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without. It is ordained in the eternal constitution of things, that men of intemperate minds cannot be free. Their passions forge their fetters. *
Without whose charms, ey'n peace would be
DRYDEN. Ode to Memory, Chap. II.
POPE. Iliad, Book XVII. THE effect of liberty to individuals is, that they may do what they please; we ought to see what it will please them to do, before we risk congratulations which may be soon turned into complaints.
BURKE. PEOPLE talk of liberty as if it meant the liberty of doing what a man likes.f The only liberty that a man worthy the name of a man ought to ask for, is to have all restrictions, inward and outward, removed, to prevent his doing what he ought. I call that man free who is master of his lower appetites, who is able to rule himself. I call him free, who has his flesh in subjection to his spirit; who fears doing wrong, but who fears neither man or devil besides. I think that man free who has learnt the most blessed of all truths, that liberty consists in obedience to the power, and to the will, and to the law, that his higher soul reverences and approves. He is not free because he does what he likes, for in his better moments his soul protests against the act, and rejects the authority of the passion which commanded him, as an usurping force, and tyranny. He feels that he is a slave to his own unhallowed passions. But he is free, when he does what he ought, because there is no protest in his soul against that submission. F. W. ROBERTSON. Lectures-An Address to the Working
* Law does not put the least restraint
Upon our freedom, but maintain't;
BUTLER. Miscellaneous Thoughts.
Ibid. + But this is got by casting pearls to hogs; That bawl for freedom in their senseless mood,
And still revolt when truth would set them free.
Licence they mean when they cry liberty; For who loves that, must first be wise and good,
Men's Institute, Brighton. THERE is nothing that can raise a man to that generous absoluteness of condition as neither to cringe, to fawn, or to depend meanly, but that which gives him that happiness within himself for which men depend upon others.
himself with end of verse,
Quoth he, Th' one half of man, his mind,
But in defeats the passive stout
Quoth Ralph, How great I do not know
Hudibras, Part I., Canto 3.
COWLEY. Ode on Liberty.
Faëry Queen, Book II., Canto 2. Ir a man makes me keep my distance, the comfort is, he keeps his at the same time.
HAPPY the man to whom Heaven has given a morsel of bread, without laying him under the obligation of thanking any one for it than Heaven itself.
A TRUE and genuine impudence is ever the effect of ignorance without the least sense of it.
Hudibras to Sidrophel.
DRYDEN. Epilogue to Constantine the Greek.
OUT upon Time! who for ever will leave
The Siege of Corinth. PRESENT time and future may be considered as rivals; and he who solicits the one, must expect to be discountenanced by the other.
SIR J. REYNOLDS. He who runs against Time has an antagonist not liable to casualties.
JOHNSON. Lives of the Poets.
O THOUGHTS of men accursed !
Henry IV., Part II.
And bring the firstling to the flock;
And in the dusk of thee, the clock
TENNYSON. In Memoriam.
TIME, with all its celerity, moves slowly on to him whose whole employment is to watch its flight.
YOUNG. Night II.
POPE. Imitation, Second Epistle, Book II., Horace.
Our faculties of discovery suited to our state. THE Infinite Wise Contriver of us and all things about us hath fitted our senses and faculties and organs to the conveniences of life and the business we have to do here. We are able by our senses to know and distinguish things; and to examine them so far as to apply them to our uses and several ways, to accommodate the exigencies of this life. We have insight enough into the admirable contrivances and wonderful effects to admire and magnify the wisdom, power, and goodness of their author. Such a knowledge as this which is suited to our present condition we want not faculties to attain. But it appears not that God intends we should have a perfect, clear, and adequate knowledge of them : * that, perhaps, is not in the comprehension of
* Father Mallebranche, in bis inquiries after truth, lays down with great extent an excellent principle concerning the senses. It is that the senses were given us by God, not to enable us to know the nature of objects, but their relation to us, not what they are in themselves, but whether they are advantageous or hurtful to our bodies. As to objects in themselves, we know them by the ideas we have of them.