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within the Church, Mr. Child went on able belief—a belief to which we are to define a reasonable belief as that, and shut up by the very constitution of nothing short of that, which could our intelligence. The lecturer here satisfy intellect and feeling alike-that elucidated the principle that life is to which the mind was necessarily bound to conceive of life as a cause, and impelled by its own conditions, and to that similarly mind is bound so to conwhich it must dare to trust itself

. This ceive of mind. The cat or dog by their belief was for man and not for anybody hearth never mistook the chairs or in Mars or Venus; therefore the real tables for its master. Similarly human question to decide was, What was man, minds are bound to conceive of the by the constitution of his understanding, Primal Cause as a mind, like while imperatively shut up to receive as the infinitely beyond themselves, and posultimate and fundamental verities ? sessing feeling and thought. A living Whether his conceptions thus attained thing has the intuitive perception that were true to fact was quite another only a living thing can be as great as issue, and one which might fairly be itself; thus mind could never conceive left in man's own hands after it is of matter as its cause ; it is imperative settled what he ought to believe. that it should think up to mind. There

1st. A belief in a First Cause is a fore man thinks up to God. An objecreasonable belief, and that without tion was here forestalled by the lecturer: affirming anything as to what that You say that man demands a cause; First Cause is. The lecturer here granted. Then who made the so-called argued that we were shut up to the fact First Cause which you call God? Who whether we could define the fact or not; made God?” Mr. Child pointed out, and pointed out that after science and in the first place, that it was the universe the materialistic hypothesis had had we started out by seeking a cause for; their last word the mind came up with and having found it, we are bound to its inevitable demand, and could not rest there by the very conditions of our rest till it reached a First. Then it was intelligence. Again, that this objection satisfied. The inevitable search for a really denied the human intuition of, cause had no stopping-place until a and demand for, a First Cause ; but still First Cause was granted.

he was willing to meet it. He had 2nd. A belief in a SUFFICIENT Cause shown them that they were bound to is a reasonable belief—a sufficient cause think up to mind, and he would now being that which not only precedes, but show them that having arrived at that contains in itself and is capable of pro- point they could not think beyond mind. ducing from itself the effects to be They themselves were minds, and they explained.

could not transcend the limits of their The effect to be explained is the own intelligence; they had necessarily universe. What produced it ? A no powers by which to think beyond cause which contained it in itself and mind, no faculties by which even to was capable of producing it from itself. conceive of a higher cause. Up to mind Matter, mind, force, life, –all must have they could think, beyond it they could come from that cause, else it was insuf- not think; for the simple reason that ficient, and Mr. Child illustrated the no intelligence could transcend itself. deposition of matter from that cause by And the belief in question being a the formation of a neutral salt. But belief for man, he was bound to conmind also is its product-mind as we ceive of an infinite mind or man as the know it, consisting of affection and Original Cause. This was called Anthought. Therefore the attribution of thropomorphism, but that was only sayaffection and thought to that cause ing that man thought of things as, by becomes a necessity, else it would pro- his nature, he was compelled to think duce what it did not contain. What of then. could produce or create matter but that 4th. It is a reasonable belief that that which contained matter? (though not Cause should have made some manifestanecessarily in the forms produced ;) and tion of Himself. On any supposition what create mind but that which con. this is the fact, for Nature is such a tained or was mind ? Therefore

manifestation of cause, whatever it be. 3rd. The belief in a First, Sufficient Mr. Child then traced the manifestaCause as a Personal Mind is a reason- tions up from material forms to the


Incarnation of the One God in satisfaction of His justice? If the Humanity.

Father be equal to the Son in mercy, 5th. The belief in a spiritual body is why not, like the Son, forgive without a reasonable belief; and this Mr. Child this satisfaction? Then this scheme of founded on the sceptic's own declara- atonement violates all correct conception that qualities constitute substance. tions of justice. It involves two impos

6th. It is a reasonable belief that God sible imputations—the imputation to can influence and

assist mankind the guiltless of all the sins of men, and through, and even in spite of some of, the imputation of infinite righteousness the laws of nature, and therefore that to sinful men. This is irrational and prayer, or the return of man's mind to contrary to the express teaching of God, is a genuine fact and power in Scripture, which declares that the man's life. The argument here, backed soul that sinneth it shall die. But if up by illustrations, was that mankind the wicked turn from his wickedness he can influence and assist each other, shall surely live.' Justice is the same sometimes even to the setting aside of as righteousness. It is the love and lower laws, and therefore that God does pursuit of what is right; the disposition it through man, as also directly by act- to remove the sin and to restore the ing upon the individual mind.

sinner to righteousness.

