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"Tis in the lofty hope, the daily toil,
"Tis in the gifted line,

In each far thought divine

That brings down heaven to light our common soil.

"Tis in the great, the lovely, and the true,

'Tis in the generous thought,
Of all that man has wrought,

Of all that yet remains for man to do.


XIII. EDUCATION THE DUTY OF THE STATE. "THE great aim of an enlightened and benevolent philosophy is not to rear a small number of individuals, who may be regarded as prodigies in an ignorant and admiring age, but to diffuse, as widely as possible, that degree of cultivation which may enable the bulk of a people to possess all the intellectual and moral improvement of which their nature is susceptible."--Stewart's Philosophy.

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O FOR the coming of that glorious time
When, prizing knowledge as her noblest wealth
And best protection, this imperial realm,
While she exacts allegiance, shall admit
An obligation on her part to teach
Them who are born to serve her and obey;
Binding herself by statute to secure

For all the children whom her soil maintains

The rudiments of letters, and inform 2
The mind with moral and religious truth,

Both understood and practised,--so that none,
However destitute, be left to droop


By timely culture unsustained, or run
Into a wild disorder: or be forced

To drudge through a weary life without the help

Of intellectual implements and tools;

A savage horde among the civilized,


A servile band among the lordly free!
This sacred right the lisping babe proclaims
To be inherent in him, by Heaven's will,
For the protection of his innocence;
And the rude boy-who, having overpast
The sinless age, by conscience is enrolled,
Yet mutinously knits his angry brow,
And lifts his wilful hand, on mischief bent,
Or turns the godlike faculty of speech 5
To impious use-by process indirect


Declares his due, while he makes known his need.
This sacred right is fruitlessly announced,
This universal plea in vain addressed,

To eyes and ears of parents, who themselves
Did, in the time of their necessity,

Urge it in vain; and, therefore, like a prayer
That from the humblest floor ascends to heaven,
It mounts to reach the State's parental ear;
Who, if indeed she own a mother's heart,
And be not most unfeelingly devoid
Of gratitude to Providence, will grant
The unquestionable good-which England, safe
From interference of external force,

May grant at leisure; without risk incurred,
That what in wisdom for herself she doth,
Others shall e'er be able to undo.

1. What is the clause prizing knowledge, &c., meant to be applied to? 2. The exact meaning of inform. 3. Droop, trans. or intrans.?



4. What does the poet mean by the sinless age?

5. The godlike faculty of speech; is the expression a happy one?

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"I HAVE nothing to do with rest here, but with labour."--Arnold.
"To push on is the law of nature, and you can no more say to men
and to nations, than to children, Sit still, and don't wear out your
shoes!"--Bulwer's Caxtons.

KEEP not standing fix'd and rooted,
Briskly venture, briskly roam!
Head and hand where'er thou foot it,
And stout heart are still at home.

In each land the sun does visit,
We are gay whate'er betide;
To give space for wandering, is it
That the world was made so wide.




"THAT Some should be richer than others is natural, and is necessary, and could only be prevented by gross violations of right. Leave men to the free use of their powers, and some will accumulate more than their neighbours. But, to be prosperous is not to be superior, and should form no barrier between men. Wealth ought not to secure to the prosperous the slightest consideration. The only distinctions which should be recognized are those of the soul, of strong principle, of incorruptible integrity, of usefulness, of cultivated intellect, of fidelity in seeking for truth. A man, in proportion as he has these claims, should be honoured and welcomed everywhere. I see not why such a man, however coarsely if neatly dressed, should not be a respected guest in the most splendid mansions, and at the most brilliant meetings. A man is worth infinitely more than the saloons, and the costumes, and the show of the universe. He was made to tread all these beneath his feet. What an insult to humanity is the present deference to dress and upholstery, as if silkworms, and looms, and scissors, and needles, could produce something nobler than a man! Every good man should protest against a caste founded on outward prosperity, because it exalts the outward above the inward, the material above the spiritual; because it springs from and cherishes a contemptible pride in superficial and transitory distinctions; because it alienates man from his brother, breaks the tie of common humanity, and breeds jealousy, scorn, and mutual ill-will. Can this be needed to social order?"-Channing.

You cannot pay with money

The million sons of toil

The sailor on the ocean,
The peasant on the soil,
The labourer in the quarry,
The hewer of the coal;
Your money pays the hand,
But it cannot pay the soul.

You gaze on the cathedral,
Whose turrets meet the sky;
Remember the foundations

That in earth and darkness lie:
For, were not those foundations
So darkly resting there,
Yon towers up could never soar
So proudly in the air.

The workshop must be crowded
That the palace may be bright;
If the ploughman did not plough,
Then the poet couid not write.

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"NOBILITY is not only in dignity and ancient lineage, nor great revenues, lands, or possessions, but in wisdom, knowledge, and virtue, which, in man, is very nobility, and this nobility bringeth man to dignity. Honour ought to be given to virtue, and not to riches."Anacharsis

I ASK not for his lineage,

I ask not for his name-
If manliness be in his heart,
He noble birth may claim.

I care not though of world's wealth
But slender be his part,
If yes you answer, when I ask—
Hath he a true man's heart.

I ask not from what land he came

Nor where his youth was nursed-
If pure the stream, it matters not
The spot from whence it burst.
The palace or the hovel

Where first his life began,

I seek not of; but answer this—
Is he an honest man?

Nay, blush not now-what matters it
Where first he drew his breath?

A manger was the cradle-bed

Of HIM of Nazareth!

Be nought, be any, everything—
I care not what you be-


yes you answer, when I ask—

Art thou pure, true, and free.



"WORK is the appointed calling of man on earth, the end for which his various faculties were given, the element in which his nature is ordained to develop itself, and in which his progressive advance towards heaven is to lie."-Arnold.

BURG NIEDECK is a mountain in Alsace, high and strong,
Where once a noble castle stood-the giants held it long;
Its very ruins now are lost, its site is waste and lone,
And if you seek for giants there, they are all dead and gone.

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