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TO THE PUBLICK.

[VARIOUS English Tranflations of bestowed upon us the people of England, the Bible were extant at the clofe of the when firft he fent your Majefty's Royal fixteenth century: In fome of them the Perfon to rule and reign over us. For Old Teftament was made from the Sep-whereas it was the expectation of many, tuagint, (that is, from a Greek tranflation who wifhed not well unto our Sion, that of the Hebrew executed by order of upon the fetting of that bright Occidental tolemy Philadelphus, 284 years before Star, Queen Elizabeth, of most happy the Chriftian Æra) in others, immediately memory, fome thick and palpable clouds from the Hebrew Text, except a few of darkness would fo have overshadowed paffages which were rendered from the this land, that men fhould have been in Septuagint and in others, both the Old doubt which way they were to walk; and New Teftament were made from the and that it should hardly be known who Latin of the Vulgate. Thefe tranflations was to direct the unfettled State: The in feveral infiances differed from each appearance of your Majefty, as of the other, which induced King James 1. to Sun in his ftrength, inftantly difpelled felect fifty four men, eminent for their pi- thofe fuppofed and furmifed mifts, and ety and learning, and particularly killed gave unto all that were well affected, exin the original languages of the Scriptures, ceeding caufe of comfort; efpecially when to make an entire new translation of the we beheld the Government established in Bible-the Old Testament from the ori- your Highnefs, and your hopeful feed, ginal Hebrew Text, and the new from the by an undoubted title, and this alfo acoriginal Greek. Fortyfeven of thefe em-companied with peace and tranquillity at inent men commenced the important bu- home and abroad.

finefs in the beginning of the year 1607. "But among all our joys, there was They arranged themfelves into feparate no one that more filled our hearts, than the claffes, and to expedite the work, each bleffed continuance of the Preaching of clafs took a feparate portion of the Bible. God's facred Word among us; which is After three years clofe application, the that ineftimable Treasure, which excelleth feveral claffes had completed the parts all the riches of the earth; because the affigned them. The whole number then fruit thereof extendeth itself, not only to Caffembled in a body, and critically com-the time fpent in this tranfitory world, but pared the copies of each class with the directeth and difpofeth men unto that eoriginal, and with other tranflations; and ternal happinets which is above in heaven. no fentence was finally accepted till, in the "Then no to fuffer this to fall to the general opinion, it expreffed the fenfe of ground, but rather to take it up, and to the infpired original: Nearly another continue it in that ftate, wherein the famyear, it is faid, was spent in this bufinefs; ous predeceffor of your Highness did leave And in the year 1611, this tranflation was it: Nay, to go forward with the confiby authority first published. As it was dence and refolution of a man in maintainexecuted by the order, and at the expenfe ing the Truth of Chrift, and propagating it of the crown, the copyright became the farand near, is that which hath fobound and -property of the King, whofe it has ever firmly knit the hearts of all your Majesty's Since continued. loyal and religious people unto you, that your very name is precious among them; their eye doth behold you with comfort, and they blefs you in their hearts, as that fanctified perfon, who under God, is the immediate author of their true happiness. And this their contentment doth not di

This is univerfally acknowledged to be the mott correct English tranflation of the Bible that has yet been published to the world-and it is generally used in Churchsand private Families throughout GreatBarain and America.

With their copy the Tranflators pre-minifh or decay, but every day increafeth leted to King Jaines the following AD- and taketh ftrength when they obferve DRESS, which has ever fince been pre- that the zeal of your Majesty toward the fed to all Britia editions of the Holy houfe of God doth not flick or go backScriptures, viz.] ward, but is more and more kindled, man"To the Most High and Mighty Prince ifefting itfelf abroad in the fartheft parts JAMES, by the Grace of God, King of of Chriftendom, by writing in defence of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, the Truth, which hath given fuch a blow Defender of the Faith, c. unto that man of fin, as will not be heal"The TRANSLATORS of the BIBLE with ed, and every day at home, by religious Grace, Mercy, and Peace, through Je-and learned ditcourte, by frequenting the fus Chrift our Lord. Houfe of God, by hearing the Word "GREAT and manifold were the preached, by cherishing the teachers bleflings, moft dread Sovereign,which Al- thereof, by caring for the Church, as a nighty God, the Father of all mercies, moft tender and loving nurfing tather.

There

ACCOUNT OF DATES.

