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not exceed six thousand men, a They roads over which the enemy had passed, were disappointed and disheartened, had he crossed New River and marched upon been three times defeated with heavy loss, its Southern side, through Fayette county. and had been scourged with sickness and Here he found firmer ground and made disorder in their camps. They openly greater progress. On the 26th of October, avowed that the campaign was over for he reached the foot of Cotton Hill and enthe fall and winter, and that no forward camped. move would be attempted by them.

This hill is a wooded elevation, ap. The retreat of the army of invasion and proaching the dignity of a mountain, dying the increasing heaviness of the roads, in the elbow directly South of the junction made it evident to the Confederate author of the Gauley and New River, which toities, that no farther advance of a danger-gether form the Great Kanawha. That 'qus character could be undertaken by the river is five hundred yards wide at the enemy in the season at hand. General spot, and has a fall of twenty-two feet over Lee left his forces on Sewell, nnder the a ledge of rocks extending nearly across commard of Gen. Loring, and under in-Jits bed. The scene is wild and picturesque, structions from the War Department, pro- rivalling the most majestic views of nature ceeded to Richmond, and thence to Savan- in this beautiful mountain district. Close nah, where his consummate skill as an En. along the river's brink, on the North side, gineer was exhiblted in the preparation ran the road on which all the supplies for and arrangement of the defences of that the enemy's troops at Gauley bridge, two city, and the approaches to Charleston now miles above, were obliged to pass. threatened by the naval and land forces Floyd's infantry soon began to skirmish under Commodore Dupont and General with the troops on the North stde of the Hunter. By order, Gen. . Wise reported river, and by their skill with the rifle, so himself in Richmond on the 28th of Sep. annoyed them that they were compelled to tember, and after the retreat of Rosecrans, withdraw their pickets, and their boats his Legion followed bim and was assigned found it no longer safe to venture up with to important duty in North Carolina. Gem- provisions. Wishing to bring artillery to eral Floyd was still anxious to strike the bear on the road skirting the river, on the enemy a parting blow before the frosts of opposite side, the Confederate officers winter closed the campaign in the moun- labored with great skill and perseverance. tains, and with the sanction of his superi-. Major Thorburn, of Col. Reynold's regi. ors, prepared for an advance.

ment, had been a naval officer of the Uni. On Friday morning, the 10th of October, ted States service, and by his nautical he struck his tents and took up the line of knowledge, put his men into the path of march to the Kanawha valley. It is hard success. A rified six pounder was parto realize the fatigues and difficulties of buckled up the precipitous sides of the the way. The road between Floyd's and mountain, and put in position on the top, Loring's camps, was impassable to any under the forest shelter. Here it was used single team. It required six horses to move with severe effect upon the wagon trains a load ordinarily requiring two, and even and their guards, seven hundred yards disthen, the progress was slow and painful. tant as they moved up to Gauley Bridge. A mounted rider could not move out of a Provoked by these annoyances, the enemy walk. In order to move at all, Gen. Floyd made repeated efforts to dislodge the South was compelled to cut a new road four rons from their position by artillery, but miles leng. Yet against all obstacles, his finding this attempt vai hey threw bodies resolute brigade made their way. Instead of infantry across the river, who were met of advancing on the worn and heavy by Floyd's Skirmishers in the woods, and

so roughly handled that they recrossed in

haste, after losing several men. a Cincinnati Enquirer. Exanziner, Oct.

Thus did this small Southern force main. 29th.

tain their stand for twenty days, inflicting b Letter from R. H. Glass, in Lynchburg great annoyance and considerable loss on Republican, Oct. 12th.

the Federals. By the 19th of November,

arms.

Gen Loring's troops had fallen back to, dusky was killed. But the progress of the Meadow Bluff. No support faced the ene. oiemy was successfully checked, and soon my North of New River; Floyd's supplies their pursuit ceased and they retreated to Teached him with great difficulty over the the Kanawha. Floyd removed eight hun. deep roads leading to Cotton Hill. He re dred sick men of his command to Monroe ceived an admonition from the East that it county, and by the first of December, was was time to withdraw, and made his dis encamped with his froops at Peterstown, positions for the purpose. · Nor was his having lost not a gun or caisson, no ammumove at all too soon.

