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begging-or insisting-upon a conclusion so obviously false, that we cannot, by any means, concede it*. Is it because the Apostles were gifted with the spirit of the Holy Ghost, that we are to cast aside their inerránt commands for the unscriptural doctrines of Popery? If this be not what the Pope means, let it be shown wherein Christ or his Apostles com. mands what he says, and we will then readily admit its truth.

We notice the fifth because," because it is the best reason, or rather the only good reason we have yet met with throughout the whole “ Grounds” of Popery; and, with so good a philosophical reason before us, it would seem uncandid to pass it over in silence. We, however, must beg to remark, that Protestants do not deny that their prayers to Saints (did they offer up any) would not avail in consequence of their distance from us; but because the SUPREME has commanded that the sacrifice of a penitent heart should be offered to HIMSELF ALONE through the merits of our Redeemer.

We are told, lastly,--the Pope and Doctor having fagged hard through three long chapters on this work of forbidden will-worship-that Jacob begged a blessing of his angel guardian--that guardian angel was GOD HIMSELF, as it is expressed in the passage quoted : The God which fed me all my life long,&c.—The angel was Christ, who often appeared before he took upon himself human nature (p. 167). The same Jacob, says the Pope, when quoting Hosea, “ made supplications to an angel,” and it was to the same angel (CHRIST) to which Hosea alludes. The benediction of St. John to the seven churches, of Asia is certainly not the most applicable text that Popery might have found in the Revelations relating to herself and Christian saints; and when these Revelations were written, a Popish saint had

* The texts referred to in this paragraph are as unfairly quoted as usual : John (1 Epist. iii, 2) says, It doth not yet appear what we shall be ; but when He shall appear we shall be like him."



never existed. It is the impious spirit of Popery alone which has commanded her followers to pray to God's creatures instead of their Creator-a spirit which Saint John seems expressly to speak of when he thus predicts Antichrist:(Rev. xvii.)--I saw a woman sit upon a scarlet-coloured beast, full of names of blasphemy, &c.; and the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet-colour, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls, having a golden cup in her hand full of abominations and filthiness of her fornications; and upon her forehead was written, MYSTERY, BABYLON the Great, The MOTHER OF HARLOTS, and ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH; and I saw the woman DRUNKEN WITH THE BLOOD OF THE SAINTS, AND WITH THE BLOOD OF THE MAR: TYRS OF JESUS, &c. It is these, and such as these explicit declarations of the Apostles and their divine Master, that has caused Popery to forbid their perusal to those whom she beguiles by her mystery of “opening the gates of heaven” to the creatures of her will. Let Popery, for once, be candid, and say, does she herself believe that out of two hundred reflecting Papists she would find two individuals who would vary in their interpretations of the above extract. Surely it is quite as clear as the last few lines of her present a Section9"

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of Relics. What do you mean by Relies ?

ez irit to The bodies or bones of saints, or any thing else that has belonged to them.

What grounds have you for paying a veneration to the relies of the saints ?

fint, u Besides the ancient tradition and practice of the first ages, attested by the best monuments of antiquity, we have been warranted to do so by many illustrious miracles done at the tombs and by the relios of the saints (see St. Augustine, 1.. 22. Of the city of God, cap. 8. Which God, who is truth and sanctity itself, would have effected, if this honour paid to the precious remnants of his servants were not agreeable to him.

pero a good 1901 Have you any instances in scripture of miracles done by relics Yes, we read in 2 Kings xiii, 21, of a dead man raised to life by


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w the bones of the prophet Elishar And Acts xix, 12, S. From the body

of Paul were brought unto the sick handkerchiefs or muy

and the diseases departed from them, and the evil spirits went out of them.*

tys. Vi jo bez teni After the long account of the will-worship of Saints, it may be naturally expected that some little should follow on the behalf of their Relics and the various Miracles which they ever have performed, and (unless the Reformation has sapped their virtue) ever ought to performour only surprise is, that so very little is said on so fruitful a subject. Why the Pope should have treated it with such extreme brevity, and why the Doctor should not have added to the Pope's little notice above, we cannot imagine, but for two trifling reasotis: the first of which is, that, for consistency's sake, having hitherto invariably said much where there was little to say, they determined to say as little as possible where they had so fair a field open to them for ample illustration; since an account of Popish relies, and the miracles they have performed, would, we hesitate not to say, of itself form an extensive library of wonders. But if this be not the cause of their silence, perhaps it may be found in the comparatively shocking incredulity which took possession of the Christian world, as the wicked reform of idolatrous worship blasted for ever the rich harvest of the Roman Church,-sown in superstition, and long reaped by bigotry? However, be the cause of this silencé what it may, these gentlemen have been too diffident on a subject which for many ages certainly has constituted the great bulk of their religion. This is much to be lamented, since the edification of the “ faithful” Papist of by-gone times is much lessened towards the rising generation of Saints, by the silence we complain of.-We regret, too, that the subjects of Relics and Miracles' should have been thus jumbled together; since the miraculous properties of the former might have been-as surely such sacred morceaux ought to have been reverently treated of in a separate chapter ;—and who will deny that their opus operatum deserved not another