"There are infinite arguments of this and judicious a Prince as your Highness
right chriftian and religious affection in is, whofe allowance and acceptance of our
your Majefty; but none is more forcible labours shall more honour and encourage
to declare it to others, than the vehement us, than all the calumniations and hard
and perpetuated defire of accomplishing interpretations of other men hall difmay
and publishing of this Work, which now us. So that if, on the one fide, we shall
with all humility we prefent unto your be traduced by popifh perfons at home or
Majefty. For when your Highness had abroad, who therefore will malign us, be-
once, out of deep judgment, apprehended cause we are poor inftruments to make
how convenient it was, that out of the God's holy truth to be yet more and more
original Sacred Tongues, together with known unto the people, whom they desire
comparing of the labours, both in our own ftill to keep in ignorance and darkness:
and other foreign languages, of many Or if, on the other fide, we fhall be ma-
worthy men who went before us, there ligned by felf-conceited brethren, who
fhould be one more exact Tranflation of run their own ways, and give liking unto
the Holy Scriptures into the English nothing, but what is framed by them-
Tongue your Majefty did never defift to felves, and hammered on their anvil; we
urge and to excite thofe to whom it was may reft fecure, fupported within by the
commended, that the work might be hatt-truth and innocency of a good confcience,
ened, and that the bufinefs might be ex- having walked the ways of fimplicity and
pedited in fo decent a manner, as a matter integrity, as before the Lord; and fultain-
of fuch importance might justly require ed without, by the powerful protection
"And now, at laft, by the mercy of of your Majefty's grace and favour, which
God and the continuance of our labours, will ever give countenance to honest and
it being brought unto fuch a conclufion, chriftian endeavours against bitter cen-
as that we have great hopes that the fures and uncharitable imputations.
Church of England hall reap good fruit
thereby; we hold it our duty to offer it
to your Majefty, not only as to our King
and Sovereign, but as to the principal
mover and author of the work; humbly
craving of your most facred Majefty, that
fince things of this quality have ever been
fubject to the cenfures of ill meaning and
difcontented perfons, it may receive ap-
probation and patronage from fo learned and only Saviour.'

"The Lord of heaven and earth bless
your Majefty with many and happy days,
that as his heavenly hand hath enriched
your Highnefs with many fingular and
extraordinary graces; fo you may be the
wonder of the world in this latter age, for
happinefs and true felicity, to the nonour
of that great GOD, and the good of his
Church, through Jefus Christ our Lord

22

ACCOUNT OF THE DATES OR TIME OF WRITING THE BOOKS
OF THE NEW TESTAMENT.

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The NAMES and ORDER of all the BOOKS of the OLD and NEW TESTA
MENT, and APOCRYPHA, with the Numbers of their Chapters, and Pages
where they may be found.

THE BOOKS OF THE OLD TESTAMENT.

Page.

7 Ecclefiaftes hath Chapters
52 Song of Solomon
90 Ifaian

GENESIS hath Chapters

Exodus
Leviticus

Numbers

Deuteronomy

Jobbua
Judges
Ruth

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50

40

27

56 118 Jeremiah

84 157 Lamentations

24 190 Ezekiel

21 212 Daniel

THE BOOKS CALLED APOCRYPHA,

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4 234 Hofea

81 287 Joel

24 266 Amos

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22 291 Obadiah

25 319 Jonah
29 345 Micah

36 371 Nahum

10 402 Habakkuk

13 41 Zephaniah

10 424 Haggai
42 431 Zechariah
150 455 Malachi
31 514

THE BOOKS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT.

Page.

28 739 I. Timothy hath Chapters

16 767 II. Timothy

24 786 Titus

21

28 859 To the Hebrews

16 869 The Epiftle of James

16 880 1. Peter

-

817 Philemon

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13 892 II. Peter
6 899 1. John
6 908 II. John
4907 III. John
4 910 Jude
5 913 Revelation
5 915

Page.

12 534

8

540

66

544

52 587

5 637

48 641

12 686

14 699

9 Baruch, with the Epiftle of Jeremiah
16 The Song of the Three Children
14 Story of Sufanna

16 Bel and the Dragon

6 Prayer of Manaffes

191. Maccabees
511II. Maccabees

3 705

9 708

1 71S

714

715

S 719

3

721

8 722

2 724

14 726

4

783

6

Page.

6 917

8

5

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4 920

929

1

1

1

22

923

924

5 993

936

939

941

944

ib.

A TABLE

945

946

A TABLE OF SCRIPTURE MEASURES.

Measures of liquids.

9 888

10 941 The Homer or Cor,
5648 The Bath,
0912 The Hin,
3552 The Log,

0

4 7

6 10 11 328 The Firkin (Metretes)
80145 11040 Note, 29 folia Inches

a pint, nearly.

Measures of length.

A Cubit,

A Span,

A Hand breadth,

A Finger,
A Fathom,
Ezekiel's Reed,
The measuring Line,|

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balfCub.

61b

241b

MONEY.

