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extremely rare, that he only knows him by that the Duke of Marlborough broke

an officer; not being acquainted with Baronius committed a strange error. this Anglicism, he translated it roué, as In his Martyrology of the 24th January, if the officer had been broken on a wheel. he notices a Saint Ximoris, of whom St. A literary blunder of Thomas Warton Chrysostom and St. Jerome speak very is worth recording, as a specimen of the highly; not reflecting that Ximoris is not manner in which a man of genius may a proper name, but an appellative which continue to blunder with infinite insignifies a couple, or a pair; and the fact genuity. In an old romance he finds is, that one of these holy doctors spoke of these lines, describing the duel of Salatwo St. Martyrs, and the other of two din with Richard Cour de Lion : Saints. A friend having pointed out this gross blunder, Baronius suppressed

A Faucon brode in band he bare, the edition as fast as he could, which has

For he thought he wolde thare made it so rare.

Have slayne Richard. Simon Grymeus (says Marville), mis. He imagines this faucon brode means a took the celebrated geographer and falcon bird, or a hawk; and that Saladin astronomer Ptolomy, for one of the Kings is represented with this bird on his fist, of Egypt of this name.

to express his contempt of his adversary. Lord Bolingbroke imagined, that in He supports his conjecture by noticing a those celebrated verses beginning with Gothic picture, supposed to be the subExcludent alii,&c., Virgil attributed ject of this duel, and also some old to the Romans the glory of having sur- tapestry of heroes on horseback, with passed the Greeks in historical composin hawks on their fists; he plunges into tion. According to this idea, those feudal times, where no gentleman apRoman historians whom Virgil pre- peared on horseback, without his hawk. ferred to the Grecians, were Sallust, After all this curious erudition, the Livy, and Tacitus. Everybody knows, rough, but skilful Ritson, inhumanly or ought to know, that Virgil died before triumphed by dissolving the magical Livy had written his history, or Tacitus fancies of the more elegant Warton, by was born.

explaining a faucon brode to be nothing The erudite Struvius advises those more than a broad faulchion, which was who would learn the history of Ethiopia, certainly more useful than a bird in a to read the Ethiopic history of Helio- duel. dorus. The critic could not have read The facetious Tom Brown committed the work which he so warmly recom- a strange blunder in his translation of mended, for this history is well known Gelli's 6 Circe.” When he came to the only to be a Romance, consisting of word starne, not being exactly aware of the adventures of two lovers!

its signification, he boldly rendered it Prosper Marchand has recorded a stares, probably from the similitude of ludicrous mistake of Abbe Bizot, one of sound; but the succeeding translator the principal medallic historians of Hol- more correctly discovered starne to be land. Having met with a medal (struck red-legged partridges ! when Philip II. sent forth his invincible Mabillon has preserved a curious liteArmada), in which was represented the rary blunder of some pious Spaniards, King of Spain, the Emperor, the Pope, who applied to the Pope for consecratElectors, Cardinals, &c., with their eyes ing a day in honour of Saint Viar. His covered with a bandage, and bearing for Holiness, in the voluminous catalogue inscription the verse of Lucretius :- of his saints, was ignorant of this one.

The only proof brought forward for his O cæcas hominum mentes ! O pectora cæca !

existence, was this incription : Prepossessed with the false prejudice, that

S. VIAR. a nation persecuted by the Pope and his An antiquary, however, hindered one adherents could not represent them with- more festival in the Catholic calendar, out some insult, he did not examine by convincing them that these letters with sufficient care the ends of the ban- were only the remains of an inscription dages which covered the eyes, and waved erected for an ancient surveyor of the about the heads of the personages repre- wards, and he read their saintship thus:sented in this medal, but rashly took

PRÆFECTUS VIARUM. them for asses' ears, and as such had An anecdote has been recorded of the them engraved!

monks in the dark ages, which was A French translator, when he came likely enough, when their ignorance was to a passage of Swift, in which it is said so dense. A rector of a parish going to



law with his parishioners about paving pened to drop, on retiring. Sir Boyle his church, quoted this authority from snatched it up; and, after reading it St. Peter :-“ Paveant illi, non paveam twice or thrice (so powerful was his meego ;" which be construed, “ They are to mory), found himself master of the whole. pave (the church) not I.

