Billeder på siden


Editor's Table.





Down a deep WELL My GOBLET feil. I have no BOPE, I see no hope Of getting up My darling cup.


My Queen, I trow,
That WELL art thou;
Ab! dark and deep
Those waters sleep;
They would be bright,
If brought to light,
But would they be
Less cold to me?


My heart, I wis, That GOBLET is; “Ah! goblet mine Where is thy wine?" “My wine is spilled, Its glow is chilled, And pale its red. 'Tis dead, 'tis dead."

The past month has ushered in the first great movements in what we, under Provi. dence, hope to be the final struggle in this bloody crusade of the North against the South. The curtain rose, on the same blood-stained scenes that had already witnessed so mueh ruthless bloodshed. The actors were, with few exceptions, the same, but the tragedy has left the narrow proportions of former years, and the ground is strewn with victims. True 1o the programme openly proclaimed by the North. ern press, the enemy has concentrated all available forces on two points, abandoning minor interests and stolidly suffering defeat on less important points.

This led to a series of successes for our flag, with which the campaign opened, cheering the hearts of the people and raising the spirits of our brave soldiers. The nation had recovered from the disappointe ments of last year and gathered new hopes and greater confidence from the repose of the winter months. The army had been reorganized in the Southwest, and well supplied with clothing and the appliances of war on all sides. Anticipations of sure success thus filled every heart, and wiik the sanguine temper of our racé, soon grew into certainty, when the news of triumphs obtained in almost every State came at the opening of the campaign. The en emy were repulsed wherever they attempted to advance, as in Florida; they were attacked and driven back in Tennessee and Kentucky The siege of Charleston was virtually abandoned, leaving the white flag of the South to wave unsullied and unconquered over the impregnable ruins of Fort Sumter, and proving the famous monitors and newly invented guns of the North to be equally unable to take and to destroy Charleston. The port of Wilming. ton was opened by our iron clad, Raleigh, and iminense quantities of provisions, urgently needed by our army, have been im. ported there.

North Carolina was the scene of one of the heaviest disasters

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

which the enemy has yet suffered. On the, mand the channel at all important places. 20th April, after a siege of a few days, Nor have our forces in Arkansas been idle, Plymouth; a naturally 'strong and carefully a powerful column under the Federal Gen. fortified position, surrendered disgracefully eral Steele was first harrassed and much to a combined land and naval force, the injured, and then regularly attacked and former under Gen. Hoke of N. C., who was routed. A large portion of this army is made a Major General on the day of the said to have been captured; the small capture for his brilliant exploit. Wash- remnant has led to Little Rock, leaving ington also was abandoned by the enemy wagons, supplies, and all but their persons and they now hold only Newbern, with a in the hands of our pursuing troops. superior force. Our iron clad ram Albe- In the meantime a very large army was marle here inaugurated the practical ex. gathered in front of our forces under Gen. periment of fighting land fortifications with Johnston, evidently with a view to invade iron clad vessels, and obtained, under her Georgia, and thus to carry out Gen. Scott's brave commander, Capt. Cooke, most sig. original plan of cutting the Contederacy in nal success, although but thinly clad and two. After continued skirmishing in orunder the fire of 8.inch rifled guns. The ver to feel our strength, the. enemy

adexperience here gained will be of vital in- vanced on both onr flanks, and by great terest to France and England, as they have superiority of numbers and skilful manoeu. not yet bad an opportunity for testing their vring, succeeded in crossing the Etowah iron and steel clad vessels.

river on the 20th May, thus seriously Louisiana also was, during the preced. threatening our position. Gen. Johnston, ing month, the scene of an, even greater therefore, fell slowly back, along the rail. disaster that befell the Northern arms. road line, in search of an advantageous Gen. Banks, forgetful of the severe punish- position, and a great battle for Atlanta is ment received at the hands of the great daily expected. Jackson, planned, and it is said, contrary