Justice and The lecturer concluded with the hope mercy, therefore, are allied virtues, and that he might have been able to fulfil are, in the Word, often placed together. his desire of giving some little help to Again, the orthodox scheme of the way earnest truth-seekers in need of it. of salvation represents our Father in

The subject of Mr. Presland's first heaven as the power from whom we lecture was, “The Lord Jesus Christ, need to be redeemed. The first chapter the Only God of Heaven and Earth ;” and of the Gospel by Luke shows that so far of his second, “The Way of Salvation.” from being the power from which we In the discussion of this latter subject are redeemed, He is the Being by whom Mr. Presland went into an extended we

redeemed. Zechariah when examination and refutation of the filled with the Holy Spirit “ prophesied popular doctrines of Redemption and and said, Blessed be the Lord God of Atonennent. Our inquiry respecting the Israel; for He hath visited and redeemed way of salvation would be most fre- His people. And those from whom we quently met with the reply to the should be saved are our enemies and Philippian jailer, “ Believe on the Lord the hand of all that hate us. Jesus Christ and thou shalt be saved !' Having thus passed in review the This answer we most cordially accept, popular doctrine, the lecturer proceeded but at the same time venture to suggest, to unfold the doctrine of the New Church What are we to believe respecting Jesus on the subject. The word atonement Christ? To this inquiry we should occurs but once in the Authorized Version probably be informed that we are to of the New Testament. The word in believe that Jesus Christ bore the the original Greek occurs more frepenalty of our sins and died to appease quently, but is translated reconciliation, the wrath and satisfy the justice of God which is its true meaning. To atone is the Father. Before we accept this to agree, to accord, to be at one. It statement we must examine whether it was not God, but man, that needed reconis based on Scripture and reason. The ciliation ; and, therefore, the Apostle suffering of punishment to appease the says that "

we have received the atone. wrath of God does not consist with the ment.”. This was sustained by an statement of Deut. vi. 4, Hear, o exposition of 2 Cor. v. 19, “To wit, Israel : The Lord our God is one Lord,” that God was in Christ, reconciling the etc. The Divine attributes are incap- world unto Himself.” God came to able of division. How then does the seek and to save that which was lost; doctrine of Atonement harmonize with but restoration to Him involved several the radical idea of one God? It pre- details. It involved redemption, which sents two quite distinct and different was deliverance from the powers of characters. “The Father is absolute in darkness. We are surrounded in the His severity and sternness, the Son full present life by the spiritual world. of pity and compassion. If the Son be Guardian angels continually attend us. equal to the Father, why not claim the Our choice of evil exposes us to the


attacks of evil spirits, who seek to make So encouraging were the results of us as wicked as themselves. When the the lectures and the services held in the Lord came into the world evil spirits Society's meeting-room on Sunday, had gained the ascendancy, and not February 1st, conducted by Mr. only enslaved the mind, but possessed Gunton, that he kindly consented to the body. No one could deliver from give two lectures on the 11th and 12th this stupendous slavery but Jehovah. February in the Vestry Hall, Attercliffe, Hence to accomplish our redemption He following up the quiet, zealous labours took the arm of our humanity, suffered of one of our friends. These lectures our foes to assail Him, was victorious were more numerously attended than over them, led captivity captive, and the former ones, and the questions put received gifts for men—the gifts of at the close of each were even more freedom and everlasting life. Incarna- strange. One gentleman (understood tion led to the revelation of light and to be a Methodist local preacher) dedoctrine, whereby we learn what the manded of the lecturer, " Who is the Lord is and how we are to serve Him. President of hell?”. And on receiving the Instead of trembling before a Deity to answer, “The Almighty God,” inquired, be dreaded, we see Him receiving little“ Who, then, is the Vice-President?" children, forgiving His enemies, showing Another wished to be enlightened as to all human duty. Our lives would be the manner in which angels moved less perplexed if we asked, How would about, as his own ideal inhabitant of our Lord act in the circumstances in the spiritual world appeared to be which we are placed ? He made it easier formed à la Rubens-all head and for us to love Him and keep His com- wings! mandments.

