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162; Aśvins, of the gods, 163; | Polymester, 327.

Dhanvantari, Indian god of
medicine, the divine, 166-169;
Rudra, physician of, 172; Greek,
make sacrifices to the gods,
234; coöperation of deity with,
237; first Greek, 238-239; the
"blameless physician," Askle-
pios, 240, 302; at the Askle-
pieia, the Asklepiadai, 241, 271-
275; Dionysos honored as a,
318; Herakles a divine, 330;
term applied to Elian nymphs,
340; Apollo regarded as a, 341;
Paian, physician of the gods,
and an epithet of, 341; swear
by Sigalos, 349; Zeus, the di-
vine, 354; Melampous, the first
Greek, 365; in Roman families,
paterfamilias as a, 405; as
priests in the temples, 411;
Greek, in Rome, 412-413; Mi-
nerva, a divinity of, 434; Escu-
lapius regarded as divine, 472;
as priests of Serapis, 492.
Picumnus, 436, 443.
Picus, 436-437.

Pilumnus, 436, 443.

Plato, 207, 218, 282.

Plouton, 'the Rich One,' 211, 459.
Ploutonia, the, 218, 221, 325, 343.
Pluto, or Plouton, 459, 463.
Podaleirios, 226, 242, 247, 248,
250, 285, 344.
Polemokrates, 249.

Pollution, rites for purification,

85, 99, 109-111, 185, 216, 232.

Polydama, 363.

Polydamas, 355.

Polydeukes, 163, 361-362.

Polyidos, 368.

Populona, 496.
Porrima, 494.

Poseidon, 132, 201, 204, 224, 264,
324, 343-344, 435.
Postvorta, 496.
Potina, 377, 499.
Præneste, 427.

Prajāpati, 170; see also Dakṣa.
Prema, 443, 496.

Priests and priesthood, reticence
of the Egyptian, 5; Egyptian,
22-23; priest-physicians, 51-52;
Babylonian and Assyrian, 94-
96, 104-107; of Ea, 120; Greek,
and incubation, 221, 280; of
the Asklepieia, 270-274; of
Mars, the 'Salii,' 433; the
'Hirpi Sorani,' 440, 477; of Isis
and Serapis, 481-482; the Gal-
loi, or Galli, of Magna Mater,
325, 386, 484; of Mithras, 490;
of the Druids, 507.

pr-mst, the 'birth-house,' 85.
Proitos, the daughters of, 311,
314, 332, 340, 366.
Prokris, 355.

Prometheia, the, 345.
Prometheus, 330, 344-345.

Prophecy, the gift of, 218, 232,
306, 318.

Prophylaxis, Egyptian views of,
40-41; Babylonian views of,
113.

Prorsa, 494.

Prosa, see Prorsa.

Proserpina, 210, 343, 459, 460.

Prostitution, sacred, 123, 133.

Protesilaos, 368.

Provinces, Latin, cult of Escula-

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Roman, 373-397; organization
of, 379-380; foreign invasion
of, 384-388; Oriental influences,
386-389, 392-397; Greek influ-
ences, 384, 388; decline of na-
tive, 387-390; religious toler-
ance, 390-391; reforms, 391-
392; downfall of the pagan,
397; Celtic, 504-506.
Remedies, Egyptian, 44-48; Ve-
dic, 156-157; magico-religious,
157-158; Iranian, creation of,
183-184; holy healing texts,
186; mystic, of Mithra, 193;
Roman, 405; Celtic, 509-510.
Renenutet, 53, 86.

Rex Nemorensis, 447.

Rhea, 322, 324, 345, 484;
Kybele, 361, 363-364.

Rhodes, 250, 260, 276, 299, 312,
327, 354.

Rigveda, the, 145; disease in, 150;
relation to the Atharvaveda,
151; cures in, 153.

Rites and rituals, Egyptian magic,
26; magico-religious, 42-44;
Babylonian and Assyrian, 98-
99; for exorcism, 107-112;
Phoenician, 135; Indian, 154-
156; Greek, 208, 215-217; for
healing, 227; of the cult of As-
klepios, 275-285; of the oracle
of Trophonios, 352; Roman, na-
ture of, 377, 380-381; Oriental,
in Rome, 395-396; of the cult
of Esculapius, 468; of the cult
of Isis and Serapis, 482, 492-
494; of the cult of Mithras,
489; of the Druids, 508.
River-god, Clitumnus, the, 420;
Tiberinus, 440-441.

Roman Empire, religious tenden-
cies during, 392-394; increased
authority of the Esculapius
cult under the Empire, 471-472;
the Mithras cult under the, 193.
Rome, 316, 362; the religion and
deities of, 373-397; the healing
gods of, 414-499; the guardian
divinity of, 416; Salus, the wel-
fare goddess of, 437.

Rudra, 171, 172-173, 178;
Śiva, 172.

Rumilia, see Rumina.

Rumina, 443, 499.

S

Sabazia, the, 346.

Sabazios, or Sabazius, 229, 323,

346, 411, 490-491.

Sacra Argeorum, the, 441.

Sacred Island, the, see Insula
Sacra.

Sacrifices, human, substitute vic-
tims for, 111-112; in Phoenicia,
135; rarity of, in Greece, 215-
216; in Druidism, 508; animal,
112, 135, 215, 277.

Safekht, the "Lady of letters, mis-

tress of the house of books," 83.

Sagittarius, 360.

Saïs, 34, 58, 71-72.

Sarapis (the Greek Serapis), 221,
229, 230, 237, 269, 335, 346-348.
Sarasvati, 170, 173.
Sarpânîtum, 125, 127.
Šasuru, 127.

