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PROCEEDINGS

IN THE

COURT OF KING’S BENCH, IN IRELAND,

AGAINST

THE REV. WILLIAM JACKSON,

ON AN INDICTMENT

CHARGING HIM WITH HIGH TREASON.

34 AND 35 GEO. III. A.D. 1794, 1795.

KING’S BENCH,

MONDAY, June 2, 1794. Mr. M‘Nally, on the part of the Rev. William Jackson, a prisoner in his Majesty's goal of Newgate, moved the court, that Mr. Keane, the prisoner's agent, might have access to the prisoner, for the purpose of receiving instructions to prepare for his defence. Mr. Jackson was committed upon the 28th of April, 1794, by virtue of a warrant from Lord Clonmel, Chief-Justice of the King's Bench, upon a charge of High Treason ; Mr. Keane was refused access to Mr. Jackson, who was denied the use of pen, ink and paper, as Mr. Keane swears he is informed and believes.

Mr. ATTORNEY-GENERAL.—I have no objection that every reasonable access should be had to the prisoner; but care must be taken that no improper use be made of it. The constant practice here and in England is to admit of access at reasonable times; but persons are not to go in or come out without being searched, if necessary, so as that no opportunity be given of conveying instruments that might assist an escape, and also that no communications may be had with the King's enemies, that being the charge against the prisoner, that he communicated with the King's enemies for the purpose of levying war against this kingdom.

The counsel for the prisoner being satisfied with this declaration of Mr. Attorney-General, took nothing by the motion.

MONDAY, 30th June, 1794.

A bill of indictment having been preferred against the Rev. William Jackson, before the Term Grand Jury for the city of Dublin, and they having returned it a true bill, Mr. Jackson was this day brought to the bar of the King's Bench, and having prayed that counsel might be assigned him, he was desired by the Court to name his counsel ; he named John Philpot Curran, and George Ponsonby, Esquires., two of his Majesty's counsel, who were assigned by the Court to be counsel for the prisoner.

Clerk of the Crown.—William Jackson, hold up your right hand.

Mr. Jackson accordingly held up his right hand and was arraigned upon the following indictment. County of the city of “THE jurors for our Lord the King upon their

Dublin, to wit. oath present, that an open and public war on the third day of April, in the thirty-fourth year of the reign of our Lord George the Third, by the grace of God, of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, and soforth, and long before, and ever since, hitherto by land and by sea, was, and yet is carried on and prosecuted by the persons exercising the powers of government in France against our most serene, illustrious, and excellent Prince, our said Lord the now King; and that William Jackson, late of the parish of St. Andrew, in the city of Dublin, and county of the said city, clerk, a subject of our said Lord the King, of his kingdom of Ireland, well knowing the premises, but not having the fear of God in his heart, nor weighing the duty of his allegiance, and being moved and seduced by the instigation of the devil, as a false traitor against our said Lord the now King, his supreme, true, lawful and undoubted Lord, the cordial love and true and due obedience, which every true and dutiful subject of our said present Sovereign Lord the King towards him our said Lord the King should bear, wholly withdrawing, and contriving, and with all his strength intending the peace and common tranquillity of this kingdom of Ireland to disquiet, molest, and disturb, and the government of our said present Sovereign Lord the King of this kingdom of Ireland to change, subvert and alter, and our said Lord the King from the royal state, title, honour, power, imperial crown, and government of this his kingdom of Ireland to depose and deprive, and our said Lord the present King to death and final destruction to bring and put, he the said William Jackson, on the said third day of April

, in the said thirty-fourth year of the reign of our said Lord the King, and on divers other days and times, as well before as after that day, at the parish of St. Andrew aforesaid, in the city of Dublin aforesaid, and county of the said city, with force and arms falsely, wickedly and traitorously, did compass