This was

Hastening to the house, he resumed his allowed to be good law by a judge, him- seat, and delivered the speech with ad. self an ecclesiastic too! J. P. Jun. mirable correctness, to the unspeakable

amazement and mortification of the pro

prietor, who, it appears, had not sucMISCELLANIES.

ceeded in catching the speaker's eye. Meeting Stanley again at the coffe-house,

in the course of the night, Sir Boyle It is related of Sir Boyle Roche, that thanks for what he was pleased to term

returned him his manuscript, with many no man of his day enjoyed more esteem,

the loan of it ; adding, “I never was so on account of his perfect urbanity and

much at a loss for a speech in my life; amiable qualities in private life, or ex

nor ever met with one so pat to my purcited so much laughter by the oddities of which he was unconsciously guilty, in pose; and, since it is not a pin the worse parliament. Of these the following are

for wear, you may go in and speak it specimens :-He said, one night, during again yourself, as soon as you please.” a stormy debate, that it was impossible for a man to be in two places at once, At a college symposium, one of the unless he was a bird or a fish!

An op- party happened to tumble down, when position member having moved, that,

a boon companion roared out, “How for the purpose of illustrating one of his

came you to fall, ?" “ Not-witharguments, an enormous mass of official standing,” hiccupped the prostrate, atdocuments should be read, Sir Boyle tempting to rise and begin a speech, Roche, with the most profound and un- which was marred by a hearty laugh at affected gravity, proposed that as the its first long and unpropitious word. clerk at the table would not be able to

An imitator, thinking to play off the get through the papers before morning, same successful humour, stumbled into à dozen or two of the committee-clerks the next jolly meeting of the same kind, should be called in to his assistance. when, being luckily asked the same “ The documents may be divided among question, he knowingly said, “ Neverthem,” continued Sir Boyle ; “ and as

theless”—and stopped, astonished that they can all read together, the whole

no laugh followed his joke. will be disposed of in a quarter of an hour.” His speeches, on important

THE ENGLISH A POLITE PEOPLE! topics, were prepared for him by Mr. You arrive at Paris: how striking the Edward Cooke; and, as his memory difference between the reception you was particularly retentive, he seldom receive at your hotel, and that you committed himself, except when he rose would find in London! In London, arrive to utter an original remark. One night, in your carriage !—that I grant is necesbeing unprepared with a speech, and yet sary—the landlord meets you at the door, feeling a strong inclination to deliver his surrounded by his anxious attendants : sentiments, he retired to a coffee-house, he bows profoundly when you alight, in order to mould them into the form of calls loudly for every thing you want, an oration. While engaged in this fruit- and seems shocked at the idea of your less attempt, he was accosted by Serjeant waiting an instant for the merest trifle Stanley, a ministerial member, whose you can possibly imagine that you desire. custom it was to rise, towards the close Now try your Paris hotel. You enter of a discussion, and deliver a long ha- the court-yard: the proprietor, if he rangue, ingeniously compiled from the happen to be there, receives you with speeches of those who had addressed the careless indifference, and either accomhouse before him. For this debate, panies you saunteringly himself, or orders however, he was in a situation to speak some one to accompany you to the apartearlier than usual, having with great ment, which, on first seeing you, he labour, produced an original composi- determined you should have. It is tion; prior to the delivery of which, he useless to expect another. If you find had stepped into the coffee-house, in any fault with this apartment—if you order to refresh his memory by looking express any wish that it had this little

more through the manuscript. thing, that it had not that-do not for This, unfortunately for himself, he hap- one moment imagine that your host is


see it

Then you

likely to say with an eager air, that he and a beautiful thing-first, innocent will see what can be done that he would love. There is that in female beauty do a great deal to please so respectable which it is pleasure merely to gaze upon; a gentleman. In short, do not suppose but beware of looking too long. The him for one moment likely to pour forth lustrous black pupil contrasting with the any of those little civilities with which pearly white of the eye and the carnated the lips of your English innkeeper would skin—the clear, placid blue, into which overflow. On the contrary, be prepared you see down, down to the very soulfor his lifting up his eyes and shrugging the deep hazel, dazzling as

a sunlit up his shoulders (the shrug is not the stream, seen through an opening in its courtier-like shrug of antique days,) and willow banks—all may be gazed upon telling you that the apartment is as you with impunity ninety-nine times, but, at

