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vertisements for the unexperienced Planters of New England."
There can hardly be a doubt that, from its favorable position, the place was soon occupied as a fishing station. It is impossible, however, to ascertain how early a settlement was made. Mr. Bradbury is disposed to believe, that it might be dated as far back as 1623 or 1624. It is certain, that the first permanent settlement took place in 1629, and Governor Winthrop speaks of Cape Porpoise in 1630, as a well-known landmark. It was incorporated by the government of Massachusetts as a township in 1653. In 1690, and again in 1703, it was laid waste by the Indians and French, and it was not till 1714 that the inhabitants ventured to return to their deserted settlements. In 1719, it was reincorporated under the name of Arundel, and, in 1821, it received its present name of Kennebunk Port, being at that time the second town in the State in wealth, ranking next to Portland in valuation.
Such are the prominent landmarks and dates in the history of the place. Religion and education seem to have been for a long time at a very low ebb in Cape Porpoise and "Poor Arundel." The great object of the inhabitants appears to have been, to obtain those commodities at the lowest possible rate. Thus, in 1719, a committee was appointed "to agree with John Eveleth, minister, for to carry on the work of the ministry with us, for a quarter of a year next." The next year, they gave him "the sum of £50 for to dispense the word of God unto them for one whole year ; having previously "made his house comfortable for him to live in, and the people to meet in a Sabbath days." In 1729, being advanced in years, he asked a dismission, much to the regret of his parishioners, as he was not only their minister and schoolmaster, but a good blacksmith and farmer, and the best fisherman in the town. This versatile "working-man" graduated at Harvard College, in 1689.
The second minister of the town, Mr. Thomas Prentice, seems also to have been a practical and useful person; for he was the first to introduce potatoes into the town. As he declined, however, to pursue the multifarious callings of his predecessor, the town was compelled to incur the additional expense of an instructer; and it was accordingly "voted to have a schoolmaster for the year ensuing"; and "the selectmen employed Mr. Hicks for £2, 8s. 10d. for the year."
On the settlement of their third minister, Mr. John Hovey, he stipulated, "that the town keep up a contribution, and all money contributed and unmarked, to be his, over and above the salary; and what is marked, he will give credit for, towards the rates." In order to understand this, it is necessary to
mention a somewhat singular custom prevalent at that time in Maine. It was usual, when strangers attended church, to take up a contribution. The usage, instead of being considered an imposition, was deemed a compliment by said strangers, and the omission of it was sure to give offence. The money collected on such occasions, even if chiefly contributed by members of the parish, was considered as "strangers' contribution," and was generally given to the minister. But Mr. Hovey was only to have what was really given by strangers, allowing his parishioners to mark the pieces put in by themselves.
Mr. Hovey kept a diary from the time of his settlement, to his death, a period of thirty-three years, in which he noted. every event that occurred in the town, the state of the weather, business, politics, news, births, deaths, marriages, affairs of the town, and matters relating to the church. It must have been a curious document, and would have furnished a complete history of the town during that period. But, unfortunately, the greater part of it is lost. In 1763 Mr. Hovey's church was set on fire, and entirely consumed. For some time it was considered an accident. There had been a lecture the afternoon previous, and Deacon Robinson was supposed to have set it on fire with his pipe.
Such are the simple annals of Cape Porpoise, "Poor Arundel," and Kennebunk Port. The village chronicler has done his work so faithfully, that we hope he will reconsider the resolution which he has avowed in his Preface, never to appear in the character of an author again. There are other portions of the early history of Maine, which need to be elucidated by the same sort of minute inquiry, and we trust, that ere long we shall meet him in the same field again.
9. An Address delivered before the Adelphi Union Society of Williams College, on Commencement Day, August 16th, 1837. By EDWARD EVERETT. Amherst. 8vo.
