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perils of war. As the book is made up to a considerable extent of letters to friends at home written in the midst of the scenes which it describes, the style is easy and familiar; and as the writer is of a happy temperament, with a disposition to discover a bright side even in the darkest of things, it is agreeable reading; and yet it displays enough of the varying phases and passions of human nature, both in the writer and the people she meets and mingles with, to excite in the mind of the reader corresponding alternations of feeling, which, being natural, are always relished. The first part of the book gives an account of the journey from Table Bay at the Cape to Idulywa on the Transkei, and presents a very lively picture of the mode of travel and of the country through which and the people among whom she travelled. As the party approached the end of their journey, “We were now," says the author, “ descending into the valley of the great Kei river, that glorious boundary between Cape Colony and the Transkei ; and I felt a thrill of excitement, which amounted to awe, when I was informed that in a few hours more we should cross the frontier. . . . Tropical foliage adorned the mountain, and clothed the deep ravines with beauty, and in the distance I beheld the Blue Mountains, behind which lay our future home.” With this little peep at the scenery we turn to the people, specimens of whom the author describes. “I was gazing earnestly at everything, straining my eyes for my first glimpse of the Kafirs beyond the frontier, when at a turn of the road a trio of real Kafir belles suddenly appeared. As could not speak Kafir, I nodded, smiled, and kissed my hands to them, at which they laughed with delight like children, and apparently said something pleasing in reply. The three walked in a most affectionate manner, with their arms entwined about each other, so that they really reminded one of the group of the Graces. So far as beauty was concerned, few classical figures could have exceeded their grace. Their hands, feet, and ankles were all most delicately formed ; and their oval faces, beautifully-shaped heads, and glowing, glorious eyes, made one forget the thick noses and lips which prevented them from being perfectly handsome according to our standard."

Not very long after, being settled in her new temporary home, the author's troubles began. The sound of war created alarm, and its outbreak made flight necessary. While she remained some incidents occurred which were well worth recording, among them the visit to “our dear little cabin” of Gangelizwe, paramount chief of the Tembus, and son-in-law to Kreli, chief of the Gcalekas, against whom the English shortly afterwards declared

We could have wished to give some of those interesting particulars, and to follow the fortune of our heroine, for such we cannot help coming to regard the fair author, but space forbids, and we must leave the reader to the full realization of the events in the volume itself.

war.

The education of the will is really of far greater importance, as shaping the destiny of the individual, than that of the intellect. Theory and doctrine, and inculcation of laws and proportions, will never of themselves lead to the uniform habit of right action. It is by doing, that we learn to do; by overcoming, that we learn to overcome; by obeying reason and conscience, that we learn to obey; and every right act which we cause to spring out of pure principles, whether by authority, precept, or example, will have a greater weight in the formation of character than all the theory in the world.

DR. J. D. MORELL, Introduction to Mental Philosophy.

Miscellaneous.

GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE FREE accused. Four propositions were subCHURCH OF SCOTLAND.

mitted for the settlement of the case.

Of these one proposed to proceed with Unusual interest has this year at the probation of the libel.” All the tached to the annual Assembly of this others aimed at the inmediate and final large and influential Christian com- settlement of the case. The one in the munity. The report presented to it on end adopted was the following, which Religion and Morals drew a somewhat was proposed by Dr. Beith : "The darkly-shaded picture of the state of the General Assembly, considering that the people of Scotland in respect to their course of the case has confirmed the repractical adoption of the principles of port of the College Committee, that they the religious life. Several members who had not found any ground sufficient to addressed the Assembly spoke also in justify a process for heresy against Prodesponding tones, the convener of the fessor Robertson Smith, inasmuch as committee affirming that the results of seven of the eight counts in the original the elaborate organization of the Free libel have been found irrelevant, while Church were not so visible in the spirit- with regard to the remaining count the ual regeneration of the people as they explanations offered by Professor Smith should be. The Free Church at the at various stages, and in particular his time of its separation from the Estab- answer to the amended libel, afford satislished Church of Scotland adopted what factory evidence that in this aspect of is called the “Sustentation Fund.” This the case also there is no sufficient ground fund provides for the annual stipends of to support a process for heresy, do rethe ministers, and its effect has been to solve to withdraw the libel against him. make a steady rise in these stipends; so Further, the Assembly, finding that that the cases, still not uncommon in Professor Smith is blameworthy for the England, of ministers receiving salaries unguarded and incomplete statements often less than £100 a year, do not exist of his articles, which have occasioned in the Free Church of Scotland. The much anxiety in the Church and given report of the managers of this fund stated offence to many brethren zealous for the that the total contributions for the year honour of the Word of God, instruct were £171,719, which was a decrease of the Moderator to admonish Professor £4270 as compared with the previous Smith with due solemnity as to the year. The members and adherents in past, in the confident expectation that the Church were stated to number the defects referred to will be guarded 302,262. Dr. Wilson, who submitted against and avoided in time to come; the report, said a new effort should be and finally, the Assembly declares that made to increase the fund, the opinion in declining to decide on these critical being that the minimum salary of min- views by way of discipline, the Church isters should be £300.

