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The “ MAGNOLIA WEBKLT" has passed (I burst into tears, and the laıly so mild into the editorial band's of Mr. Charles P. Said, " There, don't behave like a petulent J. Dimitry. We are extremely sorty to child. par: with our friend MeCabe, who has Take this rose as my. Whole," and away filled the position creditably, and success- the girl few, ! fully, and with a most marked improve- Leaving mo planté là to bewail and booment in the character of the paper. We hoo. extend a greeting none the less cordial to the present editor, however, whose capa.

Here is another, wliich a correspondent city for his position is abundant. He has

sends with an explanation : our best wishes, and we tonder him a sin- The solution to the following Charade, cere God.speed. The Magnolia is an ex by W. M. PRAED, has never been pubcellent journal, and is worthy of patronage lished. Will some of the ingenious read. by all classes of the Southern public. ers of the Messenger give one thiat will fild

F. G. De Fontaino, one of the editors of all the requirements of the author : the Columbia Carolinian, is preparing for My First came forth in booted state, the press a volume to bo entitled “ Margi.

For fair Valencia bound; nalia, or Cleanings from av Army Note And smiles to feel my Second's weight, Book, by “Personne,' army correspondent

And hear its croaking sound. of the Charleston. Courier." It will comprise an anecdote history of the war, em

“ And here's a goaler sweet," quoth he, bracing some six hundred pages.. A limi- “ You can not b.ibe or cozen; ted edition will be issued, and these will To keep our ward in custody, be distributed exclusively among sub- Wise men will forge a dozen." scribers

, and forwarded in serials of one But daybreak saw a lady guide hundred pages each.

The well known

My Whole across the plain, capacity of the author is a surety of the

With a handsome cavalier beside, success of the promised publications.

To hold her bridle-rein. We have receivod from J. W. Randolph a copy of “ Hunten's Instructions for the And "blessings on the bonds," quoth he,

• Which wrinkled age imposes; Piano," of a decidedly clever appearance and execution.

If woman must a prisoner be,

Her chain should be of roses." We have received from S. H. Goetzel, the Mobile Publisher, Lady Audley's Secret, by M. E. Braddon, author of " Aurora

The following, written by Mrs. Crawford, Floyd,” and other works of the sensation, and sung to the air of "Clarles of Dysart," murder and moonlight, school of fiction.

originally appeared in the "London Metro

politan," and was quite famous many years CHARADES.

ago. It has a very merry jingle, which I knew a young lady—a lady of France, will prevent its sounding dull even to ears

which have often heard it before. And a victim I fell to her beautiful glance! But, making my offer, I said, which was

THE ELOPEMENT; true, “I haven't my First, if that maiters to you."

'OR, LIGHTLY SPEADS THB BOATIB. To which the young lady responded quite Lightly speeds the boatie; smart,

Bonaie stars above her;
It does you much credit the truth to im. Lightly speeds the boatie,
part;

Gaily sings the lover.
But if such is the case, I must tell you, Row, boys, row!-row-row!
Mossoo,

Yo'll have gold full measuros.
That my Second to me it's quite useless to Quicker, boys low-row!
do 1"

Time waits to man's pleasuit,

Brightly shines the moonlight,

The Sabbath is the green oasis, the litSmoothly flows the water;

the grassy ineadow in the wilderness, Brightly shines the moonlight,

when, after the week-day's journey, the

pilgtim halış for refreshment and repose; Brighter Gordon's daughter..

where he rests beneath the shade of the Ellen, wake! wake! wake!

lofty palm trees, and dips his vessel in the ; 'Tis thy Douglæs greeting ;

waters of the calm, clear stream, and reEllen, wake! wake, wake!

ceives his strength to go forth again upon Golden time is fleeting.

his pilgrimage in the desert with renewed

vigor and cheerfulness. Softly steals the maiden,

A Scotch lady writes thus of gentlemen Quick her heart is beating i

who use tobacco :" Softly steals the maiden,

“ May.never lady press his lips, his prof. Brief the lover's greeting.

fered love retntning, Ellen, haste! haste, haste!

