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forcing their prisoner away, led him But the maladies which affect chimthrough the marshes, which were diffi- neys, often proceed from their situation cult to pass. The horse upon which the in life. Circumstances govern us all, Earl was bound was small and weak, and and chimneys too. A chimney of my in striving to make a leap, it fell, and acquaintance once testified this in a rerolled into a ditch, from which the con- markable manner. It was a chimney spirators endeavoured in vain to extri. that had just begun the world in the new cate him. Enraged at this accident, town, and belonged to a house three and dreading that those in pursuit would stories in height. Now, this chimney arrive in time to effect his rescue, Ge- was as well-behaved and well-regulated rard Van Velsen leaped from his horse, a chimney as one could have seen in a and plunged his sword several times into summer's day; and had a juvenile vivathe Earl's body; then remounting, rode city, which could not be repressed by the off on the spur, to his own castle, which east wind itself. At last, however, it he immediately put in a state of defence. became all of a sudden very irregular in

The Earl's friends arrived in time to its conduct, and seemed to have lost all receive his last breath; and they imme- its former health and spirits. Doctors diately put to death several of the con- were called in, who examined the paspirator's servants in his presence. tient, and prescribed all kind of cans,

Shortly after, Gerard Van Velsen was which were speedily got. All would not besieged and taken alive in his castle, do, however; instead of recovering, it when he was placed in a barrel full of became worse, and seemed, by the insharp spikes, and rolled up and down the creased vehemence with which it repelled streets of Leyden; his head was then cut the advances of the smoke, to indicate off, and his body exposed in the public that the doctors did not understand the places. A horrible proscription of all nature of its trouble. Alas! it was not those concerned in the death of the Earl the body, but the mind of the chimney followed, even to the ninth degree of that was diseased! My sensitive young kindred, and numbers were executed friend was affronted at the very idea of whose only crime was their relationship these fellows attempting to cure its to the conspirators.

B. grievances by such common-place appli

cations. A full convocation of all the

smoke-doctors in town being at length A CHAPTER ON CHIMNEYS.

called, and their deliberations being as

sisted by some experienced builders, it Chimneys have characters! I am con- was discovered that the cause of all its vinced of that. They are a people; and woes was the tall and over-topping gable have minds, dispositions, temperaments, of a contiguous house, whose chimneys and passions, like other folk. They carried their heads at least twenty feet have also diseases like the human species, higher than that of the afflicted chimney and do not want for their “doctors.” in question; so that envy-sheer envy Are they not affected by east winds just alone, was the occasion of all its ailas much as any of us ? and have they not

This was proved to my full satheir own inexplicable fits of the sullens, tisfaction, by what happened afterwards ; and are they not awfully testy when con- for the patient, being, as it were, contradicted, just like ourselves ?

tinued into the tall gable, and allowed to The faculty of smoke-doctors may be carry as high a head as any of its neigha very learned and respectable faculty for bours, never gave its masters any more any thing I know; but who ever heard trouble; and when I went to see how it of a chimney being cured ? Nobody! did, I thought the smoke which issued The truth is, a chimney's disorders gen- so freely and complacently from its erally proceed from its original physical mouth, seemed to say, “ You see I have constitution; and one might just as well at length gained my point.” talk of expelling an hereditary disease Though I allow that chimneys may from an individual of the human race. be jealous of each other's heights, and The only way is to destroy the chimney sometimes look with an evil can at the altogether, and create it anew. A "doc. honour or prosperity of their neighbours, tor” will speak to you of “old wives,” I do not think that they are in general a and of “cans, one-mouthed, two- democratic people. Many a chimney do mouthed, and poly-mouthed; but put no I know of very humble height, and even faith in smoke-doctors. You might just unadorned with cans, and yet very deas well expect a doctor to cure you, by cent, quiet chimneys too. There is a ordering a new nightcap.

