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man's soul and life; or there is no sal. discussion of the question of Church vation. It is a favourite and oft-re- organization and of the agencies which peated thought of his that the one are shaping the mind of the future. A design of God known to us- for the sake mind of enlightened thought and Chrisof which all creation exists—is to form tian culture must often be painfully a heaven, or heavenly kingdom, out of affected by much that prevails in the race of man, the human family; modern Church organization and action. which seems like an immediate deduc- Mr. Edger seems to have been affected tion from God being wisdom and love, in this manner, and hence to have lost or goodness and truth, and man being faith in Church organizations. On this the highest work of God in His image. subject he says : “ We believe that For the accomplishment of this design the true religion belongs equally to God descended into our humanity. In everything in life; that the true temple His own clear, terse language, the is formed of a man's actions ; that the Lord from eternity, who is Jehovah, indwelling spirit is the divinely unselcame into the world that He might sub- fish principle that is rooted in the soul, due the hells and glorify His Humanity; and governs the entire man, down to without Him no flesh could have been the minutest thing of his thought and saved, and all will be saved who believe life. There cannot be a moment's in Him.' Swedenborg, firmly main. doubt that this is as difficult to attain taining the free determination of man, as it is comprehensive and exalted in by no means admits that evil has its conception. It is far easier to apply origin with us. To him, as to Paul, religion to a small part of life than to the spiritual, invisible world is as real the whole of it, to build a temple of as the visible. He has said that there bricks or wood than of holy actions and is a correspondence between the two; pure thoughts, to get devout worship he now teaches that both are so in- into an ecclesiastical structure than into timately connected that nothing takes the counting-house, exchange, and store. place in either without an influence in But what then ? Our choice lies bethe other, Hence to those numerous tween them; to accept one is to reject expressions of Scripture—that we war the other. The question for us is, not against flesh and blood, but against whether in accepting the former we do spiritual wickedness, or wicked spirits not set aside that entire view of reliin the heavens ;' that the devil goeth gion that alone to us renders it valu. about as a roaring lion seeking whom he able! It is morally certain that in may devour,' which modern materialism choosing the easiest of two courses becriticises into nothing,—to them because it is the easiest we shall certainly gives intense solemnity; and the not retain the most difficult. Saviour's temptation and conflict with “But to many this seems to say that evil, which the same criticism fritters we disparage and discard all organizaaway into meaningless imagination, in tion. They may point to the things of the hands of Swedenborg rises up before this visible universe and ask with the mind in that mingled awe and truth, Are they not all organized ? Is grandeur which one might expect if it not that at once their beauty and their be a real fact that the supreme God is worth? Should the more highly combanishing a fatal enemy from His plicated beings reject the principle ? heavenly kingdom. In passing, it were Has not all society needed organic well for mankind if the scorn directed structure ? Does it not more so when against this thought could be turned a it becomes religious ? Shall we, then, little more towards lessening the in- believe that religion will go on in the numerable woes with which some devil future without religious organization ? afflicts humanity.

“ These are serious questions, to On the 21st of September the thir- which I wish to supply some answer. teenth anniversary services were held in Nothing seems to me more unwise than the Lorne Street Hall. In the evening it would be to deprecate organization. service, from the text “Behold, I make It is the highest expression of the all things new” (Rev. xxi. 5), Mr. Edger Divine intelligence. We seem to see discoursed on The New Church that more elaborate skill and mo profound will be."

wisdom as creation becomes more inAn appropriate introduction leads to a tensely and intricately organic. It

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would be folly not to see that the same to the office of Dean and Archdeacon of principle must apply to human things. Natal, under the episcopal authority of But two questions at least arise on Bishop Colenso, has led to no small which everything depends : Who shall commotion in Church of England organize? and on what principle, or to circles. It will be within the recollec. what end shall it proceed? Because tion of many of our readers that Mr. around us there is no organization at Colley at one period of his life was random, or without clear design and openly connected with the New Church, authority. My answer is explicit, and adopted as one of the students for God alone, or the Divine Providence, our ministry. Circumstances, to which can organize a true Church. And the it is not necessary to refer, led to his principle on which it must proceed, or adoption of the ministry of the Estabthe end contemplated, is not self-in- lished Church. We have never con. terest, but the good of mankind. The cealed, nor wished to conceal, that the organization I object to is that which readers and admirers of the Writings of men think they are competent and Swedenborg divide themselves into two have a right to bring about, and which classes—those who prefer the liberty, exists for the sake of those who con- the social advantages, and, as they stitute it.”

think, the opportunities of extended There are, in the estimation of Mr. usefulness afforded separate Church Edger, “three essential elements that organization, and those who prefer, from must constitute a true Church of Christ: reasons that are satisfactory to their Purity of doctrine; spirituality, un- own minds, to remain in connection worldliness, which necessarily means with the several Christian communities unselfishness of character; universality in which are their early associations. of authority or influence; all of these Among these are not a few who essentially involving absolute catholi- have occupied the pulpits of some city.” Purity of doctrine he finds in Swe- of these communities.