that it is for Monsieur to make the hundredth, you are a gone man. up his mind whether he take it or not. On a sudden, the eye strikes you as The whole is the affair of the guest, deeper and brighter than ever, or you and remains a matter of perfect indif- fancy that a long look is stolen at you ference to the host. Your landlady, it beneath a drooping eye-lid, and that is true, is not quite so haughty on these there is a slight flush on the cheek, and, occasions. But you are indebted for her at once, you are in love. smile rather to the coquetry of the beauty, spend the mornings in contriving apothan to the civility of the hostess: she logies for calling, and the days and will tell you, adjusting her head-dress in evenings in playing them off. When the mirror standing upon the chimney- you lay your hand on the door bell, piece in the little salon, she recommends your knees tremble, and your breast “Que Monsieur s'y trouvera fort bien, feels compressed ; and, when admitted, qu'un milord Anglais, qu'un Prince you sit, and look, and say nothing, and Russe, ou qu'un Colonel du—ieme regi- go away, determined to tell your whole ment de dragons, a occupè cette meme

story the next time.

This goes on for chambre;" and that there is just by an months, varied by the occasional daring excellent restaurateur, and a cabinet de of kissing a flower, with which she prelecture; and then-her head-dress being sents you; perhaps, in the wild intoxiquite in order—the lady, expanding her cation of love, wafting it towards her ; arins with a gentle smile, says “ Mais or, in an affectation of the Quixotic aprés tout, c'est a Monsieur se décider.” style, kneeling, with mock-heroic emIt is this which makes your French phasis to kiss her hand in pretended gentleman so loud in praise of English jest; and the next time you meet, both politeness. One was expatiating to me are as reserved and as stately as ever. the other day on the admirable manners Till, at last, on some unnoticeable day, of the English." I went," said he, “ to when you are left alone with the lady, the Duke of Devonshire's dans mon you, quite unawares, find her hand in pauvre fiacre : never shall I forget the yours; a yielding shudder crosses her, respect with which a stately gentleman, and, you know not how, she is in your gorgeously apparelled, opened the creak- arms, and you press upon her lips, deing door, let down the steps, and layed but not withheld, courtesy of very courtesies! -- picked, ac- “A long, long kiss--a kiss of youth tually picked, the dirty straws of the and love." ignominious vehicle that I descended from, off my shoes and stockings.” This occurred to the French gentleman at the Tue singular custom of wearing wedding Duke of Devonshire's. But let rings, appears to have taken its rise


Before the celeEnglish gentleman visit a French“

among the Romans.

“grand seigneur!” He enters the ante chamber bration of their nuptials, there was a from the grand escalier. The servants meeting of friends at the house of the are at a game of dominos, from which lady's father, to settle the articles of the his entrance hardly disturbs them; and marriage contract, when it was agreed fortunate is he, if any one conduct him that the dowry should be paid down on with a careless, lazy air to the salon,

the wedding day, or soon after. On this Bulwer's France. Occasion there was commonly a feast, at

the conclusion of which, the man gave

to the woman a ring as a pledge, which On writing this word, we feel our breast she put on the fourth finger of her left fluttering beneath a clogging weight hand, because it was believed that a nerve of fear, just as it did—we care not to reached from thence to the heart, and a day say how many years ago. It is a strange was then fixed for the marriage.



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THE B E G G A R. the least particular of his life. Only ( From the French ).

one thing was known : James never set his foot in the church, and yet he was a

catholic. At the time of the religious Not long since, an old beggar, named services, when the sacred dome resoundJames, was in the daily habit of placing ed with hymns of devotion; when the himself at the principal gate of a church incense, ascending above the altar, rose in Paris. His manners, tone, and lan- with the vows of the faithful towards guage, shewed that he had received an heaven; when the grave and melodious education far superior to that which is sound of the organ swelled the solemn the ordinary lot of poverty. Under his chorus of the assembled christians, the rags, which were worn with a certain beggar felt himself impelled to mingle dignity, shone a still living recollection his prayers with those of the church : of a more elevated condition. This with an eager and contented eye, he conbeggar also enjoyed great authority templated from without, the solemnity among the paupers belonging to the which the house of God presented. The parish. His kindness, his impartiality sparkling reflection of the light through in distributing alms among his fellow- the Gothic windows—the shade of the paupers, his zeal in appeasing their quar- pillars, which had stood there for ages, rels, had earned for him well-merited like a symbol of the eternity of religion respect. Yet his life and misfortunes – the profound charm attached to the were a complete mystery to his most gloomy aspect of the church ; ever inintimate comrades, as well as to the spired the beggar with involuntary adpersons attached to the parish. Every miration. Tears were sometimes permorning for twenty-five years, he regu- ceived to trickle down his wrinkled face: larly came and sat down at the same some great misfortune, or some profound place. People were so accustomed to remorse, seemed to agitate his soul. In see him there, that he made, as it were, the primitive ages of the church he might part of the furniture of the porch; yet, have been taken for a great criminal, none of his fellow-beggars could relate condemned to banish himself from the assembly of the faithful, and to pass, goodness, it will not abandon you. Make like a silent shade, through the midst of your confession. " the living.

