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killed many and captured over a hundred making an attack. On March 13th, they prisoners and horses, Since then they advanced once
a point near have burnt King and Queen Court House, Rogersville Station, but, on the appearclerk's office, &c., with important papers, ance of our forces; they fell back to Whitesand then, on March 4th, made an effort, burg, 22 miles below Greenville. In the through Essex and Dragon's Swamp, to re- meantime our troops had not been idle, join General Meade on the Rappabannock. and after several brilliant .exploits, Gen. Recent, rains, however, had filled the W. E. Jones passed, with about 1500 men, swamp, the bridge was gone and one of (the 8th Va. cavalry and Witcher's batour cavalry regiments was in frontz 80 talion,) through Fulkerson's Gap into Kenthey returned to Gloucester Point, and em- tucky. The whole army had been made barked on board fifteen steam vessels at ready for a longer expedition, by sending Yorktown, to return to Alexandria, Va. all baggage, &c., to the rear, and by mountOn the whole, the raid was utterly unsucing a large force to serve as mounted incessful, very costly in its expenditure of fantry, but the forward movement was men and means, and as disheartening to
suddenly checked, and no event of imthe enemy as encouraging to us. The comportance has as yet taken place, though paratively small loss inflicted can well be much is expected both from General Longborne by us, if we learn from their general
street and General Breckenridge, who has impunity, and the unfailing success of our
since assumed command in Western Vir. troops in every encounter, to guard our all-ginia. Knoxville has been severely visiimportant interior lines, more cautiously. Cumberland Gap is said to be but imper
ted by the ravages of the small-pox, and and to organise local forces for home-defence.
fectly garrisoned; reports have it, however,
that large forces have been assembled in In East Tennessee forces under Kentucky to meet a threatened advance General Longstreet have succeeded not on our side. Middle Tennossee is, in the only in maintaining themselves with but meaniime, subjected to a system of train. slight assistance from other quarters, and ing for the coming election, whilst the poor in providing, by their own well organised negroes are being organised into regiments, shoe factories, &e., for their own wants in 5000 being reported ready for the field. this respect also; but they have inflicted We trust the number, there and elsewhere, heavy damage, in men and means, upon may be largely increased, as they are ut. the enemy, by bold and successful expe. terly useless in the open field, and do more ditions. The enemy attempted repeatedly to demoralise the Federal army by disconto advance; on February 29th, they sent a tent, want of discipline and contagious force to Morristown and another to Dan. cowardice, than a great victory on dridge, who fell back without accomplish. side. Nor do the whites of that unhappy: ing anything ; on March 4th, another ad- region fare better, for every citizen from vance was made, which resulted in a skir. 15 to 55 years is enrolled by the enemy. mish near Morristown, and the repulse of The most important of all forward niovethe Yankees. Pursuing them Westward, ments, on the part of the enemy, was that our troops overtook them on the 6th at undertaken by a moveable column of Mossy Creek, and drove them vigorously nearly 30,000 men, under General Sherback to Strawberry Plains. The day after man, through parts of Mississippi and the enemy advanced in heavier force, un- Georgia. Leaving Vicksburg in the latter der General Schofield, to attack our forces part of February, he passed through Jackat Morristown, being nearly 12,000 men son, Canton, &c., westward as far as Meristrong when they reached New Market and dian, where he staid several days, and then, Mossy Creek. Another detachment of 7000 partly, utterly defeated by the barrenness men was to come up for co-operation, but of the country and the inability to provide failed to do so in consequence of the high for his army, partly because professedly water in the Holston river having washed unsupported by a cavalry force under their pontoons away. Our troops offered General Smith, which our cavalry had atbattle, but the Yankees fell back without tacked and cut off from him, he returned
again to Canton, and reached Vieksburg on bas declared the abolition of slavery. The March 3rd. The expedition, at first thought authorities in Washington are becoming to be directed against Mobile, upon which expert in managing elections after the an unsuccessful attack was made by sea, Napoleonic pattern. seemed to have been intended merely as Mobile has been attacked indirectly by a raid on a larger scale, bent upon destruc- an advance of the Federal deet, which tion and plunder. The injury inflicted proved . failure on account of the low upon us, although entirely out of propor- water and the heavy draught of Admiral tion to the severe losses of the Yankees, Farragut's vessels. Fort Powell opened. who were continually barrassed by our upon bis-ships, on February 29th, as they cavalry forces, is still very serious. Large were getting into position. The enemy Government factories have heen burnt, the threw 569 shells without effect. They rerailroads in all directions from Meridian newed the shelling on March 3rd, with no destroyed, cotton, in large quantities, car. better result. The city is said to be very ried off, and the whole country uiterly strongly fortified, and its strength is likely ravaged. To divert the attention of Gen. to be severely tested, as Admiral Farragut Johnston, an attack was made upon our is reported to assemble the largest fleet forces at Dayton, but being only a feint, it ever known in our wates. The C. S. priresulted in nothing but skirmishing; our vateer Cumberland, faster than the Alatroops behaved gallantly, and drove the bama, and canying 5 guns, with * valaa. enemy back to their lines. They still hold ble cargo, was captured on the 5th by the Ringgold, which they bave connected by U. S. steamer De Soto, near Mobile. telegraph with Chattanooga, their pickets The advance of the enemy in Florida, extending eight miles below Ringgold, on though a miserable failure so far, threatens the Lafayette road. Lieutenant General to assume larger proportions, partly, perHood has taken command of his corps, and haps, because the vote of the so-called reviewed it near Dalton.