The proba. denborg, and thinks that spirituality of bility is, therefore, that Mr. Colley's character is represented in spiritualism, appointment would have passed over and universality of influence in Roman without remark had it not been in Catholicism. This must, we think, connection with the episcopate of Bishop appear to most persons as a curious Colenso, and the, apparently, not very combination of very diverse systems of prudent publication by the newly-ap; religious thought and practice. The pointed Dean of the sanction and good great lessons involved in the systems wishes of the Archbishop of Canterbury thus introduced, so far as they are and the Bishops of Exeter and Worcesapplicable to the wants of the present ter. The Archbishop has been assailed, or of the coming ages of the Church, not in the most courteous manner, for will doubtless remain as the inherit- his action in the matter, and he has ance of the Church of the future, promptly and properly declined to enter though probably not in the manner into explanations on the subject. From the wisest of the present generation the Guardian newspaper, the organ of anticipate. Doubtless the Church is the High Church party, we learn that the Lord's, and He will work out His Mr. Colley applied to the Archbishop benevolent purposes respecting it; but for a Lambeth degree, which was rein this, as in all the movements of His fused, with probably the expression of Providence, He will employ the agency goodwill and good wishes for the suc. of His children. Our duty in the cess of his work at Natal. Be this, organization of the Church is to follow however, as it may, the question has the leading of His Providence, to have now been urged on the attention of the patience with the infirmities of our fel. Church in England by a letter from the low-creatures, and to use as we have metropolitan of South Africa to the opportunity all orderly means for the secretary of the Society for the Propagood of mankind and the establishment gation of the Gospel, in which he de. of the Lord's kingdom in the world. scribed the alarm and anxiety of the

Church of South Africa, and stated that Rev. T. COLLEY.

he had also addressed the Archbishop of

Canterbury on the subject. The StandThe appointment of this gentleman ing Committee of the Society thereupon


gave notice of the following resolution : but in the colony, we may be models of “Whereas it has been alleged that a Christian deportinent and gentlemanly person in holy orders has recently gone feeling." out from England with the intention of acting ministerially under the authority

SWEDENBORG SOCIETY. of Dr. Colenso as Bishop within the colony of Natal, and has publicly made The secretary has received a letter a statement as to the sanction given to from Dr. Jackson of Oregon, dated such intention : the Society hereby December 18th, 1879, from which solemnly reaffirms the several resolu- the following is an extract : tions by which it ceased to recognise closed I send you another draft the episcopal authority of Dr. J. W. for £100. This makes the third. Colenso, and records its firm determina- As soon as I learn of its safe tion to uphold and maintain, so far as arrival I will mail you another for a like lies in its power, the sole episcopal amount. I purpose sending you, and authority of Bishop Macrorie withiu the keep on till I make, an amount say of colony of Natal, as committed to him These drafts I wish to be inby the Church in South Africa." vested for a specific use, viz. the in

To this motion notices of two amend- terest only to be used for translating, ments were given. One, by Rev. B. printing, and publishing the theological Compton, proposed a new preamble works of E. Swedenborg into the giving a detailed account of the former living and spoken foreign languages of proceedings of the Society in the case of other nations.” Dr. Jackson's health is Bishop Colenso; and the other, by in such a state as to give his friends Archdeacon Denison, directed attention great anxiety, and he was quite unable to the action of the Archbishop and to write the letter which accompanied Bishops, and amounted to a vote of cen- the drast. The secretary has also re. sure on these dignitaries of the Church. ceived the donation of nineteen guineas