expresses no opinion in favour of their By far the most important question truth or probability, but leaves the ul. before the Assembly was the case of Pro- timate decision to future inquiry in the fessor Robertson Smith. At the time spirit of patience, humility, and brothfixed for the consideration of this case erly charity, admonishing professors to the Court was crowded in every part. remember that they are not set for the Considerable excitement appears also to propagation of their own opinions, but have prevailed, and what must seem for the maintenance of the doctrine and strange to those in the habit of attend. truth committed to the Church.” ing the Conferences and General Assem- The scene of the passing of Dr. blies of the Churches in England, mem- Beith's resolution is thus described by bers of the Assembly were vociferously the correspondent of the Times : cheered or heartily hissed by the public, "The final result was announced in who were admitted to witness the pro- the midst of the wildest excitement; so ceedings, the students unmistakably great, indeed, was the confusion, that manifesting their sympathy with the the clerk's voice could not be heard

when reading out the numbers, and he in their teaching in consequence, the had to read them a second time. After Assembly should issue a commission to silence had been obtained the cheering inquire into the matter. Dr. Adam burst forth again and again, and there did moved a resolution which, while stating not seem to be a lady in the house who that there was no good cause for taking did not wave her handkerchief or a gen- such action, exhorted professors and tleman who did not wave his hat. Order ministers alike to lay to heart the lessons having been restored, Professor Smith which the important case just decided was recalled to the bar. The Assembly's was fitted to convey.' On this motion deliverance was then announced to him, Sir Henry Moncreiff proposed the followand the Moderator administered in ing: “The General Assembly having temperate and feeling language the considered the overtures, do not see 'admonition' which he was required to cause for taking action in accordance give. Professor Smith acknowledged with them, but desire to encourage a the rebuke, and admitted its justness spirit of confidence in the theological in as far as the incompleteness of his professors of the Church. The Assemstatements had led to anxiety about his bly at the same time find it to be of views. His few words were appropriate great importance to fix attention on and were spoken with feeling.

the fact that both in Great Britain and This conclusion did not terminate the on the Continent very injurious views business of the Assembly in relation to are now prevalent regarding the genuthis subject. For the three years that ineness, the authenticity, and the inthe case has been before the Church spiration of the Scriptures, and on the Courts, the question of the inspiration value of a clear manifestation to the and authority of the Bible, more par. Christian world, as well as to her own ticularly of the Pentateuch, has been members, of the opposite views which forced upon the attention of the minis- this Church maintains. The Assembly, ters and members of the Church. That therefore, desire the assistance of the the sentiments expressed in the libelled theological professors in that manifestarticles of Dr. Smith tend to lower the ation, and hereby invite each of them to general opinion respecting the inspira- forward to the College Committee, before tion of the Word is unquestionable; the 1st February 1881, a statement of and it is equally clear that the ablest the views which he is accustomed or teachers of the Church have no key to prepared to inculcate on his students, this mystery of inspiration. The pro. regarding the genuineness, the authenfessors are on the side of Professor ticity, and the inspiration of the ScripSmith, not perhaps so much from tures, so that our theological teaching their acceptance of his published opin- on these subjects may be thoroughly ions as from their desire to secure the known and understood. And the As. liberty of free inquiry and open utter- sembly instruct the College Committee ance of what they regard as true. This to report any such statements received attitude, however, of the professors by them to next Assembly, and to lay presents an important aspect to the their report on the table of the Com. thoughtful members of the Church, both mission in March.” lay and clerical. What are the senti- In proposing this resolution, Sir ments taught to the rising ministry in Henry said he was thinking of the way relation to the Word, and what will be in which they were now exposed to all the effect of these sentiments on the manner of injurious views which were doctrines of the Church? These ques- abroad over the Continent and in Great tions cannot be ignored, and it could, Britain; and was looking to the protherefore, be no matter of surprise that fessors to assist the Church in making the teaching in the theological colleges it plain to the world what their ground should form the subject of a discussion was as against these injurious views. which excited some interest.

