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den of the Exchange at Calais; and appointed fifty Gentlemen to be Spear-men, each of them to have an Archer, a Demy Lance, and a Chryftal; and every Spear-man to have three great Horse-men Attendants on his Perfon, of which Band the Earl of Effex was conftituted Lieutenant, and Sir John Pechie Captain: But this Band did not hold long, being, somewhat like the late King of Pruffia's tall Grenidiers, very expenfive to maintain, and of little or no Ufe.

Richmond's

Some time after the King's Coronation, Countess of Margaret, Countess of Richmond and Derby, the King's Grandmother, died, much lamented by the King and the whole Court. This Princefs was fo remarkable for her extenfive Charity, that the Publick, by her Death, fuftained a very great Lofs.

Cambridge, in particular, will for ever honour her Memory, where fhe founded two Colleges for that

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Death and
Character.

Going to Westminster-Hall.

ber, he most commonly heard " two Maffes in his Chapel or Chamber. And I heard one ' of his Chaplains fay fince, (that was a Man of Credi:, and exD 2

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⚫cellent

University; the one dedicated to our Saviour Chrift, and the other to St. John, and endowed them both with large Revenues. Befides Officers and Servants, there are 20o Students maintained in them. She left likewife Lands to both Universities, out of the Rents whereof, two Doctors, Profeffors of Divinity, annually receive Allowances. She was buried near her Son Henry the VIIth, according to the Dignity of fo great a Perfon, in a fair Tomb of Touchftone, whereon lies her Image of gilt Brafs. She had no Iffue by the Earl of Derby, her fecond Husband, who died in the Year 1504.

Fisher, Bishop of Rochester, preached her Funeral Sermon, and threw these Flowers upon her Grave.

Concerning her Birth, that she was the Daughter of John Duke of Somerset, lineally defcended from the most noble Prince Edward the IIId, King of England. That she was a fecond Martha, both for her Hofpitality and Readiness to do Good; would often

The SECRET HISTORY of the CARDINAL,

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cellent Learning) that, what Bufinefs foever the Cardinal had in the Day-time, he Day-time, he never went to-bed with any ⚫ part of his Service unfaid; no, not fo much as one Collect, in which I think he deceived many a Man. Then, going into his Chamber again, he demanded of fome of his Servants, if they were in readiness, and had furnished his Chamber of Prefence, and waiting Chamber; he then, being advertised, came out of his Privy Chamber about eight of the Clock, ready apparelled, and in red like a Cardinal, his upper Vefture was all of Scarlet, or else of fine Crimson Taffata, or Crimson Sattin in

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Seal of England, and the Car-
dinal's Hat, by fome Lords,
or fome Gentlemen of War-
fhip right folemnly; and as
foon as he was entered into his
Chamber of Prefence, where
there were daily attending on

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often dress the Wounds of poor People with her own Hands, with many other manual Acts of Charity, frequently performed by the greatest Perfonages in thofe Days, tho' now much neglected, And, which was very extraordinary, when a Propofal was made for divers Princes to join in a War against the common Enemy of the Christian Faith, this Princess, to encourage them in fo glorious an Expedition, offered even herfelf to attend them as a Laundrefs.

The following Epitaph, compofed by Erafmus, was infcribed upon her Tomb.

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By GEORGE CAVENDISH, Efq;

carrying two great Plates of Silver; and, when he came to the Hall-door, there his Mule ftood trapped all in Crimson Velvet, with a Saddle of the fame.

Then was attending him,

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DVOB. ITEM. INTERPRAE-
TIB: LITERAR: SACRAR:

ALTERI. OXONIIS. AL-
TERI. CANTABRIGIAE
VBI. ET. COLLEGIA. DVO.

CHRISTO. ET. JOANNI.

DISCIPVLO. EIVS. STRVXIT,
MORITVR.
AN. DOMINI

M.D.IX.III. KAL. JVLII.

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⚫ when he was mounted, his two Crofs-bearers, his two Pillarbearers, all upon great Horfes, all in fine Scarlet; then he 'marched on with a Train of Gentry, having four Foot-men about him, bearing every one of them a Pole-ax in his Hand; and thus paffed he forth till he came to Westminster, and there alighted and went in this Manner up to the Chancery, and ftaid a while at a Bar, made for him beneath the Chancery, and there he ⚫ communed fometimes with Judges, and fometimes with other Perfons, and then went up to the Chancery, and fat there till eleven of the Clock,

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This Princess was a great Encourager both of Religious and Learned Men, and from time to time preferred them in her Family, and afterwards recommended them to her Son Henry the VIIth, who generally indulged her Requests. Among them Hugh Oldham, Dr. in Divinity, and one of this Princefs's Chaplains, was preferred to the See of Exeter; and of her Will he made Sir John St. John and others Executors, who faithfully executed the Truft repofed in them,

Sir John was of a very antient Family, being paternally defcended from the Ports, Lords of Bafing in Hampshire, who were great Barons at the Time of the Conqueft; and by maternal Defcent he derived the Sur-name of St. John, in lineal Succeffion from William de St. John, and entered England with William (by fome called) the Conqueror.

Sir John's Mother, Margaret, the Relict of Sir Oliver St. John, married John Beaufort, Duke of So

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*From this Gentleman, Henry Lord Viscount St. John, Lord St. John of Bletfo, and Sir Francis St. John, Bart. are defcended. The first named Lord ferved his Country in Parliament for the space of 21 Years, and was, on the 2d of July, in the 2d of K. Geo. I. created Baron St. John of Batterfea, and Viscount St. John.

Henry, his eldeft Son by his firft Lady, was a Gentleman of fo great Learning and fprightly Parts, that he had but few Equals in the Kingdom; and, having diftinguith'd himself in the House of Commons, was made Secretary of War, and one of the Privy

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merfet, by whom she had Margaret, Countess of Richmond, Mother to Henry the VIIth, who conferred on him the Honour of Knighthood. Sir John died beyond Sea the first of Sept. in the fourth Year of Henry the VIIIth.

The Fame of the young King's Cou- The King's rage, and Magnanimity of Temper was Spread. now fpread abroad, which foon drew over to England a great Concourfe of learned Men from different Parts of the World, with Expectations to partake of the King's Liberality and Generosity; among whom the famous Erafmus was not wanting. And the reigning Princes of Europe as ufual, on his Majefty's Acceffion to the Throne, fent Ambaffadors to compliment him, and renew feverally the Treaties of Alliance and Commerce, fubfifting between them and the late King his Father.

On the other hand, the King fent Ministers abroad to the feveral Courts, to notify his Acceffion to the Throne

By GEORGE CAVENDISH, Efq;

from thence he rode upon his Mule with his Croffes, his Pillars, his Hat, and his broad • Seal carried before him on • Horfeback along Thames-ftreet, • until he came to Billingate,

and there he took his Barge, • and fo went to Greenwich, where he was nobly enter

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CHAP.

Council, by her late Majefty Queen Anne; fome time after he was made Secretary of State, and on the 17th of July, 1712, he was created a Baron, and alfo Viscount Bolingbroke; but, in the rft of K. Geo. I. he retired Abroad, and his Honours were forfeited by his Attainder. However, his Lordship has obtained fo much Favour, by Act of Parliament, 12 K. Geo. I. notwithstanding his Attainder, to enjoy çertain Eftates, &c. in Great Britain, and which likewife permitted him (after he had continued several Years in Foreign Parts) to return to his native Country, where we wish he may enjoy the Sweets of a quiet Retreat from the troublesome Affairs of State,

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