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EPITAPH ON AN ALCHYMIST. is chiefly inhabited by Rajepoots and Here lies, to digest, macerate,
Kettees, there is another tribe called And amalgamate with Clay, Bhats, who are supposed to be investThe Residuum,
ed with a kind of sacred character; Terra damnuta, and Caput mortuum, to support which, they occasionally of
offer their children in Traga, or sacriBG
fice. Their office in the community is, Chymist & Medicine Doctor.
to become personal securities between A Man
other individuals, that their various Who on this earthly ball
bargains may be punctually fulfilled. Pursued various Processes To obtain the Arcanum Vitæ,
But in case the contracting parties
should fail in the ratification of their Art of getting rather
promises, they have recourse to a most Than making GRO L D.
dreadful expedient, of which the folAlchymist-like,
lowing is an illustrative example.All his labour and projection, as Mercury In the year 1806, a Bhat of Vewin the fire,
ingaum, named Kunna, had become Evaporated in fumo.
security on the part of Dossajee, the When he dissolved to his first principles chieftain of Mallia, for a sum of money, He departed as poor as the last drops of an
payable to the Guicawar government. Alembic.
When the time specified for payment For riches Are not poured on the adepts of this world. — arrived, Dossajee refused to fulfil his Tho' fond of News,
engagement. On this refusal, governhe carefully avoided
ment applied to Kunna, the Bhat, as The Fermentation, Effervescence,
the responsible security; who, after And Decrepitation
several fruitless attempts to perof this Life:
suade Dossajee to redeem his word, Full 70 Years
returned to his house to adopt more Was his exalted Essence hermetically sealed decisive measures. Having spent In its Terrene Matrass:
some time in prayer, he assembled his But the radical Moisture being exhausted, family, and, with all the deliberation The Elixir Vitæ spent,
of an idolatrous fanatic, desired his And exsiccated to a Cuticle,
wife to prepare one of their daughters He could not suspend longer
for Traga. The innocent child was at in this Vehicle,
this time about seven years of age; But precipitated Gradatim Per Campanam,
but she had been taught from her inTo his original Dust.
fancy to regard the dignity, the sacred May that light which is brighter character, and divine honour, of her Than Bolonian Phosphorus. family, as an object to which all other Preserve him from
considerations should be rendered subThe Altramore,
servient. Under these impressions, Empyreumatical,
being persuaded that there existed a And reverberatory Furnace of the other World! real necessity for the sacrifice, no Depurate him from the Fæces & Scoriæ
compulsory measures were necessary of this,
to induce her to walk in the painful Highly Rectify and Volatilize His Ethereal Spirit,
path, by which the honour of her Cast
was to be preserved. Having bathed, Bring it over the Helm Of the Retort of this globe;
and dressed herself in her best attire, Place it in a proper Recipient
and taken leave of the family, she or Crystalline Orb
knelt before her father, resting her head Among the Elect flowers of Benjamin; upon his knee; and, holding aside her Never to be saturated, till
long hair, resigned herself without The general Resurrection, Deflagration, a struggle to the sword of this unnatuCalcination, and Sublimation, ral barbarian. The child being immoof
lated, some of its blood was sprinkled All Things !
on the gate of Dossajee, which produced an instantaneous payment of
the money. The blood of a Bhat being BARBAROUS CUSTOM IN INDIA. on his possessions, was considered as AMONG the inhabitants of that part of portentous of some dreadful disaster; India, which is generally known as
to avert which, he also readily gave the peninsula of Guzerat, and which presents of land to the father, and
caused a mausoleum to be erected to after thine!-- No; Sir Richard will be the memory of the daughter.
second to none: he cannot brook the idea so contradictory in nature, that a
less light should shine in the presence TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL of a greater: hence, his first display MAGAZINE.
is to hide the splendour of Newton,
and to make the abettors of his system SIR, Bristol, May 2, 1819.
“ ashamed of the philosophy which it Enclosed I send you some observa- adopts.” It is somewhat strange, that tions, which the perusal of a treatise
none of the keen-eyed critics could, by Sir Richard Phillips has suggested. till now, discover, that Newton had In this work, Sir Richard attempts to served us up with a stale philosophy. controvert some branches of the New- However, as it respects the fall of tonian Philosophy; but with what suc- bodies, and the return of projectiles cess, the following paper will declare to the earth, let not even the vulgar my opinion.
and credulous be led to suppose that The tract to which I allude is enti- the causes,” whatever they are, tled, “ Essays on the Proximate Me- determined by Sir Isaac Newton.” chanical Causes of the General Phe- No: in preceding ages, the term nomena of the Universe.” By Sir Attraction, as an “ inherent or innate Richard Phillips. London. 3s. 6d. property of matter,” had been empp. 96. 12mo.-By inserting the fol
ployed “ to designate at once the phelowing remarks in the Imperial Maga- nomena and the cause of bodies rushzine, you will oblige yours, &c.
ing together, or falling to the earth.” Thos. Exley.