His own opinion was, that in the proA number of overtures had been pre- gress of events just now they would find sented from the Highlands to the effect more and more the need for such assist“that as the majority of the professors ance. Dr. Begg, who would have gone had in one form or other declared farther than Sir Henry, was prepared their sympathy with Professor Smith, to acquiesce, and to acquiesce very and as there was a want of confidence cordially, in the proposal ; and in the

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course of a conciliatory speech gave ut. however, was not to be protested out of terance to the following eminently truth- its very reasonable positions, and in an ful statement : “They knew from great editorial in the issue for May 12th on experience that good preaching must be “The Spirit World” affirmed “as a founded upon the unhesitating admis- tentative and hypothetical view, not as a sion of the inspiration of the Word of dogmatic and positive one,” the following God. Ministers must not go up to doctrines: “The last day has already the pulpits and ask the people to listen dawned; the end of the world has come; to speculations of their own. They judgment has begun; Christ has entered must stand upon the authority of the into glory; God hath already made Him Divine Word, and anything which to be Lord and Christ; His fan is in impinged upon that was destructive of His hand; He sits on the throne of His the whole ministry of the Gospel.' glory judging the nations of the earth;

There are several features in the dis- the hour now is when the dead hear the cussions which have arisen on this case voice of the Son of God, and hearing, which are interesting and hopeful for live; they are hourly and momentarily the progress of truth. It is impossible coming forth, they that have done good not to note the admirable spirit in unto the resurrection of life, and they which the discussions have been con- that have done evil unto the resurrecducted, and the cheerful acquiescence tion of damnation.” “ Undoubtedly,' of all parties in the final decision of the the Christian Union continues, " there Assembly. Doubtless there has been are difficulties in this view; there are occasional excitement and warmth, but in any view; but they are far greater little indeed, considering the strong hold and more numerous in that view which which the subject must have on the represents a long and dreary sleep beminds of large numbers of the members. tween death and the judgment, then a The feeling in which the question has regathering of the scattered particles of been discussed is a good preparation for the worn-out body, a future resurrection the closer and deeper study of the in- of that which has done its work and spiration of the Word to which the mingled in the dust, and a great dramatic attention of the members and teachers judgment-scene for no explainable purof the Free Church must be directed. pose except to produce a moral effect. Recent inquiries have often been nega. We do not here undertake to explain all tive and destructive of all true idea of the proof texts cited in support of this Scriptural inspiration. The question artificial and dramatic theology, but we will next be, not what inspiration is not, may indicate the general principle which but what it is. And on this question is to be applied in interpreting them.” it is not too much to hope that the We are more than pleased to see this voice of the New Church will be heard, bold stand taken by this prominent and will direct not a few to a true paper against the irrational and unscripknowledge of the Word as an ever-living tural dogmas that cling to the modern revelation of spiritual truth, and a Church from the mediæval ages. -—(From manifestation of everlasting love. the Messenger.)

THE “CHRISTIAN UNION" ON "THE THE TRAINING OF THE CLERGY. SPIRIT WORLD.”.

