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the father; "an angel speaks out of tary sent for, and although I thought it your mouth," echoed James: but re- might appear dishonourable, as if misquesting their attention a little longer, I trusting her word, we were obliged to thus continued. “ Although I do not comply, especially as she added that havcertainly know, yet I have reason to sus- ing no other near friends than those prepect that Agnes's mother is not in such sent, the wedding might as well be conaffluent circumstances as my client, and cluded that same evening. Every thing that probably the young woman besides she wished was done in a very short time, her economy and knowledge of house- which raised James's rapture to the highkeeping possesses little or nothing, but.... est pitch. He caught Agnes in his arms, The aunt here burst out, “How, little crying, “ Now, however, you are mine." or nothing ? no, no, that shall not go She fell into his, so agitated as hardly to thus : I do not understand it so, and know what she did, and she appeared to shall never permit it if it was ever so : be just on the point of fainting, had not not at all."
her lover restored her spirits with a Not a little astonished at such an un- thousand loving kisses. It may be easily expected interruption, and thinking no imagined, that the rest of the evening otherwise than that she wanted to put a passed with redoubled pleasure. clog to the wheel ; “How,” said I, “what
Twiss Miscellanies. do you mean by this? I always thought the match was
to your liking, from THE CRIES OF LONDON. whence then arises this sudden and un
(For the Parterre.) accountable change?”.
“ Who says I have altered my mind ?” There are some cries in London, which says aunt, “but I again repeat that I strike the ear of the dullest, whether will not suffer the girl to bring nothing countryman or cockney. I mean those for her portion : if her mother cannot which intimate even to the busy and give her any thing, I shall. I know bustling the revolution of the seasons. James is to have a thousand rix-dollars, The cry of the knife-grinder, the tinker, and she shall have the like, and this will or the mender of old chairs, is not peribe no hinderance to you, niece Kitty, odical ; neither is that of “old clothes;" for if you meet with a worthy young it resounds from one end of the metroman, although he has not a doit in the polis, to the other, every morning world, you shall have the same." Upon throughout the year. But there are this, the whole company recovered their many cries which come with the season, spirits, especially James, who, on hearing like the cuckoo and the swallow. That his aunt's first words grew as pale as a of primroses is as pleasant as any; it tells criminal who had just heard his sentence of the approach of spring; and the unof death pronounced.
fortunates who are doomed to be penned A general silence still continuing, she up in town, dream o'nights of the counresumed, “Well, what do ye stare at me try, and fancy they are watching the for? I hope you do not think I am be- trees put on their green liveries, while the come so suddenly generous because I primroses look meekly up to the patterhave drank a glass too much : what I say, ing of the light showers among the almost I mean, send for a notary to write it leaf-less branches above them. We would down: what I am now doing I always rather have a tuft of primroses than the intended, for I am old and not accus- finest geranium that ever graced the buttomed to live expensively, so that I can- ton hole of a linen draper's apprentice's not spend all my money, and 'tis all the sunday coat. same to me whether you have it now, or Another cry is, “marrow-fat peas ;” after my death.” No sooner had she and a June sun is blazing above you; said this, than James, overjoyed with the streets are hot and close in spite of such unexpected good fortune, flung him- the water-carts, and the people are glad self, crying, about his aunt's neck! I to get on the shady side of the way; but made a sign to Agnes to do the same, they can only do this in the morning and notwithstanding she was disordered, and evening : while the sun is in the meshe acquitted herself of that duty with ridian there is no shelter, except within tokens of unaffected and tender gratitude, doors, and there you have no air, so you in which we all followed her. I could must make up your mind either to be not help shedding tears as the others did. suffocated, or broiled to death. Steam Aunt cried too, through joy that she had boats swell the noble current of the accomplished such a good deed. She Thames, and endanger the lives of the persisted in her desire of having a no- lieges, while thousands of the Londoners
HINT TO AUTHORS.
