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“ Did you ever think how rarely we re ney into the schoolmaster's pockets, the veal our true motives for doing a thing ?" schoolmaster was putting absolutely no

He had scarcely spoken before he re. thing into David's head. So, Childress, pented, for Evelyn's face crimsoned, and Sr., abandoned the idea of learning, and she raised her eyes to his with a look of wisely resolved to take David into his eager inquiry. Charles answered her counting house, and thus it was that David glance with a blush as deep, and as guilty became a merchant. He had not been in as her own. Neither of them made any the store long, before he began to discover additional remark, and the silence was be that curious talent for manners of which I coming both painful and embarrassing, have just been telling you. David had ne when Charles rose to leave. After such a most inimitable way of drawing a scentconversation, Evelyn might possibly have ed handkerchief from his breast pocket, fallen into one of her old pensive moods, with the thumb and first finger of his left but for the timely entrance of visitors, who hand, wbile he gesticulated with his right. put such thoughts to flight. Miss Childress He could spread it on the breeze in such a and her brother, David, came in for a "lit- manner as to fill a whole room with pertle call visit,” as Daviu expressed it. In fume, and yet appear all the time so envi. fact David had become quite fond of ma- ably unconscious of the fact. David had king these little call visits, and I have been one other accomplishment, which his remiss in not introducing bim to your no- friends maintained was natural, too, but tice sooner. David was a tall, thin, bandy- we suspected the hand of art in it. In shanked young gentleman, with black addressing you, standing, he always drew hair, which he allowed to grow very long, the left foot back into the right position, and a pale, greenish face, of corresponding and pitched the upper part of his body so length. From this slight description, you far in advance of the lower, that he seem will be apt to discover that David was ed in incessant danger of toppling over, nothing of an Apollo, neither was he re- while he made an ugly figure behind, markable for wisdom. David's forte was which was suggestive of broken backs, manners. I believe he had more manners &c. I suspect he acquired this in some than almost any person I ever saw, which chance encounter with a dancing master. was the more remarkable as he had never I am afraid Evelyn had but little patience had any great opportunities for acquiring with Divid's exquisite ways, but she could them. From this fact, David's friends argued endure him for his sister's sake, for she that he must have a natural talent that way. liked her. This was not Miss Childress, This was gratifying, as David had disap- her name was Ann, and she was very dig. pointed them in another respect. When nified in fact. This was a younger one, he was younger, and had shorter legs, and known in the village by the familiar name a smaller head than at the time of which I of Sis. She was a sanguine girl, rather write, his father, a man of means had pretty, and had the reputation of being resolved to make a scholar of him. For very sprightly, though, in truth, I think it this purpose, he bound him out to a popu- was merely the sprightliness of strong anlar teacher to be educated. The teacher imal spirits, and unreflecting good nature. bound himself for an astonishing amount she must have been a sweet şirl though, of learning, while Childress, Sr., bound for her friends seemed to love and admire himself for a plentiful supply of money. her very much, and David was always Well, both of these engagements were telling of something clever she had said or honestly kept, but, unfortunately, they for- done. got, in making the contract, to bind young The conversation, on the occasion of David to furnish the brains, and David, this little call visit, of which I have been taking advantage of this omission, stubborn. telling you, turned upon Charles Ruscal, ly refused to furnish the brains—which, of which was quite natural, as Charles had course, spoiled the whole plan. Childress, been visiting both places that day. Sr., being a shrewd, sharp individual, soon "Charles Ruscal has been paying you a discovered, that while he was putting mollittle call visit to-day, Miss ?” said Davy,

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rising from his seat. David generally This was expressive, but certainly not stood when he had a remark to make. I explicit, and as Sis could not aid him, he suppose he was capable of throwing more was forced to take bis leave without mak. volume into a sentence, with his body ing himself satisfactorily understood on the pitched forward in the manner which we subject of love and melancholy. have described. Charley is my most

[TO BE CONTINUED.] particular friend, and especial acquain. tance," he said, drawing his handkerchief from his pocket, and exhaling the perfume. Editor's Table. " Isn't he Sis? Why, Miss, look how Sis is blushing." He cried exultingly, and pointing to his sister, who was shaking her

