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in order to discover, by a roll-call, whether any lad was absent from this walk, which, like every thing else, was compulsory, and its omission punished by that never-failing instrument of vengeance, the rod. These days he chapelized as usual; but on Fridays, instead of going into the school, he went to chapel, from eleven to twelve, with all the boys, to hear a great quantity of prayers recited by a chaplain, and chaunted by the choristers, and the lessons read by one of the college boys in the highest form. On Saturdays, át five in the afternoon, he also underwent the same chapelexercise ; and on Sundays, he chapelled it at eight in the morning, cathedralized it at eleven, cathedralized it again at three in the afternoon, chapelled it at five in the afternoon, and chapelled it again at eight in the evening. This was the hebdomadal round of our under master, or subordinate pedagogue. The upper master visited the chapel just when he pleased, and no oftener; entered the school at eight in the morning, heard lessons, flagellated, and departed at ten; reentered it at three in the afternoon,
run the morning's course, and left it at sixe in the evening. He was sometimes seen in the cathedral on Sunday, and very seldom at the hill on Tuesday and Thursday. This was his routine.
The chaplains, choristers, elerks, bellringers, porters, male cooks, male bed: makers, male laundry-people, (for no woman was suffered to come within the walls in a menial capacity, for fear of the consequences,) and all the subordinate gang of subalterns, I shall not waste any words in describing. The college boys were arranged thus : In the highest, or sixth form, were eighteen lads, who sustained the burden of keeping all the rest in order ; that is, they saved the masters every trouble, excepting that of hearing lessons, and flogging offenders. They preserved, or affected to preserve, order and decency at meals; to prevent any escape from the walled limits; to see that all were in bed at nine o'clock at night; to make every one wear à band, and have his gown sewed ; and many other things equally important. For all this labour they were compensated by having the the power of enslaving all the rest of their school-fellows; of beating and maltreating their bodies when they pleased; of sending them on errands, and employing them in the most menial occupations; of having them flogged whenever they chose, &c. Add to this, they were allowed to have pupils, each of which paid two guineas annually; that is, every inferior, or lad, not in the sixth form, was compelled to pay two guineas a-year to some one of the præfects, or præpositors, so were the sixth-form boys called ; only he had the privilege of choosing which of the eighteen should pick his pocket; whence it happened, that some who were the least hated, or most dreaded, had a number of pupils, while others had few or none.
No inferior was allowed to strike or even speak sharply to a præfect, under the inevitable penalty of receiving a most barbarous beating from the whole herd, a treniendous flogging from the master, and perhaps expulsion from the college; which last was looked upon as a most horrible punishment, because every boy, though three out of twenty only could possibly succeed, looked forward, with eager expectation, 'ta be chosen a fellow of where he very soon received a salary, which gradually augmented till it reached eighty or ninety pounds a-year; then became stationary, and its receiver waited till it should please God that the death, or the preferment of some fellow collegian might put him in possession of a church-living. I have very often seen a little strutting puppy of a præpositor order a fine stout fellow, an inferior, nearly six feet high, to bring a stool, and a faggot-stick, that the petty tyrant ht mount, and beat with all his might his unoffending school-fellow, who was obliged to stand quietly, and bear every blow without a murmur or complaint, without even daring to put up his hand in order to ward off a stroke aimed at his face. Such were the præfects. Next to these came the senior part of the fifth form, the four first boys of which received permission from the præpositors to wear their hats, (a great privilege, and assumed by none save the præfects, and those to whom they granted so gracious a favour,) and tyrannize over all those who were
below them in the school: these were called senior inferiors. Then came the middle of the fifth form; then the junior part; and the same course held through the fourth form, below the junior part of which was no class to be found. All these were slaves, but in different degrees; the child that entered to day, after a fortnight's grace, as it was called, would be obliged to run whenever they heard a præfect, or senior inferior, call out “ Junior !” at which tremendous word, if he did not run speedily to receive and to obey the commands of the person so bawling, he underwent a most barbarous beating. But, after a time, vacancies would happen, because no boy is allowed to stay at the college after he is eighteen, and other new boys would come in, who would be obliged to run before him, because they were his juniors, whatever their age might be; i.e. they entered the college at a period of time posterior to that at which he was admitted an alumnus of
........ that the longer he staid, the more mitigated were the rigours of his servitude, till he reached the wished for goal, the termination
....... ; so