Besides, “in a folio volume of Cog“ In regard to the mechanical cause mography, printed in the reign of of gravitation, (says the author,) there James the First, the mutual attrachave been many hypotheses; but all tions of the Earth and Moon, and the have failed, either in probability, or supposed influence of the latter on in agreement with the law of force.” the tides of the sea, are explained, as The immense labours of deep and received truths.” And more: extensive research, of patient and law, that the force and density of emaunwearied investigation, of continued nations from a centre diminish in the observations and experiments, and of inverse ratio of the square of the disthe conjoined efforts of genius, have tance, was also recognized in hunfailed, or had failed, till Sir Richard dreds of treatises on philosophy, Phillips arose to illuminate the philo- printed in England and on the Contisophical world. The“ combined”revo- nent through the sixteenth and sevenlutions of remote systems have, doubt-teenth centuries.” After such evidence less, contributed to bring this lumi- as this, let the man blush who shall nary above our horizon: we might venture to name these as the discoveprobably have been obliged to grope ries of Newton. Yet, some tribute is without the benefit of his lucid emana- due to the illustrious philosopher, since tions, “ if the philosophy of Aristotle it is admitted that he invented the prohad not superseded that of the priests jectile force, and annihilated the meand magicians, which had previously dium of space. subsisted for a thousand years; and if The truth is, that Newton, whose the physics of Newton, and the meta- glory will never be eclipsed, did not physics of Locke, had not superseded invent the projectile force, nor annihithe dogmas of Aristotle, after they late the medium of space; and he had borne down all opposition for never professed to have discovered the nearly two thousand years."
cause of gravitation, though he careBefore this eventful period, we all fully inquired into that cause. He thought that Sir Isaac Newton's the found certain terms, as Attraction, ory of gravitation was established Weight, Gravity, Repulsion, Projecbeyond controversy; not adverting to tile Force, &c. in frequent use among the most common phenomenon, that philosophers, and did not see it nethe Sun itself rises to set again. cessary to discard these terms; but But surely, Newton, thy glory cannot freely employed them under certain be híd! He who shall discover the restrictions, which he cautiously and cause of gravitation, shall have the wisely laid before his readers. The honour to see his name enrolled next term Attraction is doubtless liable
abuse; but against this we are suf-mena, which before were totally inexficiently guarded. It had long been plicable. 12, He bequeathed to us a the custom to call that force, whatever variety of exquisitely fine and imporit is, which gives motion to a body, tant theorems relating to physics, or alters its motion, either by a change which have been exceedingly useful of velocity or direction; and this term to philosophers, and will be so as also he very properly retained. long as the world stands. These are
We may now ask, of what has New- the legitimate claims of Sir Isaac ton to boast, since “ the PROXIMATE Newton, as it respects the theory of CAUSE of attraction and gravitation universal gravitation. These are truths continues as little known in our days, in philosophy, which the exalted mind as in any period of antiquity ?” It of that great man first disclosed, and was not necessary for Sir Richard to which were not to be developed but resolve this question: the learned, who by powers of more than common exrequire no answer, will excuse a word cellence. By these discoveries philoor two in reply, for the sake of the less sophy is abundantly enriched, and her informed. Let such examine the sub- empire vastly extended. The conject, and they will find, that, 1, Sir tinued investigations of illustrious Isaac Newton proved, what had been observers and inquirers into the phebefore surmised, viz. that all the Pla- nomena of nature, have completely nets are acted on, or continually de- established these celebrated conclus flected from the line of their direction, sions: every new discovery relating to by a force tending toward the Sun. the subject furnishes additional evi2, He proved, what had hitherto dence, if that were required, and not been hidden in the arcana of nature, a single discordant phenomenon has viz. that the intensity of that force yet been detected in all the variety of varies inversely, as the square of the material existence.—Thus has Newton distance. 3, He demonstrated, that found an universal cement, and built the same kind of force, whatever it is, a grand series of steps, by which we actuates all the primary Planets. 4, ascend to regions till then unknown, He shewed us, that the secondary and explore the beauties of the uniPlanets are subject to the same kind verse with delight otherwise forbidof force directed both to the primary den. and to the Sun.' 5, From him we But though he discovered the cea learn, also, that the Sun is itself un- ment, and many of its wonderful proder the influence of a like force, in a perties and effects, yet he could not direction toward each of the Planets, ascertain its essence. This is doubtprimary and secondary. 