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Miscellaneous.

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MODERN ISRAEL.

advance farther and farther on the road

towards perfection ; yet are we to go on The same restless change which entreating God to restore the burntdisturbs the wonted quiet of Christian offerings and drink-offerings, and assurcommunities affects the Synagogue and ing Him how delighted we shall be to the assemblies of the modern Jews. sprinkle His altar with the blood of The sacrifices and ritual of the law slaughtered oxen, and to burn thereon have given way to a liturgy of praise the fat and inwards.” After an allusion and supplication; and now we learn to angels of various ranks and powers, from the Jewish World of March 12th which “ was borrowed from the nations that an influential committee has been with whom the nation came into close appointed and for some time engaged contact, namely, the Persians," and of in revising and improving the liturgy. the existence of whom the writer seems The changes proposed by this com- to have little faith, the writer proceeds : mittee are not sufficiently extensive to “We have in the Prayer Book invocasatisfy the editor, who writes respect- tions to the SUPREME to avenge us of ing them: “On reading their report, our enemies. We cannot be surprised and observing the alterations they re- at this. Such invocations are cries commend, our first impression is one natural to men hunted to death like of surprise with admixture of another beasts of prey; they are their bitter feeling somewhat akin to contempt. curses called down, with their last The mountain has groaned and heaved; breath, on the heads of their brutal the labour has been long and anxious; murderers. But we feel that the time and lo! the offspring is—a poor little has come to cease these invocations.

Yet these impressions pass For us in England, at least, have passed away when we remember that this away those dreadful ages wherein inmouse-tiny wee thing though it be- human deeds called forth inhuman will probably prove much too large wishes. We desire to see such passages for the very contracted tastes of the eliminated from the Prayer Book.” present generation.

These sentiments indicate a marked It will be readily conceived that the progress, but they do not rise above writer of these lines belongs to the the literal teaching of the law, “Thou advanced school of his community, and shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine our readers may be interested to learn enemy.” They are still of the natural his opinions on the many subjects pre- man, and do not realize the sublime sented to the Jewish mind. “With teaching of the Saviour,“ Love your every one of their recommendations enemies, bless them that curse you, do adopted,” he writes, “still while using good to them that hate you, and pray the amended ritual shall we be out for them which despitefully use you, raging some of our firmest convictions; and persecute you ; that ye may be e.g. belief in the resurrection of the the children of your Father who is in body is a creed of the past. Our clay, heaven : for He maketh His sun to after death, we are unalterably con- rise on the evil and on the good, and vinced, resolves itself into its con- sendeth rain on the just and on the stituent elements, and is never, as far unjust. Inhuman deeds, we fear,

are concerned, again recon- would still produce inhuman wishes, stituted. Yet we are to continue to and fail to imitate that Divine compray in these terms, 'Blessed art Thou, passion which in the midst of the O Lord, who restoreth souls into dead most cruel and wrongful suffering exbodies. Sacrifice as a means of wor- claimed, “Father, forgive them ; for shipping the SUPREME has passed they know not what they do." away, not temporarily, but for ever, if we only continue in our present degree PRIMARY CHARGE OF THE BISHOP OF of civilization, and sacrifice will be

LICHFIELD. come more and more a dead relic of the past, never to be revived, as we Dr. Maclagan, the recently appointed

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Bishop of Lichfield, has delivered his gain or loss, in everlasting light or first charge to the clergy of his diocese, darkness, whatever may be involved in and excited thereby a considerable words which only “half reveal and half amount of public attention. It is out- conceal' their possibilities of joy or sorspoken in the sentiments expressed, row to the children of men.

While we which are those popularly designated thus declare God's truth we need not be High Church, alike removed from anxious as to His character. That will Romanism on the one hand, and the justify itself in the day of the revelation Broad and Evangelical Churches on the of all things. 'Shall not the Judge of other. The Bishop was distinguished all the earth do right?'” before his appointment as an earnest The Bishop's remarks on those he reand successful metropolitan clergyman, gards as the enemies of the Church are and in his address he treats largely of not always either courteous or accurate. some of the leading features of church Of Romanism we have nothing to say. doctrine and discipline. With respect The Dissenters who desire the disestabto the Athanasian Creed he says that in lishment of the Church are not necesthe majority of parishes in the diocese sarily hostile to an Episcopalian comit is used at the times directed, in munity; while even disendowment, from others occasionally, and in sixty not at the Bishop's own showing, does not need all. He deprecates the neglect of read- to interrupt the Church's ministrations ing it, but admits that a large number or impair their efficiency. of both clergy and laity who now use this creed, would not have been in