Satabhiṣaj, the constellation, 178.
Saturnus, 438-439.
Sauras, the, 176.
Savitr, 173, 175.
Scabies, 463-464.

Schools, sacerdotal, 23, 95, 119;

medical, 34, 82, 106, 260, 299,
471; temple, 239.

Scorpion, Horus bitten by a, 61;

Rē bitten by a, 66.

Sebasteia and Asklepieia, the,

295-297.

Segeta, 520.

Sekhauit, see Safekht.

Sekhet-Earu, the land of, 15.
Sekhmet, 7, 62, 71, 75, 76-77, 83,

84.
Selene, 326.

Semele, 318, 332.

Semites, the Pagan, of the West
(see also Phoenicia), the healing
gods of, 131-142; influence of
Semitic cults on Roman reli-
gion, 388, 395.

Semo Sancus, temple of, 420, 428.
Sentia, 499.

Sentina, 377, 496.

Sakkâra, the pyramid of, 54, 62, Sentinus, 496.

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Septimus Severus, coin of, 138.
Sequana, 520-521.

Serapeum, the, 30, 54, 56, 63, 77,
78, 79, 221.

Serapis (see also Sarapis), Egyp-

tian deity, 50, 54, 56, 60, 67, 68,
75, 77-79; in Rome, 389, 478,
491-494, 515.

Serpents, incarnation of gods in, |
222-223; shrines located by,
255; emblem of Asklepios, 258-
259; used in healing, 230, 283-
285; impregnation by, 284-285,
412; sacred, 277, 411-412.

Sêth, 13, 21-22, 25, 33, 41, 59, 61,
62, 64, 65, 66, 67, 74, 81;
'Apop, 21.

Sex, determination before birth,

35.

sha' ilu, interpreters of visions,
102.

Shamanism, 113-114.
Shamash, bêl-biri, 'lord of visions,'
93, 99, 102, 108, 111, 122, 127,
132.

Shrines and temples, Egyptian,
22-23, 33-34; Babylonian, 94;
Phoenician, 134; Greek, 208;
medical schools in, 239-240; of
Asklepios, 254-283; see also,
Edfu, Philæ, Kaṣr-el-'Agûz,
Thebes, Panopolis, Koptos, Per-
ehbet, Saïs, Serapeum, Deir-el-
Baḥri.

Shu, 11, 47, 83.

Shurpû series, the texts of the,
105.

Sibylline Books, the, 383-385, 392,

394, 400, 403, 464, 467, 475.
Sidon, 136, 139.

Sigalos, 60, 349.

Sikyon, 138, 256, 258, 259, 260,
275, 284, 309, 342.

Silvanus, 191, 439.

Sin, the moon-god, 93, 108, 118,
126, 127, 128.
Sinivāli, 160 note.

Sinquatis, 521.

Sirona, 515, 518.

Sirius, see Tishtrya.
Sitală, 152.

Siva, 149, 165, 167, 170, 172.
Smith, the Edwin, papyrus, 35-36.
Sobk, the 'Devouress,' 15, 16.
Sokari, 54, 75.
Sokaris, 46.

Sokrates, 219, 277.
Sol Invictus, 488, 490.
Solar system, religious importance
to the Egyptians, 10; doctrine
of the, 20; Marduk, deity of
the, 123.

Soma, 168, 173, 174-175, 191, 196.
Sophokles, 206, 232, 268, 293, 361.
Soracte, Mount, 425, 440, 477.
Soranus, 425, 439-440; Pater,

440.

Sorcery, Hekate as a teacher of,
326.
Sotmu, 30, 75.

Soul, the, Egyptian ideas of, 18-
19; Greek ideas of, 206.
Sparta, 306, 314, 315, 329.
Spes, 415, 444.
Sphyros, 249, 355.

Spirits, Egyptian beliefs in, 20-
22; the fear of evil, 97, 154;
fravashis as guardian, 187; dai-
mons and demons, Greek, 212-
213; Roman personal, Genius
and Iuno, 379.

Spiritual world, the, Roman ideas
of, 375.

Sraosha, 190.

Stadium, the, at Epidauros, 266.
Statanus, 499.
Statina, 499.

Statulinus, 499.

Sterility, Egyptian tests for, 48-

49; test for, in the Corpus Hip-

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taurobolium, the, 485-486, 488.
Taurvi, 185.
Tauut, see Thoth.
Taygetos, 341.
Telamon, 355.

Telchines, the, 361, 363-364.
Telemachos, 363.

Telesphoros, 60, 248, 259, 265,

284, 292, 298, 310, 348-350, 474;
Ephebes of, 295.
Tellumo, 422.

Temple-sleep, see Incubation.
Temples, see Shrines and temples.
Teos, 62, 63, 82.
Teukros, 355.

Texts, Pyramid, 4-5, 12, 16, 19,
55, 57, 65; 'Coffin,' 17-18; Baby-
lonian medical, 105-111; holy
healing, of the Avesta, 186.
Thales, 239.

Thank-offerings, see Offerings, vo-
tive.

Theagenes, 231.

Theater, the, at Epidauros, 266.
Thebes, 23, 29, 36, 55, 60, 63, 69,

73, 77, 84, 123, 306.
Themides, the, 320, 350.

Themis, 264, 269, 320, 322, 350-
351, 418.

Themistiades, the, 350.
Theodosius, the edict of, 397.
Therapeutics, Greek cult encour-

agement of practical, 237, 282-
283; progress toward scientific
methods, 298-300; Cheiron,
forerunner of rational, usages,
360.

Thermopylai, 218, 234, 331.
Thespiai, 243.

Thessaly, cradle of Greek medi-

cine, 226; birth-place of Askle-

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