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essential nature, by the Apostle James. man would deny that science was of use Pure religion and undefiled is to visit the -by its means civilization was prowidows and fatherless in their afflictions, moted, the social, the political, and the and to keep ourselves unspotted from the natural life of the people were enlarged world. Religion has an intellectual as and enriched. And also by means of well as a moral aspect. It is the wisdom the sciences the faculty of reason, which of the spiritual man. Its text-book is distinguishes man from the lower crea. the Word of God. It is to the doctrines tion, was stimulated and perfected. It and principles of revelation what the was also true that religion had its uses, works of creation are to the theories and which no properly-constituted mind principles of science. The works and would deny. It taught the knowledge the Word of God are thus very closely and acknowledgment of God—what connected together in some of the most was good and true relating to eternal striking passages of Biblical poetry. The life. From this aspect of the subject 19th Psalm opens with the statement, he contended that if the Church of the “The heavens declare the glory of God; future be a real Church, one capable of and the firmament showeth His handy- supplying reasonable people with conwork.” But the description of the works fidence and heavenly love, it must of creation, with scarcely a transition, unite in itself religion and science, both slides into a recognition of the Word as of which would harinonize in the proequally a work of God. The progress of motion of the social, moral, and spiritreligious knowledge is similar, therefore, ual wellbeing of the human race, and to the progress of scientific intelligence. also in the heavenly ascription of praise A man may gain some general knowledge – "Alleluia, the Lord God Omnipotent of geology from books; but to become reigneth.” a geologist he must carefully study the The Rev. Dr. Bayley said : Our rocks. And so regard to the Word, annual gatherings give us, as New which is a work of God. We may gain Churchmen, the occasion for many usesome general knowledge from a daily ful and gratifying retrospects. The · reading of the letter; but if we are to New Jerusalem Church is one of the enter into its spirit, we must dig below wonderful growths of the past hundred the surface, and acquaint ourselves with years. The benevolent institution of the deeper mysteries of the spiritual Sunday schools is another. This is their sense of the Word. The truths of the centenary year. Liverpool is another. A Word of God, therefore, like the truths hundred years ago Liverpool was a very of the works of God, are to be sought small town, without a dock, without a out by those who take pleasure therein. harbour. Look at her now, with her In this deeper knowledge of the Word magnificent docks and noble public of God will be found the reconciliation buildings, her stately, streets, her hun. of true religion with all that is true in dreds of churches, chapels, and schools. science and beautiful in human experi- Religion in all its forms has been won.
derfully quickened and extended by the The Rev. J. Ashby of Derby said that spirit of charity in the same period, science and religion would be united Life has come into all Churches. And in the future, because both would rise the spirit of union, of deference for above mere appearances, and would be the divergencies of human thought in seen in the clear light of intelligence. varied forms of Christianity, has im. Religion had been involved in the mists proved by a growth equal to a thousand of superstition and unreasonable credul- years of past time in this century of ity, whilst science had suffered from which I speak. But the century may the darkness of negation and unbelief. also be called the age of science. A Already there were signs of union. hundred years ago, science, by the inThere were many who could look with. spirations and calculations of Newton, out alarm on the advancing army of was entering on a new phasescientific truths, who at the same time welcomed to their hearts the heaven
Nature and Nature's laws lay hid in night;
God said, Let Newton be, and all was light.” sent messengers of religion. Further, he could foretell the union of science Geology during the same period has and religion on the ground
of their es- had its commencement, its marvellous sential use to mankind. No reasonable extension, its wonderful details, dis
closing the immensity of the age of the Religion furnishes the conception of world and the antiquity of man. Chem- God, in whom alone all facts and all istry during this same century has exemplifications alike find their being passed from its crude condition, when and their value and completeness. This Priestley commenced his discoveries, to is the relation which exists between its present state of fulness, when it has science and religion, and what is penetrated the secrets of nature in every shall be, and shall be more abunddirection, and accomplished marvels of antly. This relation, however, is success, showing the wonders of Divine possible only in the New Church. wisdom in all the works of creation. Look at the teachings of science; Dr. Bayley proceeded to show that in recall the names of such men the progress of science some differences Darwin and Haeckel, of Pasteur, have arisen between the disclosures of Bastian, and Sachs, of our astronomers, science and some of the old ideas of physicists, and chemists; and observe religion, but in the New Church the that, in the Churches generally, those Lord has provided the means of recon. who best know modern science are ciling in an edifying and satisfactory most alarmed at dreaded danger to manner all these subjects, and he urged the Church. In the New Church, upon all who have any difficulties of however, with one accord we say, this kind to consider carefully what this learn all that scientific investigation Church has to offer to reconcile faith and can teach, and learn all that is revealed science in all the departments of religion. in the letter and the spirit of the