Who makes a furnace of his mouth, and While thy father's sleeping!

keeps his chimney burning, Ellen, haste! haste, haste!

May each true woman shun his sight, for

fear his fumes would choke her, Why, love, art thou weeping?

And none but those who smoke them.

selves, have kisses for a smoker." Sair will weep my mither, ('Tis for her I sorrow,-)

With many, it is a rare circumstance to Sair will weep my mither,

hear a thing as it is told, rarer still to reWhen she wakes to morrow!

member it as heard, and rarest of all to

telt it as remembered. Ellen, fly! fly, fiy! Hark! they come to sever;

A man may have a thousand acquainEllen, fly! fiy, fly!

tances, and not a friend among them. If Now thou'rt mine for ever!

you have one true friend, then you may

think yourself happy. Lightly speeds the boatie,

When a miser was asked what he gave Bonnie stars above her,

to the poor, be testily replied: "What I Lightly speeds the boatie,

give is nothing to nobody.” Gaily sings the lover,Row, boys, row !-row-row!

A concert singer' having murdered

tune, subsequently tried his voice and acYe'll have gold full measure ;

quitted himself. Quicker, boys !-row-row! Time waits no man's pleasure.

“ Union is not always strength," as the sailor said when he saw the purser mixing his rum with water.

The poor man who was overwhelmed in

astonishment has not been dug out yet. A little boy had one day done wrong, “When shall we meet (meat) again?" and was sent, after maternal correction, to asked a hungry soldier the other day of ask in secret the forgiveness of his Hea- Commissary Green. venly Father. His offence had been pas

Anxious to hear what he would Some girls, in kissing, pune up their say, his mother followed him to the door mouths as if they were about to perform on of his room, bir ask to be made better, and never to a luxury which should be indulged in with

In lisping accents she beard the flageolet. This is wrong: Kissing is be angry again; and then, with childish an appetite, and not nimbled at as if it simplicity, ne' added, " Lord, make ma's were *pizen." * temper better, too!"

TA lively pencil sketch, illustrative of One day, as a strong wind was blowing, " The Dignity of Congress," represents a little boy was standing at a window. two menors are Suddenly he raised his hands and ex- two

coat tails or claimed, gleefully:

the combatants. The scene is laid in a Mother, listen to the wind making committee room, and the story is told in music for the leaves to dance by?".

Soldiers will have their fun.

Omnibus.

sion.

verse,

THE LITERARY MESSENGER.

A Magazine Devoted to Literature, Science and Art.

Vol. 38.]

RICHMOND, JUNE, 1864.

[No. 6.

WEDDERBURN & ALFRIEND,

Proprietors.

BY ROBERT B. HOWISON.

and, yet by reason of sickness and the HISTORY OF THE WAR. absence of many, with or without leaye,

the actual number assembled did not ex

ceed thirteen thousand, and, of these, many Puthor of a History of Virginia.

were armed only with flint.lock muskets

and fowling pieces. The capture of Fort . VOLUME SECOND.

Henry and the gloomy retreat of part of

their body, had spread a cloud of discour(Copy-right secured.)

agement over the whole defensive force. CHAPTER I.

But under the example and cheering words

of their officers, and of the more hopeful To the capture of this important post, men, they prepared for a resolute resisthe Federal General Grant, now turoed tance. is undivided attention. He approached The principal fortification was elevated, it with immense columns of infantry, and and commanded a stretch of the river for with a powerful fleet of gun buats under more than two miles. Its armament conhis eflicient naval ce-operator, Commodore sisted of eight-32 pounders, three 32 pound Foote.

corronades, one 8 inch Columbiad, and one To its defence, General Albert Sidney 32 pounder rifled gun. Around this work, Jobriston, bad devoted the larger part of and extendiog for a distance of nearly two .:is. army.

General Buckner's .command miles, was a space · defended by earth marchied theither, embracing most of the works, rifle pits and abattis, continuous in troops who had composed the central ar- many parts and detached in others, but so my of Kentucky. On the 10th of Februa. arranged as to afford good infantry cover ry, General Pillow arrived with a small in nearly all its extent.

