Billeder på siden
PDF
ePub

In the expiession of awe and sublimity the voice usually his a level movement from note to note, " like the repeated sounds of a deep-toned bell." This intonation in speaking is termed the monotone.

Slides occur on the most important words, thus determining the sense; and they also serve to give the proper melody to a sentence.

Words contrasted in meaning are contrasted in inflection.

No two successive slides should be alike in pitch.

I. Palling Inflections.

1. "To arms! to arms! to arms!" they cry;

"Grasp the shield and draw the sword;
Lead us to Philippi's lord;
Let us conquer him or die!"

2. If it be Arthur—Ho! what, ho!

Up spear! out arrow! Bend the bow!
Forth, after Arthur, on the foe!

3. Who's here so base that would be a bdndman? If any, speak; for him have I offended. Who's here so rude that would not be a Roman? If any, speak; for him have I offended. Who's here so vile that will not love his country? If any, speak; for him have I offended. I pause for a reply.

4. "Hence! home, you idle creatures, get you home.

You blocks, you stdnes, you worse than senseless things!

Be gone!

Run to your houses, fall upon your knees,

Pray to the gods to intermit the plague

That needs must light on this ingratitude."

5. Where are we? What city do we inhabit? Under what gdvernment do we live? Here, here, Conscript Fathers, mixed and mingled with us all—in the center of this most grave and venerable assembly—are men sitting, quietly plotting against my life, against all your lives; the life of every virtuous senator and citizen.

II. Rising Inflections.
1. And do you now put on your best attire?
And do you now cull out a holiday?
And do you now strew flowers in his way,
That comes in triumph over Pompey's blood?

2. Must I budge? Must I observe y6u? Must
I stand and crouch under your testy humor?

3. Wouldst thou have that

Which thou esteem'st the 6rnament of life,
And live a coward in thine own esteem,
Letting "I dare not" wait upon "I would,"
Like the poor cat i' the adage?

4. Ashamed to toil, art thou? Ashamed of thy dingy workshop and dusty labor-field; of thy hard hand, scarred with service more honorable than that of war; of thy soiled and weatherstained garments, on which mother Nature has embroidered, 'mid sun and rain, 'mid fire and steam, her own heraldic hdnors? Ashamed of these tokens and titles, and envious of the flaunting robes of imbecile idleness and vanity?

III. Rising and Falling Inflections.

1. Can honor set a leg? N6. Or an arm? No. Or take away the grief of a wound? N6. Honor hath no skill in surgery, then? N6. What is honor? A word. What is that word, honor? Air. Who hath it? He that died on Wednesday. Doth he feel it? N6. Doth he hear it? No. Is it insensible, then? Yes, to the dead. But will it not live with the living? N6. Why? Detraction will not suffer it.

2. What would content you? Talent? No! Enterprise? Nd! C6urage? No! Reputation? No! Virtue? N6! The men whom you would select should possess, not one, but all of these.

3. What is time?—the shadow on the dial,—the striking of the clock,—the running of the sand,—day and night,—summer and winter,—m6nths, years, centuries? These are but arbitrary and outward signs,—the measure of time, not time itself. Time is the life of the soul. If not this,—then tell me what Ls time?

"Friends,
I come not here to talk. Ye know too well
The story of our thralldom. We are slaves!
The bright sun rises to his course, and lights
A race of slaves! He sets, and his last beam
Falls on a slave."

5. Prince Henry. What's the matter?

Falstaff. What's the matter? Here be four of us have taken a thousand pounds this morning.

Prinze Henry. Where is it, Jack, where is it?
Falstaff. Where is it? Taken from us, it is.

6. They tell us, sir, that we are weak,—-unable to c6pe with so formidable an adversary. But when shall we be stronger? Will it be the next week, or the next year? Will it be when we are totally disarmed, and when a British guard shall be stationed in every house? Shall we gather strength by irresolution and inaction? Shall we acquire the means of effectual resistance by lying supinely on our backs, and hugging the delusive phantom of hope, until our enemy shall have bound us hand and foot?—Sir, we are not weak, if we make a proper use of those means which the God of nature hath placed in our power.

IV. Minor Rising Inflections.

1. Give me three grains of c6rn, mother,
Only three grains of c6rn.

2. Oh! pardon me, thou bleeding piece of earth,
That I am meek and gentle with these—butchers.

0 my lord, Must I then leave you? must I needs forego So good, so noble, and so true a master?

V Minor Falling Inflections.
1. 0, save me, Hubert, save me! My eyes are out
Even with the fierce lodks of these bloody men.

2. 0! I have lost you ail!

Parents and home and friends.

3. The shepherd saunters list:—but why
Comes with him, pace for pace,
That ewe? and why, so piteously,
Looks up the creature's face?

VI. Circumflex Inflections.
None dared withstand him to his face,

But one sly maiden spake aside:
"The little witch is evil-eyed!
Her mother only killed a c6w,

Or witched a churn or dairy-pan;

But she, forsooth, must charm a man!"

2. What should I say to you? Should I not say,
Hath a dog money? is it possible,
A cur can lend three thousand ducats?

3. Do not tell me of laws; I am a savage! I value no laws. Talk of laws to the Englishman; there are laws in his country, and yet you see he did not regard them, for they could never allow him to kill his fellow-subject in time of peace, because he asked him to pay a debt. The English cannot be so brutal as to make.such things lawful.

4. Now, in building of chaises, I tell you what,
There is always somewhere a weakest spot;
And that's the reason, beyond a doubt,
A chaise breaks down, but does n't wear 6ut.

He, I wilrrant him,
Believed in no other gods than those of the creed;
Bowed to no idols—but his money-bags;
Swore no false 6aths—except at the custom-house.

VII. Monotone.
1. Holy! holy! holy! Lord God of Sabaoth!

2. The cloud-capped towers, the gorgeous palaces,
The solemn temples, the great globe itself,—
Yea, all which it inherit, shall dissdlve,
And, like this unsubstantial pageant, faded,—
Leave not a rack behind.

3. There was silence, and I heard a voice saying,
"Shall mortal man be more just than God?
Shall a man be more pure than his Maker?"

"Come to thy God in time,"
Thus saith the ocean chime;

"Storm, whirlwind, billows past,
Come to thy God at last."

IV.

DIFFERENT QUALITIES OF VOICE.

PURE TONE is used in unimpassioned discourse; in the expression of light and agreeable emotions; and in sadness or grief.

Orotund is used to express whatever is grand, vast, or sublime. Aspirated quality expresses secrecy, fear, darkness, or moral impurity.

The Whisper has expressive power similar to that of the aspirated tone. It is seldom employed in reading or speaking, but it may be practiced a few moments at a time,as a discipline of the organs of speech.

I. Whispering1. 1. All heaven and earth are still,—though not in sleep, But breathless, as we grow when feeling most; And silent, as we stand in thoughts too deep.

2. I see the head of the enemy's column rising over the height. Our only safety is in the screen of this hedge. Keep close to it; be silent; and stoop as you run. For the boats! Forward!

« ForrigeFortsæt »