, imagine and intend the said Lord the King, then and there his supreme, true and lawful Lord, of and from the royal state, crown, title, power and government of this his realm of Ireland, to depose and wholly deprive, and the same Lord the King to kill and bring and put to death : And that to fulfil, perfect and bring to effect his most evil and wicked treason, and treasonable imaginations and compassings aforesaid, he the said William Jackson as such false traitor as aforesaid, during the said war between our said Lord the King, and the said persons exercising the powers of government in France, to wit, on the third day of April in the thirty-fourth year aforesaid, at the parish of St. Andrew aforesaid, in the city and county of the city of Dublin aforesaid, with force and arms, falsely, maliciously and traitorously did come to and land in this kingdom of Ireland, that is to say, at Dublin aforesaid, for the purpose of procuring and obtaining information and accounts of, and concerning the situations and dispositions of the subjects of our said Lord the King of his kingdom of Ireland, and of sending and causing to be sent such information and accounts to the said persons exercising the powers of government in France, and being enemies of our said Lord the King as aforesaid, with intent to aid and assist the said enemies of our said Lord the King, against our said Lord the King in the war aforesaid: And that afterwards and during the said war between the said Lord the King and the said persons exercising the powers of government in France, to wit, on the twenty-first day of April in the said thirty-fourth year of the reign of our said Lord the King, and on divers other days, as well before as after that day, with force and arms, at the parish of St. Andrew aforesaid, in the city and county of the city of Dublin aforesaid, the said William Jackson, as such false traitor as aforesaid, in further prosecution of his treason and treasonable purposes aforesaid, did, with divers other false traitors, whose names are to the said jurors unknown, falsely, wickedly and traitorously meet, propose, consult, conspire, confederate and agree to raise, levy and make insurrection, rebellion and war within this kingdom of Ireland, against our said Lord the King, and to cause, procure, and incite the said persons exercising the powers of government in France, being enemies of our said Lord the King as aforesaid, to invade this kingdom of Ireland with ships and armed men, and to carry on the said war against the said Lord the King, within this kingdom of Ireland. And that during the said war between our said Lord the King and the said persons exercising the powers of government in France, to wit, on the said twenty-first day of April, in the thirty-fourth year aforesaid, at the parish of St. Andrew aforesaid, in the city and county of the city of Dublin aforesaid, the said William Jackson, as such false traitor as aforesaid, and in further prosecution of his treason and treasonable purposes aforesaid, with force and arms, falsely, wickedly and traitorously did incite, exhort and counsel, and as far as in him lay, endeavour to move and persuade one Theobald Wolfe Tone to travel and go into parts beyond the seas to represent to the said persons exercising the powers of government in France, and being enemies of our said Lord the King as aforesaid, that divers subjects of our said Lord the King of his kingdom of Ireland were dissatisfied with the government of our said Lord the King of his kingdom of Ireland, and to incite, move, and persuade the said persons exercising the powers of government in France, and being enemies of our said Lord the King to invade the kingdom of Ireland, and to raise and make war therein against our said Lord the King, and that during the said war between the said Lord the King and the said persons exercising the powers of government in France to wit, on the same day and year last aforesaid, and on divers other days as well before as after the said last mentioned day, at the parish of St. Andrew aforesaid, in the city and county of the city of Dublin aforesaid, the said William Jackson as such false traitor as aforesaid, in further prosecution of his treason and treasonable purposes, with force and arms, falsely, wickedly and traitorously did consult, combine, conspire, confederate and agree with divers other persons whose names are to the said jurors unknown, to procure and provide a person to travel and go into parts beyond the seas to represent to the said persons exercising the powers of government in France and being enemies of our said Lord the King as aforesaid, that divers subjects of our said Lord the King of his Kingdom of Ireland were dissatisfied with the government of our said Lord the King of his kingdom of Ireland, and to incite, move and persuade the said persons exercising the powers of government in France, and being enemies of our said Lord the King to invade this kingdom of Ireland, and to raise and make war therein against our said Lord the King: And that during the said war between our said Lord the King and the persons exercising the powers of government in France to wit on the same day and year last aforesaid, and on divers other days as well before the said last mentioned day as after, at the parish of St. Andrew aforesaid, in the city and county of the city of Dublin aforesaid, the said William Jackson as such false traitor as aforesaid, in further prosecution of his treason and treasonable purposes aforesaid, with force and arms, falsely, wickedly and traitorously did meet, consult, combine, conspire, confederate and agree with divers other persons whose names are to the said jurors unknown; that some person should be sent into France to notify and reveal to the said persons exercising the powers of government in France, then and yet enemies of our said Lord the King, the state, circumstances, and condition of this his kingdom of Ireland ; and the dispositions and inclinations of our said Lord the King's subjects therein, and to treat and negociate with, and to incite, stir up and encourage the said persons exercising the powers of government in France, then and yet enemies of our said Lord the King