The small town body of Tennessee troops, and assumed of Dover in which were the commissary command. He labored sedulously to in- and quartermaster's stores of the Confede. crease the strength of the fortification and rates, was enveloped by the lines of their ontworks. On the 12th, General Buckner extreme out works. reached the fort in person. At daybreak By the morning of February 12th, the on the 13th, General Floyd arrived, prece enemy had approached in beavy numbers, ded and accompanied by his brigade of and began a series of movements for inVirginians, who had already gained mer vesting the Southern lines. Col. Heiman sted honor by their courage and success at commanded the brigade on the left of Cross Lanes, and in the battles of the General Buckner's division, which coverei: Gauley and. Kanawha. General Floyd the centre and right of the entrenchments. was the senior. Brigadier, and took com. The left was not continuously defended mand of the whole Confederate force here either by log entrenchments, earth works assembled. Although General Johnston or rifle pits--the men' worked hard day had estimated the numbers ordered to the desence of Fort Donelson, at sixteen thous. a Gen. Pillow's official report, 93.

VOL. XXXVIII-21.

and night, but could not complete them. them Lieutenants Burns and Massey of

I was soon.evident that the enemy were the artillery. A fierce attack hy the eneapproaching this weak point in the lines, my on the position held by Col: Roger with the hope to carry them by a vigorous Hanson's 2d Kentucky régiment, was met assault. Capt. Maney's Confederate bat by a firm stand and a deadly fire. The tery was on the summit of a hill without Federals were disastrously repulsed from protection even by a parapet of earth. The the, trenches at every point of assault. Federals planted two batteries under cover They withdrew their infantry, but kept up of a wood on the left and front of Hei- an incessant fire of artillery and sharp man's position, and threw a body of sharp shooters, by which the Southern troops shooters into the forest, who opened on the were harrassed and deprived of rest and Southern artillerists with long range guas, refreshment. They were compelled to at the same time that their two field batte- guard the trenches every hour of day and ries commenced their fire. · Maney return-night, without adequate relief either for od their fire steadily, and in a short time sleep or food. Graves' battery and the guns under. Capt. Finding their land attack unsuccessful, Green, at Col. Drake's position in Hei. the Federals now advanced with their ganman's lines, came into play, and made the boats. Their triumph at Fort Heory had, woods too hot for the Federals. Though doubtless, made them sanguine. But they tbeir guns were nearly all rifled, they did were destined to a fatal disappointment. no execution, except to kill two artillery The conditions of attack and defence were horses, while the Southern fire was very different and the result differed accordingeffective. At 5 o'olock on the afternoon of ly. Captains Ross, Shuster and Standethe 12th, they withdrew their batteries and witz, with a full body of artillerists, held men from the point. The night was spent the upper and lower batteries of the fort, by the Confederates in strengthening their and coolly prepared to meet the foe. They works. a

were ordered to hold their fire until the Early on the morning of the 13th, the gun.boats were in short range. Federal batteries were again advanced At half past two o'clock of Friday, the and.opened fire. At' eleven o'clock their 14th of February, the Federal fleet drew infantry moved forward upon the Southern near the fort. Commodore Foote had left entrenchments, along the whole line. They the Cincinnati, which was disabled in the . were met by a scorobing fire, which spee- fight with Fort Henry, and had transferred dily drove them at every point, except his flag to the St. Louis.. The fleet consis. upon the left, opposite Col. Heiman's posi ted of the St. Louis, Pittsburg, Louisville, tion. Here their most vigorous'assault was Tyler, Carondolet and Conestaga, carrying made. The 17th, 48th and 49th Illinois in all foriy-six gun's. a regiments pressed forward across an open Five of these iron plated batteries. ap. field between the forost and the rifle pits. proached in line of battle en echelon. The Maney and Graves received them with Tyler was in the rear.