A stormy meeting ended in the adop- left to the Society by the late Mr. tion of the resolution proposed by the Frederick Allen. The following is the committee. The Dean of Westminster inscription on the table presented to seems to have been the only speaker the Society by the late Mr. Watson : who expressed sympathy with Mr. “Swedenborg's table used by him while Colley and the Bishop of Natal. Not- living at Shearsmith's, 25 Great Bath withstanding the “shouts of ridicule Street, Clerkenwell, London. Was purand laughter” with which he was re- chased by John Barge, Esq., of Broughceived, the Dean, with his characteristic ton, Manchester, at a sale of some porgenerosity, said, “Nevertheless, with re- tion of Shearsmith's furniture. Purgard to Mr. Colley, whose name has chased of the daughter of John Barge, caused so much ridicule, I am proud to Esq., through the Rev. J. B. Kennerley, say that any support or any encourage. by Thomas Watson." The committee ment which I can render- (The rest are advertising the “ True Christian of the sentence was lost in loud cries of Religion” in the Times. Sufficient “Shame !” and “Order !").

time has not yet elapsed to ascertain Meanwhile the Dean has entered on whether the results will repay the outthe duties of his office, and at a meeting lay.

Advertisements have also been of the clergy over which he presided, is inserted in the “Congregational Yearreported to have said: “It will be my Book," the “Baptist Handbook,” the stady to mediate between any differences “Protestant Dissenters' Almanac,” the of opinion that may occur; for as there “Vegetarian Almanac,” and one are many men, so there must be many two other annuals. The editor of the minds. We ought to hold our differences last-named work offered to insert a page of opinion with charity and forbearance advertisement and take works as an equi. one to the other, expressing ourselves in valent instead of money, an offer which the amiable and courteous way which ever was gladly accepted by the committee. become Christian gentlemen and Church- Applications for the “True Christian Remen having at heart the best wishes of ligion” and the "Apocalypse Revealed” the Church of which we are proud to be are occasionally made by students members, and that reports of our meet- at the Nonconformist colleges, which ing getting abroad, not only in the city, the coinmittee deem it wise to grant.


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The thirty copies of the Intellectual specify what particular errors in doc. Repository granted to the Auxiliary trine or practice may coexist with such Society by the Conference for distribu- a faith, without neutralizing it, or dis. tion will have inserted in them this qualifying the subject to bear rightly year copies of the “Annotated Cata- the epithet Evangelical. I fear you logue."

will think this somewhat unsatisfactory; but I am conscious of a growing dis

satisfaction with, and disapproval of, EVANGELICALISM.

the nice distinctions drawn for one The Indian Evangelical Review, a another by Christian men, in proporquarterly periodical, published in Bom- tion as I am conscious of drawing nearer bay, and devoted to missionary subjects, to the borders of the other world, where with the view to elicit an expression of all such distinctions will be forgotten, opinion with regard to certain points, and all who truly believe in the Lord considered fundamental in Christian Jesus Christ will truly, as now, but belief, from some leading Indian mis- also visibly—as not always now—be one sionaries, European and native, repre- in Him. sentative of various sections of the Christian Church, prepared and circu.

SERVICES IN NEW CHURCH lated the following questions: “1.

SOCIETIES. What constitutes Evangelical doctrine ? 2. What views is it necessary that a BATH.—The Rev. Mr. Child, the able man should hold on the doctrines of the and esteenied pastor of the New Church Atonement and Future Punishment, on in this city, closed the year with two Ritualism and Catholicism, and on Čur. lectures, given on the two last Sabbath rent and Scientific Speculations, in order evenings, on “ Hell and the Doctrine of to be considered an Evangelical man ?” Future Punishments,” and “

Heaven, The questions were sent to thirty-seven Where is it? and what will it be like gentlemen. Of these fourteen returned for us?” The attendance was large, chairs