At the conclusion of the last meeting From this position the lecturer pro- one of the audience proposed a vote of ceeded to point out the connection and thanks to be given to the lecturer, and relation of the Lord in His Humanity to warmly invited him to come to Sheffield the work of individual regeneration, again in a fortnight and give his hearers and concluded by answers to objections another treat. which might be urged, and which had “Silent Missionaries" were sold during been urged, against the doctrine. The Mr. Gunton's visit to the number of lecture was listened to with marked one hundred and forty-nine, and a large attention throughout. Half the course nunber of tracts and old magazines at each church was concluded by these were given away. lectures of Mr. Presland; and although The friends at Sheffield feel very the attendance has not been so large as grateful for the pecuniary aid afforded was hoped, there has been many per. them by the New Church Missionary sons, both strangers and members of Society and for the services of its valuthe church, present on each occasion, able missionary, which have enabled and useful results will doubtless follow. them to bring important theological in the Scriptures there are promises to New Church was represented by Messrs. those who believe in Jesus of a future R. Jobson, D. Saul (of Woodford Green), resurrection, when Christ shall come to and J. Speirs, Mr. Horsman again conthe earth again, and His kingdom be ducting the discussion on the other established in Jerusalem. During the side. lecture one or two extracts from “Heaven A number of new points were brought and Hell” and the “ Brighton Lec- forward on both side nd put in a very tures” were read, and the lecturer did his able manner; and at the close the chairbest to show that their teaching was in man expressed the hope that all who direct opposition to the Scriptures. had listened would be benefited, and

matters before the thinking public and to NATIONAL MISSIONARY INSTITUTION. partake of a rich rare feast themselves. -Mission Work at Sheffield. – Mr. R. Gunton delivered three able lectures LONDON—Christadelphian Attack on in the lower room of the Albert Hall, New Church Doctrine.-On Sunday Sheffield, on the evenings of the 29th evening, January 11th, a lecture was and 30th January and 2nd February. delivered at Lambeth Baths, WestThe audiences, which numbered from minster, by Mr. H. Horsman; subject, 120 to 200, heard the lectures with “Swedenborgian Teaching concerning marked attention, and we believe with the State of Man after Death shown to much profit. Of course there were ob- be Unscriptural." jectors at the close of each lecture, The main arguments of the lecturer when, as usual, questions were invited; were, that as man was formed of dust but Mr. Gunton's answers and explana- (Gen. ii. 7) there is no Scripture wartions were so lucid, and so altogether ranty for the belief that man is. or has undreamt of in their philosophies, that a spirit; consequently he denied that we hope he has opened out a way for man is a spiritual being, and endeavoured them to the truth, which we rejoice to to prove that when death takes place possess in our heavenly doctrines.

man ceases to be. He maintained that

It was announced that discussion that they would search the Scriptures to upon the subject would be invited on see whether these things are so. the following Tuesday, so several New It was announced that a course of Churchmen attended, and the chairman lectures upon the subject would be of the meeting kindly invited them to delivered at the New Jerusalem Church, open the discussion.

Flodden Road, Camberwell, by the Rev. The invitation was at once accepted; W. C. Barlow, M.A., and that disand various New Church friends pre- cussions would be invited on the sented our doctrines in opposition to Tuesday evenings following the lectures. those upheld by the Christadelphians, The first lecture was delivered on Sunthe discussion being carried on in a very day, February 1st; subject, "Life after calm and yet earnest spirit, which it Death, the Resurrection, and the Spiri. was very pleasant to behold.

tual Body,” the text being Luke xx. At the close of the meeting there 37, 38. Having shown the great imwas so much interest manifested in the portance of the subject, the lecturer subject that it was decided to have a dwelt upon the universal idea of a future second meeting. Accordingly, on life, and referred to Zechariah's question, Monday, January 19th, the discussion “Your fathers, where are they? and Was renewed, Mr. Jobson, Mr. F. M. Bil- the prophets, do they yet live?" He lings, and Mr. Orme supporting our then" very ably showed the fallacy of side, and Mr. Horsman alone arguing the arguments of those who would for the Christadelphians. Many of the answer the question as the Christadelprevious arguments were repeated, New phians do, and showed from many illusChurch doctrines being supported by trations in the Scriptures that God such illustrations and texts as those is not the God of the dead, but of the which narrate the appearance of angels living,

