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Cardinal WOLSEY

E concluded our First Vo-
lume of this History with the
Death of Henry the VIIth.
who was fucceeded in the
Throne by his only Son, Henry the
VIIIth, then about Eighteen Years of
Age, April the 22d..

Great Care had been taken of this King's Education, by inftructing him in all Parts of Learning neceffary for a Prince defign'd for an Ecclefiaftick, if his Brother Prince Arthur had lived. Having in his Youth, as Lord Herbert afferts, applied himfelf much to Learning, fo that he made a good VOL. II.



Hen. VIII afcends the



His Edu



Progrefs in the Sciences; and herein he was great-
ly forwarded by Mr. Wolfey, Dean of Lincoln;
infomuch, that, as Hiftorians agree, for. feveral
Years in the beginning of his Reign, no Affairs
diverted him from converfing with learned Men, and
encouraging Learning, which feems to appear by the
Choice of his Counsellors.

The Day the King afcended the Throne, the Lord Stafford, Brother to the Duke of Buckingham, was committed to the Tower, but was foon after discharged. Lord Herbert seems to think there was no Colour for his Commitment, because he was immediately created Earl of Wiltshire, made one of the Knights of the Garter, and continued to his Death in great Favour with his Majefty, which happened about fourteen Years after his Confinement, when he died without Iffue.

His Majefty early took Care to settle his Privy Council, the Chief of which

Lord Stafford ar-
refted, but foon

His Majefty fet
tles bis Prity


1. William Warham, Archbishop of Canterbury, and Lord High Chancellor.

2. Richard Fox, Bishop of Winchester, and Lord Privy Seal.

3. Thomas Howard, Earl of Surry, Lord High Treasurer..

4. George Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord High Steward of the King's Houthold.

5. Thomas Ruthal, foon after made Bishop of Dur


6. Lord Herbert, of Gower, &c. Lord Chamberlain.

7. Sir Edward Poynings, Knight of the moft noble Order of the Garter, Comptroller of the King's Houfhold.

8. Sir Thomas Lovell, Mafter of the Wards, and Conftable of the Tower.


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Dean Wolfey was appointed the King's Almoner, and, as foon as he appeared at Court, his Majefty received him with great Marks of Favour, fingling him out from his other Attendants, and converfed with him in fo much Freedom, that the Courtiers paid the Refpect to him, as to one looked upon in the high Road to Preferment.

The King, after fettling his Council, iffued a Proclamation, wherein is fet forth, "That his Majefty, being in"formed his good Subjects had been oppref"ed under the fpecious Pretence of preferving "the Prerogative of the Crown, gave them Leave


to bring in their Complaints, and promised them "Satisfaction:" And withal the King confirm'd his Father's general Pardon, granted before his Death, excepting, as Stow fays, all Perfons guilty of Murder, Felony, or Treafon.


The SECRET HISTORY of the CARDINAL, by GEORGE CAVENDISH, Efq; his GentlemanUsher.


Of King HENRY the VIIIt's Afcending the Throne, and the CARDINAL's Favour with him.

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AFTER the Solem- Diadem of this fertile Nation;

nizations,and cost-
ly Triumphs, our
natural, young,
couragious, luf-

the two and twentieth of April, Anno Dom. 1509, which at that Time flourished with all • Abundance of Riches, whereof the King was most ineftimably furnished, called then the golden World.



ty Prince, and Sovereign Lord, King Henry the Eighth, en

tering into his Flower and lufty

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Shews Wolfey great Fu



Youth, took upon him the

Royal Sceptre, and Imperial

And ifues a


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This Proclamation fo much engaged the Hearts of the People towards the young King, that his Clemency was the Subject of all Converfations. Petitions were foon brought from all Parts of the Kingdom, not only against Empfon and Dudley, but alfo against their Under-ftrappers, called Promoters, filled with Complaints of the Extortions they had been guilty of in the Execution of their Offices; among the latter were Jofeph Derby, Jofeph Smith, and John Simfon, with whom the Government made short Work, inftantly trying, convicting, and fentencing them severally according to their Deferts; and then they were conveyed thro' the City on Horfeback, with their Faces to the Horfes Tails, and Papers pinned to their Breafts, denoting the Offences they had been guilty of; at which Time the Populace were not wanting in their Beneficence. This Treatment had fuch an Effect on these Miscreants, that

Complaints brought against Emplon, Dudley, &c.

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Path-way to Promotion, behaved himself fo politickly, that he was made one of the King's Privy Council, and increated in Favour daily; to whom he gave a House at • Bride-well near Fleet Street, where he kept his Houfe for his Family, and fo he daily attended upon the King, being in ípecial Favour.

His Sentences in the StarChamber were ever fo pithy and witty, that, upon all Occafions, they affigned him, for the fluent Eloquence of his Tongue, to be the Expofitor to the King in all their Proceedings. In whom the King ⚫ received fo great Content, that he called him ftill nearer to


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that divers of them fhortly after died in Newgate. A Warning, one would think, fufficient to deter Perfons from enriching themselves by ftirring up Suits on Inquifitions, and obfolete Recognizances.

But Mr. Salmon remarks" Thus we find the "Miniftry making a Sacrifice of their inferior Agents "and Under-ftrappers at the beginning of this Reign, "to remove the Odium of the late Extortions from "themselves; for it is not to be supposed, that those "unhappy Men durft have diftreffed the Nation in "the manner they did, if they had not been fupport"ed and encouraged in it by their Superiors: But "this has ever been the Policy of the great Men at "the Helm, when they have ventured upon any "deftructive Schemes, to give up their Inftruments, "in order to turn the Fury of the People from them"felves, expecting to be looked upon as Patriots, "perhaps for punishing those very Facts which they themselves advised." Emp



Of King Henry's Invading France in his own Perfon, with the Cardinal's Affiftance.


HUS the Almoner continuing in high Favour, till at last many Prefents, Gifts, and Rewards, came in fo plentifully, that, I dare fay, he wanted nothing, for he had all Things in Abundance, that might either please his Fancy, ⚫ or enrich his Coffers; for the Times fo favourably fmiled upon him, but to what End you 'fhall hereafter hear: Therefore ⚫ let all Men, to whom Fortune ⚫ extendeth her Favour and Grace, take heed they truft not her fubtil and fair Promifes, for under Colour there


of the carries an envious Gall; for, when the feeth her Servant in highest Authority, the turneth her Favour and pleasant Countenance into Frowns.

This Almoner climbing up Fortune's Wheel, that no Man was in Eftimation with the King, but only he, for his witty Qualities and Wisdom.

He had an efpecial Gift of ⚫ natural Eloquence, and a filed Tongue to pronounce the fame, that he was able therewith, to perfuade and allure all Men to his Purposes, in the time of his ⚫ continuance in Fortune's Favour.

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