The main effort of the enemy was, howto orders from Washington, executed an ever, directed against Richmond, and to .expedition up Red River, to occupy West- do honour to the Federals, it must be acern Louisiana, and to isolate, if not to over- knowledged that the movement has been run, Texas. His army, divided into three carried out with greater concert of action columns, did not well co-operate, and the on the part of the leaders and superior powerful fleet, under Admiral Porter, fighting capacity on the part of the men, which supported him with gúnboats and than either have shown before. Thanks carried his supplies on transports, was to the God of Battles and the superior val. ..caught by the fall of the river and placed in or of our men, these efforts have so far imminent danger. Advancing in myst ir been either successfully foiled or entirely regular style, contrary to all military rule or defeated. The plan was evidently to adexperience, he was met by our forces un-rance in heavy masses, concentrated under Gen. Richard Taylor, totally defeated der the able generalship of Grant, in front on the 9th of April, near Mansfield, and of Lee, whilst powerful columns were to after having fallen back twenty miles to support the movement from other direcPleasant Hill, signally worsted in spite of tions. The latter have signally failed.. heavy reinforcements. Several thousand |Gen. Averill attempted to approach on the prisoners, twenty one pieces of artillery, line of the Tennessee Railroad, in order and an immense quantity of stores fell into to destroy the salt works and lead mines our hands. Detached corps hold in the of Southwestern Virginia, and to intercept meantime the Red River below his forces, the line of communication. Dividing his which are mostly at Alexandria, destroy force into two columns, he fell , upon ing gunboats and transports, and greatly Wytheville, where he was thoroughly endangering all navigation. A like success beaten by the forces of Jones and Morgan, has crowned our efforts on the Mississippi, and sent an advance to Dublin, which suewhere, since the capture of Fort Pillow, ceeded in overcoming our inferior forces frade has nearly ceased, as our troops com- and in destroying bridges, depots, &c.

Still, our resistance was vigorous enough,, (Fort Darling), but in every instance the to make this portion of the army also re-enemy have been driven back with severe treat, and Averill has been of no service loss. Our own losses have been heavy, to Grant. In the Valley, Gen. Siegel ad. but no impression has been made on our vanced from Winchester on the 6th May, works, and the Federals have been com- · for the apparent purpose of destroying | pelled to seek shelter behind their strong Lynchburg or Charlottesville, and of keep entrenchments, which stretch from Porr ing reinforcenients from reaching Lee from Walthall, on the Appomatiox, to Bermuda this direction. Gen, Breckenridge, who Hundreds, on the James River, whilst their had been at Jackson's river, made a forced gunboats protect their right ilank and their march of nearly fifiy miles, was reinforced line of communication. Here they have been by Imboden, met Siegel, and with a far in. repeatedly attacked by our troops, under ferior force, defeated bim near New Mar- the command of General Beauregard, and - ket, about half way between Staunton and each time severely worsted. On the 20th Winchester. The enemy lost six pieces of they were driven from their rifle pits and artillery, several hundred prisoners, and outer line of entrenchiments, which rewere driven back, in utter disorder, until peated efforts since have not erabled them. they crossed the North fork of the Shenang to recover. Thus far, then, not only Petersdoah, burning the bridge behind them, and burg and Richmond are perfectly safe, but thus seeking shelter behind the swollen Butler's column also has been of no service river. In this brilliant affair the Cadets of to Grant. Lexington bore a conspicuous part, and by The main attack has, of course, been their success ås well as by their heavy loss made from the North by General Meade's in killed and wounded, earned general largely increased army. Previous to movpraise and sympathy.

ing, it was reorganised into three army Smaller columns were detached by the corps, under Hancock (2nd), Warren (5th), enemy to destroy the railroads South of and Sedgwick (6th), to which was added Richmond, in order to prevent supplies and a reserve corps under Burnside, assembled reinforcements being sent to Lee from the at Annapolis, and largely composed of South. The damage they inflicted was negroes. On the 2nd they struck their but trifling, their losses heavy; they were tents in Culpepper county, sending back repulsed and compelled to fall back to their stores and everything portable, even their supports, without having prevented to the railroad bridges, to Alexandria, thus very heavy reinforcements from reaching clearly indicating their purpose to abandon Richmond.