One of the questions which has for In an article written on the subject of some time occupied the attention of the transfiguration, and published in a leading members of the Church of recent number of the Christian Union, England is the most judicious means the editors say, among other things, that of training young men for the minis“to the believer" there is “no waiting try. Years ago, little attention was for a future and far-off resurrection; the paid theological teaching or direct resurrection is accomplished when life is and personal religious culture.

Latended; death and resurrection are simul. terly an awakened interest has been taneous."

excited on the subject, and at a recent This called forth quite an avalanche meeting, held in the Library of Lamof letters, many of them protesting beth Palace, under the presidency of the against this, to the ancient faith, un- Archbishop of Canterbury, in aid of the orthodox doctrine. The Christian Union, movement for establishing theological halls at Oxford and Cambridge, to derived by association with his felloweducate resident members of the Univer- students, and friction of mind by consity whoare candidates for Holy Orders in versation and debate. He begged them, the principles of the Reformed Protest- however, specially to remember that ant Church, the Primate stated that sound morality must lie at the root of “ he had taken great interest in the all government, whether personal or movement from the first, as he had a national. It had become fashionable particular objection to anything like in certain quarters to act simply upon theological seminaries, in which priests expediency, and thus leave morality to or ministers were trained, under some take care of itself. He hoped the young one man of narrow mind, to some one men would first ask at all times, “Is it narrow platform, and were then sent right?" and then they might next ininto the world with little acquaintance quire, "Is it expedient?” but let the with human nature, and little know- rectitude of a line of action be first ledge of the wants of those to whom settled before the expediency. Morality they were called upon to minister. was as needful for a nation as it is for The foundation, however, of these theo- an individual. What the individuals logical halls at Oxford and Cambridge are the nation must be. Hence it is of would show that the Protestant Church first importance that young men, who of England was not afraid to act upon are to be the governors of this land in the principles of the Reformation, or to future years, should start with sound put itself abreast of the intelligence views and moral principles. which loved and courted inquiry, and that it desired to receive all the instruc

THE SECOND COMING. tion which enlightened professors of the great Universities could give. He The Rock is the organ of the evanthought that the policy of the Church gelical party in the Established Church. in not having a distinct system of In a recent article on the question, training for the ministry was a mistake, “Where is the promise of His combut, though some of the clergy might ing?” the writer finds some of the penot have had systematic training in culiar features which are to distinguish their art there was no marvellous supe- the moral characters of the religious riority shown by those who had had professors of the last days, markedly other advantages by other systems of prevalent at the present time. These theological training. Still, he urged the signs of the times for the apostle's necessity of general and theological train- description of the last days (2 Tim. iii. ing in those who were to be the ministers 1-5), which ends with having the of the people, and rejoiced greatly that form of godliness, but denying the power the theological halls had been founded thereof.” "The last item in this fearupon the principles of the Reformation, ful list,” says this writer, “is the key to which he believed the people of England the whole. It seems to fix the description showed no disposition to repudiate.' to professors of religion rather than to

The question here discussed is one others. We look rather, therefore, for which interests the members of the New an extension of outward Christianity Church. The limited means at our dis- than for any falling off in the number posal renders it impossible to adopt any of churches or forms of worship. Here, extensive schemes of ministerial train- too, the prediction corresponds closely ing. Meantime New Churchmen may with the actual state of things. For gain instruction from the labours of when, in spite of all the scoffings of inothers, and thus, like the householder in fidelity, was religious observance ever the Gospel, “bring out of her treasures more fashionable ? Cathedral and church things new and old.”

restorations, embellishments of chancels,

fonts, pulpits, lecterns richly sculptured TRUE AIM OF EDUCATION.

and adorned-even the Bethels and the Sir Arthur Hobhouse, in distributing Ebenezers of the Nonconformists testify the prizes to the Church Young Men's to a lavish, if not prodigal, expenditure Association of Eccleston Square, said, on the mere wood and brick and stone. among the many advantages he gained at The material temples, like the artistic school and college in his younger days, music and the crowded congregations he esteemed as most valuable the good of Sunday morning, exhibit 'the form

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