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State of the BAROMETER in inches and decimals, and of Farenheit's THER

MOMETER in the open air, taken in the morning before suo-rise, and al noon ; and the quantity of rain-water fallen, in inches and decimals

, froni the 31st August 1790, to the 29th of September, near the foot of Arthur's Seat.

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0.02 0.04 0.34 0.04 0.46 0.08 0.05



49 45 47 42 45 44 45

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46 48

004 0.03 0.07 0.04

11 12 13 14 15 16

53 59 53 46 53 60 62 60 53 57 58 59 58

56 54 47 39 44 5.0 53 52 47

· 29.475

Cloudy, small rain.
Rain and bail.

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49 56 56 50 54 56 60 53 52 55



O. I 2


Quantity of Rain, 2.67




Barom. 26. 30.125 greatest elevation. 20. 28.9 lcaft ditto.


62 greatest heat at noon. 29. 34 least ditto, morning,



To the Publisher. SIR,

is curious to see what strange ma- “ of the Emperors dogs, and this in

terials are sometimes used in the “ deed is certain, that our dogs bare Tearing of a system.

“ been preferable to all others in Eu. Dr Anderson, in a late publication, “ rope." undertakes to prove

" the superior Had it not been for the spirit of value and fineness of British wool in emendation, which, till of late, was former times ;" the suit evidence confined to commentators, Cynegium which he produces is Cambden's might have kept its place in the Na. Britannia, translated by Gibson, p. titia Imperii as being perfectly intel118. He says " the fineness of British ligible, and implying just this, that

wool was such as to induce the the Emperors had a dog-kennel at " Romans, while they were in poffef- Wincheiter. “fion of this island, to establish a Siace, however, it I as pleased com“ cloth manufacture at Winchester, mentators of great name to " for the use of the Emperors : it Cyregium, a dog-kennel, into Gynæ

appears from the fact above stated, cium, a work-house for women, I am " that it was here that the Roman willing that the fair sex thall have the “ Emperors, during their most luxu- preference, and take the place of the " rious æra, chose to supply them- dogs. " selves with their most lumptuous

But this will nct aid the hypothe. robes."

fis of Dr Anderson in the least. As Di Anderson has quoted Gib- One ought not to meddle with matson's translation of the Britannia, in. ters of antiqu iy without a contidcrstead of the o-iginal, that tranflation able degree of previous study of 2'2• shall be set down at full length. cient authors. " This city (Winchefter) no doubt The Roman Emperors had large

was very famous in the Roman families of Naves dispersed over the "times ; for it is here the Roman Empire, and employe l in various bu“ Emperors seem to have had their linels. This practice which took

imperial weaving hops ; this city place under the Heathen, was con" being the chief of all the Britith iinued under the Christian Emperors,

Venta, and lying nearest Italy, for and I observe by the way, that not "in t'e Notitia, there is mention only Christian Emperors, but Chris“mads of a procurator or governor tian Bishops of approved fanctity, ne

of the Cynegrum Ventens, or Ben-, ver entertained a thought of the un" tense, in Britain; which Jacobus lawfulness of lavery. He who fold

Cijacius, that most eminent civili- affert the contrary would disccver his

an, reads Gynaciun, and interprets ignorance of h story. " it the Royal weavery, in his Para. I shall admit on the authority of " titles to the Codes. Guidus Panci- Cujacius, that ihe Roman Emperors

rollus is of the same opinion, and had a work-house for their female “wries that these Gynæcia were ap- flaves at Winchester, as in Sitiy other

pointed for weaving the cloaths of places of the Roman Empire : butis " the Emperor and army, for making there any cvidence that those Naves " of fails, linen shrouds, [(tragula] spun or wove fine worsted yarn, r'a" and other neceffaries for the furni- ther than coarse linen yarn? Dr "ture of their mansions or quarters. Anderfon's quotation from the tran" Yet Wolphangus Lazius thinks Nator of Camden does not prove the "" that the procurator here took care one more than the other : what is there