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181 or that the Scriptures would not have furnished equally copious proofs for the belief in Popish relics and Popish miracles also? 1 We will speak of these subjects separately First of Relicsic These means of grace consist of "

the bodies or Ilarront et solli 0.19

1 19vo bones of (dead] Saints, or anything else that has belonged to them;" as the Pope tells us; and thus a hair, a nail-paringa poeket kerchief, or its contents, of a Popish Saint, are charms equally potent in their efficacy. -- 166 Monks, adoration of relics, and the spirit of lying, caine into the Church of Rome in the same age,” says the histo tian. Extremes ever generate each other; and the most adverse Pagan, once converted, readily became the voluntary dupe of that spirit, believing his own fanaticism to be the

pledge of his newly-professed faith. A glowing atmosphere” invited to repose and indolence; and hence a harest

great cause of those hermits who led solitary lives in woods and caves before the birth of our Saviour, and which many were afterwards further induced to lead, to escape the persecutions practised against the early Christians, In the fourth century, Antony, of Alexandria, collected a troop of these enthusiasts, and first formed them into a society. His plan was adopted in Syria, Palestine, and Italy. In the sixth century, the number of monasteries had greatly increased, wherein the most wealthy branches of noble families were sacrificed gloom of a cloister ; whilst the most abandoned profli

Brio. ON gates were satisfied of a pardon for their crimes, by ending an ill-spent life within its walls, to which they were readily admitted by the monks in consideration of the riches they brought with them; and thus those ecclesiastical drones amassed their treasures, alike from the criminal and the crèdulous. Relics, as a meet accompaniment of monkery, ob"tained some consideration in the fourth century also; and as

Constantine and his imperial family embraced Christianity in this age, the Empress Mother, Helenaprobably reluctant to yield up all her Pagan notions of worship at once while she


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181 congue he and for flow 29'lumn2.98 tart 10 professed her adoration of the victim, was the first who paid a veneration to the cross also *. Imposture was ayer apt

, at DO taking a hint, Pieces of the true cross were exhibited all over the Papal world, until those who showed them, thought it most expedient to have the identiçal cross, itself;, each party declaring and insisting that their own was the original: nor can it be doubted, that if all the wood that the Popish clergy have shown as the cross whereon our Redeemer suffered, could, in the present age, have been collected, it would have afforded materials to have built the largest ship in,

British navy! The original cross which M. Sonini tells

, us the old Monk showed him in the East, was not the only wonder of the convent—bis venerable guide pointed out to him the very hole in the wall through which the Holy Ghost inspired Peter !-A certain portion of the body of our Lord is shown t-several places declaring they have the original they had one in the Lateran Church at Roine, one at Antwerp, a third at Charonne, a fourth at Langres, &c. Salmeron says (in Evan. Tom. 3. Tract 36) that this relic was given by the Virgin Mary to Mary Magdalen, and that afterwards brought by an angel to Charles the Great, at Aken, and was by these means preserved in the Lateran. But as, at the Resurrection, the body was perfect, it is der clared that the Relic boasted of belonged to the entire non formaliter, sed materialiter (not formally, but materially only), which, according to Popish logic, clearly s

settles the

its * To worship that which in the mosť indirect manner aided the sufferings of our Redeemer, may appear strange to those who profess.only to worship HIMSEUS. There are, however, masses said on account of it on the 3d of May; and, in the course of the ceremony, it is called the "saving wood," the sweet wood, Land the nails (so many gross of which have been exhibited to the devotees who

best that ful . Papist, and are as gravely, addressed as the wood" suced wood, sweet pailsi.

it of thele to wood and iron ?

Saviour, when those who 'professito assemble in His name thus address Oj We have so many accounts of this impietý before us as detailed by the Papists

Roman Church, p. 31, where grave writers are quoted at large, among others, Bola landus, Act. Sanct, ad Jan. 1. de præputio Christi, &c.

t it was

the entire body,

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