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A Voyage from St. Domingo to New Orleans, of them. The frer and general cur- shores of the river serve also as a res pent of the river is at least two leagues treat for a vast number of water, fowl, an: a halfin an hour. This great ra- of every denomination, which are so pidity causes the water to swell at the fat, that the industry of the inhabifidrs, and makes it, in many places, tants of New Orleans has been roused take a direction different from that of to extract an oil from them, which the middle. We profited by this re- forms a small branch of commerce. flux, notwithstanding which, we went Fifteen leagues from the mouth, up very Nowly, the wind being weak, we came to the ftrait of the Plaqueand the current exceedingly rapid, in mines, so called from a wild fruit of fome places.

that name, which is very good. Here Our impatience was augmented by the land begins to rise above the wa. a prodigious quantity of gnats and ter, the river is fkirted with high, flies, whose sting was insupportable. large, and majestic trees, which, be: Te shores of the river are formed of ing intermixed with shrubs, form a funken and marshy lands, covered.on- very thick wood. On entering these ly with reeds which are well adapted woods, the soil, covered with decayed for breeding these insects. It seems leaves, presents fome agrecable walks, as if nature took a pleasure in multi. when they are not interrupted by plying their species, and in rendering trees fallen by age, or by ftagnant their ftings sharp ; they give pain in waters. The thickness of the trees a variety of shapes, differing according forms a fhade impenetrable to the fon, to their form, their size, or colour. The swans and the birds called cardi. The fight of an immense extent of nals please the eye by the beauty of these reeds, always verdant, rery lofty, their colours : the plumage of the lite and undulating in the wind, would ter is equal to that of any bird in Eu: form a very pleasing view, were we rope. The river has plenty of wild not aware that they harboured such ducks, and other birds fit for food, in venomous inhabitants. During the places adapted to harbour them. Maheat of the day, the most trcublesome ny forts of large fille may be caught of these insects was a species of fly, here by the line; among others dabs called " strike quick,” which never and thornbacks; the sharp weapons fails to fting the moment it sertles, these fish are furnished with make the and tha: so severely that the blood in fishermen sometimes repent their too Nantly follows ; from which çircum- great alertness; the wounds they make stance it has received its name ; the is followed by a swelling of the incoolness on the approach of night, jured parts: makes these flies retire, and clouds of In this reach we encountered so gnats, inuskeroes, and other insects, violent a storm, than the hawser with fucceed them. Nothing but a very which we were made fast to a tree thi woke wijl drive them away, a parted, and we were driven towards remedy to which the inhabitants of the opposite side of the river. Our Louisiana have recourse.

topmast, which was only about two About ten leagues from the en- inches and a half diameter, brokc, it trance of the Misisippi, is the separa. was very short, but had indeed açitrer tion of that branch of the river which shrouds oor stay to support it, as our forms the south-east mouth. A little vessel was only about fixty tons burhigher up, on the same hore, we saw then. In this river they make the the oyster cove; these fish are of a vessels fast to trees on the shore, beprodigious lize,and their shells are used caufe if they came to anchor, they to make lime, there being no lime- would probably leave their anchors name in this country. These marshy among funken trees,


We loon began to find inhabitants, but the barvest is not in any place so od plantations of rice and Indian, fine and fo abundant as in this. The corn. Rice is generally fowed in houses of the inhabitants are agreeaplaces where the land is only about ble enough, they are built some few two feet above the level of the water, feet above the earth, to guard them in order to cut channels for such a sup. from the damp, from serpents and ply of that commodity

as is necessary other venomous animals, which are for its cultivation. Indian corn is still however very dangerous, cultivated in all parts of Louifana,

[Ta be continued.]

Description of Monte Rosa, by Monf. Sauflure. M.

