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Learniag that most of the Confederate dits of their comrades. Major Boykin leđ forces had been withdrawn, the enemy at them with dauntless spirit. Col. Johnsow Cheat Mountain and Huttonsville once seen everywhere along his lines, more essayed an advance. On Thursday, dressed in the plain clothing of a mounthe 12th of December, they marched from taineer, and fighting with a musket, which their encampments in a column five thou be loaded and fired with rapidity and sand strong, under Gen, R. H. Milroy, an skill. Finding his men bard pressed by officer row about to open his career in numbers, he grasped his musket in his Virginia, and whose subsequent course left hand, and seizing a heavy. baton of was as inglorious as it was cruel and op wood in his right, he brandished it over pressive. Early on the morning of the his head, and encouraging his troops in a 12th their advance oame suddenly upon voice of thunder, rushed upon the foe. the Southern scouts at Slavin's Crossing, His men charged with fury-broke the three miles in advance of Camp Bartow, Federal ranks, and drove them headlong and were received with a well aimed vol. down the mountain's side, killing many ley, which killed eighteen men. a This with the bayonet, capturing others who 'check halted the column. The scouts re- were not fleet enough to escape, and uttired rapidly through the woods, and ar- terly routing them from that part of the jived in Col. Johnson's camp about dusk, field. In this severe encounter Captain where they reported the threatening ad- Mayneham was shot through the heart vance. Preparations were instantly made and instantly. killed; Capt. Thompson, to give the foe a hot reception. But that after being surrounded by the enemy, galnight they did not appear.

lantly extricated himself, but soon afterAt four o'clock on the morning of Fri- wards received two bullets, cne through day, the 13th of December, the long roll the arm and the other through the body, was sounded and the Southrons turned out and fell mortally wounded; Col. Hansbofor battle. The enemy came on, guided rough 'and Captains Deshler and Reger by a traitor named Slavin, and having in were severely wounded, and many brave their ranks one company of tories from men fell in the very moment of victory. West Virginia. b At eight o'clock they appeared, and immediately made a rush.

Meanwhile, on the right of the road the with more than two thousand men, toenemy pushed a heavy column forward seize, if possible, a commanding hill on through the woods, and gaining the shelthe left flank of the Confederates, m rear

ter of a field in wbich a quantity of felled of their tents. Here they were met by trees, stumps, brushwood and undergrowth the 31st Virginia, the 12th Georgia, and formed a sort of breastwork, they opened a Hansborough's and Reger's troops, and a

severe fire of musketry upon the Southern severe and bloody struggle ensued, often

lines. This was answered with great with fighting hand to hand. The South- spirit, but the small number of the Conrons fired destructive 'volleys, and then federates were unable, with musket vol. charged with the bayonet, driving the foe leys, to drive out the swarming ranks who, down the declivity before them. In a from their hiding places among the timskirt of woods near the road, they were ber, kept up an incessant and galling rallied and heavily reinforced, and again shower of bullets. Captain Anderson now advanced up the mountain. Again the brought his battery to bear on them, and small body of Confederates met em with threw into their midst a torrent of round heroic constancy; the men of the 31st Vir- shot and cannister, which dashed their ginia, most of whom were from the North timber defences to pieces and made the West, displayed a dashing and stubborn place too hot to hold them. They fled courage, which drew upon them the plau. from the point on which his fire was di.

rected. Seeing a number of men half

concealed among the fallen logs not more a Letter in Lynchburg Republican, dated Dec. 14:

than four hundred yards from his position, 6 Letters of T. S., Dispatch, Dec. 18th and believing them to be the Southern au 28th.

pickets, Captain Anderson exposed him self beyond the south works, and called to an aged woman eighty-two years old, dethem to come into the trenches. He hadi stroyed her furniture, carried off her prohardly spoken before they fired a full visions, and broke to pieces her cooking round of musketry, and the brave old offi- utensils. When Col. Johnson heard of cer fell dead from his horse. He had been her destitute condition, he sent her a sack in three wars, and is said to have taken of flour and a few other necessaries from part in fifty-eight battles and skirmishes, his camp, which probably saved her from falling at last in defence of the land he starving. a loved. a His death caused deep sorrow among his comrades. Lt. W. W. Hard.