When a mile and hot showers of gråpe and cannister, and a balf from the fort, the fleet opened fire, the infantry under Cols. Brow.n, McGavock but with no effect. They drew steadily and Cook, met them at a distance of forty nearer, pouring out a storm of shot and yards, with a galling fire of musketry. shells as they advanced. When the nearThey retreated in confusion, with a loss est had got within about eight hundred of forty killed and :wo hundred wounded. yards, the Confederate artillerists opened The dry leaves on the ground were set on upon them, aiming with the greatest care fire by the Southern batieries, and several and coolness, and firing heavy shot and of the Federal wuunded perished in the boks, which plunged upon the iron Jecks flames. The Southern loss was small, but of the gun-boats with terrible power. 'embraced some: valuable lives, among Still they came on, until the nearest ap

a Col. Heiman's official report, 128. Gen. Pillow's.official report, 34.

a Northern account. Examiner, Februa

ry 20th,

proached within one hundred and fifty pelled to drop astern and leave the scene yards of the upper battery. The combat of action, and so far as we were concernraged furiously for an hour and ten min ed, the battle was over.' utes. Notwithstanding the massive strength " This last battery was the one which of t'ie beams and the iron plating protect- put the finishing stroke to the fleet. Ore ing them, the impact of the heary shot of their shells entered and exploded diprojected by fifteen pounds of powder, shat. rectly in the pilot house of the St. Louis, tered the iron and burst asunder the tim-killing the pilot and wounding flag officer bers as if riven by a stroke of lightning. a Foote severely in the leg. Two of the The shot from the 32 pounders, generally shots entered the Pittsburg below the rebounded from the plating, but by their guards, causing her to leak badly, and it is stern concussion, loosened and weakened probable she will sink before morning. the frame work of the boats. The Colum- Another entered the Carondolet, killing biad and 32 pound rifle, did fearsul work four men, and wounding eight others." with their shot, shivering the iron to pieces " Commodore Foote tells me that he has and often passing through the decks and commanded at the taking of six forts, and bursting out in a frightful chasm below the has been in several naval engagements, water line.

but he never was under so severe a fire The St. Louis led the way, closely hug- before. Fifty-seven shots struck his vesging the Western shore; the Louisville sel, his upper works were riddled, and liis kept nea:ly abreast of her the Pittsburg lower decks strewn with the dead and and Carondolet followed at an interval of wounded.” a hundred yards. When the boats reach- My curiosity is satisfied. I have no ed the point of the nearest approach, the desire to be on board a man of war, when fire on both sides was tremendous, but another battery is to be attacked, but, on with very different effects. An eye wit- the contrary, think I should prefer a land ness on the Louisville, thus describes the view. The fact is, our boats are proof scene: “Now, a new battery of one hun against ordinary shot, even as large as a dred and twenty-pound guns opened upon sixty-four, but this trial has demonstrated us from the left and rear of their first that rited thirty-two pounders even, works. We were within point blank range, etrate our iron sides, while one hundred and and the destruction to our fleet was really twenty pounders merely laugh at the obstructerrible. One huge solid shot struck our tion."a boat just at the angle of the upper deck The fire of the Southern batteries and pilot house, perforated the iron plating, was too destructive to be borne. Fisty. passed through the heavy timbers and seven shots struck tbe St. Louis, thirtyburied itself in a pile of hammocks just seven took effect on the Louisville, and in front and in a direct line with the boild more than a hundred in all, plunged upon

Another, a shell, raked us from bow the decks of the assaulting fleet. Every to stern, passed through the wheel house, boat was disabled, except one which kept emerged, dropped and exploded in the beyond the range of fire. b With great river just at our stern. Then a ten inch difficulty, the shattered iron clads were solid shot entered our starboard bowport, withdrawn from the storm of shot hailed demolished a gun-carriage, killed three from the fort. Fifty-four men were killed men and wounded four others, traversed and wounded on the boats, while in the the entire length of the boat and sunk into batteries not one man was killed or seriousthe river in our wake. Then a shell came ly hurt, and no injury was done to the shreaking through the air, striking fair into works. c This surprising result was added our forward starboard port, killing one man, wounding two, and then passed aft, a Northern account, Examiner, Februasundering our rudder chains and rendering ry 28th. the boat unmanageable. We were com- b Compare Northern accounts, in Exam

iner, February 20th and 28th. a Gen. Pillow's official report, p. 36. c Col. Gilmer's official report, 86.

will pena

ers.

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