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never opposed you for saying, that the blood of Christ cleanseth penitent believers from all sin.' On the contrary, this I insist upon in a fuller sense than you do, who, if I mistake not, suppose that death, and not the blood of Christ, applied by the sanctifying Spirit, is to be our cleanser from all sin. The point which we debate is not then, whether Christ's blood cleanses from all sin, but whether it actually cleanses from all guilt an impenitent backslider, a filthy apostate ; and whether God says to the fallen believer, that commits adultery and murder, “Thou art all fair, my love, my undefiled, there is no spot in thee :' This you atfirm in your fourth Letter; and this I expose as the very quintessence of Ranterism, Antinomianism, and Calvinistic perseverance.

The second part of your mistake is yet more glaring than the first. The question is not, (as you informi your readers,) whether, if any man sin we have an advocate with the Father,' &c. You know, Sir, that far from denying this comfortable truth, I maintain it in full opposition to your narrow system, which der clares, that if any man, who is passed by or non-elected, sinneth, there is no advocate with the Father for him : And that there are thousands of absolutely reprobated wretches, born to have the devil for a tempter and an accuser, without any help from our Redeemer and Advocare.

Nor yet do we debate whether Christ's advocacy prevalls in the full extent of the word, for all that know the day of their visitation : This is a point of doctrine, in which I am as clear as yourself. But the question, about which we divide, is, (1.) Whether Christ's advocacy never prevails, when he asks that barren fig-trees, which are at last cut down for persisting in their unfruitfulness, may he spared this year also ?'-(2.) Whether it prevails in such a manner for all those, who once made erer so weak an act of true faith, that they shall never make shipwreck of the faith,' never deny the Lord that bought


them,' and bring upon themselves swift destruction ?' -(3.) Whether Aaron and Korah, David and Demas, Solomon and Hymeneus, Peter and Judas, Philetus and Francis Spira, with all that fall from God, shall infallibly sing louder in heaven for their grievous falls on earth ?- In a word, whether the salvation of some, and the damnation of others, are so finished, that, duriug' the day of their visitation,' it is absolutely impossible for one of the former, to draw back to perdition from a state of salvation ; and for one of the latter, to draw back to salvation from a state uf perdition ?

These important questions you should have laid be. fore

your readers as the very gronnd of our contro. versy. But instead of this you amuse them with two precious scriptures, which I hold in a fuller sense than yourself. This is a stroke of your logic, but it is not the finishing one, for you say:

Sect. II. P. 6. “ We cannot admit the contrary doctrine (that of the Checks] without at once undermiuing both law and gospel. For the law is certainly undermined by supposing, that any breach of it whatever, is not attended with the curse of God.”—What law do I undermine? Is it the law of innocence ? No: For I insist upon it as well as you, to convince unhumbled sipners, that there can be no salvation but in and through a Mediator.--Is it the Mediater's law, ' the law of liberty ? Certainly not : For I defend it against the bold attacks you make upon it; and shall now ward off the dreadful blow you give it in this argument.

O Sir, is it right to confound, as you do, the law of paradisiacal innocence, with the evangelical law of liberty, that iu point of personal, sincere obedience you may set both aside at one stroke? Is not this Calvinistic stroke as dangerous as it is unscriptural ? “ There is no law but one, which damns for want of absolute innocence: All those that are under any law, must be under this law, which curses for a wandering thought as well as for incest.—But believers are not

cursed for a wandering thought. Therefore they are under no law: They are not cursed even for incest; they may break their "rule of life' by adultery as David, or by incest as the unchaste Corinthian, without falling under the curse of any divine law in force against them : In a word, without ceasing to be men after God's own heart.'

Now whence arises the fallacy of this argument ? Is it not from looking the Mediator's law, the law of Christ? Can you see no medium, between being under " a rule of life," the breaking of which shall • work for our good ;' and being under a law that curses to the pit of hell for the least want of absolute innocence ? Betwixt those two extremes, is there not the evangelical“ law of liberty ?'

O Sir, be not mistaken : The gospel has its law. Hear St. Paul : God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ, according to my gospel.' (Rom. ii. 16.) Hear St. James : So speak ye [believers) and so do, as they that shall be judged by the LAW OF LIBERTY; for he [the believer] shall have judgment without mercy, that hath shewed no mercy.' (James ii. 12, 13, illustrated by Matt. xviii. 23–35.)