nition of importance, and not more than Enraged by his persevering attacks, the fourteen men in killed and wounded. The Federals had obtained heavy reinforce-Tenemy's loss was larger, but its extent has ments by steam-boats on the Kanawha never been made known. and two columns of troops together num- The approaching rigors of winter in the bering at least ten thousand men, one un Kanawha district, and the increasing pres. der Schenck and the other under Benham sure of the huge masses of the enemy as. were sent across the Kanawha to march by sembling at Cairo and along the Missis. two roads converging and meeting at Fay. sippi, now induced the War Department ette Court House, and thus gain General to order Gen. Floyd, with his brigade, to Floyd's rear, surround and overwhelm him. Bowling Green, in Kentucky. But while Warned of this movement, he commenced his movements have been claiming our his retreat, abandoning to the enemy only attention, severe battles had been fought a quantity of ragged tents and worn camp in other parts of Western Virginia, resuliequipage, for which he had not transporta-ing in signal successes for the Confederate tion. Prompt as was his march, it is cer. tain that Benham could have intercepted We have seen that when General Lee him, həd he displayed courage and gene. Jordered the larger part of his army to ralship. This Federal commander had march to the Kanawha line, he left Gen. the tenth, twelfth, thirteenth and more than Henry R. Jackson, with two brigades, to half of the thirty-seventh and forty-fourth hold the turnpike road at Greenbrier river, Ohio regiments, amounting to about four which ran from Huitonsville across Cheat thousand, five hundred men. Gen. Floyd's Mountain, and after passing through the force was greatly reduced by sickness, and (intervening valley, crossed first Greenbrier did not number more than three thousand, Mountain, and then the Alleghany ridge two hundred effective men. But Benham into the Valley. The position was not and his Ohio troops were liable to panic. naturally of much strength, though it was On the march hey heard a rumor of a flanked on each side by mountains of heavy body of Southern cavalry advancing modesate height and ra her gentle declivi. on a by-road to gain their rear. They in-ties. Jackson's camp here was called stantly fell back several miles, and thus

Camp Bartow," from one of the heroes of the strange sight was presented of two ar. Manassas.. Entrenchments had been mies retreating from each other! a

thrown up, under direction of Col. Barton, By this happy intervention, seconded by on the left, which was most open and exhis own energy, Gen. Floyd succeeded in posed, but the right and rear had no proreaching Fayette Court House several hours tection save the mountain and river. The before his enemy. He made instant dispo- stream was not more than twenty yards sitions to remove his sick, and continued wide, and easily fordable. The Southern his retreat, skirmishing vigorously with the camp was on its south bank, and held both advanced guard of the Federals. In these sides of the turnpike. The fifty-third Vir. conflicts, Col. Croghan, a gallant Confede- ginia regiment, undec Cor. John B. Baldrate officer a son of the hero of Fort San- win, by order of Gen. Tackson, had taken

a Letter from Lewisburg, dated Novem: post on t'ie Alleghany pass, in his rear. ber 23rd. Dispatch, November 30th. Nor

Discovering early in October that she thern letter, Dec. 3rd. Gen. Benham was great body of Southern troops had been called to account by his government for his withdrawn, the Federal General Reynolds conduct in this march.

determined to make a vigorous attack upon the small force at Camp Bartow, not rapidly organized by Col. Edward John doubting that his superior numbers would son, and made a resolute stand. It numdrive them before him, and that he would bered about a hundred men, from the first open the way for a triumphant march on Georgia regiment, under Col. Ramsey, and Staunton. He organized a force of at 31st Virginia, under Lieut. Tothman. least six thousand men, with twelve pieces Taking shelter in the woods on each side of ar:illery, and marched from Huttons of the turnpike, they resisted the approach ville and his stronghold on Cheat Moun-of the enemy by a rapid and destructive lain.summit, on Wednesday, the 2nd of Oc-fire, which threw them into disorder. As. tober. His men carried four days' cooked tonished at such obstinate fighting f. om provisions in their ha versacks; and be pickets, the Yankees wavered; but, urged side his infantry and artillery, he had a on by their officers, they closed in upon body of cavalry, doubtless intended for the small force before them, and compelled pursuit of a flying enemy. His whole them to retire upon the main body, after movement indicated assurance of success. having kept the foe at bay nearly an hour.

Jaekson's troops consisted, to a great ex. Col. Johnson handled them with great tent, of the regiments who had made the gallantry and skill. They lost five killed severe but successful retreat from Laurel and several wounded, which was the Hill, which we have already narrated.chief loss of the Confederates in the whole They consisted of two small brigades, one battle. Col. Ramsey, while doing his duty under Colonel Taliaferro, and the other on the outer line, was cut off from his under Col. Edward Johnson, a native of

men, and, being lame, was compelled to Chesterfield county, Virginia, but a resi- lie concealed in the woods until subsedent of Georgia, and at first commanding quent events enabled him to join his coma regiment from that State. The brigades rades. embraced the 12th Georgia, which had

