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The capital of the national debt, exclusive of annuities for lives and years, is about

£: 240,000,000 0 0 Upon the notion that the land is ultimately charged to pay the national debt, every square mile is mortgaged for

3,010 16 91 or every square acre is mortgaged for

4 12 31 The interest of the funded debt, including the annuities and charges of management, is

9,260,000 OO Towards this, every square mile, ? on an average con

, 116 3. 41 or every square acre

o 36 or every individual

tributes annually Supposing the average rent of lands to be ton shillings || an acre, and that they now fell for about 30 years purchase, every acre is mortgaged for almol one-third of its intrir. fic value, and pays more than that proportion of its annual rent to the interest of the national debt.

I have not made these calculations to create discontents or despondency; for I believe that the same fort of enquiries, with regard to other kingdoms, would thew that, notwithstanding our burthens appear heavy, we are not in a worle condition than our neigh. bours. By this view of our affairs. I mean only to stimulate our Ministers and Senators to pursue the wiseft measures for strengchening this country, by thrift in the public treafure, by care of the people's trade, and by all the other honest and useful arts of peace. ?

It is pot extent of territory (kat makes a country powerful, but numbers of men well employed, convenient ports, a good navy, and a foil producing all sorts of commodities, The materials for all these we have : and, to improve them to the greatest advantage, we only want the complement of men, whom our land can maintain and nourish, with as much trade as our pational stock and our knowledge of sea affairs is capable of embracing. A trade so extended will naturally produce a powerful naval strength; while a large and well-directed traffick, by its balance in our favour, will furnish such stores and wealth as will enable us to bear our present load of debt until the plan for the reduction of it shall have taken good root; and then the progress of that plan will proceed more rapidly than can easily be conceived by those who have not been used to contemplate the powers of compound interest.

M. W.

Character of a Prudent Husband *. • THESE fuperb houses which “ That gentleman who is palking

T you see to the right and left," below us, is a man of a certain turn said the Devil upon Two Sticks, as of humour, but who possesses a thou. they passed down St James's Street, fand good qualitics. He has lately " have been erected by different fo. lost his wife ; nay, it was but lait cieties of people of falhion, for the sole week that he conligned her, with all purpose of gaming with convenience ; that philosophy which marks a wise but as they are not generally frequent- man, to the tomb of her ancestors." ed in the day-time, I muft contrive to “ For my part," said the Count, “I afford you a peep into them during should rather have conceived, from Our nocturnal excursions. And that the cheerfulness of his aspect, and the old building," continued he," which smartness of his apparel, that he had we are now approaching, is the been a bridegroom, rather than a wientrance of the palace, whose back- dower ; and that, inftead of having front you have already seen from the just loft a wife, he had just got one. park.” “ And the nation,” said Don On what whimsical principle can he Cleofas,“ ought to be ashamed of it." reconcile his dispensing with the usual " They are so," replied the demon; folemnity of fables on the mournful " and there the matter ends."

occasion ?" Vol. XII. No. 69. Cc

" To

In the year 1688, the average rent of lands was computed tobe 6s. 2d acre.
From the Devil upon Two Sticks in England.

“ To tell you the truth," antwered is the jovial companion. When he Asmodeus, " which, by the bye, he is in the country, he will follow the does not fcruale cu tell all the world, pleasures of the chace with ardour, bis late (poule wis such a termagant and join in the mirth of the evening devil, and, of course, led him such a tha: lucceeds it. In short, he has the I fe, that he abiolutely with?s to pub- power of associating himself to every lith the facisfaction he feels at b.ing kind of allowable character, and the rid of het, by thus adapting his ex- ready inclination to do it: but he is terior appearance to the joy of his married. Very soon after his return heart.-He has, however, ordered a from bis foreign tour, he demanded large bunch of black crape to be tied in marriage the daughter of b's fa round the neck of the dog which fol. ther's most intimate friend: his prolows him, who was occalionally fapotals were accepted with unfeigoed voured by a kind word from his late sausfaction, and he was soon united mistress, and is, therefore, the only to the object of his wishes. Matilda one of the family who has any caufe was a beautiful girl, highly accomwhatever to regret her.”

plished, and supposed to possess a very “I must delire you,” said Asmoe good underttanding, when the was deus, “to regard, with a very parti- married to a man who was formed 10 çular attention, the gentleman now make a fenfible woman the happielt crossing the street towards us, who of her sex. But from a foolish, way. wears such an easy smile on this coun- ward vanity, which was encouraged tenance, and mutters his thoughts to by his lavish indulgence, the sunk, in himself, as he walks along. He is a a very hort time, into all the superci, person of great worth, and a dupe, lious habits of a fine lady, and became but of a very different kind from the a perfect mass of fickleness, Aonfense, laft, for he confesses himself to be so. and affcctation. She even fancied Indeed, bis dupery deserves a better herleif above the general nature of pame, as it confits in an accommoda- her lex; was superior to all those attion to circumstances which he knows tentions and cmployments which afnot how to remedy. He himself, I ford so much real delight in the nope think, withoge any perversion of the tial state, and religned the whole bo: term, denominatis it prudence; and liness of domestic concerns, and all in speaking of him, I Thall give you the cares of parental duty, to her the portrait of what I call a prudunt huf- husband. To dress, to attend public band.