THE MESSENGER has passed into other curls, and growing very red in her endea-hands. Of this the public has been appri• vor to make it plain that she was not zed by the daily prints. It may not be blushing. “Why, Sis, "Whad no idea you a generally known, however, that the new show it so plain,” said Davy, becoming Proprietors, whose debut is made in the very much amused. “To tell you the truth, present number, are young gentlemen brimMiss,” he said with a confidential wink full of energy and ambition, with abundant towards Evelyn, “we think they are fond means, and, above all, imbued with correct of each other, Charley and her."

opinions in regard to the proper mode of Evelyn could not suppress a look of sur

developing a literary journal. They intend ptise, while Davy, laying the first finger of to make The MESSENGER,“ both externally his right hand in the palm of his left, went

and internally, far more inviting than it on to demonstrate the thing,

has heretofore been; to pay for contribu"You see, Miss, it is so; Charley hardly

tions; to advertise libetathes to secure ever comes to town, without coming to our

agencies in all the principal cities and house, and when he's there he talks all the towns of the Confederacy; to enlist the time to Sis, and makes her sing love songs while upholding a lofty standard of litera

best and brightest talent in the land ; and, to him. Now don't that look like it Miss ?"

ture, so to enliven and invigorate the old Evelyn could not deny her conviction, magazine, as to enlist the favour and atthat it had that appearance, although Sis

tract the admiration of all classes of society, was appealing to her for support.

except sueh as delight in productions inWhy, Dave, how can you talk so ?" trinsically low and puerile. Their -idealcried Sis, shaking her curls, and showing is high, but at the same time popular, and other symptoms of confusion. You know

it is their purpose to leave nothing undone he scarcely notices me when sister Ann is which can ensure the public approval and in the room, unless he wants me to sing. establish at once their own reputation and He wouldn't care for that if you could that of the magazine. sing," she added, turning to Evelyn with

They are prepared to do what their prea playfully teasing manner.

decessors have not done and were not able “Ah, yes Miss, what a pity you don't to do; that is, to impart to the business sing,” interposed David, as he resumed his management that energy and system withseat with a dejected air. “What a pity ; out which no enterprise can or ought to there is one song I would give a thousand prosper, and to give to the editorial departdollars to hear you sing.”

ment that undivided attention which a first “What is it?" asked Evelyn, expressing class magazine imperatively demands. regret at her inability to gratify him. And here the former Editor and Proprietors

“I can't think what's the name of it, think fit to say a word in self-defence, as but it's a love song," answered Davy, wav- well from natural impulse ąs to forestall ing his handkerchief with a perplexed air. criticism detrimental to themselves, which “Sis can't you think of it."

the certain and rapid improvement of the “If sister Ann was here she could tell magazine will be sure to provoke. Owning in a minute. Its got 'melancholy' in the a printing establishment, the incessant second line."

engagements of which occupied nearly

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their whole time and means, the Proprie., enlist sympathy and elicit articles by leto tors could devote only intervals of leisure ter-writing. Under all these disadvantato THE MESSENGER. Long experience had ges, ii is something to the retiring "man. taught them not to place too much confi- agement” that they have been able to keep dence in the Southern demand for litera. alive Tue MESSENGER during three years of ture; they were unwilling to give up a terrible war, and in spite of a depreciated certainty for an uncertainty. To them, as currency and a great scarcity of paper. to others, a bird in the hand was worth two This they think they may justly claim, and in the bush. Hence The MESSENGER was they care to claim no more. not and could not be developed as it should

A better and brighter era has. dawned have been. The risk of expanding and on the Magazine, which for thirty years improving it, the Proprietors were unwil- has stood in the front of Southern periodiling to run. They were not unwise enough cals. New life is to be infused into it and to sacrifice a paying business for one which

a true system to be adopted. It will now might not pay, and which could be made succeed, because it has entered the path to pay only by giving up, one that was which leads invariably to success. There already paying. The circulation of The is no occasion to invoke the public favour MESSENGER was small, so small, and the in behalf of the new owners. The world cost of publication, latterly, so heavy, that looks kindly on all young aspirants for dis. the pay of the Editor was trifling, and that tinction, and with holds no favor from them of contributors merely nominal. It may

so long as they deserve it. By their tacts excite surprise, and will no doubt sound laughable when we state that, in times of taste, judgment, energy, they must stand

or fall. In the present instance, they are peace, the Editor's salary was but $300,a pitiful sum, truly, which was increased going to stand. We have seen them, con

versed with them, me sured them, and during the past year to $400, or, allowing for present depreciation, just Twenty Dol- make bold to predict success for them. A lars in coin, for editing the leading and, in bright career, beset with some difficulties, fact, the only Southern magazine for a

it is true, is before them ; but the time is whole year.

