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notice of our readers, viz. that in the ON THE ORIGINAL OF MILTON'S SAcommon explanation of this phenome- TAN, WITH EXTRACTS FROM CRAnon, only one of the circumstances SHAW's “

SUSPICION OF HEROD." connected with it, that is, the disappearance of the oxygen, had in reality MR EDITOR, been accounted for, while the exhibi- In the learned and elegant dissertation of light and heat, which really tion, in your last Number, on the Proconstitute what is essential to the phe- metheus of Æschylus, an old opinion nomenon, are altogether unexplained. has been revived, that Milton took the

Conceiving that this view of the character of his Satan from the Promatter must now be very generally ad- metheus of the Athenian poet. Both mitted, it is with much satisfaction personages are stern and unbending, that we perceive Sir Humphry Davy to and so far, certainly, the resemblance be actively engaged in the investiga- holds good; but such a Satan as Miltion of what has justly been denomi. ton had to delineate was already nated the most important problem in sketched with a masterly hand by the chemistry. His attention seems to Italian poet, Marino, in his poem on have been naturally directed to this “ The Slaughter of the Innocents," investigation, by his recent invaluable one book of which, “The Suspicion of discovery of the safety-lamp for coal Herod," was translated into English mines, and by the very curious pro- by Crashaw, and gipen to the public perties of flame which were suggested long before Paradise Lost was written. by that discovery; and he has accord- The poem of Marind I have never been ingly read several papers, at different able to procure even a sight of ; but I meetings of the Royal Society, detail- have sent you some extracts from the ing the experiments he has made, with translation, which, bwing to the genethe view of elucidating the properties ral bad taste of Crashaw, it is probable of flame. His opinion, as recently ex- few of your readers are acquainted pressed, seems to be, that flame con- with; and those who are, will readily sists of gaseous bodies heated above pardon you for reprinting some of the whiteness. Many other curious pro- finest lines our poetry can boast of.perties, however, of ignited bodies The suggestion, that Milton has borhave been discovered by him in the rowed from them, is not new, but has course of his recent researches and been little attended to. we have little doubt, that before he

DIGAMMA. relinquishes the investigation, he will either be able to go farther towards a solution of the difficulty than former translated by Crashaw, from Marino,

From “ The Suspicion of Herod,” experimentalists have been able to advance, or will at least succeed, by ex

beginning at stanza 8. hibiting an accurate statement of the

BELOW the bottom of the great abyss, case, in giving currency to a more sci- There, where one centre reconciles all things, entific mode of considering this sub- The world's profound heart pants ; there ject, than that which has so long been placed is implicitly adopted by the multitude of Mischief's old Master ; close about him more superficial and careless inquirers. clings -It is at all times a treat of the high- A curl'd knot of embracing snakes, &c. est kind, to follow the progress of sci

The Judge of Torments, and the King of entific discovery--but the gratification He fills a burnish'd throne of quenchless

Tears, derived from this source is necessarily enhanced to an incalculable amount, And for his old fair robes of light, he wears when there seems reason to appre- A gloomy mantle of dark flames; the tire hend, as in the present instance, that That crowns his hated head on high appears, the perseverance of the philosopher is Where seven tall horns (his empire's pride) on the point of being rewarded, by aspire ; the developement of some views of And, to make up Hell's majesty, each horn prominent importance. The curiosi- Şeven crested Hydra's horribly adorn. ty of a liberal mind admits, in fact, of

His eyes, the sullen dens of Death and no higher gratification (the delight of Startle the dull air with a dismal red ;

Night, the discoverer himself excepted) than Such his fell glances as the fatal light that of being permitted to watch the or staring comets, that look kingdomes event.

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His breath Hell's lightning is, and each Which, like two bosom'd sails, embraced deep groan

the dim air Disdains to think that Heaven thunders With a dismal shade, &c. alone!

He tossed his troubled eyes, embers that glow Three rigorous virgins, waiting still be. Now with new rage, and wax too hot for hind,

Hell. Assist the throne of the iron-scepter'd King; With his foul claws he fenced his furrowed With whips of thorns, and knotty vipers brow, twin'd,

And gave a ghastly shriek, whose horrid They rouse him, when his rank thoughts yell need a sting.

Ran trembling through the hollow vaults of Thus reigns the wrathful King, and while Night. he reigns,

Yet, on the other side, he fain would start His sceptre and himself both he disdains. Above his fears, and think it cannot be, &c. Disdainful wretch ! how hath one bold sin cost

While new thoughts boil'd in his enraged Thee all the beauties of thyonce bright eyes?

breast, How hath one black eclipse cancell'd and His gloomy bosom's darkest character crost

Was in his shady forehead seen exprest. The glories that did gild thee in thy rise ? The forehead's shade in grief's expression Proud morning of a perverse day! how lost there, Art thou unto thyself !