spirit of meekness in some chimneys,


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which seems to fit them best for the lower by, are a very noticeable set of men. A walks of life, where they are content to friend of mine, in guarding against conexercise their vocations, perhaps, under tact with them in the streets, calls them the baronial protection of some neigh- angels of darkness, in contradistinction bouring stack of chimneys, without fret- to bakers, whom he denominates angels ting their souls with chimerical ideas of of light; though I consider the one tribe liberty and equality.

to be fully as great annoyances as the That chimneys are sentient beings, no. other. When I pass a chimney-sweep body can dispute. Le Sage, an author in the street, I myself wearing lightof no little discernment, says that chim- coloured clothes at the time, I may say, neys can speak. I must confess I never Conjuro te, Diabole !" and avoid being heard them pronounce articulate words, rude to his person ; but in my heart I or carry on conversations ; but there is envy and admire him. Chimney-sweeps one thing of which I am certain--they see and explore a part of the world which can howl! I have heard them howl in a nobody else can see and explore. They high wind, in a very sensible style— surpass the prodigal son in the “ Vicar almost like speaking-only the sentences of Wakefield,” who saw the outside of are not connected. In these cases, how- the best houses in Amsterdam, for any ever, I consider them to be only expostu- body may see that; but to chimneylating with their enemy, the wind. sweeps alone is it reserved to see the

At the country town where I spent roofs of the best houses. They walk in my youth, there were some thatched glorious pre-eminence over the heads of houses near the school, with chimneys of the rest of mankind, and cast their eyes a very outré sort. My heart is smitten over the surface of another world, which when I remember how cruel we were to none of us children of the ground shall these grotesque but inoffensive chimneys. ever see. I have heard them tell strange There was one belonging to the cottage and wild stories of the dangers they of a poor old widow woman, at which have passed, and the roofs of the lands our scorn and our stones were particu- they have seen, like sailors returned from larly directed. It was constructed of distant voyages ; and, what is very turf, upon a frame-work of upright strange, there is scarcely a chimney in sticks—the whole so dilapidated, that the town, of which they do not know the there was scarcely any thing but the whole nature and character, as well as sticks left. Most unfortunately for the the owner of the house himself. Nay, I chimney, it was not altogether of an up- have often been surprised, on calling a right character, but inclined a little to chimney-sweeper to administer unto a one side, and seemed to look down upon moody or diseased vent, to observe how us school-boys with open mouth, invit- familiar he was with its history and peing our attacks. We assuredly did not culiarities. How they acquire this wonspare it; for every day we employed the derful knowledge it is impossible to conwhole quarter of an hour previous to ceive. I suspect that they talk to each the opening of the school, in throwing other of nothing but the various chimmissiles of any sort we could lay our neys which have come under their hands, hands on, at and down its gaping crater; and so, each communicating to his neighand not a day passed without old Luckie bour the results of his experience, the

- coming into the schoolroom, com- whole become as it were, universally acplaining of our wickedness, and exhibit- quainted. I remember once calling an ing the melancholy fragments of cutty old chimney-sweep to a very strange pipes, and little black tea-pots, which, chimney, which, before ascending the she said, had suffered from our stones, gable, went across the ceiling of an adwhile lying innocuously by her fire-side. joining room, and, indeed, was all at right I remember hearing an account of one angles. Before commencing operations being cleared of its venerable soot by the upon this strange specimen of the good man, who had accomplished his crooked tribe of chimneys, he frightened singular task by going head foremost me into the offer of a double fee by some into a sack, and ascending by a ladder to dreadful traditionary recollection of boys the rannle-tree, where he stood and rub- being smothered in it forty years ago, bed the sides of the chimney all round when he was a climbing boy himself, and with his shoulders! This custom might of plummet-balls in later times being be practised with effect in the cure of dispatched down its unimaginable angulum-bag-o!

larities, in order to discover the bottom, Speaking of chimney.sweeping, we and being never more heard of by their come to chimney-sweeps, who, by the disconsolate owners, whose damages were of course made good by the then pro- respondence, and the young Jewess was prietor.

forbidden to see or to speak to her lover. In short, the subject which I have They met in secret.