not distant, when they will look back upon

the revelations made in this, our parting This expose is made in no spirit of complaint, but simply to show how Southern editorial, as a curious and instructive leliterature was supported, and why The gend of Southern literature in its early and MESSENGER languished.

The Editor felt struggling stages. that no injustice was done him by the

It remains only for the former Editor Proprietors, for they worked much more

and Proprietors to make their bow. With and much harder than himself, not only best wishes alike for their old subscribers without remuneration, but with actual loss. and contributors, and for the new ProprieIt was optional with the Editor to retain tors; with kindliest remembrance of the or decline his position; but, for many rea

associations, past and present, which now sons, he liked it andchose to remain, hop. terminate ; and, above all, with profound. ing for better things. Nevertheless, he was

est aspirations for the success of that great compelled to seek a support from other and sacred cause on which all Southern sources, and, finding it, could spare from literature depends, they bid their friends his manifold occupations only a few hours and readers a cordial, hearty, hopeful fare. to devote to that which should have en.

well. gaged his wbole time. Thus hampered, it was impossible for him to do full justice The public has already been informed, to himself, or to the Magazine. Unable to through the proper channels, of the change compensate contributors sufficiently, op- which has taken place in the editorial as pressed with compulsory writing for other well as business control of the “Messenjournals, he could not secure the articles ger.” With the present number, the edi. he wished, even by the cheap remuneratorial labors of Dr. BagBy in connection tion of friendly correspondence. He who with the Magazine will terminate, and the toils for the daily press has little chance to present editor at the same time assumes

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A Magazine Devoted to Literature, Science and Art.

VOL. 38.]


[No. 2.




treated with respect and was soon returned HISTORY OF THE WAR. to the Southern lines.

The careful reconnoisances of the enemy's position at Elk Water, discovered its

great natural strength and its perfect fortifiAuthor of a Histery of Virginia.

cation by all the arts of engineering appli

cable to mountain roads, forests and water (Copy-right secured.)

It could not have been carried CHAPTER IX.

except by regular approaches with siege

lines and heavy guns. For this the SouthOn the 13th, General Lee moved nearer ern army was not prepared, and after full to the enemy's position on Elk Water, to consideration, General Lee gave orders to reconnoitre it more carefully. One of his his subordinates to draw their brigades aids, Col. John. A. Washington, of the En- and regiments back to their camps at Valgineer Corps, was very daring in his ap- ley mountain and Greenbrier river. proaches so much so as to draw an un- This unfruitful advance, caused some heeded word of warning from other offi- disappointment in the Southern mind, and

He was a great nephew of George critics were not wanting who censured Washington, and had been the owner of General Lee for not making an assault the Mount Vernon estate, until it was pur- upon the enemy's works, and who insisted chased by an association of ladies. He that he was too much averse to shedding was highly esteemed by his comrades, and the blood of his soldiers, and expected to being now, in his first campaign, sought win decisive positions and advantages by for success and renown with ardar. On strategy, rather than by hard fighting. But, Friday, the 13th, he was riding, with six subsequent reflection and experience, have companions, around the enemy's works, shown that this able leader was right in when they came suddenly upon a party of his course in this campaign. His broad Federal scouts who had just advanced from military foresight forbade him to jeoparil their picket station. A volley was fired his troops in a bloody assault upon impreginto them; his comrades retreated, but nable entrenchments, and the time came Washington, who was riding in advance, when, at the head of a splendid army, bie fell from his horse with four bullets through proved himself capable of dealing the most his body. When the scouts came up, he terrible and bloody blows with matehless was lying in the moment of death, his hand skill and energy. attempting to grasp his pistol: he faintly Learning now by couriers of the union of smiled and said, “How are you boys, give Rosecrans and Cox, and of their advance me some water;" a canteen was placed to upon Wise and Floyd, General Lee decihis lips, but he was dead.a His body was ded at once to reinforce the Southern ar

mies on the line of Lewisburg, feeling as-. a Letter in Cincinnati Commercial, Ex. sured that a strenuous effort would there aminer, October 5th.