The enemy now brought their artillery been Johnson's command, the 1st Georgia, into position, and opened fire from six Col. Ramsay, 3rd Arkansas, Col. Rust, 44th

guns on the south of the turnpike and two Virginia, Col. Scott, 23rd Virginia, Lt. Col.

on the north. They fired solid shot, shell Taliaferro, part of the 31st Virginia, Lt.

and spherical case, and occasionally vaCol. Wm. L. Jackson, and Hansborough's ried their missiles by discharging a shower and Reger's battalions, with a small cav

of cannister. This incessant cannonade alry force under Capt. Starrett, and eight continued from eight o'clock until two, pieces of artillery under Captains Ander- and yet was almost harmless to the Con. son and Shumaker. In consequence of

federates. Three field pieces sickness and the detachment of various brought into action by the Southrons, one parties to points needing guards, the whole

a rifle, under Capt. Shumaker, the other effective force did not exceed seventeen

two six pounders, under Captains Rice hundred men. Cols. Hansborough and

and Deshler. The remaining pieces were Reger were sick, and their troops were held in position on the right flank, to meet commanded by their senior Captains, Hig.

an expected attack. The guns in action ginbotham and Robinson. a Strong picket

were handled with signal skill and effect. guards were kept constantly in front across the river, and on the wooded sides They were carefully aimed, and sent their of the turnpike leading from Cheat Moun. deadly contents full among the Northern

infantry whenever they attempted to adlain. On Thursday morning, the 3d of Octo vance, and after driving them back, they

turned a stream of shot and shells on the ber, at a very early hour, the enenıy came

Northern artillery, which consisted of the in sight and attempted to drive in the

batteries of Home and Loomis. As fast pickets. The first line, after delivering a

as the enemy got their range, Shumaker sharp volley, fell back, bụt as the Federals

shifted the position of his guns, and opened advanced, the whole picket force was

again with fresh and fatal rounds. The a Gen. Jackson's official report, Oct. 7th. Southern infantry meanwhile were cool Letter in Dispatch, Nov. 7.

and deliberate, reserving their fire until

were

the enemy ventured within rangè, and fru m the river. Up the wooded sides of then pouring showers of bullets upon this an infantry force amounting to four them, before which all who were not thousand men were seen attempting to killed or wounded recoiled in confusion. march to gain, if possible, the rear of

Instances of individual coolness and of Jackson's line. The location of the hill the collected spirit of whole regiments was such that they could not fire effectiveoften occurred during this conflict. Col.ly until they crossed the river; and as W. L. Jackson passed along his line en- they attempted to form and deploy, in couraging his men; a shell was thrown order to a charge, the 12th Georgia fired into their trenches, and fell close to him; several rapid volleys of musketry into he instantly ordered one of his command them, which instantly checked their adto throw it out; he was obeyed; the shellvance. At the same time, Shumaker's exploded outside, and did no harm. a guns were directed to the point in the When the enemy's fire was hottest, a woods in which they were known to be young cat, which was the pet of one of the crowded, and completed their discomfiture. companies, was seen in the rear, running by playing upon them with destructive with frolic gambols after the spent balls, effect. In the intervals of fire, the voices as they rolled in the leaves and dust, and of Northern officers were heard in desthe soldiers laughed and cheered her on.b pairing colloquy with their men and with Capt. Rice used his field piece admirably each other on this wise: Brigadier to for two hours, loading and firing by de-Colonel. “Why in the hell don't you charge tail, amidst a storm of shells from the on them? Havn't you heard the order ?" enemy, until a fragment of shell struck Colonel. “Yes, but the men won't do it, and carried away his foot. Even with the and I'll be damned if I can. I can't carry pain of such a wound, he did not lose his them on my shoulders!" a self-possession, but encouraged his men as

The Southern fire was too hot to be he was borne to the rear, and his gun was

borne; the regiments on the hill-side reeffectively served to the close of the battle. treated rapidly and in disorder to the - Finding this artillery fire very severe, turnpike, and at half.past two o'clock, the the enemy, at about half-past nine o'clock, whole force of infantry, artillery and cavmassed their infantry on their right, under alry was moving in a confused mass to the cover of the woods, and crossing the the rear, carrying their wounded in twen. river, advanced in formidable numbers to ty ambulances, and leaving many of their turn the left flank of the Southrons. The killed, with a large number of knapsacks, 3rd Arkansas regiment received them with canteens and muskets, scattered througb a terrible fire, which drove them back in the fields and along the forest road. haste and disorder across the run and into