the line of the Orange and Alexandria A more serious danger was at first ap- Railroad, and to seek a new base. On the prehended from the heavy forces 'with 4th they crossed the Rappabannock at Elyos which. General Butler ascended James and Germana ford, and formed a line from River. On the 4th May the expedition Chancellorsville to Parker's Store, about "left Newport News, a flotilla of army gun- twenty miles East of Orange. General Lee, boats leading the van, followed by iron anticipating their movements, sent Ewell clads and double ends, and a number of and Hill to meet them, and for two days regular navy vessels, whilst a number of a most bloody battle was fought in the transports, loaded with men, followed in Wilderness. From the nature of the ground The rear. The bulk of the troops were land, and the prevalence of dense, tangled. ed above City Point, at Bermuda Hundreds, woods, no artillery could be used, and, as and on the 6th an advance threatened Port is usual in musketry fights, the casualties Walthall, but was quickly repulsed, main. were enormous. The enemy fought with Jy by South Carolina troops. On the fol- unusual tenacity, losing at least 15,000 lowing days they were heavily reinforced, men on these two days, and many Generals, and obtained possession of the railroad among them General Wadsworth. Our leading to Petersburg. Since then, repeated loss was comparatively small, and every attacks have been made upon the outer attack was successfully repulsed with iinline of fortifications around Drury's Bluff mense slaughter

Finding himself unable to break through, with difficulty held back from leading them our lines and thus force his way to Rich- in person, and under the gallant General mond, the enemy next attempted to flank Gordon, promoted to Major General on the our right wing, for which purpose he had field, they recovered the lost position and to obtain possession of Sportsylvania court. inflicted again a fearful loss on the enemy. houses His views were, however, again No essential advantage was gained by anticipated by Lee, who had reached there them, før even the loss of two Generals, first and established himself on a strongly about 700 men, and perhaps twenty guns, entrenched line, parallel to that of the was largely outweighed by the far heaviet Federals. On the 8th, the latter occupied losses of the enemy. Fredericksburg, sending their wounded A heavy rain, which set in on the folthere and rebuilding the railroad to Acquia lowing day, served the latter as a pretext Creek, making this their line and the Poto- for suspending active operations for several mac their base. In a series of efforts they days, during which he shifted his right again tried to break through our lines, or more towards the telegraph road and turn our right, but they were brilliantly Fredericksburg railroad, leaving large repulsed on every occasion, and with fear- numbers of arms, wagons, &c., and over ful loss of life.

700 sick in a hospital on his abandoned On the 11th, General Sheridan, com- front of the right. On the 15th, they thus manding the cavalry of General Meade's occupied the line of the Ny, one of the army, left the latter on a raid towards tribntaries of the Mattapony, holding Mas. Richmond, probably expecting it to be held saponax church and contracting their line or at least closely invested by Butler. He for the purpose of massing their forces. was immediately pursued by General J. E. From that time onward, they attacked our B. Stuart, whose forces, though unable to line more or less earnestly almost daily, compete with far superior numbers, con- trying thus to cover their movements on tinually harrassed and seriously injured our right flank. Gen. Meade was, all the him, until he was hemmed in, on the 11th, time, maneuvring to outflańk us, and as at Yellow Tavern, in Henrico county. Gem Lee's watchfulness and inexhaustible Their horses worn out, their rations ex- activity, left him no hope of succeeding in hausted, and thểir men demoralised, they this effort, he moved on the 21st upon Mil. could escape only by a stratagem. At. ford Station and Bowling Green, apparent. tacking our troops in front, they rebuilt ly with a view of establishing an addition. Meadow Bridge, laid logs over the railroad al base at Port Royal and Tappahannock. bridge, and slipped away, under cover of This manæuvre, well executed, but so far the night. It was in this last encounter fruitless, necessitated, of course, a corresthat General Stuart was mortally wounded. ponding movement on our side, and after He died on the 12th in Richmond, univer- having discovered by a reconnoisance in sally regretted as one of the bravest and force, that the enemy's breastworks, near noblest of our great Generals.