ORIGIN OF THE WORD BANKRUPT.
hasten to gulp the air at Margate, of the hymn, “Behold the brightness of Ramsgate, or Gravesend. Mrs. Wig- my face.” The congregation could no gins the fat butcher's wife, thinks Mar- longer preserve their gravity, and an ingate “so wulgar” and Gravesend into voluntary laugh burst from every corner lerably dull, and therefore goes to Brigh- of the chapel. ton and stares at its Chinese monstrosities, and spends her husband's six months' It is the business of an author to employ profits. Wagon loads of cabbages and himself perpetually in observing and reother esculents, come groaning into town flecting. He must be careful also, to to the different markets, which teem with set down his observations and reflections, fruit, Powers, and vegetables.
or they will pass away from his mind, so July arrives, and the cries of almost as to be never recovered. If the most every kind of fruit are heard; but there ordinary individual were to arrest all his is one, which even at this period sounds thoughts, much would be found both to our ear like the approach of winter: amusing and instructive. He should it is that of “walnuts to pickle!” when consider that walk as almost wasted time, walnuts are fit for the table, the glory of from which he returned with no new autumn is departed, and we reckon on thought or discovery. the short time that will elapse before they will be denuded of their green hides The term Bank is derived from the and rattling in the china plate after Italian word Banco, (bench). The Lomdinner.
bard Jews in Italy kept benches in the There is another cry, which we had market-places, where they exchanged almost forgotten. It is-water-cresses. money and bills. When a banker failed, Listen to that call — water-creeses !” It his bench was broken by the populace, is not that of some
hence the term Bank-rupt. -wretched matron forced in
A FASHIONABLE PAIR. age
Lady Anne never failed to be agreeable. To strip the brook with mantling cresses
Vanity was with her the one great spread;"
moving principle of thought and ac
tion. She sought admiration from all, (For water-cresses in this age of im- and obtained it from many; for she posprovement are regularly cultivated like sessed, in a remarkable degree, that other plants), but the note of a poor quick discrimination of character, which sickly girl, who, though it is Sunday taught her to select with judgment the morning, is thus compelled to earn a weakness she assailed. Coquetry bemiserable subsistence. See, she is called
came to her an art; and, like the skilful by yon sleek-faced hypocrite opposite, chess-player, she laid her plan upon a who is rating her soundly for vending sagacious application of rules founded her cresses on the Lord's day. She on experience. But though the charm leaves the house without a penny; and of conquest was great, the plan of defeat her monitor's carriage drives up to the
was greater; and her life was one of door to take him to the top of the street, triumph without happiness, and mortifiwhere he has a chapel, in which he plays cation without humility.—Mr. Preston the mountebank, and talks familiarly of was a good-looking young man, about holy things, and rails against pride and twenty-seven years of age, of serious ostentation ! Reader, this is no fable ! pursuits, and a frivolous mind. Not Walworth, July 1834.
A. fond of study, and very fond of display,
he affected deep researches and acquired MISCELLANIES.
shallow knowledge. An early propensity for collecting shells and stuffing
birds had been construed into a love of UNCONSCIOUS IRONY.
science, and a memory for technicalities Some time ago the clerk of one of the into the fruits of labour. The decorachapels at Birmingham, previous to the tions of his library confirmed him a commencement of the service, dirtied his scholar, whilst the imagination of an uphand with putting some coals on the fire, holsterer, and the judgment of a jeweller, and unconsciously rubbing his face, be- gave pretensions to taste. Thus dissmeared it so as to resemble a son of guising the soul of a dandy in the garb Vulcan. He turned into the reading- of a pedant, he deceived himself, if not desk, where he naturally attracted much others, into the belief that his objects attention, which was considerably in- were elevated and his abilities universal. creased when he gave out the first line -Dacre, by the Countess of Morley.
HISTORICAL SKETCHES. and at Agincourt, were disordered by
their very numbers : ' in petty battles (For the Parterre).
and skirmishes the French chivalry per
formed deeds of valour, of which their THE SURPRISE OF THE CASTLE OF GUISNES. descendants may proudly boast: of this The reign of Edward the Third is dis
we have innumerable proofs, and it tinguished for martial splendour beyond would be detracting from the glory of our that of any other English sovereign. countrymen to deny to their rivals the During the sway of this sagacious and possession of courage, enterprise, and warlike prince, our ancestors performed fortitude, worthy of the age in which many feats which would be considered they lived. as improbable, if related by the novelist.