FOUNT Rofe (Monte Rosa,) is and covered its banks with a large

the principal hill of the south- quantity of yellowish earth. All this ern boundary of the chain of the had been done the day before, and it Alps, as Mount Blanc rises over the was already almost dry. A quarter

of northern boundary of the same chain. a league beyond it, if the iraveller This mountain may be seen from all turns to the right, he sees a kind of the plains of Piedmont and Lombar- funnel, composed of high mountains, dy, from Turin, from Padua, from whose bare sides are furrowed by the Milan, and even far beyond it. Yet streams which supply the torrent, and it has never been described : by ma- are covered with earth of the same dy travellers it has not been me

men- colour. tioned; and from those in whose M. Saussure then describes the works it occurs, no very exact in- passage over the Simpione, in French formation can be obtained : Monf. the Simplon, which fome authors have Saussure was eager to examine it, and raised to the rank of a saint, styling began his journey with his son in Ju- it Saintomb: its greatest elevation is ly of last year: his tour contains some 1029 toises. This part our country: singular circumstances. In his way tryman, Mr. Coxe, scarcely faw, and he visited the noble collection of baron we shall transcribe M. Saussure's bold Erlach, at Lausanne, where he found and animated description of the pafnot only a beautiful collection of the sage. pres of Saxony and other coun- « On the side of Switzerland the tries, but the most compleat collec- traveller passes through beautiful tion, which exifts, of the minerals forests, under the most magoificent of Switzerland, and particularly the shades, watered, not by torrents, but crystallized feld spaths and schorls, by rills, as gentle as they are limpid. and the tourmalines of St. Gothard. The side of Italy presents, on the From Lausanne they proceeded to contrary, rocks the most abrupt and Vevay, to Martigny, to Sierre, and the most terrible; like enormous to Viege. In the lat stage they crof. walls, lharpened to a point, and so fed the torrent of Millgrabe, one of near, that a single block of granite those rapid and tranlitory streams rolled from the mountain is suspended which fall from the Alps with incon- between the walls of the valley, and ceivable violence, and pass away with serves as a bridge from one bank to the storm which contributes to their the other, Ae some distance the torfury. The stream of Millgrabe had rent precipitates itself into abyffes, with hollowed the ground to a great depth, fuck violence, that the drops broken

and 230

Description of Monte Rosa. and raised by the air, which separates confusedly cryftallized, and consethe particles, mount with impetuoli- quently a marble of the kind called ty as the steam of an enormous caul. faline. It is six feet chick, naturally dron; they are coloured by the rays dividing in lamina, of from seven to of the fun, and appear a mixture of eight lines, and is bounded on each flame and smoke. But it requires a fide by a foliated vitrescent rock of good head to receive from such scenes quartz and mica. If this last is a pria pleasure unalloyed by fear, for the mitive rock, our author thinks the road, or rather the path, often pro- calcareous muft be also primitive, as jects over a dreadful precipice, and is the vitrescent rock rests on it. The scarcely four feet wide, without any distinction, however, added in the parapet.

lo many parts it is worked note, appears of importance, and is out of the rock; and there is one truly new. We hall transcribe it. place where the rock is pierced at the « The calcareous, secondary rocks, edge of a projecting part, and appears or those which have been formed like a ring suspended in the air. The subsequent to the revolution, at the traveller who sees it at a distance, conclusion of which the sea was infor the first time, can scarcely believe habited by fish, and abounded with that he must pass on horseback through shells, are almost always covered with this ring. The route terminates at grits, with brecciæ, and puddingLake Major, and is the most frequent. itones; in other words, with the reed pass for transporting corn and mains of the rocks, broken to pieces wine, which is done on mules. As in the revolution. These remains, it is the route also of the courier of interposed between the strata of prio Milan, it is kept up with the greatest mitive rocks and those of the secon

Yet it is not easy to traverse dary stones, form the travftions u hich on a mule, “ cornices" fo ftrait, so I have often observed, and particularhigh, and paved with granite polithed ly at the bottom of Buet Voyages, by travel'ing: it is indeed better to fećt. 594.) The calcareous primitives

