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Answers to the aspirant's queries. The terms physic
and physician. The nature and extent of the phy-
sician's mission. A glimpse at the medicine of
early times. The term chirurgery. The slow ad-
vance of the healing art during many ages, and its
rapid progress in the nineteenth century. The
true physician of the present, his labors and re-
PHYSICIANS OF THE PAST
The aspirant's desire to know something of physicians
of the past. A few biographic notes illustrative of
devotion to the art and science of medicine. The
early cultivation of anatomy by Alexandrian phy-
sicians. Arabian physicians. The great physi-
cians of Italy, Belgium, Holland, Denmark, Ger-
many, France, England, and America.
TEACHERS, SCHOOLS, AND STUDENTS OF MEDICINE
Medical teachers in ancient times. The temple
schools. The Crotona school. The Hippocra-
tic school. The Alexandrian school. The Saler-
nian school. The schools of France monastic
from the tenth to the fifteenth century. The
Italian, French, and Dutch universities. Desault
and his colleagues the beginners of the modern
Parisian school of medicine. American teachers
and schools. The American medical student.
The student of the twentieth century. . . .
THE MATRICULATED STUDENT
Answers to the matriculate's queries. Note taking;
its value as an aid to memory, as a guide to read-
ing, as an assurance of accuracy in debate, and as
a serviceable adjunct in learning the art of writing
with precision and clearness. The attendance of
lectures on other than medical subjects. The
class society. What the student should read be-
sides medical works. Physical exercise, diet,
sleep, and social duties of students. Relations of
students to their teachers, and to each other .... 53-69
THE GRADUATE AS HOSPITAL-INTERNE
Relations and obligations of hospital-internes to each
other, to members of the Medical Board, and to
the lay officers. Reciprocity. Hospital discipline
The main forms of procedure to subserve the inter-
ests of patients and the efficiency of the medical
staff. Criterion of conduct of members of the
house-staff. Conduct of the medical officers in the
THE YOUNG PRACTISING PHYSICIAN
Requisites to professional success. The early years of
medical practice. The acquirement of a clientage.
The labors, anxieties, responsibilities, and vexa-
tions of the physician in full practice. The growth
of a physician's library. His equipment in medi-
cal implements. His iatrium. His obligations to
the profession. When to begin writing for publi-
cation. Avoidance of controversy. The review
of medical books. The question of specialism.
The evil of self-sufficiency. The physician in
SENSE CULTURE-VISION AND AUDITION
The early cultivation of the senses essential to the
proper conduct of the study and practice of medi-
General remarks on the five senses. The
visual sense. Seeing with the mind's eye. Quick-
ness of visual perception; its importance to the
physician; how to exercise it. The auditive sense.
Exercise of the mind's ear for correct interpreta-
tion of heart and respiratory sounds, etc.
as an aid to the cultivation of audition...
TACTION, OLFACTION, AND GUSTATION
The tactile sense. Its nature and diffusion.
other senses modifications of touch. Sensitive
apprehension, sensibility, and sensation; their
signification. The achievements of man through
cultivation of the sense of touch. Some of the
modes of culture of direct and of mediate taction.
Olfaction culture. The olfactive cells. The spe-
cialisation of odors. The game of perfumes.
Taste culture. The seat of gustation. The five
savors. The concurrence of the tactile and olfac-
tive senses essential to perfect gustation... .... 122-141
EVOLUTION OF MEDICAL MORALS
A summary of the history of the evolution of medical
morals. Beginning of the indoctrination of indi-
vidual obligations. Reciprocity a word of com-
mand. Justice, mercy, generosity, hope, faith and
charity the fundamental maxim of all systems of
good morals. A glance at the Hippocratic oath,
law, iatrium, aphorisms, and prognostics. Collo-
cation of moral precepts by Dr. Thomas Percival.
The American system of medical morals, its
THE PHYSICIAN AND HIS PATIENT
Relations and obligations of the physician to his pa-
tients. Prompt obedience to the calls of the sick.
Attention, steadiness, and fidelity. Indulgence to
the caprices of the sick. The obligation of secrecy
extending beyond the period of professional serv-
ices. A physician obtaining information in his
professional capacity not bound to reveal it in any
court of justice. Of necessary and unnecessary
visitations to the sick. Gloomy prognostications
not to be made within hearing of patients. Con-
duct as regards attendance on incurable cases.
The division of responsibility in the management
of serious and difficult cases..
THE PATIENT AND HIS PHYSICIAN
Reciprocal obligations of patients and their physicians
The patient's selection of a physician. Prompt
obedience to the directions of the physician either
toward the prevention or cure of disease. Impor-
tance of seeking advice at the earliest manifesta-
tion of any sickness. Irrelevant and wearisome
details in the statement of his case to be avoided
by the patient. Strict observance of the rules
prescribed during convalescence. No friendly
visits from physicians who are not in attendance.
The patient to be always in readiness to receive his
THE PHYSICIAN, PROFESSION, AND PUBLIC
Obligations of physicians to the profession and to each
other. Maintenance of the dignity and honor of
the profession. Extension of the bounds of its use-
fulness. Contributions of lore to enrich the sci-
ence of medicine. Criterion of the true physician.
Temperance in all things. The physician's medi-
cal adviser. Vicarious offices. Duties in consul-
tations and in cases of interference. Differences
between physicians. Pecuniary acknowledgment
and compensation. Relations of the profession
and the public.
THE LANGUAGE OF MEDICINE
Correct, simple, concise, and clear medical language
as essential to the conduct of instruction as the
cultivation of the senses is to the study and prac-
tice of medicine. The young physician beginning
to write for publication. Word controversies.
Misused words. Wrongly coined words. Vicious
locutions. The drilling of students in the use of
words of precision. Frequent revisions of
YOUNG WRITERS AND SPEAKERS
How to master the art of intelligible medical writing.
The use and abuse of figures of speech. Word
coining. Obsolete words. Misusage of terms.
Alliteration. Florid writing out of place in medi-
cine. Quotations. Short and long sentences.
The proper disposition of members of sentences.
The good of frequent revisions. Punctuation.
Medical "bulls." Style. Titles of essays and
books. Individual titles. Preface. Introduc-
tion. Epigraph. A few cautionary remarks for
the benefit of young speakers.