What arguments thus imperfectly handled, is one well he might use to convert this modern worthy the attention of the truly philo- Jessica, I know not, but they prevailed. sophical; and I hope, ere long, to see a She declared herself convinced, and conseparate volume allotted to it in Dr. sented to fly with him beyond the fron. Lardner's Cyclopædia, or in the Library tiers, into Silesia, to be baptized, and to of Useful and Entertaining Knowledge. become his wife.

Apparently their plans were not well

arranged, or were betrayed; for they A SISTER'S LOVE AND

were pursued by her relations and the COURAGE.

police, and overtaken before they reach

ed the frontiers. The young man was My heroine (says Mrs. Jameson, in her accused of carrying off his Jewish love inimitable sketches), truly, and in every by force; and this, I believe, at Riga, sense does she deserve the name was where the Jews are protected, is a capithe daughter of a rich brewer and wine- tal crime. The affair was brought before merchant of Deuxponts. She was one the tribunal, and the accused defended of five children ; two much older, and himself by declaring that the girl had two much younger, than herself. Her fled with him by her own free will; that eldest brother was called 'Henri : he had she was a Christian, and his betrothed early displayed such uncommon talents, bride, as they had exchanged rings, or and such a decided inclination for study, had gone through some similar ceremony. that his father was determined to give The

father Jew denied this on the part him all the advantages of a learned of his daughter, and Henri desired to be education, and sent him to the univer- confronted with the lady who was thus sity of Elangau, in Bavaria, whence he said to have turned his accuser. Her returned to his family, with the highest family made many difficulties, but by the testimonies of his talents and good con- order of the judge she was obliged to duct. His father now destined him for appear. She was brought into the court the clerical profession, with which his of justice, pale, trembling, and supown wishes accorded. His sister fondly ported by her father and others of her dwelt upon his praises, and described kindred. The judge demanded whether him, perhaps with all a sister's partial- it was by her own will that she had fled ity, as being not only the pride of his with Henri Ambos? She answered in family, but of all his fellow-citizens, a faint voice, “ No." Had then violence “ tall, and handsome, and good,” of a been used to carry her off ?

“ Yes.” most benevolent, enthusiastic temper, Was she a Christian ? « No." Did she and devoted to his studies. When he regard Henri as her affianced husband ? had been at home for some time, he at

“ No.”. tracted the notice of one of the princes On hearing these replies, so different in the north of Germany, with whom he from the truth—from all he could have travelled, I believe, in the capacity of anticipated—the unfortunate young man secretary. The name of the prince, and appeared for a few minutes stupified; the particulars of this part of his life, then, as if seized with a sudden frensy, have escaped me; but it appeared that, he made a desperate effort to rush upon through the recommendation of this the young Jewess. On being prevented, powerful patron, he became professor of he drew a knife from his pocket, which theology in a university of Courland; I he attempted to plunge into his own think at Riga, or somewhere near it, for bosom, but it was wrested from him; in the name of the city was continually re- the scuffle he was wounded in the hands curring in her narrative. Henri was at and face, and the young lady swooned this time about eight-and-twenty. away. The sight of his mistress insen

While here, it was his fate to fall pas- sible, and his own blood flowing, restored sionately in love with the daughter of a the lover to his senses. He became sulrich Jew merchant. His religious zeal lenly calm, offered not another word in mingled with his love; he was as anxi- his own defence, refused to answer any ous to convert his mistress as to possess questions, and was immediately conveyher-the first was a necessary prelimi- ed to prison. sary to the second.