loyal citizens of that State are needed for In Texas and Louisiana little has been the next Presidential election. On Februdone up to last advices. The Yankees ary 201h, baving lapded, under General have strongly fortified themselves on the Seymour, at Jacksonville, they were met Mexican frontier, more perhaps with a by the forces of General Finnegan at view to possible difficulties with the new Ocean Pond, 13 miles from Lake City, Entpire, than for purposes of atrack on our and utterly routed. They acknowledge forces in Texas. General Kirby Smith, a loss of at least 1800 men; we obtained who has lately been appointed, as General, five pieces, one stand of colors, 3000 stands to the supreme command of that Depart. of small arms, large numbers of prisoners, ment, has entered upon his duties, and and all their dead and wounded were left prepared to meet the threatened advance on the battlefield. On March 1st, they ad. of the enemy on Western Mississippi, vanced again, but were driven back across Yazoo City has been once taken by our Cedar Creek, three miles from Jackson troops, March 5th, but was abandoned ville, with the loss of one piece. The res again to its negro garrison. On Marele 8th, port, that they were heavily reinforced, and measures were taken by the Yankees to the importance of the position in its bear. prepare a strong advance against Shreve. ing upon Charleston and Mobile, leu to port; General Hurlbut moved in 72 boats General Beauregard's establishing his headup Red River, whilst Admiral Porter, with quarters in Florida; after the conclusion his entire feet and numerous transports, of the campaign shere he will, it is said, was lying at the mouth of the river. A be ordered back to the Southwest. On small fort on the Washita River was aban. March 9th, a force of Federals left Jack. doned by our forces with its guns. sonville, went up the St. John's river and
The State of Arkansas has held an elec. captured Fort Pilatka, sixty miles from tion, under the control of the Federal Gov. Jacksonville. They obtained a large store ernment, and a vote exceeding the 10,000 of cotton there ; besides, the point is stra. demanded by Mr. Lincoln's proclamation, tegically important, and likely to be Strongly fortified by the enemy, to serve as House and some infantry to Centreville, a point d'appui. Another raid bad previ- but the damage inflicted was but slight, a ously been made upon the saltworks at few mills being.destroyed. St. Marks, and the valuable works, seven Eastern Virginia lias Jately been the miles in extent, with 170 furnaces, houses, seene of two very daring and very success&c, totally destroyed.
ful efforts of some of our men. On March Charleston and Fort Sumter have nobly 20, iwo Masters of the C. S. Navy and held their own during the month, and ap- some furloughed cavalry men, went across parently exhausted the ingenuity and ro. Chesapeake Bay to the Eastern Shore, sources of the besiegerø, for Northern surprised the small.U. S. force there, burnt papers speak of the abandonment of the one vossel, bonded a steamer, which had siege. The city has been slowly but un. private property of Baltimoreans on board, remittingly shelled, on the whole, without and carried another back to the main land, serious damage. The only advance of the where they beached her so as to save the enemy is th
erection of a battery on valuable engine. On March 11th, Capt. Dixon's island, commanding Schooner Edenborough and a few men of the Signal Creek, opposite Secessionville.' On March Corps, took the U. S. schooner, Julia Baker, 5tly the monitors appeared inside the bar, of Portsmouth, with a valuable cargo and but no attack was made.