Thereupon the priest uncovered himA clergyman repaired every day to self; and after pronouncing the sublime that church to celebrate mass. Descend- words, which open to the penitent the ed from one of the most ancient families gates of heaven, he listened to the in France, possessed of an immense beggar. fortune, he found a joy in bestowing “ The son of a poor farmer, honourabundant alms. The old beggar had ed with the affection of a family of high become the object of a sort of affection, rank, whose lands my father cultivated, and every morning the Abbé Paulin de I was from my infancy welcomed at the St. C, accompanied with benevo- castle of my masters. Destined to be lent words his charity, which had become valet-de-chambre to the heir of the a daily income.

family, the education they gave me, my One day James did not appear at the rapid progress in study, and the benevousual hour. The Abbé Paulin, desir- lence of my masters, changed my condious of not losing this opportunity for tion; I was raised to the rank of secrehis charity, sought the dwelling of the tary. I was just turned of twenty-five beggar, and found

the old man lying years of age, when the revolution first sick on a couch. The eyes of the cler- broke out in France: my mind was gyman were smitten with the luxury easily seduced by reading the newspapers and the misery which appeared in the of that period. My ambition made me furniture of that habitation. A magni- tired of my precarious situation. I conficent gold watch was suspended over ceived the project of abandoning for the the miserable bolster; two pictures, richly camp, the castle which had been the framed, and covered with crape, were asylum of my youth. Had I followed placed on a white-washed wall; a cruci- that first impulse, ingratitude would have fix in ivory, of beautiful workmanship, saved me from a crime! The fury of was hanging at the feet of the sick man; the revolutionists soon spread through an antiquated chair, with Gothic carv- the provinces; my masters, fearing to ings; and among a few worn-out books be arrested in their castle, dismissed all lay a mass-book, with silver clasps ; all their servants. A sum of money was the remainder of the furniture announc- realized in haste; and selecting from ed frightful misery. The presence of among their rich furniture a few articles, the priest revived the old man, and with precious for family recollections, they an accent full of gratitude, the latter went to Paris, to seek an asylum in the cried out

crowd, and find repose in the obscurity “M. Abbé, you are then kind enough of their dwelling. I followed them, as a to remember an unhappy man!”. child of the house. Terror reigned un

My friend,” replied M. Paulin, “a controlled throughout France, and nopriest forgets none but the happy ones. body knew the place of concealment of I come to inquire whether you want any my masters. Inscribed on the list of assistance."

emigrants, confiscation had soon devour“ I want nothing,” answered the beg- ed their property ; but it was nothing to gar: “my death is approaching; my them, for they were together, tranquil conscience alone is not quiet.”

and unknown. Animated by a lively “ A crime, an enormous crime ; a faith in Providence, they lived in the crime for which my whole life has been expectation of better times. Vain hope ! a cruel and useless expiation; a crime, the only person who could reveal their beyond pardon."

retreat, and snatch them from their asy“ A crime beyond pardon ! there does lum, had the baseness to denounce them. not exist any! The divine mercy is This informer was myself. The father, greater than all the crimes of man." the mother, four daughters (angels in

“ But a criminal, polluted with the beauty and innocence), and a young boy most horrible crime, what has he to of ten years of age, were thrown togehope for? Pardon! There is none for ther in a dungeon, and delivered up to

the horrors of captivity. Their trial “ Yes, there is,” cried out the priest commenced. The most frivolous prewith enthusiasm; “ to doubt it would be tences were then sufficient to condemn a more horrible blasphemy than your the innocent! yet the public accuser very crime itself. Religion stretches out could hardly find motive for prosecution her arms to repentance. James, if your against that noble and virtuous family. repentance is sincere, implore the divine A man was found, who was the conti

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