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AMONG the smaller duties of life, I hardly know any one more important than that of not praising where praise is not due.* Reputation is one of the prizes for which men contend; it is as Mr. Burke calls it, “ the cheap defence and ornament of nations." It produces more labour and more talent than twice the wealth of a country could ever rear up. It is the coin of genius, and it is the imperious duty of every man to bestow it with the most scrupulous justice and the wisest economy.

SYDNEY SMITH. Conduct of the Understanding. THE character of the person who commends you is to be considered before you set a value on his esteem. The wise man applauds him whom he thinks most virtuous, the rest of the world him who is most wealthy.

Thoughts : POPE and SWIFT. NOTHING is so uncertain as general Reputation. A man injures me from humour, passion, or interest; hates me because he has injured me; and speaks ill of me because he hates me.

Art of Thinking. PHILIP OF MACEDON was wished to banish one for speaking ill of him. But Philip answered, “ Better he speak where we are both known than where we are both unknown.t

HOPE.

Thou pleasant, honest flatterer! for none
Flatter unhappy men but thou alone.

COWLEY. The Mistress.
HOPE, heav'n-born cherub, still appears

Howe'er misfortune seems to lower :
Her smile the threat'ning tempest clears,
And is the rainbow of the shower.

ANON.
BROTHER of Fear! more gayly clad;
The merrier fool o'th' two, yet quite as mad;
Sire of Repentance ! Child of fond Desire !
That blow'st the chymic's and the lover's fire !

COWLEY. The Mistress.

* Manby. Speaking well of all mankind is the worst kind of detraction ; for it takes away the reputation of a few good men in the world, by making all alike.

WYCHERLEY. The Plain Dealer, Act I.
Praise from a friend, or censure from a foe,
Arę lost on hearers that our merits know.

POPE. Iliad, Book X.

Edgar. YET better thus, and known to be contemn’d,

Than still contemn'd and flatter'd. To be worst,
The lowest and most dejected thing of fortune,
Stands still in esperance, lives not in fear:
The lamentable change is from the best;
The worst returns to laughter.

King Lear, Act IV.
LIVES so in hope, as in an early spring
We see the appearing buds; which to prove fruit,
Hope gives not so much warrant, as despair,
That frosts will bite them.

Henry IV., First Part, Act I.

Hope or Chance of Good Fortune too much valued. THE over-weening conceit which the greater part of men have of their own abilities, is an ancient evil remarked by the philosophers and moralists of all ages. Their absurd presumption in their own good fortune has been less taken notice of.* It is, however, if possible, still more universal. There is no man living who when in tolerable health and spirits, has not some share of it. The chance of gain is by every man more or less over-valued, and the chance of loss is by most men undervalued, and by scarce any man, who is in tolerable health and spirits, valued more than it is worth.

SMITH. Wealth of Nations. But where is the man whom Hope has so restrained, that when from a vigilant and sound use of his understanding, he has predicted to himself the better fortune, as the more probable, does not rest upon the anticipation and indulge pleasing thoughts thereof, as so many pleasing dreams ? And this is what renders the mind light, tumid, irresolute and wandering: whereof all Hope should be employed only upon a future life in Heaven. But for this world, the purer our sensations of the present things are, and the freer from all infection, and tincture of the Imagi

* He that embarks in the voyage of life will always wish to advance, rather by th: impulse of the wind, than the strokes of the oar; and many founder in their passage, while they lie waiting for the gale.

DR. JOHNSON.
Her hopes ne'er drew
Anght from experience, that chill touchstone, whose
Sad proof reduces all things from their hues.

BYRON. The Island.

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nation, the more does a wiser and better spirit forbid us to cherish any long Hopes of a life so extremely short.

BACON. Essays.
ALL things that are,
Are with more spirit chased than enjoy’d.*
How like a younker, or a prodigal,
The scarfed bark puts from her native bay,
Hugg'd and embraced by the strumpet wind !
How like the prodigal doth she return,
With over-weather'd ribs, and ragged sails,
Lean, rent, and beggar'd by the strumpet wind !

Merchant of Venice, Act II., Scene 6.