Christ is neither an Eli, nor a Nero, neither a dolt, nor a tyrant; but a priestly king, a ' Melchisedec. If he is a king, he has a law; his subjects may, and the disobedient shall, be condemned by it. If he is a priestly king, he has a gracious law; and if he has a gracious law, he requires no absolute impossibilities. Thus the covenant of grace keeps a just medium between the relentless severity of the first covenant, and the Antinomian softness of the covenant trumpeted by some Calvinists.

Be not then frightened, O Sion, from meditating in Christ's law day and night ; for it is the law of thy gracious “ King, who cometh unto thee meek, and sitting upon the foal of a mild, pacific animal: And not that of thy fierce and fond monarch, 0 Geneva, who comes riding upon the wings of storms and tempests, to damn the reprobates for the pre-ordained,

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unavoidable consequences of Adam's pre-ordained, unavoidable sin ; and to encourage fallen believers, that climb up into their neighbours' beds, by saying to each of them, “Thou art all fair, my love, my undefiled, there is no spot in thee.' But more of this to Mr. Berridge. When you have given us a wrong idea of the Mediator's law, you proceed to do the same by the gospel, with which that law is so closely connected. For you say :

P. 6. “ The gospel is certainly undermined, by supposing that there is provision made in it for some sins, and not for others." Well then, Sir, Christ and the fuur evangelists have certainly undermined the gospel ;" for they all mention the blasphemy against the Holy Ghost,' the sin unto death,' or the sin of final impenitency and unbelief; and they not only suppose, but expressly declare, that it is a sin, for which “ provision is made," and the punishment of which obstinate unbelievers and apostates must personally bear. Is it not strange, that the capital doctrine by which our Lord guards his own gospel, should be represeuted as a capital error, by which “ the gospel is certainly undermined ?"

Sect. III. P. 6. To shew that your scheme is different from speculative Antinomianism, you ask, “ Is the experience of David, Lot and Solomon, that of all those who aride by those doctrines ?" I answer, It may be that of thousands for aught you know, and if it is not that of inyriads, no thanks to you, Sir, for you have given them encouragement enough: (Though I still do you the justice to say, you have done it undesignedly:) And lest they should forget your former innuendo, in this very page you say, that“ the covenant of grace (including, no doubt, finished salvation] standeth sure in behalf of the elect, under every trial, state, and circumstance they can possibly be in;" which, if I mistake not, implies, that they may be in the impenitent “ state” of drunken Lot, and adulterous David, or in the dangerous “ circumstance' of idolatrous

Solomon, and the incestuous Corinthian, without being less interested in finished salvation than if they served God with Noah, Job, and Daniel. To this answer I add Flavel's judicious observation : “If the principle will yield it, it is in vain to think corrupt nature will pot catch at it, and make a vile use and dangerous improvement of it.” But you say, (p. 7,) “ You know in your conscience, that we detest and abhor that damnable doctrine and position of real Antinomiaus, . Let us sin that grace may abound.'”-I believe, dear Sir, that all pious Calvinists, and consequently you, abhor that horrible tenet practically, so far as you are saved from sin. And yet, to the great encouragement of practical Antinomianism, you have made an enumeration of the good that sin, yea, any length in sin, unto adultery, robbery, murder, and incest, does to the pleasant children. You have assured them, that sin shall work for their good ; and you have closed the strange plea by saying, that“ a grievous fall will make them

louder the praises of free, restoring grace to all eternity in heaven." Now, honoured Sir, pardon me, if I tell you my whole mind : Really, to this day, I think, that if I wanted to make Christ publicly the minister of sin, and to poison the minds of my hearers by preaching an Antinomian sermon from these words, Let us sin that grace may abound, I could not do it more effectually than by shewing, according to the doctrine of your fourth letter : (1.) That, upon the whole, sin can do us no harm :-(2.) That, far from hurting us, it will work for our good :-And, (3.) That even a grievous fall into adultery and murder, will make us sing louder in heaven; all debts and claims against believers, be they more or be they less, be they small or be they great, be they before or be they after conversion. being for ever and for ever cancelled by Christ's fulfilling the law for them.” In the name of reason, I ask, where is the difference between publishing these unguarded tenets, and saying roundly, Let us sin that grace may abound ?

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