Leaving now the mountain campaign of wicke, of Lynchburg, took his place in Virginia, we must return to the lines of command of the battery, and his guns,

the Potomac, where events were occurring with those of Capt. Miller, were worked which, although not decisive or far-reachso rapidly and well that the crowded ranks ing in their immediate iufluence, were of of the enemy in the timber were shattered grave bearing upon the subsequent proat every shot. They could not stand the gress of the war. We have seen that, after fire. At one o'clock they broke and ran, the disastrous rout at Manassas, the Northseeking the shelter of the woods in their ern War Department had called General rear, and half an hour afterwards they McClellan to the command of their army, were flying in utter rout before the Con- and that, for reasons deemed sufficient, federates, who pursued them for nearly the Confederates did not attempt to cross two miles down the mountain. In their the Potomac and capture Washington city. flight they cast away knapsacks, canteens, For many months after McClellan assumed blankets and hats. They returned to command, his whole energies were deCheat Mountain disheartened aud almost voted to the task of reorganizing his army. disorganized. No army could have suf- Recruits were found in sufficient numfered a more marked and disgraceful de- bers, but past experience and his sedulous feat. They left eighty dead on the field, care for his own reputation alike admonand as their ambulances had been run-ished him to undertake no hazardous en. ning to the rear for hours, their loss in terprises. He drilled his troops with in. killed and wounded was probably not less cessant diligence, hoping to convert them than four hundred. The Southern loss into soldiers, and to supply the want of was twenty-five killed and ninety-seven true courage and enthusiasm by the babits wounded. b

of discipline. Having adopted the theory Having given the facis of this brilliant that the future of the war could be conbattle, we must now look at their inverted trolled, to a very great extent, by the use and deceptive image in the Northern mir- of artillery, he spared neither time nor ror of falsehood. A special dispatch from money in providing field pieces of the Cheat•Mountain to Cincinnati said: “Yes- most approved character and metal. Riterday the hardest and best fought battle fled guns, Napoleons, howitzers and of the war was fought at Alleghany camp, smooth bores were mounted in numbers Pocahontas county, Virginia. The Union such as few armies had ever known be. loss is about thirty; the rebels lost over fore. He made also great efforts to bring two hundred. The rebels set fire to their bis cavalry up to something like an apcamp and retreated to Staunton. Our proach to the Southern standard. His forces left the field in good order” !!! men were generally so awkward and un.

The disappointment and rage of the skilful in riding, that the ordinary evolurouted Yankees found vent in a deed of. tions of the trot and gallop unhorsed them. malignity, which must be noted. On the To guard against such disasters, a saddle Greenbank road they went to the house of of a peculiar form, very high. before and

behind, with straps to secure the rider in a Dispatch, Dec. 23rd.

his seat, was introduced, but it was soon 6 Compare letters in Lynchburg.

e Telegram, Dec. 14; copied in Exam. a Letter of T. S. from Camp Alleghany, iner Dec. 18th.

Deo. 21.

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found that this contrivance was worse, was essential to conceal the work as long than useless, because it cramped the as possible from the enemy, to avoid the movements of the horseman, prevented fire of their war ships from the river. A him from uniting the power of stirrups thick belt of pines skirted the bank in and sabre in a sweeping cut, and placed front, and crees were planted on each side, him almost at the mercy of a skilful an- to shut in the spot from the reaches of the tagonist. Against all obstacles and all river above and below. The work went impatient urgency, McClellan pursued his on steadily, but in silence. It is a fact ilway with firmness. For four months after lustrative of the fidelity not only of the the battle of Manassas he scarcely ven- soldiers, but of the people inhabiting this tured even to send out a foraging party or region, that though many weeks were to make a reconnoissance of six miles passed in building these batteries, their from his camps. But whenever a move existence was never betrayed to the eneof any kind was made, it was generally my. The Federal cruisers ran constantly in heavy force, and special care was taken up and down the river, peering with keen to herald it in the papers of New York eyes into each suspicious thicket, and of. and Philadelphia as a brilliant success, ten throwing in shells to aid the search, though it had encountered no resistance, yet they returned again and again to and never ventured within reach of a foe. Washington with the report: “No batte

During this time the Confederate troops ries above Aquia.” Often the Confederate were not idle, although they did not un- officers lay under the shade of the trees, dertake any infantry move promising and through their thick trunks and foliage broad influence upon the campaign. Their watched the approach and scrutiny of the lines of defence extended from the batte- hostile steamers, while, at a signal, the men ries at Acquia Creek, on au inlet of the working on the batteries laid down their Potomac twelve miles from Fredericks- spades and rested in profound silence unburg, up through Stafford, Prince William, til the enemy withdrew. a Fairfax and Loudon, to a point six miles

To get the guns to these works was a beyond Leesburg, near the Shannondale Springs, in the last named county. Their

task of immense labor and difficulty. They numbers were, indeed, insufficient to make

were nine inch columbiads, and were this a united line, but their infantry, artil- transported under the direction of Lieut. lery and cavalry were so posted as to be

Simms, of the Confederate Navy, from

Brooke's station on the railroad, to the within reinforcing distance of each other and of each division upon a few hours' batteries, a distance of twenty-one miles.