6, That each less a subject worthy of inquiry; but primary Planet, having secondaries, is shall we abstain from fruit which is affected also by a similar force, direct- pleasant and wholesome, and preed to its secondaries. 7, That all the sented to us, because we are not Planets are acted on by this all-per- informed what is its intimate essence? vading force, each one towards all the Of the essential nature of this universal others. 8, He clearly proved, that the force, or the cause of universal graviforce, whatever it is, which causes tation, Newton professes to know bodies to descend toward the Earth, nothing. Whether the tendency of ór, as we properly say, which causes bodies to bodies be occasioned by the gravitation of terrestrial bodies, is some unknown action of a rare ethethe very same kind of force which ope- real medium; or by a stream of fluid, rates throughout the whole system. some way moving towards all bodies; 9, That the action of this force is pro- or by an inherent or innate power, portional to the quantity of matter; contained in the nature of some or all and therefore affects every material portions of matter; or by the agency portion of bodies. 10, He invented, of some peculiar unknown substance; or and applied in these researches, a by the continued efforts of ministering sublime calculus; which invention spirits; or by the immediate hand of alone would have raised any man to Deity,- let those discover who can; the immortal honour in the circle of sci- illustrious Newton never pretended to,
11, From these established or claimed the honour of having deterfacts, by him ascertained to be such, mined this point. assisted by the new calculus, he But he spoke and treated of Arelearly explained numerous pheno-' TRACTionand GRAVITATion as inherent
or innate principles of all matter;" p. 3. It is also without foundation to say, So others have repeatedly affirmed, that Newton invented the projectile and as falsely. Read a single quota- force of bodies. Before this it had tion from the Principia, under Def. 8. been a common opinion, “ that all p. 7 and 8. Motte's translation: After bodies, having a simple motion, will stating that he refers Accelerative, continue to move in a straight line, Motive, and Absolute central forces, unless continually deflected from it by to the centre of force, to the place of a some extraneous force." The innate body, or to the centre of body, as force of bodies continu in their if it were “ indued with some cause;" appointed or acquired state, at any he adds, “whether that cause is some time, had been long admitted ; and it central body, or any thing else that is obvious in all the phenomena of does not yet appear. For I here de- bodies: and the author of the Prinsign only to give a mathematical no- cipia considered projectile force as tion of those forces, without consider- nothing else but the force of bodies ing their physical causes or seats.” And, to continue in the same state of rest a little lower, he says, “I likewise or motion at first given them by the call Attractions and Impulses, in the all-wise Creator and Disposer of unisame sense, Accelerative, and Motive; versal nature, or which they may have and use the words Attraction, Impulse, acquired by the operations of any or Propensity of any sort towards a subsequent force or forces. centre, promiscuously and indiffer- It is equally false to assert, that he ently, one for another; considering annihilated the medium of space. On those forces not physically, but mathe- the contrary, he seems disposed to matically: Wherefore, the reader is think, that an ethereal substance is not to imagine, that, by those words, universally diffused through space; I any where take upon me to define the and proves, if there be such medium, kind, or the manner of any action, the it must be exceedingly rare; and, causes or the physical reason thereof; of course, that there are many vacuor that I attribute forces, in a true and ities, or interstitial spaces, void of physical sense, to certain centres, matter. when at any time I happen to speak of Hence, Sir Richard Phillips cannot centres as attracting, or as endued build on the ruins of the received syswith attractive powers.” The words tem. This cannot be shaken ; it will put in italics, are recommended to the remain, whether the new one be true reader's particular attention.
or false: and he must submit to have Thus it is clear, from this, as well his name placed after that of Sir Isaac as from several other parts of the Newton, even if he have explained Principia, that when the dignified au- the cause of gravitation. thor says, one body attracts another,
(To be concluded in our next.) he does not mean to affirm, that a power actually and essentially resides in that body, drawing the other towards itself, but that some power or
TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL powers some way operate
on the bodies, so that the whole effect is the same as if the bodies in reality pulled, The following ingenious solution of attracted, or drew each the other, with an Algebraic Problem, written by the a force proportional to the quantity of late Professor Porson, a short time matter, and inversely as the square of before his death, I have lately received the distance.