CHAPELS IN PUBLIC CEMETERIES. clined to propose its introduction into the services of the Church. His view of One of the questions which has of the inspiration of the Scriptures is that late years led to much discussion, and long since put forward by Bishop Tom- disturbed the harmony of Church and line, and cited by Mr. Noble in his Dissent in England, has been the

Plenary Inspiration of the Scriptures.” subject of interments in the parish On the subject of the lot of the wicked churchyards. The churchyard is the he expresses himself with caution, but freehold of the incumbent, and Disin words which might be profitably senting ministers have not been perpondered by many who are diligently mitted to officiate in it

over the promulgating crude theories on the sub- remains of members of their congregaject. “Not even for eternal hope,” he tions. The public cemeteries says,

may we sacrifice eternal truth. supposed to offer a solution of this We may not, indeed, add to the Word difficulty, but here again the rivalry of God, but neither may we diminish and diverse religious opinion and feelaught from it. In the picture which ing of the parties into which the God has given to us of His dealings with country is pretty equally divided has His creatures we may not introduce the become excited. It is the custom to lurid glare of our own imaginings as provide in these cemeteries to the nature of the everlasting fire of chapels, one for the Church, which is which He speaks to us in His Word. consecrated with the portion of the But neither may we endeavour, for the ground set apart for Church intersake of brightening the prospect, to blot ments, and the other for the Dissenters. out the darker shadows of the picture or We well remember the unpleasant to turn them into light. We must not sensation produced as we first looked shun to declare all the counsel of God, on these two chapels in the Highgate even those sterner truths which He has Cemetery. The prayer of the Saviour, been pleased to reveal to us. And, far we reflected, for His disciples is that beyond the isolated expressions which they may be one, as He and the Father it is now attempted to explain away, I are one. We could not but regard it cannot see how any unprejudiced mind, as a sad comment on this prayer that studying the Word of God as it is writ. His ministers should be so divided, so ten, can fail to trace from first to last, mutually repulsive of each other, as to at times but dimly shadowed, and again be unable to occupy in peace the same more clearly expressed, but always im- chapel in the interment of those of plied, the principle that life is a time their respective flocks who have deof probation which will issue in eternal parted from the strife of this world

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to the peace of the world to come. this fund in Lancashire and the north Latterly this question has again be appointed James Fletcher, Esq. of come somewhat active. The Burslem Kersley Vale House, and the Rev. R. Town Council have determined to erect Storry, Manchester Road, Heywood, a only one chapel in their new cemetery, deputation to hold public or private and the Guardian of March 10th meetings, etc., and to promote collecreports that “on Wednesday a letter tions and subscriptions in aid of the was read at Burslem Town Council fund. These gentlemen have prepared from the Bishop of Lichfield, in which à circular which will shortly be issued his Lordship said that the chapel in- to the several Societies in Lancashire, tended to be built in the cemetery for and they hope in the course of the common use would only be available spring to give attention to the subject. for Nonconformists, as he could not There are no questions of greater imallow clergymen to officiate in it.” portance before the Church than those

This question has also been brought of providing for the education of the under the attention of the Archbishop rising ministry, and sustaining the of Canterbury, whose opinion is not ministers in their work. The Lord in likely to satisfy large numbers of the building up the Church and extending clergy. The Guardian says :