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Account of Barjac, Vulet to Cardinal Fleury: in Camden's narrative which relates to hilly country, far from the sea, ta most fumptuous robes ? the sum of his breed sheep without a sufficiency of authority, twist it how you will, just winter provision for them ; an expe: comes to this, that “ there was at riment already proved to be fatal. « Winchester, a work-house for the He forgets that the part of the grafs “ 'female flaves of the Emperor, and uncovered, will lose the benefit of " that they were employed in weave the winter snow, and be good for no.

ing woolen cloth fiom worfted, thing in the spring; he also forgets, “ or linen cloth from hemp or flax," that the surface, thus uncovered, will and the reader will compare this re- become a plate of ice. Iult with Dr Anderson's narrative. The most fingular difficulty seems

This is not faid 19 depreciate Dr to be that of ascertaining what ShetAnderson's tract, but only to caution land sheep are ? he says there are two him againt venturing too far into forts; perhaps there may be twerły ; historical researches.

but the only one he has to enquire This tract contains many valuable after is the native or kindly theep. matters, and well deserving the at. Surely they are no phanometron in Md tention of the public, but there is 100 Lothian ; the Duke of Buccleugh had much of enterprize and speculation them long; they are the moft uogoin it.

vernable of our country animals ; they For example, he says, that wool, to are so small and lö nimble, that they the value of 600,000l. Sterling, is im- will force their way through every ported yearly from Spain, and he hedge, and over walls too, if not very talks, in an easy way, of prohibiting high. The late Lord Pigot procuthe importation of wool from Spain. red a score of them in this country; Supposing the value of wool imported an experienced person was engaged to be just, he proposes the utter de. to drive them into Staffordshi:e, and struction of the fine cloth manufac- received a sum of money to account; tures of England ; let him find wool in a few hours he retorved back wth in England or in the Highlands of ihem, returned the money, and faid Scotland, if he will, fit to supply the " I would as soon undertake to drive demand for foreign wool, and then he a flock of hares into Staffordshire." may allure himself that no foreign I believe that they must be confined wool will be imported

as heretofore, to iflands. The fea is His plan of a snow plough will the only fit fence to keep them is. serve to encourage the people in the

Account of Barjac, Valet de Chambre to Cardinal Fleury T the fame time that the Abbé chambre, had formerly been the conA fcience of Cardinal Fleury, a valet, ations. The public knew this, ard pamed Barjac, ruled him in temporal people in place did not bluth to yifit

Luckily boih Polet and Barjac, or to treat him like a man of Barjac, were men of sense, of honour, quality, and even of virtue.

He lived in a splendid file, and Barjac had been long attached to the Cardinal, who stood upon little Fleury, and in quality of valet dę çeremony with certain courriers, used

19 • Memoirs du Marechal Duc de Richlieu.


to say when his own table was too Barjac expected to be visited, nay full, Well, do you go and dine with Bar- to be consulted, and he had a hand jac. This valet was so accustomed in the distribution of all favours. He to be courted and caressed, that with- was just in the patronage he bestow, out growing insolent or forgetting ed, infifting on being made acquainthimself, he affumed the tone of a great ed with the candidates for his proman, and interfered ia ftate affairs, in tection, and excluding from employmatters of finances, and in the dis- ment those who did not personally posal of offices, like one of the Mini- wait on him. He used to say, with iters, and in the fame ftile, speaking great indifference, and in very laconic of the proceedings of the Cardinal in terms, I do not know him, when he was the first perfon, and never failing to applied to on behalf of any person who fay, I have given the Duc d'Antin such did not visit him. a commission : the Marechal de Villars The Cardinal in his youth had gate me a call this morning : yeft:rd.ry had wants known to few, and the vaI bad a deal of company with me at

let bad been attached to hini with a dinner: and in many other such in- fidelity and a secrecy 110t to be fhaken, itances imitating the Cardinal. He had always served his matter in In his letters he was not more re

the different tteps of his elevation ; spectful; he always affected to put

he had the same turn of mind, the himself on an equality even with the same principles, the fame address, the Marechals of France, whom he never famę good nature with his matter, 10. condescended to treat with those long gether with all his litule fubtleries finales which custom and respeco de- and artifices, He exercised over him mand, but merely set his name at the all the power which an old and faith. end of his letters, like the Cardinal, ful servant has over his master ; but and without any greater ceremony.