Spotsylvania C. H., were really abandoned, On the same day the enemy, having Gen. Lee also swung his columns round, made a feint of attacking our right, and so as to confront the enemy and retain the having massed heavy forces on our left, inner line, around the centre, Richmond. took advantage of a heavy fog in the early As well as can be judged at the moment of morning and fell upon an advanced part writing, it is to be regretted that Granto of our line. Favored Ly the suddenness should have failed to repeat his bloodly of the surprise and the absence of our strategy of a direct assault upon our lines artillery, they stormed the breastworks, near Hanover Junction. With our line capturing the unsupported infantry under of communications safe, and a position and with General Edw. Johnson, and soon superior to any which we had previously after a number of pieces that had been assumed, a still more bloody repulse await. sent to his support. As soon as the move. ed the Federal hosts than that which have

was understood, our troops were already rendered historic the ensanguined brought into action, General Lee being plains of Spotsylvania. In pursuance of


As a

the policy which he bas steadily indicated) Our readers, we are assured, will pardon since his repulse on the 12th of May, of the necessary absence of a portion of our avoiding a general engagement, Grant has usual editorial matter. Haviny at one continued moving to our right, his advan. time, during the excitement incident to the ced column having reached Hanover late summons of the militia forces to the Town-on the Pamunkey-corresponding field, almost despaired of our ability to disposition of the Confederate forces have issue the Messenge: within anything like 'been made by Gen. Lee, and thus on the our usual time, however great might be morning of the 30th of May, the two ar- our editorial industry, we philosophically mies stand confronting each other in close vielded our recognition of the existing proximity to Cold Harbour, a locality ren. state of affairs, and with commendable dered classic by the defeat of McClellan complaisance acquiesced in the propriety tuo years ago.

of the conduct of many excellent citizens Later intelligence from Louisiana, indi- who, like ourselves, devoted their leisure cates the escape of a portion of his army moments to finding out the news. in a condition of utter demoralization. consequence when, by the grace of His The brilliant campaign of Gen. Taylor has Excellency Gov. Smith, who had discoverresulted in the destruction of a large army, ed that the enemy were aware of the and the recovery of almost an entire State, presence of the militia among the defend. and he has been appropriately rewarded ers of the Capital, and would therefore for his services, with the rank of Lieuten- desist from any.contemplated attack upon ant General. The Federal army of Steele, the city, our einployees were suddenly, and in Arkansas, has been repeatedly defeated without premonition, returned to their disastrously by Gen. Price, and thus ano- avocations, we found ourselves much in ther State has been, to å great extent, re. the condition of a party surprised and covered.

ambuscaded-totally unprepared for such So far, then, God has crowned all our

an unexpected event. We have gone to efforts with signal success : our troops are work, however, with alactity and zeal in in better spirits than ever, feeling conscious order that our readers may have the Mesof their power to overcome even largely senger at the earliest possible moment, superior numbers of the enemy; our cities, assured that the reduction in the quantity once considered in serious danger, are per

of our editorial matter is more than comfectly safe, supplies and ammunition are pensated for by the valuable and interesi. abundant, and there is every reason to ing matter in the body of the number. hope, that with help from on high, the last attack upon Richmond will be an even more signal failure than all the former and

REJECTED MSS. that with this discomfiture the disheartened and disappointed North will be made Theresa Street, No. 20.-The Wife's Stoto see the necessity of peace. The lan- ry - My. Aunt's Experiences — Blanche guage of those who favor peace, is daily Ruthlege--Where is Utopia ?. Virginia-A becoming louder and bolder, both in the Dream. The above named contributions press and on the foor of Congress, and the are respectfully declined, and will be resurest standard by which to measure the turned upon receipt of the necessary pos. buoyancy of public opinion, public credit, tage. The large number of MSS. presentshows unmistakable signs of great

red for our cision, must be our apology agement. We may confidently anticipate, for our failure to answer each contributor therefore, thať one decisive victory will individually. We are not responsible for bring final success to the righteous cause MSS. after they are published as rejected, and restore unto us the longed for blessings longer than the appearance of the next

supceeding number,

of peace,

« ForrigeFortsæt »