproves the statements of facts, on ed. On these grounds he had which much of those debates was now risen, for the purpose of founded; and, on the whole, sinks moving a humble address to his much of the interest in those tem- majesty, that he would be, graporary and temporizing effufions, ciously pleased to interpose bis pain the events which it produced, ternal and beneficent interference and the new spirit and order of to remedy the discontents which affairs by which these have been prevailed in Ireland, and which succeeded. And here we shall take create the most serious alarm for occasion, once for all, to observe, the dearest interests of that counthat, in relating the transactions of try, and of the British empire.parliament, it is not so much our The extent and rapid increase object to display the eloquence of of the discontents, which prevailed the different speakers, which would in Ireland, were subjects of fuffwell our narrative to the fize of ficient notoriety to form the ground several volumes,* as to pursue the of this proceeding, He should abthread of the main reasoning on stain, therefore, from an enumerawhich the main decisions turned, tion of the particulars which had


* The curiosity of knowing what was said, on such and such an occasion, by such and such a speaker, will be beft gratified by the newspapers and magazines of the day ; and the annual volumes of parliamentary debates.


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