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The Evil of Depending too much on Futurities. We are apt to rely upon future prospects, and become really expensive, while we are only rich in possibility. We live up to our expectations, not our possessions, and make a figure proportionable to what we may be, not what we are. We outrun our present income, as not doubting to disburse ourselves out of the profits of some future place, project, or reversion that we have in view. It is through this temper of mind which is so common among us, that we see tradesmen break who have met with no misfortune in business, and men of estates reduced to poverty who have never suffered from losses or repairs, tenants, taxes or lawsuits. In short, it is this foolish sanguine temper, this depending upon futurities, that occasions romantic generosity, chimerical grandeur, senseless ostentation, and generally ends in beggary and ruin. The man who will live above his present circumstances, is in great danger of living in a little time much beneath them, or as the Italian proverb runs—"The Man who

* In all wordly things that a man pursues with the greatest eagerness and intention of mind imaginable, he finds not half the pleasure in the actual possession of them, as he proposed to himself in the expectation.

SOUTH. Sermons. The end therefore which at present calls forth our efforts will be found when it is once gained to be only one of the means to some remoter end. The natural flights of the human mind are not from pleasure to pleasure, but from hope to hope.

Rambler, No. 2.
Gay Hope is theirs by fancy fed,
Less pleasing when possest.

GRAY. Ode on Eton College,

lives by Hope, will die by Hunger.” It should be an indispen-
sable rule in life to contract our desires to our present condition,
and whatever may be our expectations, to live within the compass
of what we actually possess. It will be time enough to enjoy
an estate when it comes into our hands, but if we anticipate our
good fortune we shall lose the pleasure of it when it arrives, and
may possibly never possess what we have so foolishly counted
upon.

Spectator, No. 121.
But thou, O Hope! with eyes so fair
What was thy delighted Measure ?
Still it whisper'd promis'd pleasure, *

And bade the lovely scenes at distance hail !
Still would her touch the strain prolong;

And from the rocks, the woods, the vale,
She call’d on Echo still thro' all the song;

And, where her sweetest theme she chose,

A soft responsive voice was heard at every close ;
And Hope enchanted smil'd, and waved her golden hair.

COLLINS. Ode to the Passions.

WITH him went Hope in rancke a handsome mayd
In silken samite she was light array'd,
And her fayre locks were woven up in gold :
She always smyld, and in her hands did hold
An holy-water sprinckle dipt in deowe,
With which she sprinckled favours manifold
On whom she list, and did great liking sheowe,
Great liking unto many, but true love to feowe.

SPENSER. Faëry Queen, Book III., Canto 2.

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HOPE with a goodly prospect feeds the eye,
Shews from a rising ground possession nigh;
Shortens the distance, or o'erlooks it quite:
So easy 'tis to travel with the sight.

DRYDEN.

HOPE, deceitful as she is, serves at least to conduct us through life by an agreeable path.

ROCHEFOUCAULD.

* Hope springs eternal in the human breast :

Man never is, but always to be blest.

He did not follow what they all pursued
With hope still baffled, still to be renew'd.

BYRON. Lara, Canto I.
FAR greater numbers have been lost by hopes,
Than all the magazines of daggers, ropes
And other ammunitions of despair
Were ever able to despatch by fear.

BUTLER. Miscellaneous Thoughts. WHAT people hope for, they think at last they have a right to, and when they are disappointed, they actually think themselves ill-used.*

Sam SLICK. Wise Saws.

NAMES. A GOOD name will wear out; a bad one may be turned ; a nickname lasts for ever.

ZIMMERMAN.

TECHNICAL LANGUAGE. EVERY man (says Swift) is more able to explain the subject of an art than its professors; a farmer will tell you in two words that he has broken his leg, but a surgeon after a long discourse will leave you as ignorant as you were before.

TRADING MAXIM. HE that would succeed in a project of gain, must never attempt to gain too much, and on proper occasions must even know how to lose.

Narbal, a Tyrian, to Telemachus.

FRAUD.

In little trades more cheats and lying
Are used in selling, than in buying ;
But in the great, unjuster dealing
Is used in buying, than in selling.

BUTLER. Miscellaneous Thoughts.

* Surrounded with petitioners ? and those perhaps sometimes all suitors for the same thing; whereupon all but one will be sure to depart grumbling, because they miss of what they think their due, and even that one scarce thankful because he thinks he has no more than his due.

South.

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