The Rev. Mr. Barlow said : The Word, and you will recognise their double subject of science and religion identity. The reason for this so shows itself to be essentially one subject different attitude is just this, that the treated in diverse ways. The object is religion of the New Churchman, his one-the attainment of that which the doctrine and his precept, are but the Lord promised to the Church when He Divine Word uttered in human words, said that He would lead it into all truth. while all science is but the Divine This all truth science seeks to discover Word presented-printed in such type in its embodiment in facts; while reli- as the physical and mental universe gion, taught of God, tries to embody the contains. This connection between truth in personal conduct, and to dis- science and religion is not accidental. cover how Divine wisdom, the wisdom The beginning of the New Church on of goodness, is realized in every portion earth is dated from the middle of the of the universe. True science is the eighteenth century. The beginning knowledge of the work of the Creator ; of every science in its present form, or true religion is the knowledge of the in the case of astronomy, its expansive Creator; and thus science and religion generalization, is to be dated from the will not only agree, but will prove them. middle of the eighteenth century. selves to be identical. This is so far Science and the religion of the New true that, in the New Church at least, Church are twins—one is their father, even now we recognise and declare the and the date of their birth is one ; and fact that there is no real opposition these twin children of heaven are tobetween true science and true religion. gether immortal, and are eternally The consequence will be rapidly and harmonious. universally seen in the cessation of even Rev. J. R. Boyle said : Truth is a . apparent opposition. We pass in rapid perfect unity. All truth is from God. review some of the aspects of modern There can be no antagonism in that science. Everywhere there are tokens which is derived from the infinite unity of causation. Religion affirms God; of God. Truth, however, as we know science finds order and harmony univer- it, is only the light of God as it enters sal. Religion asserts one God; science the minds of finite and imperfect men. detects everywhere fitness of plant or For this reason it is always to some animal for its surroundings; and reli- extent modified or accommodated by gion maintains the loving wisdom of the the imperfection of human perception.
Science, in short, is one with We should therefore seriously err if we philosophy and with religion. Science for a moment ventured to expect any gives us the facts of experience ; philo- kind of uniformity in the ideas enter. sophy detects and exemplifies these facts. tained of the nature of truth by various
The possibility of all intel. but keeps us well acquainted with all Iectual progress depends upon a con- New Church movements in that portion stantly nearer approximation to that of the world, and, if anything, grows which can never be completely attained. in his warm attachment to the Church We cannot, therefore, for a moment at home. He states that interest and accept any notion of the existence of growth are visible on all sides, and that one single perfect or infallible percep. Mr. E. Bucknall, who has so ably astion of the truth by any human mind sisted before, is arranging for a depôt in the whole universe of God. As of New Church works in the principal men grow up nearer to God and be- street in Melbourne. M. Bucknall has come more closely united with Him, also offered to defray the expense of a they will of course attain to more and visit to New Zealand when Mr. Thorn. more perfect conceptions of the truth. ton can spare the time to give a misWhen different individuals undertake sionary visit there. the investigation of various branches “In Sydney our brethren are seriously of truth, it is reasonable to suppose contemplating a decided move forward that at first the apparent want of con- to obtain a more commanding place of nection, and therefore of harmony, worship, and a pulpit more effectively should be in the earlier periods of such useful, than can be expected from gen. investigation most obvious; but as tlemen who can give services such only facts are accumulated and principles as they can spare from other occupations. are developed, by-and-by the relevancy They will remind us shortly, no doubt, of one science to another becomes more that we hold funds on their account, and more clear. For a considerable which must be handed over when retime great controversy has taken place quired in the Lord's cause in that as to the various systems upon which splendid and populous city. it is supposed the facts of science and “At Adelaide our patient, worthy the theories of theology might be har- friends continue, headed by the Rev. monized. These systems are to those Mr. Day, to carry out the uses of a New who candidly examine them almost Church Society, to have a high proporinvariably in some respects unsatisfac- tion of communicants at the Holy Suptory. The New Church stands, how- per, and to increase the property of the ever, in this matter in a very different Society, which now stands at the very position from that held by the gene- respectable amount of £1688. rality of Christian believers. It Brisbane, Queensland, though dur. watches the development of modern ing the past yearit has suffered from some science with as great interest as that spiritist delusions having infested a few, which is manifested by any body of yet appears still to sustain itself, and Christian men ; but as step by step one promise more vigorous life, and an fact after another reaches us, we dis- ability ere long to sustain that indiscover how perfectly they harmonize pensable condition of public usefulness, with the grand system of spiritual a pious, earnest, able, and persevering philosophy which the New Church minister. Mr. Slater, a stationer here, possesses.