, walk, panicularly down the hills; on the contrary, or thole which have But, whatever taste the traveller may exiited previous to this revolution, have for these favage beaunies, he are not diftinguished by such trantfeels a real fatisfaction on coming out tions, or they are transitions of anoof these defiles, and seeing the coun- ther kind. try open near Dovedro. There the Domo d'Ollola is the next princimountains separate on the eaft, and pal town which they mention, and form an ample girdle, which incleics they soon arrive at Lake Major, and an amphitheatre of vines and chestnut- then follow the right bank of ihe Toctrees; a delicious mix'llie of a beau- cia, to go three fourths of a league ful verdure and hardi me buildings." farther 19 Pié de Mulera, where they

On the side of Switzerland the find the first effects of the gold rides rock is calcareous, mixed with more of Macugnaga ; the great church and or less of glimner: the strata veri- the Palazzo Teftoni being built big cal, or nearly vertical. On :he oher means of the gold drawn from the fide are eitlier the common felia:ed mines. From the middle of the bridge xocks, composed of quartz ard nuca, leading to Vanzon, a village in the or veined graoites : they are general- road to the nines, they lee Mount Iy horizontal, or ioclined at most from Rote, which arises as majestically as thirty to forty degrees. On the Mount Blanc, seen from Salenche. porthern fide of the road, about a This mountain tas the advantage of league and a quarter from Simplon, appearing surrounded by the beau:iis a block of white calcareous Itone, ful verdure of ihe narrow and deep




valley of Anzasca, which, like the are those where the crystallization apframe of a pictnre, sets off the white pears to have been rapid, so that litness of the snow and the ice. This ile of the metal has escaped, and there exquisitely beautiful valley, where the pyrites appear in the form of large verdure and the trees are equally lux, scales. The threads often uriaat, is bounded by the approaching vertical, but the threads affect no hills, which meet, except in one point, particular direction. They fometimes where the river Lanza passes out. The cross each other, and the groups of nature of the rocks resembles that of auriferous pyrites, in the intersection, the valley of Martigny (Voyages, are large and rich. The expence is fect. 1047, &c.) The situation of the estimated at 46800 livres per annum, ftrata is nearly vertical ; the direction and the income at 598colivres. M.Terof their planes nearly that of the val- toni, whose mines are the subject of ley.

this estimate, clears therefore about At a little diftance from Vanson 130no livres, about 5401. per annum. is a transverse rock, which incloses as It is supposed, however, that on acit were the mines. Near the bridge count of the proportion paid to the of Vando is a magnificent block of lord of the soil and to the king, the granite, in the middle of which was profits are diminished; and, on the a group of large hexagonal crystals of other hand, it is said that the richer black schorl, set in a inixture of white veios, which appeared to be the more feld spath and silver mica. The situ- fuperficial ones, are exhausted. In ation of the village of Macugnaga is all gold mines the profit has been laid to be very beautiful; but the in- generally exaggerated. The mode of habitants were not hospitable. Habi- extracting the metal is not peculiar, tations were only wanting ; for the nor very scientific; but it seems suffia inhabitants, and even the curate, live ciently exact. on milk and rye-bread, made fix The high pics of Mount Rose are months in advance, and which can inaccessible, it seems, from the side of be cut only by a batchet., Our tra- Macugnaga ; but one of these of a vellers provisions were brought from lefser height is accessible on this side. Vanzon.