from my learned friend and preceptor It is also a false insinuation, to repre- the Rev. John Duncalf
, of Wormhill sent Newton as attributing attraction Hall, near Buxton, Derbyshire, author to emanations. However the law of of a metaphysical work entitled, “ Faemanations may correspond with the talism Exposed.” If it should be law of gravitation in any particular deemed worthy a place in your valupart, this distinguished philosopher able Miscellany, it is at your service. considered the latter, as in truth it is,
J. G. altogether different from the former:
*xy + zu= 444 emanations proceed in lines, ever sepa- Given
x z+yu= 180 rating ; gravitation is considered as a
Xu+yz = 156
y and z. continuous force.
X Y Z U = 5184
to find u, X,
; or yzu
444-2 U From the first equation x=
FICTITIOUS HISTORY OF THE VAMPYRE.
The name of Lord Byron being con
nected with any article, is almost :
sure to give it an interest, and to and from the 4th, x= Since xis ensure its publicity. A singular tale,
entitled “The Vampyre," has lately equal to itself, and to its own equal, appeared before the public, to which that which x equals from the first equa- this celebrated name has been prefix444-ZU
is equal to that ed. From one periodical work, this y
story has been copied into another; which x equals in the last equation, viz. either in its entire form, or under such 5184
444-2 u 5184 Hence
modifications as have preserved its esy zu
sence, without entering into detail. 444-zu=
One leading idea, however, is obzu, substitute
servable in all these accounts. The p, and there arises this quadratic; pa Vampyre is represented as -444 p=-5184; which being re
creature of the imagination; to which solved, gives p, i.e. zu=432. But
have been ascribed fictitious powers, from the first given equation, z u + xy corresponding, in their application, = 444; i. e. 432+xy= 444; conse with those which we attribute to quently x y
444 - 432 =
= 12. By sylphs, fairies, elves, and genii. The making r’s equal from the 2d equation, superstructure, built upon this imagiequal to its equal in the fourth, we have nary basis, coincides, in its visionary 5184
5184 materials, with the foundation on ; or 180-yu= which it rests. The dark and gloomy yzu
y u By putting yu equal to p, as in the last, rably adapted to keep alive the fiction;
thoughts thus embodied, seem admiand solving the quadratic, we have p, and the tale is properly constructed to i. e. yu = 144; but yu (144) + x2= 180, by the second given equation, or
exhibit a masculine genius in its 180 — 144
boldest attire. Under its imposing - 36. By making x's equal, as found from aspect, the mind of the reader is inthe 3d equation equal that as found sensibly transported into a region of
enchantment; where, rapidly moving by the 4th, we have
in untrodden paths, it becomes entan
gled in those intricate mazes, in which 5184 : and by substi- the inversion of natural order assumes
the form of half possible reality. Awatuting p for y z, and resolving the qua- kened from this poetic delirium, when dratic, we have p, i.e. y z 48. But
we reach the conclusion of the tale, from the 3d given equation we have y z reason once more regains its dominion + c a = 156; or 48 + xu = 150; or
over fancy; but, unfortunately, inX u = 108.
stead of following that steady light, From this it is manifest
which is necessary to all just discrimithat z is four times as yz = 48 much as x. But xz=36.
nation, we suddenly fall into an oppo
site snare, and hastily conclude that So that x y = 12
the Vampyre has no kind of existence, ZU = 432
except in the dreams of poets, and z y = 48
the fables of romance. 3 4 = 108
It appears, from several recent acx 2 = 36
counts laid before the public, that but We have only, therefore, to divide a small portion only of this tale, which the number 36 into two factors, which bears the name of Lord Byron, can shall be the one to the other as 1 to 4, claim him as its legitimate parent. which is done thus: 4X1=4; 36 Its genuine history, as published in =9. And w 9= 3X1=3=x; and the New Monthly Magazine for May, 3 X 4 = 12 = to z, and xy= 12; or 1819, is given in the following docu3y = 12; or y= 4, and xu= . 108; or ment. 3 u = 108; or u= 36. So that x= 3;
“ Mr. Editor, y = 4; 2= : 12, and u=36, the four “ As the person referred to in the numbers required.
letter from Geneva, prefixed to the London, April 24.
tale of the Vampyre in your last Num
y X = 12