Is what in sign of joy among the blest

The face's lightning, or a smile, is here. From Death's sad shades, to the life. These stings of care that his strong heart breathing air,

opprest, This mortal enemy to mankind's good A desperate “ Oh me!” drew from his Lifts his malignant eyes, wasted with care, deep breast. &c.

“Oh me !” thus bellowed he; “ oh me! He calls to mind the old quarrel, and what spark

Portents before mine eyes their powers adSet the contending sons of Heaven on fire : vance ? Oft in his deep thought he revolves the dark And serves my purer sight only to beat Sybil's divining leaves; he does inquire Down my proud thought, and leave it in a Into the old prophecies, trembling to mark

trance ? How many present prodigies conspire Frown I, and cangreat Nature keep her seat, To crown their past predictions, &c. And the gay stars lead on their golden dance? Heaven's golden-winged herald late he Can His attempts above still prosperous be,

Auspicious still, in spite of Hell and Me ? To a poor Galilean virgin sent :

He has my Heaven, (what would he How low the bright youth bowed, and with more ?) whose bright what awe

And radiant sceptre this bold hand should Immortal flowers to her fair hand present.-He saw, how in that blest day-bearing And, for the never-fading fields of light, night

My fair inheritance, he confines me here The Heaven-rebuked shades made haste To this dark house of shades, horror and away ;

night, How bright a dawn of angels with new light To draw a long-liv'd death, where all my Amaz'd the midnight world, and made a day cheer Of which the morning knew not.

Is the solemnity my sorrow wears, He saw a three-fold sun, with rich increase That mankind's tormentwaits upon my tears. Make proud the ruby portals of the

East. “ Dark dusky man, he needs would single He saw the temple sacred to sweet Peace

forth, Adore her Prince's birth

To make the partner of his own pure ray: He saw the falling Idols all confess And should we Powers of Heaven, spirits of The coming Deity. He saw Heaven blossom with a new-born Bow our bright heads before a king of clay ? light,

It shall not be ! said I; and clomb the north, On which, as on a glorious stranger, gaz'd Where never wing of Angel yet made way. The golden eyes of Night, whose beam made What though I mist my blow ?-yet I bright

struck high, The way to Bethlem, and as boldly blazed And to dare something, is some victory. (Nor asked leave of the sun) by day as night. “ Is He not satisfied ? means He to wrest Struck with these great concurrences of Hell from me too, and sack my territories ? things,

Vile human nature, means he not t’invest Symptoms so deadly unto Death and him, (O my despite !) with his divinest glories ? Fain would he have forgot what fatal strings And rising with rich spoils upon his breast, Eternally bind each rebellious limb. With his fair triumphs fill all future stories ! He shook himself, and spread his spacious Must the bright arms of Heaven rebuke

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sight !”

Mock me, and dazzle my dark mysteries ? WHITE's NEW INVENTED HORIZON. “ Art thou not Lucifer ? he to whom the droves

MR EDITOR, Of stars that gild the morn in charge were It is well known, that, at sea, when

given ? The nimblest of the lightning-winged loves, the natural horizon is obscured by The fairest and the first-born smile of thick or foggy weather, the sun's meria heaven ?

dian altitude, for ascertaining the lati

tude of the ship's place, cannot be obAh wretch! what boots thee to cast back served ; consequently, the navigator thy eyes

has nothing to depend on, until noon Where dawning Hope no beam of comfort next day, to regulate his future pro

shews ? While the reflection of thy forepast joys

ceedings, except his dead reckoning. Renders thee double to thy present woes !.

In the English Channel, the North Rather make up to thy new miseries,

Sea, the Banks of Newfoundland, the And meet the mischief that upon thee grows. Coast of America, and many other If Hell must mourn, Heaven sure shall places of the world, the fogs are often sympathise :

so thick, and of such long continuance, What force cannot effect, fraud shall devise. as to render it impossible to ascertain “ And yet whose force fear 1?-Have I the true position of the ship, for want

of the latitude. Under such circumMyself ?-my strength too, with my inno- stances, although the sun is seen very Come, try who dares, Heaven, Earth, what distinctly, and felt very powerfully, e'er dost boast

there is no other alternative but to A borrowed being, make thy bold defence ! keep the ship at sea : for no man in Come thy CREATOR too !-what though it his senses will run for a port, in such

weather, without being pretty certain Me yet another fall? We'd tryourstrengths. of his latitude. Heaven saw us struggle once; as brave a To obviate these hitherto insurfight

mountable obstacles, Mr Gavin White, Earth now should see, and tremble at the

grocer in Kinross, has, by a wonderful Thus spoke th' impatient prince, and effort of uncultivated genius, invented

a very simple apparatus,-with which, His foul hags rais’d their heads, and clapp'd when fixed, by an easy process, to the their hands,

common quadrant, an artificial horizon And all the Powers of Hell, in full applause, can thereby be obtained, and the sun's Flourish'd their snakes, and tossd their meridian altitude observed, the same flaming brands.