the blessings of salvation to the people, "The Archbishop of Canterbury has, acts through human instrumentality. through his private secretary, addressed He raises up men whom He endows with the following letter to the clerk of the the ability to preach the truth, and He burial board of Herne, in reply to a letter puts into the hearts of others to aid in which the board had requested his them in their work. Some are helpers Grace to state whether he would con- of the ministry by lay service in the sent to consecrate part of the burial- pulpit, and all can help by a generous ground, leaving the chapel to be built support of the ministers in their work. unconsecrated for use by all denomina. It is in relation to the work of the ministions : “The Archbishop of Canterbury try that the Lord says, “The labourer is is advised that the Burial Acts do not worthy of his hire," and the members require that the chapel to be built upon of the Church are themselves blessed in the land appropriated for a burial- their contributions when they contriground under the Acts should be con- bute from right motives. Their interest secrated. The chapel might be so in the work of the ministry is increased, placed as to be contiguous to the and their love for the growth of religion ground consecrated, without actually in their own souls and in the Church at standing on it. The Archbishop, as at large is quickened and extended. Of late present advised, is prepared to act on years, with the progress of the Church, this opinion. Whatever arrangement this desire to support the ministry has is made, the plans must, of course, be wonderfully increased in all Christian submitted to the Archbishop.' The communities. The miserable pittances vicar of Herne, the Rev. J. R. Buchanan, paid in an age of spiritual dearth to the does not acquiesce in this opinion. In labourers in the Lord's vineyard is graa letter to the Daily News he says "it dually giving place to more generous and is bis intention, and he is strongly urged adequate support. The New Church, by both churchwardens and a large chiefly from the smallness of its numbers, number of Church-people, to oppose the is a long way behind some of the more proposal of one building available for energetic of the orthodox communities. all funeral services whether of Church We have commenced, however, the of England or Nonconformists. good work, and with diligence and We all know,' he says, “the will of earnestness may reasonably hope to his Grace ; what we doubt, and intend carry it to a successful issue. to question, is his power. And, even “ We all can do more than we have done, if he have the power, we intend to protest against the exercise of it, as it It never was loving that emptied the heart, would be clearly contrary to the letter

Nor giving that emptied the purse.' and spirit of the Burial Acts.

In this work, however, what we do we

should do promptly and steadily. It AUGMENTATION FUND.

is not fitful effort but steady perseverThe committee of management of ance which is required. It is not by

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And not be a bit the worse;

occasional, but by steady weekly, growths. But the very light, air, moismonthly, or annual contributions that ture, and heat which caused them to we shall sustain this important work. grow and develop, was also the cause of We hope, and we doubt not, that in their destruction. Life is growth, and Lancashire the deputation will find everlasting life is everlasting growth. many willing helpers, and we hope that Growth is the condition on which God throughout the country the interest in grants life ; and when growth ceases, this work will not be permitted to life is either slowly or suddenly with slumber.

drawn. Death is the result of perfected physical life, and, in this view of our

being, even death becomes beautiful. MISSIONARY OPERATIONS.

Were our minds to attain maturity in MANCHESTER AND SALFORD MISSION- this world as our bodies do, or could ARY SOCIETY.— The lectures at Man- we reach a perfect human ideal in this chester and Salford, of which we gave a world as animals and seeds do, then imnotice in our last, were continued into mortal life would be an impossibility, the beginning of the month of March. and we should have nothing to live for; The attendance continued to the end hope would perish, and we should stag. not so large as desired, yet sufficiently nate and die in the common grave of numerous to encourage future effort. all ideal things. Man's imperfection is During the course a considerable num- then the necessity for immortality and ber of strangers were present, and some heaven. This forces us to look into who attended were heard to express a futurity; and because the wisdom of warm admiration of the truths taught, the mind and the goodness of the heart, and of the manner in which they were and the beauty of the life can never offered for public acceptance. As was, reach the Divine Ideal either in quantity however, to be expected, others were less or quality, man can never die. Thus favourably impressed, and thus in this, as the necessity and origin of heaven spring in many other presentments of the truth, out of man's wondrous capacity to eterthere was a division among the people. nally improve, and grow in wisdom and Doubtless in some minds the seed sown goodness. In reference to where heaven will find good ground, in which it can take is, Mr. Rodgers said that wherever they root and bring forth fruit abundantly. found a spirit of love and charity they The Rev. R. R. Rodgers delivered the might be sure heaven was not far off

. fifth lecture on “Heaven, the necessity Heaven we are told may be around the of its Existence; what and where is earth where the angels are born as chilit?” etc., on February 24th, in the Peter dren, grow to be men and women, and Street Church, Manchester, of which ultimately pass into the spiritual world. we give a brief summary. After show. Heaven in that sense is really and truly ing that the belief in immortality and a place; and wherever there are human heaven is as universal as the existence hearts receptive of the Lord's spiritual of the human race, Mr. Rodgers said and Divine life there is heaven. Heaven the primary object in creation is the is a state first, and a place afterwards. formation of a heaven from the human The state makes the place, and not, as

The immortality of man is fore- is generally believed, the place makes a shadowed in his organization, and espe- state of mind. In its moral and spiricially in his everlasting sense of imper. tual signification heaven is not an elevafection. Heaven exists principally and tion in space, but an ascent in the scale primarily because in this world man of life. Heaven is first an interior state, never reaches a state of either moral, and then afterwards an external condi natural, or spiritual perfection.