having to be placed in the aisles for the The Christian World gives a con- accommodation of the worshippers. Very densed summary of the several answers full reports of these lectures are pubto these questions, which are published lished in the Bath Argus. From the in the Review. From this summary it report of the second lecture we give appears evident that the missionaries the following extract. After have made less theological changes than appropriate introduction, Mr. Child their brethren in the ministry at home. took up the question, Where is heaven? Many state in a dogmatic and self-con- In the discussion of this question he refident manner the doctrine on the sub- marked : “Now where are we to find it? ject of the inquiries as they must have Those who have held a belief about learned it from catechisms in their heaven hitherto, have held the notion youth. There is, however, one excep- of its being up in the sky, and the man tion; and we think, with the writer in who will know before he believes, who the Christian World, that the senti. will understand before he assents, says, ments expressed in the following letter Just tell me what you mean by this in reply to these two questions will heaven in the sky? The atmosphere commend themselves to all our readers surrounding the different planets may for their wise thoughtfulness and beau- be slightly varied, a little more water in tiful charity, as well as for their modest one atmosphere than in another or some. reticence. The writer is the Rev. J. H. thing of that sort; if this is your conBudden of the London Missionary ception of heaven I must say I think Society, who went out to India as long you would not be wise to try to find it; ago as 1841, and who thus speaks with this conception is simply an exploded the weight of long experience. Mr. notion. I cannot conceive such a thing, Budden says: "In a general way I think or believe myself going in the air to any man is entitled to be called Evan- heaven when I die.' And so, because gelical (if he wishes to be so called) who the common Christian is wrong in his believes in salvation through Christ notion of the whereabouts of heaven, alone. I do not feel able or inclined to the man comes to the conclusiondefine the matter more clearly, or to irrelevantly I think-that there is no


heaven to believe in at all, and the less movements do not take place in the he dabbles in such matters the better. material atmosphere. Where then do Scepticism is thus produced by some of they take place? It is merely an the very beliefs which are held about assumption to tell us that mind is the this thing. Now we of the New Church result of organization. We have, as do not believe that heaven is up in the a matter of fact, two distinct worlds skies; you may go up there to any ex- within ourselves; for one we know we tent, and yet be no nearer heaven at all. have an external counterpart, for the Where is it then? Why, heaven is other I demand an external counterpart where the mind is—the kingdom of too, and the external counterpart for the heaven is within you.' Heaven is where other is this spiritual world in which the mind is, and hell is where the mind Christians believe and of which the Bible is. Heaven and hell, then, are both sub- speaks and teaches.” jective things; things in the mind primarily, and things in outward life DERBY.—The anniversary services in secondarily. Heaven is where we are connection with this Society were held ourselves now, and therefore we are in on Sunday, December 21st; they were two worlds, one within the other—the conducted by the minister, the Rev. one simply enclosed as it were within J. Ashby. The subject of the evening the other; the one the spiritual, that is, discourse was “ The Book of Life ; and the heavenly side of it; the other the how we write it.” It was listened material side of it. But you say, to with evident satisfaction, and an

Where is the evidence for that, we interesting though somewhat brief reknow the truth of the evidence as to the port appeared in one of the daily papers material world, but what of the spiritual published in the town. The sum of world which you say will be for me £6, 3s. 9d. was taken at the collections. a heaven? If you have any evidence of Service was held as usual on Christmasthis, how different life will be for me; Day morning in the church, which was nay, how different death will be for me: neatly decorated for the occasion. On what an assurance of rest and comfort the day following a public tea and enI should have in looking forward to that tertainment were held in the schooltime of nothingness and decay and room. The arrangements were made corruption !'o my friend, just think by the members of the Mutual Improvea moment; your mind is here, it is ment Society. The room presented a yourself, but your mind is not affected most welcome and cheerful aspect, by space, nor_by material conditions wreaths and festoons combined with around you.

Your mind may travel in pictures were very tastefully displayed consciousness through space, and yet all on the walls and windows. The prothe while you can sit perfectly still. gramme was of a miscellaneous characThe movements of the mind are spiritual ter, drawn up with the intention of movements, and subject to spiritual laws, exciting the interest of both old and the movements of matter are material, young; it consisted of addresses, songs, mechanical movements, and subject to recitations, part songs, a dramatic renatural laws. We have reached, then, presentation, and instrumental music. this point-that we have, so to speak, About 180 friends sat down to tea, and two different worlds within ourselves, at the entertainment the number inthe inner, spiritual, mental world ; and creased to 200. Affairs were managed the outer, mechanical, material world. in a way which reflected great credit Your material world—that of the body, upon the young friends, who doubtless has again an external world in which to were gratified with the success which disport itself, in which to walk about, attended their efforts. to live, to move, and have its being. On Wednesday evening, January 14th, Where is that? Why, the world about a special social tea meeting was held, to us. This is meant for the perambulations bid farewell to Mr. W. J. Clemson, who of our material world. We are fitted to for nearly four years had presided at the it, it is fitted to us, and is the proper organ belonging to this church, and world for the body to move about in. who is now proceeding to Cambridge in Will there be no corresponding world for order to complete his preparation for a the movements of feelings, of thought, literary career. About seventy of the emotion? You have seen that these members and friends of the Society


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