THIS is another of those beautiful discourses by Mr. Everett, which would be enough to make quite a reputation for any other man, though it adds but little to the ample harvest already gathered by him. The inexhaustible fertility, which enables him to pour out, year after year, these admirable specimens of deliberative eloquence, the last, apparently, as fresh and vigorous as the first, gives one a new illustration of the wonders which may be accomplished by a human mind, in which great native power has been developed by a life of min
gled study and action. The subject of this address is the trite one of Education, and the speaker does not attempt the exposition of any new theories or plans of his own, but confines himself to the expansion and illustration of truths already received; but this is done with so much eloquence, so much taste, such wealth of allusion, and such grace of language, that every thing seems to wear the bloom of originality, and every paragraph appears the revelation of newly discovered truth.
After some very appropriate introductory remarks, Mr. Everett presents a brilliant and vivid summary of the results to which education has guided the well-trained mind, especially in the science of geology, and speaks of the great importance of education in its relation to the culture of the common mind. He then observes, that there are two distinct offices to be performed by education; one regarding the discipline and training of individual minds to the highest point of intellectual excellence, and the other, the diffusion of useful knowledge among the community at large.
In the discussion of the first part of his subject, Mr. Everett contends, with great strength of argument and beauty of expression, that, under more perfect systems of education, higher degrees of intellectual power and excellence may be attained, than have ever been witnessed among men; and, however one may be disposed to doubt the truth of the position, no one can help admiring the ability with which it is maintained. His remarks upon the favorable influence, which the progress of scientific truth is likely to exert upon poetry, seem to us as true as they are beautiful. We had marked them for extracting, but our exhausted space forbids.
Mr. Everett's observations upon the second part of his subject will be read with unalloyed pleasure. He presses home upon his audience, with unaffected eloquence, the duty incumbent on them, of thoroughly educating their children, whatever be the sacrifice and the cost; and, in the observations which he makes upon the duty of our State governments doing more for this great cause than they have heretofore done, he but expresses the views of all intelligent men who have reflected upon the subject. We wish, that this part of the address could be read by every legislator and every father in our country.
A passage occurring in the review of American Histories, in our last Number, bestows commendation on a work by the author of that article. He wishes to have it stated, that he had no agency in the insertion of that
Several articles prepared for the department of Critical Notices of this Number are unavoidably deferred.
QUARTERLY LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
AGRICULTURE AND GARDENING.
The American Flower Garden Companion. Adapted to the Northern States. By Edward Sayers, Landscape and Ornamental Gardener. Boston: Joseph Breck & Co. 12mo. pp. 179.
The Book of Fruits; being a descriptive Catalogue of the most valuable Varieties of the Pear, Apple, Peach, Plum, and Cherry, for New England Culture. With Plates. By Robert Manning. First Series, for 1838. Salem: Ives & Jewett. 12mo. pp. 120.
Register of the Commissioned and Warrant Officers of the Navy of the United States, including Officers of the Marine Corps, for the Year 1838. Washington: Langtree & O'Sullivan. 8vo. pp. 79.
Rural Residences, &c., consisting of Designs, original and selected, for Cottages, Farm-Houses, &c., with Explanations and Estimates. By Alexander Jackson Davis, Esq., and other Architects. New York : A. J. Davis.
BIOGRAPHY AND MEMOIRS.
Memoirs of the Life and Writings of the Rev. Jonathan Mayhew, D. D., Pastor of the West Church and Society, in Boston, from June, 1747, to July, 1766. By Alden Bradford. Boston: C. C. Little & James Brown. 8vo. pp. 484.
Life of Timothy Dexter; embracing Sketches of the Eccentric Characters that composed his Associates. By Samuel L. Knapp. Boston: G. N. Thompson. 18mo. pp. 108.
Lives of Baron Steuben, Sebastian Cabot, and William Eaton. Being Vol. IX. of Sparks's American Biography. Boston: Hilliard, Gray, & Co. 16mo. pp. 358.