be made to penetrate the valley of Virgi


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via. He left General Henry R. Jackson,, was already suffering heavily from sick with abouttwenty-five hundred men, to hold ness, caused by forced marches and expobis position on the Greenbrier river, and sure to the cold rains of the mountains. ordered the residue of his army to follow Not less than fifteen hundred patients were him to Lewisburg. He reached General in his wretched hospitals, lying under worn Floyd's camp, at Meadow Bluff, on Friday, and ragged canvas tenis, in heaps of the 20th of September, and after conferring soaking straw, shivering with chills or with him for two days, joined Gen. Wise, burning with fevers and daily dying in at Sewell Mountain, on Sunday the 22nd. scores.

He felt that his expedition, com„Wise's position had been selected and ju- menced with so much of vaunting and

diciously entrenched by Gen. Henningsen. triumph, was a failure. In the words of and the experienced eye of Lee saw at one of his own followers : “ It was indeed once that it was very strong and capable one of the most foolish, as well as one of of arresting a very heavy hostile force. the most flattened out expeditions that could He accordingly ordered forward bis troops possibly happen, and it is no wonder that

" The fact of the to the spot and extended the defensive the men felt miserable." works already planned.

matter is: Carnifax Ferry, about which so Meanwhile General Rosecrans, with fir- much has been said and written, turns out teen thousand men, advanced and took more and more to our cost, a great blunder possession of the top or Big Sewell Moun. and a sad mistake; and instead of beaping tain, skirmishing with the forward troops opprobrious epithets on Floyd and calling of the Wise brigade. In one of these

him coward, we must in the end admit conflicts, Lieut. Col. J. W. Spalding, a brave that he has turned out to be Rosecrans' Virginian, was killed. Gen. Lee daily ex- superior as an officer and a general. He pected an attack and was prepared for it. out manæuvred him in every way, and in His force now assembled immediately con

every sense of the word.” a The same

writer thus describes the woe of the Yanfronting the enemy, was twelve thousand, and his entrenchmen:s enabled him to

kees in seeing the front of Lee's army: defy an attack in front. His only danger Sewell

, giant like in form, while oar troops

" There stood the Southern troops on Little was that his position inight be turned by

stood looking on with amazement, full of difficult and circuitous roads round the

chagrin and disappointment." mountain. Against this he guarded by

A stealthy reconnoisance in the darknessgreat vigilance and constant cavalry scouts, of night, around the Confederate position, in which Col. J. Lucius Davis, of the Wise

revealed its strength. Rosecrans made no Legion was specially active and success.

attempt to entrench, for he had no purpose ful.

of holding his camp on the Big Sewell. Rosecrans had been ledi by Cox to be. He gave orders for a silent retreat. On the lieve that he would ineet very feeble oppo- night of the 6th of October, his troops sition in his triumphant march to Lewis

moved to the rear in the dark, and the next burg.ą: He pushed forward his men over morning, when the Confederates looked horrible roads and through drenching rains. oat from their camp, the whole of the Gen. Benham led his advance. On reach threatening host that had confronted them ing the top of Big Sewell, great was his for twelve days before, was gone. Geneastonishment and chagrin to find a strong ral Lee made no attempt to pursue them, army marshalled in his front, and well the state of the roads, and his want of constructed entrenchiments stopping his cavalry and artiHery horses, rendering it "path at every point. He was so much impossible. The enemy fell back to Moun: discouraged by the certainty of severe bat- tain Cove, thirteen miles below Gauley tle and probable defeat if he advanced, bridge, and in a few weeks the united force that wavering and indecision took the of Rosecrans and Cox at all effective, did place of boldness and hope. His army

a Letter from Camp Benham, Oct. Sth, in Cincinnati Times.

a Letter of M. E. I. from Camp Benham, October 8th. Cincinnati Times.

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