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During the First Session of the Eighth PARLIAMENT
of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and IRELAND, appointed to meet at Westminster the 14th of November, 1826, in the Seventh Year of the Reign of His Majesty King GEORGE THE FOURTH.
HOUSE OF LORDS. return to the place where they usually
held their sittings, and there proceed to
choose a fit and proper person to be their MEETING OF THE NEW PARLIA- Speaker; and that they should present the MENT.] This being the day appointed person so chosen at the bar of their Lordfor the meeting of the New Parliament, ships' House to-morrow at two o'clock, for several Peers assembled at two o'clock his Majesty's approbation.—The ComSoon after that hour, lord chancellor Eldon, mons then withdrew, and their Lordships the duke of Wellington, the earl of West- heard prayers. After which, the oaths morland, the earl of Liverpool, and the were taken in the usual form by the Lords earl of Harrowby took their seats in front present. of the Throne, as his Majesty's Commissioners. The Lord Chancellor then di
HOUSE OF COMMONS. rected the Deputy Usher of the Black Rod to proceed to the Commons and summon
Tuesday, November 14. that House to attend at their Lordships' CHOICE OF A SPEAKER.] bar forthwith. The Deputy Usher pro- bers being returned from the House of ceeded accordingly to the House of Com- Peers, mons, and soon after returned, accom- Mr. Sturges Bourne rose and said, that panied by the clerks of that House and it now devolved on the House to proceed a considerable number of the members. to the discharge of a most important The Lord Chancellor stated to the Com- duty, namely the election of a member to mons, that his Majesty had been pleased fill in the ensuing parliament, one of the to issue a Commission under the great most honourable, and at the same time one seal, appointing certain lords therein of the most arduous offices, that could be named to open the Parliament; which conferred upon an individual in this counCommission the clerk would then read, try--that of Speaker of the House of The Commission having accordingly been Commons. Happily, the House had not, read, the Lord Chancellor said, that in upon the present occasion, to encounter obedience to his Majesty's commands, he the difficulty of selecting from their body had to inform the Lords and Gentlemen any 'untried member, who might inadethen in attendance,that as soonas a sufficient quately discharge the duties of that high number of members of both Houses should and arduous office, They possessed a be sworn, his Majesty would declare the member whom they had already elected causes which had induced him to call the to fill the office of their Speaker in three parliament together. In the mean time it successive parliaments, and the experience was his Majesty's pleasure, that the Gen- of those successive parliaments had abuntlemen of the House of Commons should dantly confirmed the wisdom of their. YOL. XVI. seiten
choice. In order duly to estimate the wearied personal exertions of the Speaker value, and appreciate the advantages of of the House of Commons depended the possessing such a member, it was neces- uninterrupted discharge of the most imsary only to reflect on the importance and portant public duties, and that the whole on the difficulty of the functions which business of the state, however urgent, the Speaker of that House was called must be suspended, until his place should upon to discharge. It was not talents, be supplied. He could not adduce a however great, nor acquirements, however stronger instance to show the value of his extensive, which might be derived from right honourable friend's services, or the the best general education, that could importance of those personal qualifications qualify a person for the discharge of the which had enabled him to discharge the duties of that high office. It required an duties of his office with such unremitted accurate acquaintance with the details of assiduity and zeal. He need not remind parliamentary law, a minute knowledge of the House how anxiously his right hon. the usages of parliament, and of the friend had at all times maintained their general maxims and rules by which the rights and privileges--how scrupulously proceedings of that House were governed, he had enforced the forms and regulations which could be acquired only by patient of that House-on which those rights and and laborious investigation, and pos- privileges, and with them, the rights and sessed only by those who had made privileges of the people, most essentially it the peculiar object of their research : depended. Under such circumstances, the task of directing the deliberations he doubted not, that the motion which he of that House, and of expressing, on should now make would be unanimously particular occasions, opinions which adopted; he doubted not that when his right might give effect and consistency to hon. friend should be again placed in the the form of their proceedings, required, he Chair, he would discharge its duties with need not say, no ordinary share of judg- the zeal and ability he had ever displayed, ment and discrimination. In all these and that the House would give to his aurespects, the House required not to be thority an uniform and effective support. reminded with what distinguished ability The recorded opinion of three successive the high office of Speaker had been filled parliaments had rendered it superfluous to by his right hon. friend [hear, hear !]