He tion. When our Lord was asked when showed how in the natural world all the kingdom of heaven should come animate and inanimate creation, except He answered, “The kingdom of God is man, attains perfection after its kind, within you;” and in like manner when but with man the case is widely different. John the Baptist appeared the burden If man were only an animal the neces- of his preaching was, Repent, for sity for a heaven would not exist, be- the kingdom of heaven is at hand.” cause animals come to maturity and Sometimes in the Bible heaven means perfection in this life, and then decay; the Lord Himself, as where it is said, and the same is true of all natural Father, I have sinned against heaven

race.

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and before Thee.” In a supreme sense interior state of mind. The heavenly heaven is that state where the soul lives paradise is the picture of the human a conscious life within the Divine Life, soul and the human mind, and the and from this interior state everything outward glories and possessions of orderly, peaceful, and beautiful proceeds. heaven are preserved and increase in Thus heaven is a highly conscious state; beauty and perfection as the life of the it is also a social state, a state of great angels increases in the service of love activity, and a place where there must to God and man. Heaven is a paradise exist a great variety of uses sufficient to because a pure and truth-loving mind call into operation all the faculties of is a garden. Flowers are delights of the human mind. All who go to heaven goodness; birds are the symbols of must be in sympathy with those already bright, cheerful, active, and useful there ; their affections must partake of thoughts; trees are like various perthe same spirit, and their thoughts ceptions; the leaves are knowledges, must express the same regard for good and the fruits are loving deeds; grass ness of life. After alluding to the is sensual truth; running water is the

ministering angels” ever present with emblem of thought in action ; hills all men, and showing how the spiritual and mountains are the lofty aims and world touches us on every side, ever affections of the heart, and whoever pressing us into sympathy with itself, cultivates beautiful thoughts and good Mr. Rodgers showed that death is not affections is forming for himself a wellthe destruction of anything human, but stocked garden which it will be his is only one step towards the perfection delight to enjoy in peace and rest at of our being. What was unreal only is the putting away of his natural body. taken away, while all genuine manhood The next idea of heaven is that it is remains. Not a faculty is lost; not a an immense society of various inchord of affection is broken; not a single dividuals united together for an infaculty passes from the soul; but in finity of uses, as are all the members passing through thegolden gates of death of the human body; and heaven may each holy affection is gathered up thus be regarded as one great man. in the soul's sanctuary. Nothing is The same order exists in heaven as destroyed by death. Not a single exists in the body of a healthy man; whisper has passed from moral con- each organ performs its own uses, and sciousness, but each beautiful thought enjoys its own special delights, and has left its impress on the mind, and thereby ministers to the wellbeing of the gentlest impulses of love have left the body corporate. There is a use their undying witnesses in the heart to and a place for every one willing to find new and higher delights beyond co-operate in labours of love-willing

The life of heaven is a life to serve God and do good to man. devoted to making others happy. The Last of all, the great idea of heaven, light of heaven is Divine Truth, and whether evolved from the heart of man the heat of heaven is Divine Love, and or revealed by the Word of God, is all who inhabit heaven are forms re- that it is our home. Heaven is a place ceptive of those principles, and those of home joys, home associations, home only are happy who not only receive relationships, and home life in perfecthem into their minds, but carry them tion. “In My Father's house are into act by cultivating the love of God many mansions: I go to prepare a place and service to the neighbour. The joy for you.' of heaven consists, not as some have Mr. Westall gave the last of the course imagined, in an unnatural state of of lectures at Peter Street on Angelic ecstasy, but in doing good from the Ministrations." He began by saying he love that is felt for it in the heart, and should not touch upon the ministries the delight with which it fills the soul. angels performed for one another in A true idea of heaven embraces four heaven, but should dwell only on those great characteristics. First, it includes they performed for men upon earth. all that is true, and beautiful, and And after showing that the belief that good; and progress and improvement angels do minister to men in this world is written upon everything there. is a very reasonable one to entertain, he Secondly, it embraces the idea of a referred to the testimony of the Divine paradise or garden emanating from an Word, especially to the ministries of

the grave.

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