amulements, and to inyent a falhion, “ He is a man of rare qualifica. are the active parts of her character : tions and great fortune. His natural to languish in her dreflir g-room, to te abilities received every advantage that incapable of the least exercise, and to the most polite education could be be alarmed at those exertions which {tow on them; and be possesses all the are necessary to the common offices of experience that extensive travels, and life, compote the necessary part of it. the habits of public life, can afford Without being guilty of any actual him. With the must finished accomo vice, she never practises any actual plishments, he is blessed with a difpo. virtue ; and though the does not ab. Sition to make them acceptable to eve. solutely wish to give offence, is very ry kind of people, and all who know far from discovering any delire to him, love him. Among men of live communicate pleasure. rature, he is the polished scholar and « He is unhappy ; for how can any chaste critic; in polite societies, he is man of sensibility be otherwise, when the easy, well-bred man of fashion; he finds his expectations of matrimo,

in the more convivial parties, he nial confort fo completely disappoint

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ei? His fond attentions poffeffing all not being in a situation to realize them the uniformity of affection, are not by a practical obedience. I know, always received, and very feldom re- as well as you, that I have been turned, with that kindness which wrong from the beginning; an unlithey deserve ; and the manner of life mited indulgence to my wife, has most suited to his character and wishes been attended with very unpleasant is continually interrupted by the cap- effects : but what can be done? An ricious fancies of this unrefiecting alteration in my conduct would now beauty. She will determine, on a be followed by the most unhappy

adden, to go into the country; and consequences. There are, my friends, as she is never contradicted, the certain circumstances, and I feel myimmediate arrangements take place self at this moment to be surrounded por complying with her desire. In a by them, when it is an act of prudence vrtnight, perhaps, her fpirits demanda to let a woman play the fool, for four tange of air,and some diftant bailing. The Jould play the devil.s'icc is thoughtneceffaryto relieve their “ You may, my good friend,” said Laguor. Her jewels are new set e. Don Cleofas, “ call this prudence, if very winter, the place is frequently you please, and it may be considered riched dowo to take a new form, and as fuch by this very wise nation ; but her coach is knowo to have been the unenlightened Spanish husbands painted cwice in six months. Thus would vote, without a diffinting bis amusements are obfiructed, his voice, that the Inquisition would be agreeable societies are troubled, and the fittest piace for any one who should fie fruits of his stuuious enquiries endeavour to promulgare such hereti

kuited, by the elegant folly and un- cal doctrines. For my part, I am corected vanity of a fantastic wo- clearly of opinion, that a woman who a.

is permitted to play the fool, is in an "A sele& party of real friends, atual state of preparation for the fu. kui he has many of them, finding that ture game, and will never be satisfied be distant jeer or plealant farcasm, till she has played the devil." L ever varied and repeated, do not " You are in luck," observed Ar svaken him from that supine state of modeus," for here is one who would

inillion which separates him from be very ready to support your argutoeru, and keeps him a Nave, where ment. Be to good as to observe the Modery is moit unmanly and difrace- lady who is pailing in a phaeton, 14., waited upon him so la:ely as drawn by four grey ponies, which she Fier..ay morning, to remonftrate on drives with all the dexterity of a stagehe folly of his conduct, and io urge coachman. She is a woman of faFoll, in the strongelt manner, to save mily, and was married to a man of '. 111 elf and the object of his affection, forlune, from whom the has been some by lpirited and rimely exertions, from cime separated. She played the devil lacoming the joke or the pity of all with her husband, me now plays the who kaow them. He received them devil with the man who keeps her, !!! his ufaal kindness, pleaded and she will, one of these days, play O.., without the least reserve or the devil with herself.” “ I presume,” hesitation, to all their accusations, said the Count, “ that the played the .

O concluded his grateful answer to fool fiiit.” “ By no meais," answer. them in the following manner :-- I ed the Demon; "that part of the acknowledge the good sense of your piece was performed by the gentleman sealonings, and the propriety of your who married her." wgafels, and I feel my misfortune in

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Review of New Publications.

Sermons, by Hugh Blair, D. D. F. are an accurate and natural arranged

R. S. Edin. One of the Ministers ment ; a talent for elegant and perfpiof the High Church, and Professor cuous illustration ; and a fingular feof Rhetoric and Belles Lettres in licity in seizing those views of a subthe University of Edinburgh. 3d. ject which come home to the undervol. 8vo. pp. 434. 6s. boards. standing and heart; and, which is Cadell. 1790.

more valuable than all, a spirit of ra.

tional and manly piety. THE number of sermons in this In some of the sermons, however,