They were slung between large wheels, warning. To blockade the Potomac became an

and hauled by oxen and horses over the object of much interest to the Confede. rough and sandy roads of Stafford. By Along this river most of the sup

the first of September a sufficient number plies for McClellan's army, as well as coal

had been brought up, and within a few

weeks' thereafter fourteen for the Federal war steamers, were cona


mounted in three batteries about half a veyed. The batteries at Aquia did not

mile from each other. Gen. Trimble's command the channel. Steamers and sailing vessels were entirely beyond their brigade was assigned to man and defend

them. Commander Frederick Chatard, of reach in ordinary navigation. After careful reconnoisances for a suitable position,

the Navy, aided by Lieut. McCorkle, had the Southern engineers selected a reach of special command of the artillerists. The the river near Evansport, between the men were at first inexperienced and unOccoquan and Chapowamsic, and about skilful, but by the sedulous care of the natwenty-eight · miles

val officers, they were soon trained to the below Alexandria. Here the Potomac is one and seven-eighths rapid and expert handling of these heavy of a mile wide. Preparations for can- guns. The suspicions of the enemy hav: structing the batteries were commenced about the middle of August. The utmost a MS. letters from Lt. D. P. McCorkle, caution and secresy were observed, as it! April 3rd, 1863.



and op

ing been excited, in order to draw their, so destructive a fire that two were aban. attention to another spot, Colonel Wade doned and fell into the hands of the Hampton ordered the artillery of his Le Southrons, while the steam tugs which gion to go to Freestone Point, about four were towing them with difficulty escapel miles above, and present the appearance up the river. This abortive effort conof throwing up a “masked battery." This firmed the blockade. The Pawnee ran stratagem was perfectly successful. The by under full steam on the 17th, but reFederal flotilla forth with repaired to the ceived severe injury. A shell exploded in point, and a heavy fire was opened on her quarter, bursting a hole through her both sides. Captain Lee had charge of bottom, which sent her men to the pumps “ Long Tom," captured at Manassas, and to keep' her above water. Some weeks fired some very effective shots, which cut later the steam sloop Pensacola passed up the steamers severely. . They hauled down in a dark night, suffering but little off, and one of them, the Planet, ran down injury, by reason of some neglect in the the river and was sunk at 40 minutes past look-outs of the upper battery. But these 7.o'clock, ten minutes after a collision be- were exceptions too few and hazardous to tween her and a steamer which was encourage Federal vessels generally to coming up.

How far the rapid sinking of follow their example. For nearly five the Planet may have been caused by her months from the middle of October, the previous injuries did not appear. a The blockade of the Potomac was complete Evansport works remained undiscovered. and effective-far more effective than any

On the night of the 14th of October, the that Mr. Lincoln's war fleets had been. guns were all mounted, the trees in front able to establish before any Southern port. cut nearly through, and everything made The results upon the Northern interests ready for unmasking. On the morning of and war measures was se the 15th the Federal steamer Pocahontas pressive. It became necessary to unload passed down, followed very quickly by the freight vessels on the Maryland shore, the Seminole. The trees fell, and the bat. six miles below the mouth of the Chapo-. tery opened. The Pocahontas having wamsic, and wagon their contents fifteen nearly passed before the point was uncov. miles, over wretched roads. to a point seve ered, escaped. But the Seminole was eral miles above the batteries, where they roughly handled. She was taken by sur. were again loaded into vessels for Wash prise in front of the upper battery. She ington. More than two hundred wagons could not safely retreat, and therefore ran were thus constantly employed. Yet the boldly down, exchanging broadsides with suffering in Washington for want of coal the shore guns. She was struck thirteen and other necessaries

very great. timesmeight times by 9-inch shells, which Hundreds of army horses died for want of shattered her severely; her crew could forage. The loss in money inflicted on kardly have escaped loss by such damage the North by the blockade was estimated on her decks, but it was not made known: at many millions of dollars. Mr. ChandThe batteries and their men were unin- ler, a member of the House of Representajured. b

tives from Pennsylvania, spoke bitterly of These formidable works being now fully these losses, besides the disgrace of the disclosed, caused great consternation government in being thus blockaded in its among the Federal shipping in the river. own Capital. A fleet of some hundreds of vessels were