The loss of the Confederates in this ac the forest shelter. Their flag, a handsome

tion was six killed, thirty-one wounded, silk banner, fell into the hands of the Ar

and twelve missing. The enemy's loss kan sians. Enraged at their repulse, they

was not less than three hundred in killed turned their cannon on the point, and dis

and wounded. One of their 12-pounders charged a flood of cannister, which tore

was crippled, and with difficulty removed through the woods and undergrowth with

from the field. They retreated from the out any injury to the Confederates, who

assault in rout and disorder. Under such were protected on their flank by entrenchments and a thick forest cover.

circumstances, it would seem hard to treat

this battle os resulting in anything but a An hour later, the Federals made their final effort on the right flank and centre of

decided Confederate victory. Neverthe. the Southrons. Here no entrenchments less, it becomes our duty once more to look protected the flank, but a mountain rose upon it through the mysterious lens of the

Yankee mind, which had the strange powa Letter of W. P. C., Oct. 5, in Exam

er of inverting all objects and falsifying

all truths. The Northern account thus iner, Oct. 19th.

6 Letter from Camp Bartow, October 8. Dispatch, Oct. 12.

a Letter in Dispatch, Oct. 8th; 12th.

ment:

summed up the results of their move, of traitor troops, and, Ohio home guards,

under a Col. Zeigler, came up to the place " The reconnoissance proved entirely in the steamer Boston, and upon the pre.. Successful, affording information relative to text that the people of Guyandotte had inthe enemy's strength which could not be vited the Southern attack, set fire to the ascertained from scouts.” “Our loss is town and reduced two-thirds of it to. ten killed and eleven wounded.” "It is ashes, including many dwellings of unimpossible to ascertain the loss of the happy Union men! Women and children enemy; it will not, however, fall short were turned homeless into the streets, of five nundred killed and wounded, as after seeing all that made their homes our artillery did terrible execution !" a comfortable pillaged or burned before their Although winter was fast approaching,

eyes. a

This cowardly outrage added one active military operations did not cease in

more to the links of that chain which

must at last bind the North to a fate of lastWest Virginia. Col. Jenkins, who had

ing infamy. been left with his cavalry and a part of

After the brave fight of Greenbrier the. Wise Legion in Fayette county, or

Mountain, General Henry R. Jackson was ganized à force of about four hundred

detailed from his command, and sent on fiorse, under .Col. Clarkson, and on Sun

important duty to Georgia. The departday, the 13th of November, suddenly de

ment of this region of Virginia was now scended upon the town of Guyandotte, in

under the military control of Gen. Loring, Cabell county, on the Ohio river, then held by a garrison of two hundred and resulted in a eampaign in the dead of

and movements were in progress which fifty Federals, After a short resistance, winter, in the upper part of the Valley, the enemy gave way and took refuge in

under the lead of a renowned officer, the houses, firing from the windows upon whose advance was attended by decided the Southern cavalry, who were enclosed

success, but at a cost of great suffering to in the streets. Col. Clarkson dismounted his army. This will be the subject of a and ordered his men to do the same and follow kim. In a few moments they broke narrative soon to be made. The brigade

nf Col. Taliaferro was withdrawn towards open the doors and drove the Yankees from house to house, killing and wounding pied by scouts and a picket force, and the

Staunton Camp Bartow was only occumany, and finally compelling the surren. der of all surviving. The military pro: back and established at the pass at Alle

Confederate line of defence was drawn perty captured consisted of two hundred Enfield rifles, a large quantity of ammuni- ghany Mountain, fourteen miles from the

Greenbrier river, and about the same dis tion, saddles, clothing and commissary

tance from. Monterey. Here Col. Edward stores, and a number of cavalry horses Johnson was in command, with about the whole valued at not less than twenty

twelve hundred men, consisting of the five thousand dollars. b

12th Georgia, 31st Virginia, under Major The object of the move being accom. Boykin, two companies of Col. Baldwin's plished, and it being impossible, with so 52nd Virginia, Hansborough's and Reger's small a force, without supplies or support, battalions and eight six pounders, the Lee to hold the town, Col. Jenkins withdrew battery, under the veteran Anderson, and his troops in safety. His action had beer. the Rockbridge battery, under Capt. Milperfectly legitimate, and according to the ler. Under the increasing cold of winter, Jaws of war; be attacked a tou n held by a rendered more intense by the keen air of regular force of the enemy, overcame the mountains, these brave and hardy men them, and took nothing but public military maintained their post, with all the hardspoils. Nevertheless, the next day a body ships of a seanty supply of blankets and

food, and the discouragement of isolation a Special dispatch to Cincinnati Com- from comrades and homes. anercial, Oct. 4. Whig, Oct. 14th.

b Letter of N., Nov. 14. Examiner, a Wheeling Intelligencer. Examiner, Dee. 2nd.

Noy. 22.

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