1 volume is twenty. 1. On the we have more peculiarly admired a true honour of man. 2. On sensibi- bolder or more pathetic tone of elolity. 3. On the improvement of time. quence, than we generally meet with, 4. On the duties belonging to middle even in the composicioos of Dr Blair. age. 5. On death. 6. On the pro- To these, we think that even a highgress of vice. 7. On fortitude. 8. On er tribute of praise is due, than that envy. 9. On idleners. 10. On the which we have already paid; and it sense of the divine prescience. 11. is pleasing to us to observe, that the On patience. 12. On moderation. talents of the author seem to rise in 13. On the joy and bitterness of the proportion to his fame, and that bis heart. 14. On characters of imperfect lalt production gives evidence of pow. goodness. 15. On the facrament of ers, which, pernaps, in his earlier the Lord's supper, as a preparation works, he feared to exert. Of this for death. 16. On ths use and a kind, the fermons that appear to be buse of the world. 17. Or extremes the most remarkable, are those on in religious and moral conduct, 18 death, on the creation, and on the On scoffing at religion. 19. On the dissolution of the world. creation of the world. 20. On the If, in the general tenor of his ferdissolution of the world.

mons, the author has exhibited a moSuch are the important and inter- del of sound and elegant instruction ; esting subjects, which Dr Blair has if in fome, of the modt-Simple and perchosen for the discourses now publithit fuafive eloquence; in these last fered; and they, who are acquainicú mons he has attained a height of subwith the former volumes, wilt natu- limity which he seems not before 10 rally anticipate the masterly manner bave attemped, and which, in our cin which they are treated. To say, pinion, is almost without a precedent indeed, that these sermons are equal in the history of this species of conto those that preceded them, is per- pofition in our country. haps, the highest praise that we can In the enjoyment of lettered fame. bestow ; and while we willingly afford there are other men who participate them this commendation, we likewise with Dr Blair: but in the application of congratulate the literary world on the talents and of learning, to render pr30acquisition of these elegant models of kind wifer or better, there are few li. compofition ; at the same time, ftill terary characters who can claim 20 more warmly congratulating the world equal share ; and however we may be in general, on so important an addi. disposed to consider his fermons as tion to the common stock of moral the productions of genius and of taste, and religious instruction,

when we regard them in this more The qualities which peculiarly di important light, we feel them intitled ftinguish the compositions of Dr Blair, to that it is more honourable fame

which is the portion of the wife and written language uniformly to corre. good alone, and before which all li- fpond. Were this scheme, really terary splendor disappears.

practicable, which we very much doubt, it would so entirely obscure the analogy of the language, an object

by no means so trifling as De H. seems Tranfactions of the Royal Society of to suppose) that it would merit con

Edinburgh, vol. 2. 4to. il. 5 s. lideration whether the bedefits would Dickson.

overbalance the disadvantages of the

plan. WHEN societies for the cultiva. In the History of the Society, we tion of literature and science were have also a letter from the Telhoo fpringing up in many places, both of Lama, to Governor Hastings, commuour filter kingdom and the Continent,. nicated by Mr Maconochie. This it was for some time a kind of re- letter is interesting, as Mr Maconochie, Rection on Scotland, that its capital, justly observes, on two accounts, though abounding in men capable of « First, that it establishes beyond all. giving lustre to any society, could " question, that the Telhoo Lama, . boast of no public institution of that's though a Pontiff of inferior rank to nature ; none at least that seemed dif. " the Dalai Lama, is onderstood to posed to add to the celebrity of their “ possess the souls of Saints or divine country, by regularly imparting to the 6 personages that flourished in formworld the result of their labours. We “ er times, and to retain the rememare bappy, however, to find, that this " brance of what happened to them Fellection will now be taken off, while “ in those past periods of existence. . the Royal Society of Edinburgh con “ zdly, That the same places which, tinue to publish their Transactions. « are regarded in Bengal as peculia A second voluine of these is now be- “ arly sacred, are likewise regarded fore the public, and will not, we be- * by the religion of Fo, as holy ; lieve, diminih the reputation the So- “ that the Teloo Lama, in some of ciery deservedly acquired from the o his former states of existence, is . first. We shall endeavour to present “ supposed 10 have resided in those our readers with some flight view of “ places; that the Ganges, fo reverthe contents of the work. . a ed among the Brahmins; is also

This volume begins with the Hif- “ revered by the worshippers of Fo; tory of the Society from December 6 and that the reference by the fol1785 to December 1788. The first « lowers of that religion in Japan, to thing that ftrikes us here, is a pretty “ some region in India, as the origin copious abitraćt of a discourse, by Dr < and holy land of their faith, is Huttor, on the Elements of Speech. « here ascertained to belong to Bena le-it the Dr analyses, with consider “ gali These circumstances suggest able acuueness, the various organical " very important refections with re-, inflections, by which the letters are “ gard to the history of the religions formed, from which he gives a fort“ of Eastern Afia." of systematic. arrangement of the Nothing further of consequence apa. Alphabet. The attempt is not new, pears in the History of the Society, but is followed out with confiderable except an account of an attempt to ingenuity. Dr H. concludes with a distil spirits from carrots, which does proposal for the improvement of Al. not appear to promise great utility.. phabetical writing, by affixing to eve The History is followed by an Apa ry letter a certain determinate and in- pendix, giving a list of new members, variable sound, and making oral and and a biographical account of three

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