On account of the snow with which The mineral of gold is found in the it was constantly covered, it is styled continua:ion of the base of Mount Pizze Bianco—the White Pic : our Role: it is compofed of a veined gra- travellers set out on the 30th of July, nite or a foliated rock of feld spar, and encamped on the Alp of Pidriomica, and quartz. The strata are lo, for the Alps " retain their origingenerally horizontal, or a little in- al Celtic fignification in this country, clined, and the gold is found in all as well as the German part of Switthe varieties of this granite, but ge- zerland : it fignifies the pasturage of Derally in the softer kinds and those the mountain.” After encamping on of the finest grain. The matrix of these meadows,they began to measure gold is a yellow fulphureous pyrites. the highest pics of Mount Rose, and Gold allo occurs in the carious hol- found the highest2430toises above the lows of the quartz, mixed with a rust level of the sea, and the lowest 2398; of iron, which appears to be the re. the higheit is, therefore, within twenfiduum of decomposed pyrites. The ty toises of the height of Mount aariferous pyrites are often crystallized · Blanc. “ We passed the night (fays in cubes, but these are the poorest : M. Saussure) under our tent, in 2 those whose grain is finer are not fituation truly delicious. We were much richer; and the most valuable encamped in a meadow, covered with

the 132

Description of Monte Rofa. the close turf of the highest Alps, eda- ranged in strait lines like Mount melled with the moft beautiful Rowers. Blanc and its collateral pics. Mount These meadows were terminated by Rose, on the contrary, is composed the Glaciers and the pics of Mount of uninterrupted series of gigantic Rose, the magnificent out-lines of points, nearly equal, forming a valt whose highest cliffs were seen to advan- circle, which includes the village of tage, against the azure vault of hea- Macugnaga, its hamlets, its paltures, ven. Near to our tents flowed a rill the glaciers which bound them, and of the freshest and clearest water. On the steep cliffs which reach almost to the the other side was a cavern, under tops of these majestic Colossuses: In whose shelter we burned the rhodo. Mount Rose the strata are horizontal, dendron,the only wood which grows at or nearly so; in Mount Blanc they are this height, and whose fire served to vertical: in the former it is the veinwarm our soup, and to defend us against ed granite and foliated rocks of difthe sharp freshness of the evening. ferent kinds, which conftitute the The night was magnificent ; and I bulk ; in the latter, granite in mass. was too fond of contemplating it, The latter only occurs occafiobally, for from the cold I felt fome incon- and to appearance accidentally, in venience, which delayed my journey Mount Rose. It has been supposed, that a little the next morning. This jour. the veined granites, gneiss, and other Dey was indeed very painful ; we pal- rocks of this kind, are only the ruins fed with some difficulty over the hang- of the masly granites, but here they ing precipices of broken rocks, which constitute immense masses: and tho' were very steep: we occasionally too we for a moment foppose it poflible met with an avalanche of snow, solid that these pics are the accumulated and very rapid, which it was dange- ruins of a ftill higher mountain, we rous to pass; then the snow in our should at least expect to find the base way, though recent, was bard, frozen of such a mountain. Even the inieon the surface, and dangerous from rior walls of the circus are not com. the declivity; and to finifh the list of posed of vertical ftrata, and the fourdangers, cliffs of rocks, which crumb- dation is of the same nature with the led under the feet, and remained in extremities. Our author finds also the hand when we trusted to their that the mountains which form the support, were to be surmounted.” summit of Mount Rose are extended

After five hours travelling, they outwards to a very great distance, fo seached a point, which was a part that together they form a mass incomof the white pic, though about forty parably more vaft than that which toises below the highest precipice; would bave filled the whole of the but they were separated from this high- interior part of the circle, and this er region by a fteep ravine, which they must consequently have been the place must have descended over a very dan. of this fupposed original mountain. gerous precipice of snow, to ascend Yet the horizontal direction of the again over another not more practica. ftrata, fo different from that of bigi ble. Our author, whose spirits were mountains, is a strong argument in pertaps repressed by the cold of the favour of this mountain being the former night, relisted the inclinations result of a decompolition of mally of his son to go farther; and on this granite. fyot they rested, about 2400 toises a- The different pics of which this bove the level of the sea.

group is compofed, are of different All the former mountains which heights, and from their situation they our author had ascended, be tells us, may be likened to a racket, of which were either insulated like Ætna, or the mountains that terminate the sale

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