has imported £70 worth of books last The meeting terminated with the year, and sent Hyde's and Bayley's doxology and the benediction.
tracts to five hundred ministers and
teachers. PROGRESS OF THE NEW CHURCH IN
“New Zealand seems ripening towards FOREIGN PARTS.
a public manifestation of New Church life and power;
The Rev. Mr. Edger, We give the following general state- a precursor, I believe, of the Rev. Mr. ment from the Report of the President O'Mant at Kimbolton in this country, of Conference, presented to the recent and who has for many years been a pubsession at Liverpool:
lisher of the great truths of the New “The correspondence with foreign Church in Auckland, has prepared the parts, especially with our own colonies way. Mr. Batty, formerly at Ashton, in various parts of the world, has been is very zealous there, and small circles more than usually full and encouraging. of New Churchmen are dotted here and
* From Melbourne I have heard very there in many places in the three islands. copiously, as the Rev. Mr. Thornton One has written me just lately that he not only labours zealously in Australia, wishes to send me a handsome draft to
send out a number of New Church works Church, and who requests to be made to all the chief libraries of that enter- known to the New Church Conference. prising portion of the world.
“The information thus obtained from “Mauritius, though having lost M. de abroad I think will be felt to be interChazal, who sustained so vigorously for esting and encouraging, as showing the many years the principles of the New many new_and distant channels by Church, both by his pen, his purse, and which the Lord is diffusing living wahis life, continues to sustain public wor- ters to fertilize and bless the world.” ship and to hold its ground with Mr.J.H. Ackroyd as a worthy follower of the good
CENTENARY OF SUNDAY SCHOOLS. leader who has gone to his eternál honie.
“Trinidad yet continues to sustain it- In our last we gave some account self, though Mr. Lacroix, who was the of these centenary celebrations. We most efficient supporter, has removed to have since received several reports of America.
meetings connected with them in which Copenhagen sends a report written New Church schools and ministers by Mr. Hellemann, who has written to us have been invited to take part. At several times before. Mr. Hellemann is Derby the celebration by the Nonconthe leader of a small company who keep formist bodies commenced with serup public worship and lend the New mons in their several churches. Brief Church works from their library, in reports of these sermons are given in German, and so far as translated into the Derby Evening Gazette of August Danish. There is another small Society 2nd, the sermon of Rev. J. Ashby being in Copenhagen. There appears to be as fully reported as the others. At some reason why they do not act to- Brightlingsea the children assembled gether, and in my judgment two small in the New Jerusalem Church and parties with so little charity that they walked in procession to the Wesleyan cannot unite and exhibit mutual esteem Church, where a selection of hymns are not likely to make the Church were sung by the children—the first attractive to others.
hymn on the programme, “Jesus, we “From South Africa the news during bow before Thee,” being a composition the past year has been extremely inter- of the Rev. J. Deans. Addresses were esting. It has long been known that delivered by ministers and influential at Capetown, Elizabethtown, Graaf- laymen, Mr. Deans giving an eloquent Reinett, and other places, there have and interesting address on the influence been New Church people, and persons of Sunday schools on the nation.. interested in spreading a knowledge of One of the most remarkable inthe truth; but in the month of Decem- cidents in these celebrations, so far as ber last year a letter was received from the New Church is concerned, occurred a clergyman intimating his hopes of at Longton, in Staffordshire. At this forwarding in that part of the world the town the New Church has a missionspiritual truths of religion, and the room in which is taught a small Sunday knowledge and power of the spiritual school, and in which is conducted a sense of the Divine Word, and contain- public worship, and teaching of the ing also accounts of groups of receivers doctrines. It is an evidence of the not at all, or very slightly,known before. growth of Christian charity that this
“At Durban there appears to be a con- small school was invited to share in gregation of nearly forty persons who the procession and general rejoicings. meet and worship regularly on Sunday, Of their position and general appearat the house of Mr. Cockerell, Leringa ance in the procession the Staffordshire Villa, Bereafoot.