burnt the vessel. The only movement in North Carolina, The refusal of the C. S. authorities to during March, has been the posting, by the hold intercourse with Gen. Butler as Cartel Yankees, of a 200 pounder, rifled gun, at Agent, having been silently acquiesced in the mouth of Bachelor's Creek, on the by the U. S. Government, by the appointbanks of the Neuse River, to blockade that ment of Maj. Mulford, U. S. A., the Cartel river effectually effectually. Our forcos, has happily been renewed, and on March under General Hoke, are at Kingston. The 5th, the first flag of Truce Boat, after a U. S. steamer Peterhoff, was sunk by our long and painful suspension, came up to fire seven miles from Fort Fisher. A City Point, with 64 officers and 797 men. considerable force of the enemy,, com. Our commissioner retnrned not man for puted at 20,000 men, was landed on March man, but a number corresponding to the --th, probably under General Burnside, proportion of our prisoners to those of the and occupied Washington, a position which enemy. This also was tacitly agreed to, flanks our own, and in the hands of abler and on the 14th another boat brought 66 men than the Yankees, might be dangor officers and 600 men, among then Gen. ous to our troops.
W. H. F. Lee, the son of Gen. Robert E. General Butler, in Norfolk, has been Lee, who had been taken when lying wounactive but utterly unsuccessful. On Febru-ded at his home in Hanover, and was thus ary 29ıb his forces left Norfolk, one day too ignominiously treated as a hostage for U. late to co-operate with the raiders under s. Captains Flynn and Sawyer. The latter General Kilpatrick. They enabled his de- and Gen. Neal Dow of Maine, were among moralised troops to escape by water. The the returned U. S. prisoners. The glowing town of Suffolk was abandoned by our reception given our released men, by the forces on March 5th, and at once re-occu- people and the highest authorities, was pied by some (negro) cavalrv troops and cheering and encouraging in the extreme; two gan boats of the enemy. These were nor seemed the ardor of citizens or high attacked on March 9th, touted and driven officials abated when, on March 20th, ano. out of town, with the loss of one piece ther boat brought over a 1000 men.. An and a large quanti:y of stores. The flying | impression prevails, bowever, that the retroops burnt all bridges on their way to turned prisoners on both sides are only Portsmouth, and lost heavily. On the 10th, paroled, and their actual exchange is posttwo gui boats and five transports landed poned to a future day. However this may troops below West Point, on the York be finally settled, our gain is great in with. River; on the following day they sent drawing our prisoners from infamous treatsome cavalry to King and Queen Courtl ment at the North, and in relieving our selves of the burdensome duty to feed obey their superiors, and to trust in God. Northern prisoners.
The food question in Virginia is the only The famous army of the Potomac has sore-point, and energetic measures have of not advanced, nor been reinforced. On late been taken to improve and enlarge the contrary, Col. Mosby has continued his the means of transportation by which this bold guerilla warfare and sent considerable difficulty will also be overcome.. numbers of prisoners to the rear. Accord.
Our home interests are not less satisfacing to Northern papers, Lieut. Gen. Grant; tory. A vast extent of land in all the who has recently been made Commander States has been put in cultivation to proin Chief of the U.S. armies, vice General duce breadstuffs, and whilst the wheat has Halleck, who has taken the humbler place here and there suffered from the want of of his chief of staff, will assume himself protecting snow, the open winter has ad. command of this army. He proposes to mirably favored the extensive planting of increase it to over 200,000 men--for which corn.
The energetic laws of Congress purpose Mr. Lincoln has ordered a new are not yet in full operation, and partly of draft to that amount-and then to attack such thoroughly revolutionary character, Richmond in three columns, from the that in the financial measures at least, sciNorth, from the Peninsula and from Perence and experience are alike unable to tersburg. U. S. General Sherman is to suggest the probable results. Here, how. command tho Military Division of the ever, as in the enrollment of the additionMississippi, passing over his senior, Gen. al classes of men, everything depends on Thomas, Gen. W. F. Smith to succeed the faithful and thorough execution of the Grant, Gen. McPherson to have the De: laws. Discreetly interpreted by the Secrepartment of Tennessee and Gen. Fremont tary of the Treasury, and energetically that of South Carolina, previously strip carried out by assessors and collectors, the ped of all troops.
