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be connected in the closest friendship with the worthy prelate) ;" for, according to what he says himself, he has no idea that there is any essencial difference* subsisting between our church, under her present confession of faith, and that of Rome; nay, he is extremely shocked that the bishop of Durham should treat the doctrines of the Romish church as " idolatrous and blasphemous, and sacrik gious;" and therefore Sir John may have done all this under a full persuasion that he is only carrying into execution the plant of Archbishop Wake (which he talks about) to effect the union of the two churches; but still as there are yet some obstinate men who will contest these matters with him, we really think that Sir John should have used more discretion, and not have let out that which may operate to the prejudice of his friends; more especially when he has not (as we are sure in this instance he has not) their permission.

In going through these details of " the life and opinions” of the worthy baronet, we have kept, as the reader will do us the justice to remark, most strictly to our object, which was to account for the situation in which (to use the phraseology of Dr. Milner) “ the aforesaid" placed, and the part which he is now acting on the great theatre of the world. Nothing that we have said, we are persuaded, is at all calculated to wound bis feelings : nay, we are sure that, in thus holding him up to the notice of the public, we are doing what is very agreeable to him. The reader will here see by what natural and easy steps Sir Jolin has arrived to that “ distinction", with which he is evidently so flattered ; of being not only in general and in common with some others, an advocate for the Roman catholie claims, but actually the represenlntive of the whole body of Roman catholics in parliament; a cheracter which certainly has not hitherto been borne, nay, we believe had not before been desired, by any protestant. For a man wlio is fond of " distinction," certainly a more effectual or a more easy method of making himself talked of, coul I hardly have been derised, than by thus assuming aa office so nove!, o singular, and apparently so contradictory. I Moreover, if the rezser will but go on to consider what it was tiat Sir John thus took upon binself;—that he undertook to represent not only the laity, but the priestliood of the Roman catholics; and not only the subordinate clergy, but the prelates; nay, nou

* The differences are clearly displayed by the Bishop of 5:. Davil's, in the Protestaat and Papist's Manual, price Is.

† The plan of the archbishop was to unite the English and Gallican churches.

| We say this, presuming that Sir John is a Prutestant, as we must trust he is ; nay, we give him credit iur being really so, and not, as John Wilkes is described in a ludicrous song ;

“ Mahomet was a cheat, Jonn !!!kes is no impng'st,
He cares no more for the Alcoran than for the l'ater Noster."

only the English and Irish Roman catholics, but even the Pope at Rome and his cardinals; he will see how much it might have been expected that cvery thing should happen which has happened ; that he should finish by giving satisfaction to nobody, and by being abused by some, at least, of the parties.

A few words will make this still more clear.

Whoever has well considered the nature of the Romish religion, and the course which in practice it has held from its first aspiring to power, must have observed that it has always contained within its body two descriptions of persons; those whom we shall call the thoroughpaced ;" and the others " the mitigated" papists. We use the word

papists" (let us here say it once for all) not invidiously, but as the only one that can adequately, and without great circumlocution express our idea. We use it, as it is used in the, for all those who in any way adhere to the Pope as their spiritual head. To mark our meaning more plainly in the oui set, we shall say that at this moment under the latter class, the “ mitigated" papists, we should range Sir John Throckmorton, Mr. Butler, Dr. O'Conor, Mr. Berington, and generally those who, having signed, have also abided by the Declaration and protestation made by the Roman Catholics of England in 1789.* The “thoroughpaced" are those who think with Dr. Milner the “ pater atque princeps" of this class ; among whom are included most, if not all, of his brother Vicars Apostolical, Mr. Francis Plowden, Mr. Baldwin Janson, and a few worthies of that stamp in England ; and, we are afraid we must add, almost all the Papists of Ireland, or at least that part of them who have any religious opinions at all. Now in the first commencement of the Papal usurpations, and quite through the dark ages, it may be observed, that this distinction shewed itself chiefly, at least as far as nations or men in authority were concerned, in struggles for power or for temporal interests. Transubstantiation in its grossest forms, the worship of saints, images, and relics, even when most unquestionably idolatrous, were an offence only to the poor, despised, and persecuted U aldenses and Allie genses, but no way alarmed the consciences of kings, knigh's, or lords. But there were other doctrines which touched their worldly possessions most sensibly, and these provoked constant opposition. First, the deposing doctrine ; and, after that, the various methods by which the Popes drew to themselves the presentation to benefices, and obliged Prelates and Priesto to do homage to them at Rome, or to compound for the omission with large sums. Nay, even the doctrine of Indulgences, although already submitted to in many cases, as holding out indemnity for sin; when carried

• Re-published by Stockialc, price 5s.