In the year 135), the twenty-fifth of Events took place which exceed in in the reign of Edward the Third, the terest the wildest creations of romance;
castle of Guisnes, then held by the and they have been chronicled by one
French, was surprised and taken posseswho was in every respect worthy to re
sion of by the English. The historians cord them- the concise, energetic, and
are not unanimous in their account of chivalrous Froissart. Where is the this capture; but the following appears Englishman who does not feel a glow of to bear the stamp of authenticity, and pride, as his eye loiters over the pages of is, besides, more circumstantial than the that veracious old chronicler? Nearly others. five centuries have passed since our mail
The town of Guisnes, situated about clad heroes earned deathless fame on
five miles from Calais, was, at the time the plains of Crescy and Poictiers; yet referred to, merely surrounded by a deep the names of those brave knights are ditch; but the castle, which commanded familiar to our ears
“ as household it, was a place of great strength, and words."
always contained a good garrison, much But it was not always in pitched bat- to the annoyance of the English. The tles that the courage and
prowess of our
French well knew the importance of the ancestors were tried. The hosts that place as a check to the foragers of Caopposed them at Crescy, at Poictiers, lais, and in this year were busily em
ployed in repairing and adding to the Englishmen shewed themselves not unfortifications.
worthy of the victory, by allowing the It chanced that among the English ladies to depart on horseback whither prisoners detained at Guisnes was one they pleased, with their furniture, apJohn Lancaster, an areher, who had not parel and jewels. With the morning been able to obtain a sum sufficient for came the French workmen engaged in his ransom. The Englishman had been the repair of the castle, but their conreleased from confinement, upon condi- sternation was great as they beheld the tion of his assisting the workmen em. walls manned by strangers; and flying ployed in the repair of the castle. This in haste from the spot, they commuafforded him an opportunity of engaging nicated the sad tidings to the townsthe affections of a young laundress, who people, who were totally unconscious informed him that a wall two feet broad of what had happened. Additional crossed the ditch a little below the force soon arrived from Calais, and the water, which entirely concealed it. The castle was properly garrisoned by the archer took especial notice of the place, English. and watching his opportunity, obtained, Loud were the complaints of the by means of a line, the height of the Frenchmen, which reached the ears of castle walls, then letting himself down King Edward, who rejoicing at the from the ramparts, crossed the hidden possession of this important fortress, rewall of brick, and concealed himself in turned for answer, “that what was done, the marshes until night-fall. As the was without his knowledge and consent, night advanced he entered within the and that he would send his command to English pale, and proceeded towards the new possessors, to deliver it up to Calais. He waited without the town the rightful owner.” The Earl of until day-break, for the gates were closed Guisnes appearing before the castle, deagainst all comers during the night, and manded in whose name and by whose being admitted hastened to his compa- authority they held the place. nions, to whom he related the particu- “ We hold it in the name and on behalf lars of his escape.
A council was held, of John Lancaster,” was the reply. the surprise of the castle contemplated, The Earl then inquired if the archer and about thirty daring spirits prepared considered himself as the liegeman of themselves for the hazardous attempt. King Edward, upon which Lancaster Scaling ladders of the proper height himself replied, that he knew not what were got ready according to the archer's messengers had been in England, and instructions, and at night the English- that he had resolved to keep himself men advanced cautiously towards the secure where he was. An offer of forty fortress. Silently crossing the ditch, thousand crowns, with an indemnity from they planted their scaling ladders, and the king of France, proved of no avail; mounting the walls, seized and dispatch- the archer was inexorable. ed the sentinels, and threw their bodies “ Before the taking of this castle," into the moat below. Totally uncon- said he, “we were all good subjects of scious of their danger, the knights and England, but by this offence during the their ladies, in the chambers and tur- time of truce, we are no better than rets, were buried in sound sleep, but banished men. The place which we several of the chief officers were still sit- now hold, we would willingly exchange ting in the great hall playing at chess. or sell, but to none sooner than to our Suddenly the archer and his friends natural lord, King Edward, by which burst in upon them, and the scene was we may obtain a pardon; but if he should changed into one of wild uproar. The refuse the offer, we will then sell it to astonished Frenchmen flew to their the French King, or to any one who arms, and stoutly defended themselves; may offer most.' but victory declared in favour of the in- This bantering stung the earl to truders, and the survivors were disarmed the quick; and he quitted the place, and bound. The Englishmen then which remained in the hands of the broke open the chambers, seized on the English. sleeping inmates,whom they also bound, In answer to the renewed complaints and having secured them in a strong of the French monarch, King Edward room, they released the English prison- reminded him that, “there was no arti. ers that had been taken the preceding cle in the truce which prohibited buying year, and set them as a guard over their and selling."