A Shekel,

The Bekah, balfShek

The Zuza,

4:b
The Gerah, 201b
Manchor Min,
A Talent,

2ljar, or

Zif.

$ Sivan.

4 Thamuz.

A TABLE OF WEIGHTS AND MONEY.

1 Nifan, or Marcb.
Abib.
S April.

50
5009

April.
May.

[10,5

3000 113 10 110,3|

May.
SJune.

Mile

Pace

June.
SJuly.

5th day,
6th day,
7th, or Sabbath,

2000 0,729

1405

4000
400
0145 4,6
96000 831724

Feet.

Lb.

Oz.
Prut.

Gr.

Days of the Week.

1ft day of the week, Sunday.
24 day,
ad day,

4th day,

Meafures of things dry.
The Homer,
The Lethech,
The Ephab,
The Seah,
The Omer,
The Cab,

MONEY.

A Shekel of Gold,
A Talent of Gold,

9 2,6 Golden Daric or Dram,

00 6,8 Penny (Denarius)
0 0 1,4 Farthing (Affarium}
518 10 Farthing (Quadrans)
31110 4,3Mite,

Note, Silver is bere reckoned at 5s. Sterling---Gold at 41. per oz.

10th Hom
1601b

72016

A TABLE OF TIME.

5 Ab.

July.
SAuguft.
2 August.
$ September.

6 Elul.

7 Tifri, or E- ? September,
thanim. $ October.
8 Marchef- October.
van, or Bul. S November.
13 Veadar, intercalary.

balf Hom
10/b

301b

1001b

1801b

Piece of Silver / Drachm)'
L.S. D. Trib. Mon. (Didrachm)2 Drach.
3,3 Piece of Silver (Stater)
1,7 Pound (M:na)

Hours of the Day.

The day, reckoning from
Monday, fun rife, and the night,
Tuesday from fun fet, were
Wednejday each divided into 12
Thuryday equal paris, called,
Friday.
The 1, 2d, 3d, 4th,
Saturday, &c. Hours.

100

20th Den

40b

80rb

9 Chifleu.

10 Tebeth.

11 Shebat.

12 Adar.

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Sterling.
L. S., D.
115 5,1
5464 5 8,6

1 110,5

S. D F.
075

14777

of 2,9

13 2

8,4

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January.
SFebruary.
2 February.
S Mareb.

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2 November.
S December.

December,
SJanuary.

0 0 0,4

1

Watches.

The 1ft watch, from funset is
the 3d bour of the night.
The 2d or middlewatch, from

the bour to the 6th.

The 3d watch, or cock crow-

ing, from the 6th to the 9th.
The 4th, or morning watch,
[from the 9th bour to fun rife.
THE

THE

OLD TESTAMENT.

THE FIRST BOOK OF MOSES, CALLED GENESIS.

СНАР. 1.

the tree yielding fruit, whofe feed was in itself, after his kind: and God faw that it was good,

18 And the evening and the morning were the third day.

1 The creation of beaven and earth, 3 of the light, 6 of the firmament, 9 of the earth separated from the waters, 11 and made fruitful, 14 of the fun, moon, and flars, 20 of fish and fowl, 24 of beafts and caule, 26 of man in the im-in the firmament of the heaven to divide age of God. 29 Also the appointment the day from the night; and let them be of food. fer figns, and for feafons, and for days, and years:

14 ¶ And God faid, Let there be lights

IN the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.

15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth and it was fo.

2 And the earth was without form and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. And God faid, Let there be light and there was light.

16 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the leffer light to rule the night: he made the ftars alfo.

4 And God faw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.

11 And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light uponthe earth:

18 And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness and God faw that it was good.

19 And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.

20 And God faid, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven.

21 And God created great whales, and every living creature that moveth, which

And God called the firmament heav-the waters brought forth abundantly, after en. And the evening and the morning their kind, and every winged fowl after were the fecond day. his kind: and God faw that it was good.

9And God faid, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear and it was fo.

5 And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.

6 And God faid, Let there be a fir mament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.

7 And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was fo.

10 And God called the dry land Earth: and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas; and God faw that it was good.

22 And God bleffed them, faying, Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the feas,: and let fowl multiply in the earth.

12 And the earth brought forth grafs, and herb yielding feed after his kind, and

28 And the evening and the morning were the fifth day.

24 And God faid, Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind,

And God faid, Let the earth bring cattle, and creeping thing, and beaft of forth grafs, the herb yielding feed, and the earth after his kind and it was fo. the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, 25 And God made the beast of the whofe feed is in itfelf, upon the earth: earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind; and God faw that it was good.

and it was fo.

26 ¶ And

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