So stern was the pressure of this woe, arrested and lay in a confused mass six

that the Federal authorities held out the miles below the batteries. At night some

hopes of large rewards to vessels which attempted to pass, but were received with

would run the blockade. Gen. Hooker,

who then commanded in the city limits, a Compare account in Baltimore Sun, Sept. 30, with letter of

';; caused notices to be inserted in the papers

“ Personne, Charleston Courier, in Dsipatch Nov. 7. that it was a very rare thing for a shot

b Fredericksburg Recorder, Oct. 18th. from the batteries to strike a vessel. These Charleston Courier, “ Personne."

falsehoods were repeated in some South


ern papers, and brought unmerited cen-j other troops, and Stuart's cavalry was consure upon the artillerists. The facts suf-stantly engaged in scouting. The enemy ficiently vindicate them. Vessels fre. had been driven from these hills after quently made the attempt for three some skirmishing, in which they made but months, during which

me seven

were a feeble stand. Earth works and ensunk and one hundred and twenty-three trenchments of very light charactet were were injured. a The risk was found too thrown up, and mounted at some points great, and for two months before the mid with mock guns. The object of the Condle of March, no vessels passed except a federate commanders was not to make few schooners of the smallest size, which regular seige approaches to Washington, hugged the Maryland shore in the darkest but, if possible, to draw out McClellan's nights, and thus escaped.

army to a general engagement. For this Notwithstanding the angry clamor of púrpose the Southern host beleaguered the Congress and the Northern papers, every avenue of egress,' waved the flags of McClellan steadily refused to encounter

forty regiments in the face of the foe, and the hazard of a land attack on the batte- ofiered battle so defiantly that the Northries. He sent twenty-five thousand men

ern papers announced that a great strug. to the lines around Budd's Ferry, on the gle was at hand, as it seemed to them imMaryland shore, opposite Evansport, and possible that McClellan, with his more nuthrew up an earth-work, on which guns of mereus army, should submit to such indigheavy calibre were · mounted--some, of nity. But he carefully avoided the enthe renowned Whitworth pattern, from countei. His caution approached near to which much effect was hoped. They timidity. He had, indeed, much to fear, opened fire about the first of November, for in the few movements he permitted, and continued it almost daily for four his troops met with disasters which were months, expending powder and ball at a

not adapted to increase his confidence. cost of half a million of dollars, with no On Wednesday, the 11th of September, harm to the Confederates save the wounds a body of two thousand three hundred ing of three men and the occasional dis- Federals, consisting of Vermont, New placement of some ear:h covering. The York and Indiana infantry, a company of Southern batteries very seldom replied, re. cavalry, and Griffin's United States batserving their ammunition for better ob- tery, all under Col. Stevens of the New jects. · The Federal ships were equally York 79th, started from the Chain bridge, impotent in their attacks. They never near Washington, and advanced on the ventured a bombardınent within effective. Leesburg road to Lewinsville, seven miles range. Occasionally they assembled and from the bridge. Here they took posses. opened fire, but at such a distance as to sion of all the roads, posted their troops so render their own guns and those in the as to command each approach, planted batteries equally harmless. b

their battery, and threw out skirmishers. While these blockading measures were

Their intention was to erect field fortifiin progress on the river, the army under cations on a hill near the road-crossing, a Johnston and Beauregard advanced nearer Early in the day they drove in the South and nearer to Washington, and throwing ern pickets. Col. Stuart made disposiforward strong picket forces, occupied in. tions to attack them. His force consisted succession three hills-Munson's, Mason's, of only three hundred and five men, from and Ball's from which the dome of the the 13th Virginia, two pieces of the WashCapital and the more elevated buildings of ington Artillery, under Capt. Rosser, and a the city were plainly in sight. General company of cavalry—about four hundred Longstreet's brigade, with the 13th and and fifty men in all. The Southrons ad7th Virginia, and the Washington Artillery, were in advance until relieved by

a Statement of Lieut. Hancock, of Indi.

ana, in G. M.'s letters, Sept. 17. Dispatch, a MIS. letter from Confederate officer.

Sept. 19, compare with Washington Star, b MS. mem. from Com. Chatard. Sept. 12.

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