this power was always respectful and Barjac had imitated so successfully friendly, and such as a man who had the beautiful fimplicity of his master, for fo long a time managed his busithat his behaviour was not that of a

ness and his gallanıries, might be exvalet ; his manners were decent, and pected to affume over a Cardinal now he knew the respect due to rank, to growo a Miniter and a devotee. Actitles, and to people in place; and he cordingly there were to affairs of did

not fail to remind even courtiers, ltate kept secret froin Barjac, and he when they forgot themselves, of what spoke of them with an a'r of import, they were; and repulsed, by affected ance, when ise was with the Miniilers, çomplaisance, whoever came to him or with persons entruited with pub, to talk of business in the ftiie of a lic bulineis. He also spoke of tncm great lord, or man of importance. in the plural number, or in the firit

But he would neither humble him- person, as he did of the doinettic af. self before the


nor would he suf- fairs of the Cardinal; and when he for the great to humble themselves had been in a more particular manner before him; behaving to thein always intrusted with the execution of any on a fouting of equality, without af- business, or when he had macle choice fecting fuperiority, or departing fiom of those who were to negociare i:, he the rank he had affumed with them; expresied himself with a still greater never quitting it, except when others degree of egotism, for he would then quitted it with regard to him, and say, I have done it; I have concluded becoming affectedly respectful, when it; I have finished the treaty: and in Le was created with haughtiness or this way he talked of the principal with too great humility.

affairs of itate, which were all delibe



Account of Barjac, Valet to Cardinal Fleury. rated upon in the closer of the Cardi- the person who abased himself before nal, before they were laid before the him. council; the King in the mean time It happened one day, that a cer. amuling himself with the famous Sist- tain nobleman went to ask a favour of ers, at Rambouillet, or in the chace. him. This favour he was particu

Thus Larjac governed a part of the larly anxious for, and in order to obaffairs of France, and filled up vacant tain it he stept beyond the limits of places; he even exacted of the supe. that delicacy which was necessary with rior officers in the army, of the mi- Barjac, still more than with the Carnisters and prelates whom he had ap- dioal. The courtier treated him with pointed, that they should give such so much ceremony, respect, and com. and fuch offices to the persons he re- plaisance, that Barjac was difgufted : commended to them; so that the pat. The nobleman went farther; he invirorage of Barjac was more important ted himself to dinner, and sat down than that of the mioisters, or of the familiarly at his right hand, though Cardinal himself. He often ordered it was the first time he had vifired the brevets that had been signed by him, and descanting on the virtues the King and counter-figned by a mi. and intelligence of Barjac, was at. nister, to be brought to him, and had tiibuting to him the whole prosperity the places afterwards given away to

of France. others; he was always sure of a delay Barjac being able to bear this no at least, if not of a total exclufion ; longer, got up from his sea:, took the and sometimes he accomplished the naikin from his button-hole and exclusion, though he did not get the whipt it under his arm, seized a plate giving away of the place; but it must from his fervant, and placing himself be owned, that he acted always with behind the Duke's chair, prepared to great just ce, and had a clearer insight do the office of a waiter at the table, into business, and was a better judge The other at this immediately got up, of mens genius and merits than the protesting that he would never fuffer Cardinal, who being fatisfied of his such a degradation ; but Barjac regood fenfe and integrity, allowed him plied, that though a Duke and Peer to govern.

of France might forget himselt, Bar. It was, therefore, necessary to be jac ought not io forget what was due acquainted with Barjac before any to fo high a runk, adding, that the one could be promoted, especially at Duke would not obtain the favour he ihe beginning, for afrerwards he was wanted, unless he allowed himself to fupplanted by Chauvelin : there was be served by Barjac. The whole liketile a neceflity for paying him a Court, the King, and the Cardinal fort of court, but in a dei.cate man- himself, were highly entertained with nct, and with address : abject bebavia the account of this facetious reproof, sur in his prelence was sure to meet and the great were taught by it, that with a repulle, and be then pretended though there was a necessity for their to forget who he was, quitting the paying court to Barjac, it was neces. manners of an equal, and affuming fary to do so with delicacy and dil shole of a feryant, in order to raite cernment,


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