as aforesaid to invade this kingdom of Ireland, and to change, alter and subvert the government of our said Lord the King of his said kingdom of Ireland. And that during the said war between our said Lord the King and the said persons exercising the powers of government in France to wit, on the said twenty-first day of April in the thirty-fourth year aforesaid, at the parish of St. Andrew aforesaid, in the city and county of the city of Dublin aforesaid ; he the said William Jackson as such false traitor as aforesaid in prosecution of his said treason and treasonable purposes aforesaid, with force and arms, falsely, wickedly, and traitorously did compose and write, and cause to be composed and written, a certain letter to be sent to one William Stone in London, in the kingdom of Great Britain; and in and by the said letter the said Wm. Jackson, falsely, wickedly, and traitorously did direct and instruct the said William Stone, to reveal and disclose to the said persons exercising the powers

of government in France, and to the people in France, then and yet enemies of our said present Lord the King, a scheme and intention of the said William Jackson and other false traitors to our said Lord the King, to send a person from this kingdom of Ireland to satisfy and convince the said persons exercising the powers of government in France so being enemies of our said Lord the King as aforesaid, of divers of his said Majesty's subjects in Ireland being

ready to aid and assist the said, enemies of our said Lord the King, and to treat and negociate with the said persons exercising the powers of government in France, then and yet enemies of our said Lord the King for an invasion of the said kingdom of Ireland, but that the private affairs of the person intended to be sent would not permit him to go, and therefore he the said William Jackson would send a statement of the situation and disposition of the inhabitants of the said kingdom of Ireland, drawn up by a certain person to the jurors unknown in order to be sent and delivered to the said persons exercising the powers of government in France then and yet enemies of our said Lord the King: And that during the said war between our said Lord the King and the said persons exercising the powers of government in France to wit, on the twenty-fourth day of April in the thirty-fourth year aforesaid, at the parish of St. Andrew aforesaid, in the city and county of the city of Dublin aforesaid, the said William Jackson as such false traitor as aforesaid, and in further prosecution of his treason and treasonable purposes aforesaid, with force and arms, falsely, maliciously, and traitorously did compose and write and cause to be composed and written, a certain other letter to be sent to the said William Stone in London, in the Kingdom of Great Britain, requesting the said William Stone to cause and procure to be notified and declared to a certain person then being in foreign parts beyond the seas, but whose name is to the said jurors unknown, that a statement of the situation and dispositions of divers of the subjects of our said Lord the King of his kingdom of Ireland, would be forthwith sent by him the said William Jackson to be communicated to the said persons exercising the powers of government in France, and being enemies of our said Lord the King as aforesaid, to convince them of the readiness of such last mentioned subjects of our said Lord the King, to aid and assist the said enemies of our said Lord the King in an invasion of this kingdom of Ireland: And that during the said war between our said Lord the King and the said persons exercising the powers of government in France, to wit, on the same day and year last aforesaid, at the parish of St. Andrew, aforesaid, in the city and county of the city of Dublin aforesaid, the said William Jackson as such false traitor as aforesaid, and in further prosecution of his treason and treasonable purposes aforesaid, with force and arms, falsely, wickedly and traitorously delivered and caused and procured to be delivered the said letters into the office of the post at Dublin, aforesaid, to be from the said office conveyed and delivered to the said William Stone: And that during the said war between our said Lord the King and the said persons exercising the powers of government in France, to wit, on the same day and year last aforesaid, at the parish of St. Andrew, aforesaid, in the city and county of the city of Dublin, aforesaid, the said William Jackson as such false traitor as aforesaid, and in further prosecution of his treason and treasonable purposes aforesaid, with force and arms, falsely, maliciously and traitorously did compose and write and cause and procure to be composed and written a certain other letter to be sent to Benjamin Beresford, in foreign parts beyond the seas, requesting the said Benjamin Beresford to inform à certain other person then also living in foreign parts beyond the seas, but whose

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