Memoirs of Mrs. Sarah Louisa Taylor; or, An Illustration of the Work of the Holy Spirit in awakening, renewing, and sanctifying the Heart. By L. Jones, A. M. New York: J. S. Taylor. 12mo.
The Unpublished Letters and Correspondence of Mrs. Isabella Graham, from the year 1767 to 1814, exemplifying her Religious Character in the different Relations of Life. Selected and arranged by her Daughter, Mrs. Bethune. New York: John S. Taylor. 12mo. pp. 314.
Memoir of Hannah Hobbie; or, Christian Activity and Triumph in Suffering. By the Rev. Robert Armstrong, Pastor of the First Presbyterian Church, Fishkill. New York: John S. Taylor.
Memoir of the Rev. E. P. Lovejoy, who was murdered in Defence of the Liberty of the Press, at Alton, Nov. 7th, 1837. By Joseph C. and
Owen Lovejoy; with an Introduction, by John Quincy Adams. New York: John S. Taylor. 12mo.
The Life of Joseph Brant, (Thayendanegea,) the Great Captain of the Six Nations. By William L. Stone. New York: George Dearborn & Co. 8vo. 2 vols.
Designed for the Use of Acade-
Mental and Practical Arithmetic. mies and Schools. With a Key. I. & I. N. Bogert. 18mo. pp. 288. The Girl's Reading Book, in Prose and Poetry. For Schools. By Mrs. L. H. Sigourney. New York : J. Orville Taylor. 18mo. pp. 242. A New French Manual; comprising a Guide to French Pronunciation. By Gabriel Luzenne. From the 4th Edinburgh Edition, revised and enlarged, by A. Pestiaux, Professor of the French Language. New York: Wiley & Putnam. 18mo.
M. T. Ciceronis ad Quintum Fratrem Dialogi tres de Oratore. Ex Editionibus Oliveti et Ernesti. Accedunt Notæ Anglica. Curâ C. K. Dillaway, A. M. Boston: Perkins & Marvin. 2 vols. 18mo.
A System of Universal Geography, Popular and Scientific; comprising a Physical, Political, and Statistical Account of the World and its various Divisions; embracing numerous Sketches from recent Travels; and illustrated by Engravings of Manners, Costumes, Curiosities, &c., &c. By S. G. Goodrich. Second Edition. Boston. Weeks, Jordan, & Co. 8vo. pp. 975.
Cheever's Latin Accidence. An Elementary Grammar for Beginners in the Study of the Latin Language; compiled by Ezekiel Cheever, who was Seventy Years a Teacher of Latin; and used in the Schools in this Country for more than a Hundred and Fifty Years previous to the Close of the Last Century. Carefully revised, corrected, and stereotyped, from the Eighteenth Edition. Boston. For Sale by the Booksellers. 18mo. pp. 72.
Analytical Geography; a System of Teaching by Single Topics. By J. U. Parsons, Author of "The Analytical Spelling-Book," &c. Framingham Boynton & Marshall. 16mo. pp. 86.
Questions adapted to Emerson's North American Arithmetic, Part Third. By Wm. D. Swan. Boston: James Loring. 16mo. pp. 33. Lectures on Language, as particularly connected with English Grammar. Designed for the Use of Teachers and advanced Learners. By William J. Balch. Providence: B. Cranston & Co. 12mo. pp. 252.
Town's Spelling-Book. New York. Robinson, Pratt, & Co. Cæsar's Commentaries on the Gallic War, and the First Book of the Greek Paraphrase. With English Notes, Indexes, &c. By Charles Anthon, LL. D. New York: Harper & Brothers. 12mo.
A Philosophical Grammar of the English Language. By Jos. W. Wright. New York: 12mo.
The Philosophy of the Moral Feelings. By John Abercrombie, M. D., F. R. S. E. An Introductory Chapter, with Additions and Explanations, to adapt the Work to the Use of Schools and Academies ; and also Analytical Questions for the Examination of Classes. By Jacob Abbott. Boston: Otis, Broaders, & Co. 12mo. pp. 250.