The consequences These particulars came to the knowwere all in the usual style of such mat- ledge of his family after the lapse of ters. The relations discovered the cor-' many months, but of his subsequent fate they could learn nothing. Neither his had not a doubt of my own success, besentence nor his punishment could be cause I was resolved to succeed; but ah! ascertained ; and although one of his liebe madame! what a fate was mine! relations went to Riga, for the purpose my poor old mother !" Here she burst of obtaining some information, some re- into tears, and threw herself back in the dress, he returned without having effect- carriage; after a few minutes she reed either of the purposes of his journey. sumed her narrative. Whether Henri had died of his wounds, She reached the city of Riga without or Janguished in a perpetual dungeon, mischance. There she collected the remained a mystery.

necessary documents relative to her Six years thus passed away. His brother's character and conduct, with all father died: his mother, who persisted the circumstances of his trial, and had in hoping, while all others despaired, them properly attested. Furnished with lingering on in heart-wearing suspense. these papers, she proceeded to St. Pe. At length, in the beginning of last year, tersburgh, where she arrived safely, in (1833), a travellng merchant passed the beginning of June, 1833. She had through the city of Deuxponts, and in- been furnished with several letters of quired for the family of Ambos. He recommendation, and particularly with informed them, that in the preceding one to a German ecclesiastic, of whom year he had seen and spoken to a man she spoke with the most grateful enthuin rags, with a long beard, who was siam, by the title of M. le Pasteur. She working in fetters with other criminals, met with the utmost difficulty in obnear the fortress of Barinska, in Sibe- taining from the police the official return ria; who described himself as Henri of her brother's condemnation, place of Ambos, a pastor of the Lutheran church, exile, punishment, &c. ; but at length, unjustly condemned, and besought him by almost incredible boldness, perseverwith tears, and the most urgent suppli- ance, and address, she was in possession cations, to convey some tidings of him of these, and with the assistance of her to his unhappy parents, and beseech good friend the pastor, she drew up a them to use every means to obtain his petition to the emperor. With this she liberation.

waited on the minister of the interior, You must imagine — for I cannot to whom, with great difficulty, and after describe as she described - the feelings many applications, she obtained access. which this intelligence excited. A family He treated her with great harshness, council was held, and it was determined and absolutely refused to deliver the at once that application should be made petition. She threw herself on her knees, to the police authorities at St. Peters- and added tears to entreaties; but he burgh, to ascertain beyond a doubt the was inexorable, and added brutallyfate of poor Henri—that a petition in “ Your brother was a mauvaise sujet ; bis favour must be presented to the em- he ought not to be pardoned, and if I peror of Russia; but who was to pre- were the emperor I would not pardon sent it? The second brother offered him- him.” self, but he had a wife and two children; She rose from her knees, and stretchthe wife protested that she should die if ing her arms towards heaven, exclaimed her husband left her, and would not with fervour—“ I call heaven to witness hear of his going; besides, he was the that my brother was innocent! and I only remaining hope of his mother's thank heaven that you are not the emfamily. The sister then said that she peror, for I can still hope !” would undertake the journey, and urged The minister, in a rage, said " Do that, as a woman, she had more chance you dare to speak thus to me! Do you of success in such an affair than her know who I am ?” brothei. The mother acquiesced. There “ Yes,” she replied: “ you are his was, in truth, no alternative; and being excellency the minister C—; but what amply furnished with the means, this of that! you are a cruel man! but I generous, affectionate, and strong-mind- put my trust in heaven and the emperor; ed girl, set off alone, on her long and and then,” said she, “ I left him, withperilous journey. “ When my mother out even a courtesy, though he followed gave me her blessing,” said she, “I me to the door, speaking very loud and made a vow to heaven and my own very angrily." heart, that I would not return alive Her suit being rejected by all the without the pardon of my brother. I ministers, (for even those who were feared nothing. I had nothing to live most gentle, and who allowed the hardfor. I had health and strength, and I ship of the case, still refused to inter



fere, or deliver her petition), she resolved whether at that moment she did not feel to do, what she had been dissuaded from her heart sink? attempting in the first instance