Daily Sentinel of August 17th gives “Miss Atkinson of Westville, formerly the following account: “Lots were known to me at Argyle Square, has drawn for priority in the line of
prowritten me also a most interesting let- cession, and the first place was gained ter, teeming with information, and near by the smallest school in the townher is M. de Chazal, formerly of Mauri. that belonging to the New Jerusalem tius.
Church, which appeared in the Market“Finally, at Berea, St. Thomas Church, place, headed by a splendid silk banner, there is the Rev. John Reynolds, who is on which was emblazoned in gold the described as a humble and earnest seek. name of the Society, with an open er after the glorious truths of the New Bible beneath. Then followed about sixty scholars and teachers, with who took for his text i Kings ix. 3. smaller flags and banners, containing The anthem, “Awake, put on thy suitable mottoes, many of the children strength, o Zion,”. was sung by the carrying beautiful bouquets, which had choir, and the air, “ Angels ever à very pretty and enlivening effect.” bright and fair," was rendered with
much taste by Miss Blackledge. Mr. LONDON (Camberwell).- The quarter- Carter of Bury, the organist, presided ly business meeting of this Society was at the organ. Of the new church, held on July, 9th. One new member which is erected on the site of the old was admitted and the representatives to one, we gave a general description in Conference elected. A committee of our July number. The appearance, ladies was appointed to establish an particularly of the internal of the organization for visiting and in other church, and the convenience of its ways assisting members of the congrega- arrangements, were subjects of warınest tion who may need such help.
admiration. At the conclusion of the The annual summer excursion of the service in the afternoon a social teaSunday school took place on Thursday, party was held in the schoolroom, at July 29th. The scholars, teachers, and which about 250 persons were present. friends who formed the party, including After tea the chair was occupied by the Rev. W. C. Barlow, M.A., Mrs. Bar. Mr. William Pickstone of Maesmynan low,and fainily, numbered 131. The place Hall, Holywell, and there were also chosen for the treat was Epsom Downs, on the platform a large assembly of where all arrived safely. After running ministers and eminent laymen of the about for some little time and enjoying New Church in Lancashire, and also the fresh breeze of the Downs, the Rev. Chauncey Giles of Philadelphia, friends distributed themselves into small Rev. J. C. M Cappin, Congregational parties and families to enjoy an al fresco minister, and Rev. Mr. Squier, Unidinner. This over, various games were tarian minister. started and followed by a series of The chairman said he did not sports. At five o'clock a very good know why the committee should tea was provided for the children, which have selected him to preside on that all seemed heartily to enjoy. After the occasion, except it was that so far as he children's tea, the teachers, elder scholars, had been able he had done his best to and friends assembled in the large rooms encourage and help them in their work. which the station-master places at the His connection with that Society was disposal of excursionists, and also par- not a young one. He was baptized in took of tea. Shortly after this the whole the old church which used to be there, party returned to town, having spent with the stable beside it, in the year a thoroughly delightful day. On Sun- 1823. Since then great events had day, August 15th, the Rev. W. C. happened in the world, and one of Barlow having arranged to preach at those great events they had met there Salford, the Camberwell pulpit was to celebrate, the erection of that grand occupied by Mr. R. J. Tilson, the min. house to worship in. He did not think ister of the Liverpool Society, whose until he saw it that they had it in membership of the New Church began them to erect such a church, but it at Camberwell. On both occasions he seemed that he had misestimated their delivered able and eloquent discourses, powers. The work had been well done, and the building was well filled. the church was an admirable piece of
architecture, and looking upon it as a RADCLIFFE. The opening and whole he must compliment the archidedication services in connection with tect and the committee upon the inthe new church erected at this place telligence they had displayed in the were held on Wednesday afternoon, erection of it. The past history of the July 28th ; and notwithstanding the Society was before him as a matter of inclemency of the weather, there was memory. He had lived-he was going a numerous congregation, the church to say he and they had lived and loved being filled.
The Rev. Dr. Bayley of together-in connection with matters London, and the Rev. R. Storry, relating to the church at Standlane. Heywood, conducted the dedication They used to be visited in former times service, the sermon being preached by by what would now be regarded as the Rev. James Boys, resident minister, “old fogies” to minister unto them,