B. former masters.
The castle was now reduced, and the
intersprinkling our literary and philo
sophical lucubrations with political alluSome pique themselves on the discern- sions. Respondeat superior. ment of character by physiognomy, some Attend then to the following rules :look to configuration of brain, while others In sitting down to play, take notice augur from hand-writing; this species how far your adversary troubles himself of divination, however, being mainly about arranging the board and men, or monopolized by the feminine gender. whether he obtrudes all the preliminary As to ourselves, we hold to chess-playing settlement upon yourself. If the latter, We calculate upon prognosticating more and if he makes you set a good part of of character, intellect, and predominating his own men for him, you may be sure passions by playing with a man at chess, he reckons himself something too good than by all the instructions of Lavater, for you, and stands high in his own Spurzheim, and Deville, put together. esteem. At Cambridge we called such It is the “speaking grammar” of the a man bumptious. It attends him in all human heart. It approaches nearest to his actions through life.—“ L'ame n'a what a fanciful man is said have once
pas de secret que la conduite ne revèle. desired, that men's hearts were cased in L'amour propre est le plus grand de tous glass, so that each might peer into the les flatteurs." innermost recesses of his neighbour's Some players move very quick, not soul. It is an illustration of the cele- only at the commencement of the game, brated Novum Organum; you deduce but all through it. They sometimes causes from their effects after the manner make good moves, but always many blunof the Baconian philosophy, and a know- ders. The most critical situations, alike ledge of those causes, is a knowledge of with the easiest, command only a momenthe man; and whereas success in gene- tary regard, and pass half-examined. ralization depends on the accuracy of in- Such men are clever, and get on in the dividual experiments, so a correct know- world by pure luck-rash in enterprise, ledge of individual character is essential uncertain in execution. Avoid much to true knowledge of the world. dealing with them. Of high mettle,
This new system of notation is to impatient of control, and reckless of conthe moral world what the discovery of sequences, they will bring you into fluxions, in their facilitation of calcula- trouble. The quickest player we ever tion, was to the mathematical. From met with was a Spanish refugee. All the incalculable advantages derivable from Spaniards play quick. Their national chess as a test of character, we may not character is impetuosity. “ Aussitot dit, unreasonably surmise that a certain pro- aussitot fait.” ficiency in this science will form, ere long, If an adversary, to whom you know an indispensable qualification for all am- yourself to be greatly superior, refuses to bassadors to foreign courts, law officers, take odds in playing with you, and yet post-masters and police superintendents; does not scruple to be perpetually taking while we confidently anticipate the hap. back moves when he leaves a piece piest results from the application of the prise,” set him down for a good-for-nosame test in naval and military promo- thing, shuffling fellow. He has a mean tions. Domestic life might at the same heart. He will retail wise men's sayings time participate in the general benefits. as his own : he will be a downright plaPreliminary matrimonial calculations or giarist, cut a dash on borowed finances, courtships might on this plan be con- or exemplify what is termed the shabby ducted, if not with greater satisfaction, genteel. Have no concern with him. at least with more certainty of a desira- L'orgueil ne veut pas devoir et l'amour ble finale, and many a heart might flutter propre ne veut pas payer
cault. For the present we attempt only a A chess-player always opening his general outline, reserving our more elabo- game when he has the attack, on the rate treatise for a neat little pocket 12mo, queen's side, may be generally set down -having been prevented accepting an as a stupid fellow, of paucity of ideas, offer made us to concentrate our remarks and small inventive resources,-a bad in a review of Mr. Lewis's two last ad- companion,—his temperament nervous, mirable octavos in the Quarterly, by the and political creed conservative. Many annexation to the offer of a condition old bachelors adopt this opening, but by our indomitable spirit (unlike some no means exclusively. Il ri'a pas inventé others, we opine) utterly abhors, that of la poudre.—Old proverb.