6 for all live unto Him." to men--the answer of the Lord to the On the following Tuesday the schoolSadducees, “God is not the God of the room was crowded with those eager to dead, but of the living ;,” the parable carry on the discussion of the subject, of the Rich Man and Lazarus; the both sides being well represented. The appearance of Moses and Elias at the Rev. W.C. Barlow, M. A., presided, and Transfiguration; the reply of Jesus to opened the meeting in the usual manner. the dying malefactor, “This day shalt Several speakers then addressed the thou be with Me in Paradise;" the words company assembled, the argument beof the angel to John (Rev. xxii. 9); and ing taken up alternately by either side; many other texts, etc. Mr. Horsman but the truth long since enunciated by endeavoured to explain away the mean- Swedenborg became plainly manifest, ing of the words of Jesus by the argu- viz. that it is possible to find in the ment that God considers that which literal sense of the Word whatever will will be as though it is, therefore He suit any idea or doctrine, even though speaks of the future life as though it it be the very opposite of the truth, for already is; while in many passages (some upon most of the arguments given by of which he read) man is spoken of as New Churchmen the Christadelphians dying and returning to the dust, and adduced texts which, from their standhis resurrection is only to be accom- point, were a complete answer. But plished at the end of the world. As some of the arguments by which the there was still much desire to hear more words of Jesus were set aside or upon the matter, a third meeting was plained away by the Christadelphians arranged, which accordingly took place were of such a transparent kind that it on Wednesday, January 28th, when the is doubtful whether any but those


thoroughly confirmed in them could be vious annual and quarterly meetings. satisfied by them.

Fourteen ladies and gentlemen were The second lecture was given by the accepted as members of the Society. Rev. W. C. Barlow, M.A., on Sunday, The secretary then read the report of February 8th; subject, “Personal Judg: the retiring committee. This document, ment and the Intermediate State.'

.And as since printed and circulated, refers the second discussion took place on briefly to Mr. Austin's resignation, Tuesday the 10th, when the school. caused by threatened failure of health. room was again crowded, and very lively Having noted the presentation of a interest was manifested by all present.

testimonial to Mr. Austin on Good A large number of tracts have been Friday last (as described in our issue distributed at the various meetings, and for May 1879), the report proceeds to the “Silent Missionaries” have been sold. chronicle the fact that at a special The Rev. W. C. Barlow, M.A., will con. meeting of the Society called by the tinue the course of lectures on the committee on Tuesday, June 24th, the evenings of Sundays, February 15, 22, Rev. W. C. Barlow, M.A., then of and 29.

Edinburgh, was invited to become the It is hoped that much good will result minister of the Society; and his acceptfrom the publicity which our doctrines ance of the invitation became generally have gained through these meetings. known among the members on the fol.

lowing Sunday, June 29th. The Rev.

W. C. Barlow preached his first sermon SERVICES IN NEW CHURCH SOCIETIES.

as the settled minister of the Camber

well Society on Sunday, July 27th. HEYWOOD.— The annual general The number of communicants and the meeting of the members, seatholders, average attendance at the morning and friends of the Society was held in service has remained unaltered, but the schoolroom on Wednesday evening, the congregations in the evening have February 11th. The Rev. R. Storry, advanced from eighty-three (as notified minister of the Society, presided. The in the Minutes of Conference) to one meeting was opened by singing and hundred and thirteen. The number of prayer, when, after an appropriate members reported to Conference July address by the chairman, he called upon was one hundred and twenty-seven ; the secretary to read the auditor's there have since been added (including report of the income and expenditure of those elected at the annual meeting) the Society for the past year, from forty-four, and one member, Mr. R. J. which it appears the funds of the Tilson, now the minister of the LiverSociety are in a better condition than pool Society, has resigned, leaving the in some previous years, for in this present total one hundred and seventy. report is shown a respectable balance This figure, however, includes the memin the hands of the treasurer. The bers of the Brixton Association, who, by meeting then proceeded to the election their own desire, remain on the memberof officers and other business in connec- ship roll at Camberwell. Among the tion with the Society, and the choir minor matters treated of in the report gave selections of music, which greatly is the recent receipt by the Society increased the enjoyment of a pleasant an interesting oil painting bequeathed evening, which was brought to a close to it by the late Miss Ann

M. Brayley, by singing a hymn and the benediction. viz. a portrait of the late Rev. Samuel

Noble, a copy made by Mrs. E. Salter LONDON (Camberwell). — The annual from the original portrait painted by general meeting of this Society was held her father, B. R. Faulkner, Esq. The on Friday, January 16th. About thirty treasurer then read his statement of members and friends partook of tea, accounts, which were eminently satisand at seven o'clock the chair was factory. On accepting the office in taken by the Rev. W. C. Barlow, M.A., July he found a deficit in the Current the minister of the Society. A hymn Expenses Fund of £8, 178. 4d; yet after having been sung and prayer offered by paying all claims upon the Society he the chairman, the business of the evening had on December 31st a balance on hand was formally commenced by the reading amounting to £20, 7s. 9d. In addition and signing of the minutes of the pre- to this he had been enabled by the pro

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