as if ascertained with a quadrant and

natural horizon, in the common way “ I thank you all, but one must single made use of on board a ship at sea.

This apparatus is, at present, made Thrice howl'd the caves of night, and

so as to screw on to my brass sextant, thrice the sound,

with which I have made many obserThund'ring upon the banks of those black vations, not only for determining the lakes,

latitude, but also for ascertaining the Rung through the hollow vaults of Hell true apparent time ; which, from the

profound : At last her listning ears the noice o'ertakes, accuracy of the whole, enables me to She lifts her sooty lamps, and looking round, pronounce the invention one of very A general hiss from the whole tire of snakes great importance to science and naviRebounding, through Hell's inmost caverns gation.

A large series of observations have In answer to her formidable name! been made with it, both on shore and

on board the Ramillies, now in Leith Scarce to this monster could the shady King Roads, which have been forwarded The horrid sum of his intentions tell :

to some gentlemen, eminently distinBut she (swift as the momentary wing guished for scientific knowledge and Of lightning, or the words he spoke) left acquirements, in this city; who, with

Hell.
She rose, and with her to our world did

a very laudable zeal for the promotion bring

of science, have interested themselves Pale proof of her fell presence.

in such a manner, as, it is hoped, will

ultimately prove highly beneficial both Heaven saw her rise, and saw Hell in the to the invention and inventor. sight.

W. BAIN, Master, Royal Navy. Edinburgh, May 6th 1817.

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PASTORAL LIFE.

TALES AND ANECDOTES OF THE ber of a body so generally respectable

as our Scottish Clergy, and who, at No II.

the same time, maintains a fair worldly

character ; but in a general discussion The wedding-day at length arrived; -in any thing that relates to the comand as the bridegroom had charged mon weal of mankind; all such inferior us to be there at an early hour, we set considerations must be laid aside. And out on horseback, immediately after the more I consider the simplicity of breakfast, for the remote hamlet of the people of whom I am now writing Stridekirtin. We found no regular —the scenes among which they have path, but our way lay through a coun- been bred—and their lonely and setry which it is impossible to view with- questered habits of life, where the out soothing emotions. The streams workings and phenomena of nature are numerous, clear as crystal, and alone appear to attract the eye or enwind along the glens in many fantas- gage the attention,--the more I am tic and irregular curves. The mouna convinced that the temperament of tains are green to the tops, very high, their minds would naturally dispose and form many beautiful soft and them to devotional feelings. If they shaded outlines. They are, besides, were but taught to read their Bibles, literally speckled with snowy flocks, and only saw uniformly in the miwhich, as we passed, were feeding or nisters of religion that sanctity of charesting with such appearance of un- racter by which the profession ought disturbed repose, that the heart na- ever to be distinguished, these people turally found itself an involuntary would naturally be such as every wellsharer in the pastoral tranquillity that wisher to the human race would depervaded all around.

sire a scattered peasantry to be. But My good friend, Mr Grumple, could when the most decided variance begive me no information regarding the tween example and precept is forced names of the romantic glens and on their observation, what should we, mountains that came within our view; or what can we, expect? Men must he, however, knew who were the pro- see, hear, feel, and judge accordingly. prietors of the land, who the tenants, And certainly in no other instance is a what rent and stipend each of them patron so responsible to his sovereign, paid, and whose teinds were unex- his country, and his God, as in the hausted; this seemed to be the sum choice he makes of spiritual pastors. and substance of his knowledge con

