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quence will be derived from the great care of superintendenice and the regular execution of every duty. The children who fhall be first brought on this establishment should be draughted from the feveral charter-schools, with a regard to their fuperiority of talents and good behaviour, and by this means indeed an improvement might be forined in such of the charter-schools as should remain, if the object of remos val of the children from tliem to this higher fituation should become a spur to emulátion and induftry. The number of charter-fchools thould of course be diminished after these first draughts, and the remaining children be distributed among such as should still be kept on foot in such places as might be thought proper and convenient to answer the great purposes of their institution. Perhaps indeed, it may not; under such a regulation as this, be found inexpedient to preferve always a certain number of these smaller schools, into which the children might first be received previous to their more advantageous removal into the provincial academy.-Perhaps also, on this account the number of these provincial schools would not require to be increased beyond two. New Geneva is so situated on the confines of two provinces, as to anfwer in a great degree for the convenience of both; and aa nother fituation might be chosen for a second establishment with similar reference to the accommodation of the two other provinces. I would here only throw out a suggestion that poffibly a third might not improperly be formed, by an enlargement of the present Blue-coat Hospital in Dublin. It is ot however, at all events, my purpose to limit the number or extent to which hereafter such ufeful institutions may be carried by the increase of means for their endowment and support; but, wishing to avoid every thing which may be deemed a inere speculation, I would confine myself at prefent to schemes of assured practicability. I will not pretend to formi any exact' estimate of the expence under distinct Keads, whick mult probably attend the support of one of these establishments on the footing already mentioned; but having reflected upon the proper amount of salaries and allowances for masters and other necessary officers, such as stewards, wardrobe-keepers, house-keepers, matrons, cooks, porters, &c. &c. and haviug considered also a fort of average for the fupport of the children in diet and cloathing and other necessaries, and having proceeded further to conceive the expediency of a fund for the rewards of children, and for the fees or gratuities to be given with them upon their removal from the academy into different pursuits and occupations, I can hardly make the whole amount fall short of 11,000l. or 12,000l. per annum.
His next object was the diocesan schools. Those he proposed to put on a better footing than at present. The bishops, he was sure, would most liberally contribute towards their improvement. He did not mean to burden them, but poverty was not exactly what they could complain of, and with twoand-twenty diocesan schools he had no doubt of laying a pro
foundation for classic learning.
His fourth object was to establish two great academies, immediately preparatory to the university. To support these, and aid the diocesan schools, he propofed to apply part of the revenues of those lands which have been given by benevolent persons, or by the state, for the endowment of schools, which lands, to a very great value, had fallen into private hands that did nothing for them, but which he thought it the duty of parliamentto reclaim, and apply consonant to the intention of the donors.
Throughout the whole of the foregoing plan was left a poffibility for boys of genius to raise then selves, even from the lowest to the highest rank. Other rewards were to be given in proportion to merit. And to the highest schools, or two great academies, were to be annexed exhibitions, as a further incitement to genius and ability to persevere.
Having gone through the four principal heads concerning schools, he next mentioned another University, which, witbout the smallest offence to the present most excellent inftitution, he thought might possibly be necessary. There were, he said, many persons who do not come to this Univer Gity who would go to another, suppose it instituted in the northwest part of the kingdom, but who now are obliged to feek for education in a foil less congenial to their nature. By these he did not mean such as go to England; that he thought produced a good effect, by increasing the attachment of the subjects of the two countries. He believed there came also fome persons from England to study here; but he was certain the number would be greater if there was another University, not fituated in Dublin. The object of a fecond University might, he thought, be compleated by taking several of the great endowed schools in the north-west, and blending them together in a new model. The object, however, was at fome distance ; for though it should be now determined on, it would be fix years before it would be necessary to operi a new University conformable to the general plan just mentioned.
His next object was to preserve these institations as pure as possible, by appointing intelligent visitors, person's eminently distinguished for learning and abilities; and his last was, to provide an honourable and comfortable retreat for such malters as should spend their earlier days in the public service, by instructing the youth of the kingdom consonant to the present plan, and for such other persons as shall exert them felves in carrying the system into effect.
He concluded his speech with the following resolutions: Resolved, That it is the opinion of this committee,
That it is expedient to revise the act of the twenty-eighth of Henry VIII. ch. 15th, for the establishment of parish
schools, schools, and to make provisions and regulations for ascertaining a new scheme and rate of contribution towards their more effectual support and improvement.
That it is expedient to establish, by the aid and authority of parliament, an annual fund, to be applied at the discretion of the Lord Lieutenant for the time being, for the purpose of gradually building or purchasing, or otherwise providing proper school-houses, and conveniences annexed thereto, in every parish or union within this kingdom, in which they may be requisite, for the residence of a school-master, and the free instruction of the poor,
That an humble address be presented to his grace the Lord Lieutenant, requesting his grace to give directions, that there be laid before this house, on the first day of the next session of parliament, an exact return of the number and present date of parish schools and school-houses throughout the kingdom; and also the particulars of all grants, donations, or other provisions of any kind, in land or money, for the endowment of the said schools, or any of them, or for the use of the school-masters of the same, or any of them respectively, with the ancient and present denomination and value of such lands, and in whose occupation, and under what title they were held on the 25th of March, 1787.
That it is proper and expedient to institute and support by degrees, at the public expence, one provincial school or hofpital, in each province within this kingdom, for the gratuitous maintenance and education of children in the established religion, and in such branches of learning and science as may tend to qualify them with superior advantage for the future exercise of various occupations in husbandry, manufacture, trade, commerce and fine arts. Vol. II,
That it is proper and expedient to revise the act of the twenty-third of George II. ch. the uth, to provide for the better regulation of charity schools, and to take effectual mea. sures for improving and enlarging the benefits of the protestant charter schools, in connection with the institutions aforesaid.
That an humble address be presented to his grace the Lord Lieutenant, requesting his grace to give directions, that an exact return be made to this House, on the first day of the next feflion of parliament, of the amount, application and expenditure of the funds of every denomination under the care and management of the Incorporated Society for Protestant Charter Schools, and of the Governors of Erasmus Smith's schools, with an account of the different authorities by testament, charter, statute, or otherwise, under which these applications and expenditures have been made, and a copy of the settled accounts, properly authenticated, of the incorporations aforesaid, for three years last past.
That it is proper and expedient to revise the acts of the twelfth Elizabeth, chap. ift, feventh William III. chap. 4th, twelfth George I. chap. 9th, twenty-ninth George II. chap. gth, for the establishment and maintenance of diocesan schools and school-houses, and to take proper measures, under authority of parliament, for insuring the due execution of those acts, according to their true intent and meaning ; and also to empower the Lord Lieutenant and Council to make new provisions and regulations for the more effectual support and improvement of the fame.
That an humble address be presented to his grace the Lord Lieutenant, requesting his grace to give directions that there be laid before this House, on the first day of the next feffion of parliament, accounts of the number and present state of diocesan schools and school-houses throughout this king