to a certain point, and made to drain the countries of vast treasures which were thug transferred to the Popes or to their creatures, was felt as a great grievance. All this occasioned various measures to be taken against the See of Rome, and those who went along with it in all its pretensions : : among which the whole body of the clergy were sure to be found, and for a reason assigned by a most learned, as well as candid, Romanist*, that "they bad much rather depend upon the Pope, being one man, only, than stand exposed to be every day called in question by the officers of the crown before the civil tribunals." Hence, in this country, arose the statutes of Provisors and Præmunire, always imperfectly executed, as Dr. Troy himself admitst, and in fact only executed according as the monarch had the requisite vigour, or his subjects and he happened to agree in making them respected. After the Reformation, the difference by degrees extended itself to doctrines, for then the grossness of the Romish superstitions having been exposed and rejected in so many countries; and the diffusion of knowledge through the press, then recently called into action, having made it more difficult to keep any body of men in complete igoorance, more especially in countries where any freedom of discussion was allowed; and it being found that the old method used by Harding, and Saunders, and others after him, would not do; different modes were devised of softening down and making more palatable (according as it might be deemed expedient) the grosser and more revolting doctrines ; and thus even in those matters which all men consider as properly of Faith, more latitude (of explanation at least) has been taken, and in some respects, allowed to be taken by the Romanists in this kingdom. This also has naturally led to a freer discussion of the Pope's pretensions to temporal domination, and a more explicit disclaimer of them. Still, although this has been permitted by the Popes, ex necessitate rei, yet has it always been accompanied with great hesitation and reluctance on their part. They have adhered, as much as possible, to their standing and invariable maxim, not to renounce formally any right or power which they have ever enjoyed : and in this, of course, they have bad the Vicars Apostolical as well as the great body of their Clergy, dependent as they are upon the See in every respect, subservient to their will and attentive to their directions. This will sufficiently account for the transactions, (disgraceful as they are and must be in the eyes of all who have any value for honesty and plaioness of dealing,), which took place in 1789 and the two years following; when the Vicars Apostolical, after having, with all the

* Richerii, Hist. Concil. General. in Præfat.

+ Supplementary Appendix to the First Speech, p. 23. Vol. I. [Prot. Adv. Feb. 1813.]

2 H

priocipal Roman Catholics, made and subscribed a solemn declaration and protestation, not only refused themselves, to follow up the measure with an oath every way agreeable to it, but prohibited under pain of spiritual censures, every one else from doing so.* We have now therefore, on one side, the mitigated Papists, who are ready to disclaim upon oath all belief in the infallibility of the Pope and the power of unconditional absolution in the Priests ; and on the other, the thorough-paced Romanists who hold it unlawful to make such a disclaimer. We may, I believe, safely push this farther, and say that the first class are ready to give all reasonable security to government for their loyalty, and to allow to his Majesty not only a negative upon the appointment of their Bishops, but possibly an actual nomination of them : the latter, so far from granting this, consider it, (that is, since they bave changed their mind upon the subject) as an absolute abomination that an uncatholic" King, as they are pleased to call our Sovereign, should in any way intermeddle with the discipline of their Church. And they, or some of them, tell us in the most insulting manner, that he may very well appoint the Dignitaries of our Establishment, because that which we call our Church is merely the work of man; but their Church which is wholly divine, must in all its parts, be administered by its faithful children only. Now the reader, who may have read Sir John's account of himself, will see that those whom he most appropriately considers as his constituents, are the mitigated class; at the same time he bas been in full correspondence, and in the habit of interchanging compliments with the thorough-paced party. His principles then, being on the liberal scale, he had also to conciliate the Bigots : and up to a certain point he might do this; because the Popes and their adherents, in order to gain their ends, and as long as there were hopes of gaining them, have always been ready to dissemble, tru ting to the chapter of accidents to bear them out with as little loss as possible. However, the violence of the Irish Papists, and probably the factious views of some of their leaders, has brought on a crisis rather prematurely, and driven their Prelates (for there, is a re-action in ignorance and superstition) from the concessions to which they were advancing, however trivial and insignificant, back to their old intrenchments of absolute and undisguised Popery. The necessary consequence of which has been, that the worthy Baronet, be-praised and complimented as he once was, has necessarily been given up by the heads of the party, their Lordships, the Prelates, on both sides of the water, and has had to undergo the reprobation and abuse of that sprightly gentleman Mr. Francis Plowden,and his learned associate Counsellor Clinch.

(To be continued] These extraordinary documents with all the signatures and correspondence are pube lished by J. J. Stockdale, price 5s.

brief Statement of the Rise, Progress, ana Decline of the Ancient Christian Church, and its gradual Change to the Papal APOSTACY, ly a Departure from the pluin Dictates of the Gospel. A Letter to the Right Hor. Lord Kenyon, by Sir John Jervis White Jervis, Bart.

We have only room to announce this publication to our readers. It will not become 05 to sacrifice truth to our zeal against Popery. The writer of this statement is not correctly informed in the history of the primitive church. He represents episcopacy as a political estalliskmont, as growing out of the state, instead of being an apostolical institution. It is no wonder, therefore, that he considers the Church government of this country as preferable to Presbyterianism, only on account of its greater consistency with our civil establishinent. He is, however, a zealous friend to Protestantism. He justly observes, that the restoration of the Papal power would be ruinous to the world, and that the absurdities which were practised by it, are strong arguments for resisting every attempt to revive or sanction the practices of Popery in the land.”



The Irish Papists have been in the habit for three years past of giving feasts in celebration of religious liberty! to which they invite a few Protestants, who, from factious motives, or from ignorance of the baneful tenets of the Popish creed, are inclined to grant them unqualified concession.*

Such a dinner was given by the Papists of the county and city of Kilkenny on the 15th of October last, to certain friends of the Talents,

* At such a feast given last August to the Bishop of Norwich in Dublin, there were many persons who had been deeply concerned in the treasonable proceedings in Ireland, from 1792 to 1798, and in the insurrection which took place on the 23d of July !803. We doubt not but that the Right Rev. Prelate will be much slocked to receive assurance of this fact. We need not remind his Loruship of the circumstance which took place at Lois! Castle-Coore's, his brother-in-law we believe ; a depuration was appointed to wait upon him on the part of the Romanists, in order to do him honour ; but Lord Castle. Coote would not permit the deputation to enter his house. Did the Bishop's zeal and liberality go so far as to induce him to receive this party of Papists at an inn ? in a room hired fur the purpose ? Can honour thus accrue to an English Prutescunt Prelate ? This is a strange way of achicving honour !

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