. bear further testimony to the distinguished Besides these more ostensible duties of the merits of his right hon. friend; he should, office, it was often necessary to repress therefore, without trespassing any longer the extravagancies of debate, and to allay on the time of the House conclude with the heats which occasionally arose amidst moving, “That the right honourable the ardour and vehemence of public dis- Charles Manners Sutton do take the cussion. It was necessary, also, on many Chair of this House as Speaker." occasions, to give advice, assistance, and Mr. Portman, in rising to second the information, to members of the House, in motion, said, he was sensible that the feelmatters connected with its forms and pro-ing of the House was so entirely with the ceedings; and he need not remind them right hon. gentleman who had just been of the readiness and the ability with which proposed to fill the office of Speaker, that such advice and such information had it was unnecessary for him to occupy been uniformly afforded by his right hon. much of the attention of the House, or to friend. There were other subordinate add any thing to the eulogium which had qualifications, and other personal recom- been so justly pronounced by the right mendations, which no man possessed in a hon. mover. He was aware, indeed, that more eminent degree than the right hon. it had been the usage both for the mover gentleman. Among these, he could not and seconder, on these occasions, to make but advert with gratification to the uniform some observations on the nature, and the courtesy of his manners, and to his digni- important duties, of the office. It would fied hospitality. Nor were those personal ill become him, however, to address any qualifications, which enabled his right observations of that kind to members who hon. friend to support with such indefati- had long sat in that House; and members gable zeal the labours of his office, of light who had now, for the first time, taken their moment, in estimating his claims to the seats in it, must, as English gentlemen, honourable distinction which it conferred. be so well acquainted with the arduous Let it be recollected, that upon the un- nature of the office of Speaker, and with
the qualifications requisite for its efficient, strength continued, it would continue to discharge, that it would be equally un- be that first object. He could assure the necessary to address any observations on House, with the strictest truth, that it had the subject to that portion of the House. | been the greatest object of all his endeaHe might, perhaps, be allowed to say, vours, while in that Chair, to justify their that it was an office which required not choice by faithfully discharging his duties only great talents—not only strict inte to them and to the public. The reception grity- not only the most perfect impar- which the motion of his right hon. friend tiality in the person called to discharge its had met with from the House, and the functions_but that the House further ex- testimonies of their satisfaction—as far as pected to find in that person a temper not his abilities could produce satisfaction—at to be ruffled, a judgment not to be shaken, the result of his exertions, were the best and a resolution to maintain, to the best and proudest rewards of any services of his abilities, the rights and privileges of which he might have performed. His the Commons of England, and to preserve right hon. friend, and his hon, friend the order and dignity in their proceedings. In member for Dorsetshire, had both remarkan assembly such as that which he now ed upon the difficulty and importance of addressed, in which so much brilliant the duties attached to the office, and both talent and splendid ability was to be had given him credit, in the warmth of found on all sides, it might, in any com- friendship, for personal qualifications, mon time, or under any ordinary circum- which he was conscious he did not possess. stances, be difficult to point out any one He relied not, however, upon his own member more qualified than another to strength, but upon the cordial support of fill the Chair ; and, under such circum- that House; and as he might hope to stances, he should be the last man in the carry with him the same good opinion world who would presume to press his and cordial co-operation -- as he might opinion upon the House on so important look forward to a continuance of the same an occasion. He was now, however, able favour and indulgence, which had been so to congratulate the House on a selection abundantly extended to him during three which met with their unanimous concur- parliaments, he submitted himself, without rence; for the finger of experience pointed hesitation, most respectfully to their judgout to them the right hon. gentleman, ment and decision. who had for many successive years filled The motion having been unanimously the office, and who had shewn himself carried, amidst the cheers of the House, possessed of integrity, of impartiality, and the right hon. gentleman was conducted of temper-of judgment to discern what to the Chair, by the mover and seconder, was right, and of resolution to enforce his where, standing on the upper step, decisions. He felt that it would be pre- The Speaker said ;--I beg most respectsumptuous in him to occupy any longer fully to express my acknowledgments to the time of the House, and that he ought the House for this renewal of their counrather to apologise for having detained tenance. They shall find me diligent, them so long from the gratification of zealous, and impartial in the discharge of adopting, as he was sure they would adopt the duties which have devolved upon me. with one voice of acclamation, the propo- I have not the arrogance to presume, that, tion, “that the right hon. Charles Manners unassisted, I am equal to the task; but I Sutton should take the Chair of that implore of the House to correct me when House."
I am wrong, to support me when I am Mr. Manners Sutton rose and said, that right; and I pledge myself to make every he felt his inability to express, as he ought, exertion my powers can command to merit the thanks which he owed to his right hon. the renewal of that sanction and protecfriend who proposed, and to his hon. tion which, for three parliaments I have friend, the member for Dorsetshire, who had the good fortune to obtain. seconded, the motion; still less could he Mr. Wynn, in rising to move the adhope to be able to express the obligation journment of the House, said, he could and the gratitude which he owed to that not forbear expressing his congratulations, House, for the cordial manner in which both to his right hon. friend who had just they had received it. To be elevated to taken the Chair, and to the House. He that Chair, had been the first object of his congratulated the right hon. gentleman ambition, and as long as his health and on having received the highest reward