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within the walls of Jericho, instead T. Not absolutely ; but at least of opposing or maintaining their it was rather a perinission than a pass against them. And no won- command, and should be under. der that fear should seize and over- stood with this limitation, unless come a people whom God had not they immediately submitted, reonly devoted to destruction, but nounced their idolatry, and comgave such visible proofs of his imme- plied with every thing that was enciate aid and wisdom assisting and joined them. conducting the Israelites in all their S. What am I to understand by ways till their arrival on their bor- the Urim and Thummim, which dars to subdue them.
the Israelites consulted ? S. Was Rabab a common pros
T. According to the learned Mr. titute, or what is now commonly Mede, the Urim was the oracle, understood by an harlot?
whereby God answered those that T. No: for though in ancient consulted him in difficult cases; and times there was great affinity be- Thummin was the oracle, whereby tween an hostess and a prostitute, the high-priest know whether God or an harlot, yet both the words did accept the sacrifice or no. By made use of by the Chaldee para- the former the Jews received the phrast, siguity no more than a wo- will of God; by the latter they inan that kept a public house, with- were assured of his favour and good out any sort of infamy; and the acceptance. However this be, the apostle's ranking her with Abra- oracle depended upon a certain virham, and her marrying Salmon, a tue, which God was pleased to prince of Judah, by whom she give to the breast-plate at its consehad Boaz, the father of Obed, who cration, whenever the high-priest was the grandfather of David the should put it on in order to ask king, by which she makes a part counsel of him, in the manner he in the line of Christ's genealogy, had appointed; not for any private will by no means permit us to cou- person or affairs, but only for go: clude her to be an harlot, as that
vernors and the public weal. word is now commonly understood. S. In what manncr did they con
S. What had the Canaanites done sult by Urim and 'Thummim? to deserve such severe treatinent T. The high priest put on his by God's appointment ?
robes and breast-plate, presented T. The author of the book of himself without ihe veil in the holy Wisdom tells us, that God hated place, with his face directly before them for doing most odious works the ark or niercy-seat, whereon the of witchcraft, and wicked sacri. divine presence resied, and profices, for their merciless murdering nounced the matter ; the person for of children, devouring of men's whom he was to ask, standing at flesh, and feasting upon blood, even some distance behind him without after he had given them notice of the holy place. To which an
Aaron and Eleazar, and is called, being bound to perform his part Enquiring at the mouth of God. saw it necessary, in order to pre
S. How then could it happen serve them from a total apostacy & that the Israelites should ever be defection, to continue some outwitted, as particularly in the mains of the Canaanites, and to case of the Gibeonites ?
make them instruments, from time T. In this they did not ask coun- to time, of his chastising their dissel of the Lord ; so that their own obedience ; till the days of David unadvisedness is only to be blamed, and Solomon, when God, by exand not the insufficiency of the tending the dominion of those kings means, which God had appointed from Jerusalem to the great river for their better information.
Euphrates, proved that he was S. How long did this method of mindful of his promise, as well as consulting the Lord exist ?
able to fulfil it., T. During the time of the He- S. Is this history of Joshua taken brew theocracy, and no longer: notice of by any heathen authors ? for, after the kingdom became he- T. His passage over Jordan on reditary in the person and family of dry ground, and cursing Jericho, Solomon, and Israel was divided in- are thought to be alluded to in the to two monarchies, the oracles of story of Neptune's drying up the Urim and Thumınim are supposed river Inachus, and Agamennon's to have ceased ; so that from the curse against any one that should building of Solomon's temple, this repair Troy. Hercules's war in beoracle was never restored again. half of the gods against the giants,
S. Why did not God give the corresponds with Joshua's fighting Israelites full possession of Canaan? the battles of the Lord against the
T. The children of Israci were, Canaanites; as dues also his war as yer too few in number, to cul. against the sons of Neptune ; and the tivate and replenish the whole coun- ancient poets discover a tradition try. God also intended, by keep. of the miraculous standing still of ing some of the Canaanites in a the sun at the sight of the ungatural state of defence to make trial of his murder which Atreus committed ; people's obedience, and to train up and by the story of Phaeton, and them, and their posterity, for some
other such like fictions, probably ages, in military discipline. It is founded upon the true history of to be observed also, that as God pro
Joshua. It is worth ohservation, mised to give them all Canaan, on
that the time of Phaton's life na. condition that they should abstain turaliy fall, in with the year of the from the idolatrous worship, and sun's standing still in the days of int-rmarrying with the people of Joshua, which was An. M. 2554, those nations ; so when they broke when Phæion was
about twenty their part of their obligation in both four years old,
CH A P. XIII.
The Government of the Israelites, cfter the death of Joshua. Their Victories
and conquests. Their Idolatry und Micah’s Images. The Benjamites extirpated by their Brethern, the Israeliles. Chushan-Prishathaim subdues the two Tribes and a half. Othniel delivers ther, and governs Israel.