“No," said she firmly; on the conappeal to the emperor in person : but it trary, I felt my heart beat quicker and was in vain she lavished hundreds of higher! I sprang forward and knelt at dollars in bribes to the inferior officers; his feet, exclaiming with clasped hands, in vain she beset the imperial suite, at Pardon, imperial majesty! Pardon!"" reviews, at the theatre, on the way to “Who are you?” said the emperor, the church: invariably beaten back by astonished; “and what can I do for the guards, or the attendants, she could you?” not penetrate to the emperor's presence. He spoke gently, more gently than any After spending six weeks in daily inef- of his ministers, and overcome, even by fectual attempts of this kind, hoping my own hopes, I burst into a flood of every morning, and almost despairing tears, and said, every evening-threatened by the police, “ May it please your Imperial Maand spurned by the officials - Provi- jesty, I am not the Countess Elise dence raised her up a friend in one of I am only the sister of the unfortunate her own sex. Among some ladies of Henri Ambos, who has been condemned rank, who became interested in her on false accusation.

O pardon ! parstory, and invited her to their houses, don! Here are the papers—the proofs.

a Countess Elise, some ng or O imperial majesty! rdon my poor other, whose name I did not write down. brother!” I held out the petition, and One day, on seeing her young protegée the papers, and at the same time, prooverwhelmed with grief, and almost in trate on my knees, I seized the skirt despair, she said, with emotion, “I of his embroidered coat, and pressed it cannot dare to present your petition my- to my lips. The emperor said, self, I might be sent off to Siberia, or at “ Rise, rise !” but I would not rise ; least banished the court; but all I can I still held out my papers, resolved not do I will. I will lend you my equipage to rise till he had taken them. At last and servants. I will dress you in my the emperor, who seemed much moved, robes; you shall drive to the palace the extended one hand towards me, and took next levee day, and obtain the audience the papers with the other, saying, under my name; when once in the pre- “ Rise, mademoiselle—I command sence of the emperor, you must manage you to rise." I ventured to kiss his for yourself. If I risk thus much, will hand; and said, with tears, you venture the rest ?"

“ I pray of your majesty to read that “ And what,” said I, “ was your paper." answer ?"

He said, “ I will read it.” I then “Oh !" she replied, “I could not rose from the ground, and stood watchanswer; but I threw myself at her feet, ing him while he unfolded the petition and kissed the hem of her gown !" and read it. His countenance changed,

I asked her whether she had not fear. and he exclaimed once or twice, ed to risk the safety of her generous “ Is it possible ?— This is dreadful !" friend? She replied, “ That thought - When he had finished, he folded the did not strike me—but what would you paper, and without any observation, said have? I cast it from me. I was resolved at once, to have my brother's pardon—I would “ Mademoiselle Ambos, your brother have sacrificed my own life to obtain it is pardoned !” The words



my ---and, heaven forgive me! I thought ears, and I again Aung myself at his little of what it might cost another.” feet, saying, and yet I scarce knew what

This plan was soon arranged, and at I said, the time appointed my resolute heroine • Your imperial majesty is a good drove up to the palace in a splendid man upon earth; do you indeed pardon equipage, preceded by a running foot- my brother ? Your ministers would man, with three laquais in full dress, not suffer me to approach you; and even mounted behind. She was announced yet I fear .!" He said, as the Countess Elise

who suppli- « Fear nothing : you have my procated a particular audience of his ma- mise.". He then raised me from the jesty. The doors flew open, and in a ground, and conducted me himself to few moments she was in the presence of the door. I tried to thank and bless the emperor, who advanced one or two him, but could not; he held out his hand steps to meet her, with an air of gallan- for me to kiss, and then bowed his head try, but suddenly started back

as I left the room, Here I could not help asking hưr, “ Ach ja! the emperor is a good man

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