These were some of the reflections cerning the life, character, and man- that occupied my mind as I traversed ners, of his rural parishioners, save that this beautiful pastoral country with he could sometimes adduce circum- its morose teacher, and from these I stantial evidence that such and such was at length happily aroused by the farmers had made money of their land, appearance of the cottage, or shepand that others had made very little herd's steading, to which we were

bound. It was situated in a little This district, over which he presides valley in the bottom of a wild glen, or in an ecclesiastical capacity, forms an hope, as it is there called. It stood extensive portion of the Arcadia of all alone; but besides the dwellingBritain. It was likewise, in some late house, there was a little byre that held ages, noted for its zeal in the duties of the two cows and their young, -a religion, as well as for a thirst after good stack of hay, another of peats, the acquirement of knowledge con- a sheep-house, and two homely garcerning its doctrines; but under the dens; and the place had altogether 'tuition of such a pastor as my relative something of a snug, comfortable apappears to be, it is no wonder that pearance. Though this is only an inpractical religion should be losing dividual picture, I am told it may be ground from year to year, and scepti- viewed as a general one of almost every cism, the natural consequence of laxity shepherd's dwelling in the south in religious duties, gaining ground in of Scotland ; and it is only such picproportion.

tures that, in the course of these tales, It may be deemed, perhaps, rather I mean to present to the public. indecorous, to indulge in such reflec- A number of the young shepherds tions respecting any individual who and country-lasses had already arrived, has the honour to be ranked as a mem- impatient for the approaching wed.

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ding; others were coming down the two of them had actually leapt twengreen hills in mixed parties all around, ty-two feet, on a level plain, at one leading one another, and skipping with bound. This may appear extraordithe agility of lambs. They were all nary to those who never witnessed walking barefooted and barelegged, such an exercise, but it is a fact of male and female—the men were dresse which I can adduce sufficient proof. ed much in the ordinary way, only that Being delighted as well as astonishthe texture of their clothes was some- ed at seeing those feats of agility, I what coarse, and the women had black took Peter aside, and asked him if I beavers, white gowns, and “ green might offer prizes for some other excoats kilted to the knee.” When they ercises. “ Hout na," said Peter ; came near the house they went into ye'll affront them; let them just little sequestered hollows, the men alane ; they hae eneuch o' incitement and women apart, “ pat on their hose e'now, an' rather owre muckle atween an' shoon, and made themsels a' trig you an' me; forbye the brag o the an' witching,” and then came and thing—as lang as the lasses stand and joined the group with a joy that could look at them, they'll ply atween death not be restrained by walking,—they an' life.” What Peter said was true, run to mix with their youthful asso- —instead of getting weary of their ciates.

sports, their ardour seemed to increase; Still as they arrived, we saw, on our and always as soon as the superiority approach, that they drew up in two of any individual in one particular exrows on the green, and soon found ercise was manifest, another was in that it was a contest at leaping. The stantly resorted to; so that ere long shepherds were stripped to the shirt there was one party engaged in wrestand drawers, and exerting themselves ling, one in throwing the stone, and in turn with all their might, while another at hop-step-and-leap, all at their sweethearts and sisters were look- one and the same time. ing on with no small share of interest. This last seems to be rather the fa.

We received a kind and hospitable vourite amusement. It consists of welcome from honest Peter and his three succeeding bounds, all with the father, who was a sagacious-looking same race; and as the exertion is old carle, with a broad bonnet and greater, and of longer continuance, gray locks; but the contest on the they can judge with more precision green still continuing, I went and the exact capability of the several com joined the circle, delighted to see a petitors. I measured the ground, and pastime so appropriate to the shep- found the greatest distance effected in herd's life. I was utterly astonished this way to be forty-six feet. I am at the agility which the fellows dise informed, that whenever two or three played.

young shepherds are gathered together, They took a short race of about at fold or bught, moor or market, at twelve or fourteen paces, which they all times and seasons, Sunday's excepta denominated the ramrace, and then ed, one or more of these athletic exerrose from the footing-place with such cises is uniformly resorted to; and a bound as if they had been going to certainly, in a class where hardiness mount and fly into the air. The crook- and agility are so requisite, they can ed guise in which they flew shewed never be too much encouraged. great art—the knees were doubled up- But now all these favourite sports ward—the body bent forward and were terminated at once by a loud cry the head thrown somewhat back; so of “ Hurra! the broose ! the broose !'' that they alighted on their heels with Not knowing what the broose meant, the greatest ease and safety, their joints I looked all around with great precibeing loosened in such a manner that pitation, but for some time could see not one of them was straight. If they nothing but hills. At length, howfell backward on the ground, the leap ever, by marking the direction in was not accounted fair. Several of the which the rest looked, I perceived, at antagonists took the ramrace with a a considerable distance down the glen, staff in their hand, which they left at five horsemen coming at full speed on the footing-place as they rose. This a determined race, although on such a I thought unfair, but none of their op- road, as I believe, a race was never beponents objected to the custom. I fore contested. It was that by which measured the distance, and found that we had lately come, and the only one

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