They fall away from God, are subdued by the Fleathens, and delivered at several Times by the Judges, Ehud, Deborah, Barak, Gideon, $c. Of
Ruih, and of the Usurpation of Abimelech. S. 'D Joshua appoint or leave father Eleazar ; so likewise, it may
any successor in the go- well be thought that Caleb, upou vernment of Israel?
the death of Joshua, being the most T. There does not appear from distinguished person, and the only the scripture account that any per- one of the former generation left, son was appointed, either by Joshua assumed the vicegerency of the peohimself, or by God, to succeed him ple under God. He was of the in the chief government of the peo- tribe of Judah, older than any other ple. But the Samaritan Chronicle of that nation by twenty years ;
and tells us, that Joshua in the last as- yet, like Moses, he continued in full sembly he held, nominated twelve strength and vigour; and therefore, chiefs, of every tribe one, and put had the greatest right to succeed to it to the lot who should succeed the government. This opinion seems him in the government ; that the to be strengthened by observing, lot fell upon his nephew Abel, whom that Joshua and he were the only he accordingly crowned, and invest- persons to whom the Israelites gave ed with other ensigns of honour. inheritances for their signal servi. But this is thought to be a fabulous ces : and, as his inheritance was account, invented to fill up the void not quite conquered in the tribe of space from Joshua's death to the Judah ; so the first mention that is time of the judges.
made of him, after the death of S. By whom then was that na- Joshua, is as captain-general at the tion governed, after the death of head of that tribe, marching to reduce Joshua ?
it. His name alone is mentioned in T. The most common opinion all the wars, that immediately folis, that every tribe was governed by lowed the death of Joshua ; and he their respective heads, or elders ; was succeeded by his son-in-lar which form subsisted about 30 years. Othniel, a man of valour, and his Though I am inclined to think, nearest relation. there was no discontinuance of the S. What was the first exploit of theocracy, upon the death of Jo- the Israelites, after the death of Jo. shua : but that as God continued shua ? his answers by Urim and Thum. T. The Israelites having increas mim, in the person of the high ed much in numbers, since their priest, Phineas the successor of his settling in Canaan ; and being too
much confined within the conquests who descended from Jethro, Moses's
ness of Paran, where they concuer-
ed the natives, and settled their
S. Did Judah in turn assist Si.
meon in their wars?
far as was necessary, they then as-
follow their example ?
their success, undertook the con-
after they had been conquered by
T. Yes : and put every soul ex-
volters or rebels. This man was
bir snies whom they had
with case and safety; for which he T. He was highly incensed at was permitted to retire with his fa. their disobedience aud ingratitude, mily, and his goods; and he settled and sent an angel to expostulate the in Arabia, amorost a colony of the matter with them ; and to its when Hittites, which had fled there froin know, as a punishment for this bethe arms of the Israelites; where he haviour, he would withdraw his aid built a city called Luz.
and not go forth to battle with thein S. Did the other tribes extend as heretofore. their dominions ?
S. Where, and how did this anT. The other tribes had equally
gel appear to the Israelites ? good success in gaining the posses
T. He appeared to them as they sion of the land ailotied them: only
were assembled before the taberthe tribe of Dan was compelled to nacle at Shiloh or Bochim ; as he quit the plains for fear of the Amo- seemed to come from Gilgal, this rites, and to retire for some time nught help to remind them that he into the mountainous parts till they was the same divine person, that were assisted by the family of Joseph, there appeared to Joshua, and rewho reinstated them in their
newed the covenant of circumcision,
posessions. But one great fault in those and gave him an assurance that he that were successful, was, that ihey would be with his people, and ena. did not make a right use of their ble them to conquer the land, if victories, but either through a mis- they continued obedient. placed lenity or covetousness, in- S. Wherefore was Shiloh called stead of destroying them (as they Bochim? were commanded) sutered them to T. The angel's reproof and de. live promiscuously among them claration wrought so mightily upon and contented themselves with mak- the Israelites, that they wept sore at ing them tributary. This was the his message, and oíiered sacrifices case of the Benjamites with the to appease God's wrath; and thereJebusites, ou mount Zion, on the fore it was called Bochim, or thc north part of Jerusalem : of the place of weepiog, or of mourners. Manassites, with the inhabitants of
s. Did the Israelites thoroughly Bethshean, Taanach, Dar, Ibleam
repent, and, for the future, obey and Megiddo : of Ephraim, with the
God? Canaanites, that dwelt in Gezer; of Zebulun, with the inhabitants of
T. It does not appear that this Kitron and Nahalol ; of Asher, with generation sinned any more ; but Accho, Zidon,
there arose after them another geAhlab, Achzib, Helbah, Aphik, and Rehob; of
neration, which knew not the Lord; Naphtali, with Beth-shemesh and
had no duc regard for the authority Beth-anath ; and of Dan, with the
of his laws, or the purity of his worship, nor for the mighty works he