effect cannot be but most wholesome, and
we trust, so gradual as to avoid any great The result of the military operations of revulsion and serious losses. The unity the past month is, in the highest degree, of purpose diffused through the mass of encouraging. The enemy has been re the people will easily counteract the unapulsed in every direction where an advance has been attempted. He bas learnt,
voidable cases of hardship. No nation if he can and will learn by experience, dured more intelligently than ours. They
on earth ever bore more..patiently and enthat raids, on a large and on a small scale, feel not only, but they know by close rear are too expensive to be profitable ; they soning, that the sacrifice of any part of cost many lives of “pieked” men, do com
their paratively slight injury only, and breed
property, and even a portion of their discontent and discouragement in the liberty, is preferable to utter ruin and subranks by the returned, utterly demoralized jugation, The government will have to men. He has learnt that Charleston can see to it carefully and discreetly, that these not be taken by sea, and by land only by sacrifices so cheerfully and universally a larger force than can be spared. He has made, are not made in vain-else confilearnt that our armies are stronger and our dence will be weakened and faith shaken, means more abundant than he had ex. The Legislature of Virginia, on March pected. On our side, we have every rea- 1st, passed a law almost unique in its dence to the campaign of the summer, ture. By its terms, a State engaged in the which is by all parties conceded to be third year of a gigantic war, largely fought probably the decisive one. Our armies on its own soil, and at iis expense, with are receiving back furloughed men and nearly half of its territory overrun by the disbanded regiments in better health and public enemy, still found its exchequer better spirits than before; our men are sufficiently well filled to enable it to reseasoned and hardened to war; they are lieve its citizens of the payment of all as brave as ever, and have learnt better taxes during the present year. On March by experience how to save their health, to 10th, another important law was passed
prohibiting the issuing by the courts of the, S. Kearsage, that had watched her for some ordinary license for the sale of ardent spi. time. The Alabama was last reported at rits within five miles of any city, town or Aujengo, E. I., landing the crew of the U. corporation.
S. ship. Emma Jane, which she had taken. The finances of the Confederacy, suffer. All the. U. S. shipping in the Eastern seas, ing seriously under the immoderate ex.
near China, was unemployed for fear of pansion of the currency, have been sub- our privateers, and especially the Alabama. jected to the effects of one of the boldest The Rappahannock is likewise reported experiments ever attempted in the history
to be ready for sea at Calais, and likely to of nations. But, although the bill regula; escape the U. S. S. Kearsage, watching for ting the funding of the old and the issuing
her off Boulogne. of the new currency, was passed in Feb.
The appeal in
case of the Alexandra
he entered for hearruary, the measures proposed were so to the House of thoroughly revolutionary, that neither sciing, and likely to be to taken up before Easence nor experience suggested, even the ter vacation. The case of uc Sampero, probable effects, which remain therefore in the Clyde, is to be tried early in April to be shown after April 1st.*
by Jury, in the Edinboro' Court of Sessions, Abroad, our interests seem to have been her as with the Alexandra.
and the same course to be pursued with
Two fast held in abeyance during the month as far
steamers, belonging to the London and public information is accessible. The most promising feature is not the renewed the c. S. Government. The same Gov.
Dover Railway, have been 'purchased for report of recognition, but the steady and 'considerable rise of the Confederate Loan,
ernment has sent an ablo agent, a late
member of Congress, to St. Johns, N. B. which has gone up from 30 to nearly 50, the financial barometer, in such cases, be
to attend to our interests there in the case
of the Chesapeake. ing alike the most sensitive and the most reliable index of public sentiment, actuated by interest only.
TO CORRESPONDENTS. Our vessels have made but few cap• tures. The Tuscaloosa, seized at Cape In reply to our fair correspondent, "Cora,”
Town by the British authorities there on who writes us from Pattonsburg, Virginia, the charge of having violated the Neu- we beg leave to express our obligations for trality Laws by landing part of the cargo the pleasure which has been afforded us of the Living Age on that coast, has been by the perusal of her two contributions. released, because the seizure was not If our opinion be worth anything; and we founded in International Law. “The feel flattered that “Cora" seems to attach Georgia”, escaped from Brest, where she some consequence to it, we have no hesihad been for 'repairs, in spite of the U. S.'tation in pronouncing a most favourable
* The following succinet table will show the fluctuations during the month: Mar. 1. + Mar. 5. Mar. 11. Mar. 16. Mar, 19.
Mar. 25 Gold,
25-30 23 23 211 20% c. s. Loan, (100 mill.)
120-133 &-int. 115-134 1154 & int. 114 & int. 103-1144 & int. C. S. Loan, 7 p C.,
118 & int. 15 mill., 177} & int.
1771224138}: 11317 & int. Cotton Loan, 1200
195 1195 & ing?? N. C. 8 p, ct.,
300 & int. * 3500 tis edil 240 250 & int." Flour, * 200-250 p. bl. walau apie 270348
200 Corn, 25 per bus.
70 15-6 per lb. 775
Va. 6 p. ct.,