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1861, Col. Baylor, as Military Command. turi ed; and the cavalry charged them vig. ant, issued his proclamation, erecting a orously, putting them to flight, and routing territorial government, with executive and them completely, Their loss was fifty judicial officers, and declaring the terri- killed and wounded, and three prisoners, tory, until otherwise decreed, to consist of besides their camp stores, ammunition and all of New Mexico south of the 34th par. equipage.à' Zollicoffer pushed forward allel of latitude, within which limits the his men into Laurel and Clay counties, local laws then in force should continue breaking up encampments of Federals at until changed by act of the Confederate Latrel Bridge, and at the Salt Works on Congress.a Thus was this important ter. Goose Creek; and securing two hundred ritory secured for the South.
barrels of salt, which were then greatly On the 5th of September, Gen. Johnston needed in the South.b arrived in Richmond. He was visited by On the 22nd of September a hot skirmmany who knew and admired him. His ish occurred at Elliot:'s Mills, about twelve thoughtful and intellectual face, and com- miles above Columbus, between two batmanding person, increased the respect with talions of cavalry-one from Tennessee, which public. opinion already regarded under Col. Logwood, and one from Missishim. He was prompóly appointed, by sippi, under Lt. Col. Muller-and a conPresident Davis, to the command of the siderable body of the enemy. The.Condepartment of Kentucky and Tennessee, federates charged and drove them back and, without delay, repaired to the scene nearly two miles, killing five. When near of his duties.
the mill, two regiments of infantry, with Every sign indicated that a collision of artillery, reinforced the Federals, and the arms must soon occur in Kentucky. Gen. Sonthern troops fell back slowly and in Polk, after taking possession of Columbus, good order, without the loss of a man.c proceeded to fortify it by erecting easth
Gen. Zollicoffer continued his advance, works and mounting heavy guns, which
and early in October reached the town of commanded the river and the opposite Loudon, in Laurel county. He was welshore. Occasionally Federal gun-boats comed by many of the best inhabitants. caine within range, but after receiving one In Madison county the feeling in favor of or'two shots, retired up the river. On the
the South was almost universal. The peo9th of Sept., Gen. Jeff. Thompson, with his Missouri brigade, crossed the river toldred beeres to feed Zollicoffer's army, and
ple mec together and subscribed four hun. the Missouri side with his whole force, offered to maintain them uinety days.d and planted a battery of four guns in a The Federal camps in that region were good position, six miles above Columbus.
broken up and driven northward. The enemy attempted to dislodge him, but reinforcements were sent to him, and they
Meanwhile, Gen. Buckner had made desisted from their attack.b
important moves. Outragod by the subFrom his strong position at Cumberland serviency of the Kentucky Legislature, and Mountain, Gen. Zollicoffer prepared for satisfied that Lincoln intended to bind his cautious advances upon the enemy. On
State in chains, he did not hesitate as to Thursday, the 19th of September, he sent
the course of duty. On the 12th of Sepforward eight hundred men, with three tember, from Russellville, he issued an
address 10 “the freemen of Kentucky," in companies of cả valry, under Col. Battle, who approached Barboursville, in Knox
which he presented, with force and elocounty. · Here a camp of about four hun. dred Lineol troops were assembled. They a Knoxville Register, Sept. 21. Disfired upon the Confederates, killing Lieut. pateh, Sept. 25. Powell, and mortally wounding private
6 Nashville Union and American, Sept. : Bowder. Their fire was instantly re
30. Whig, Oct: 8.
c Columbus correspondence in Mema Houston Telegraph, Aug. 17. Procla- phıs, Appeal, Sept. 23rd. mation in Whig, Aug. 30th.
d Bowling Green Courier, in Dispatch, b Memphis Appeal, Sept. 10.
quence, the alternative of freedom or op-, Green river, with a Federal party numpression now before them. He declared bering about eighty, from Col. Crittenden's that his own choice was made: “For one, regiment. The Confederates. made the I will enter the lists for freedom. I love attack with so much vigor. that at the first the wild hills and beautiful valleys of my shock fourteen of the Federals were killed, native land. Your sires and mine won and the rest fied. In the fight, Morgan them from the savage. It devolves on us dismounted and shot dead the Indiana to defend them from the invasions of a Captain who led the foe. The Southern scarcely less merciless foe.” “We recog..'loss was only two men.a nize in none the right to oppress us.
Capt. Morgan was a native Kentuckian, ther the President of the United States from Lexington. * His heart, was devoted nor the servile Congress which assembled to the South. He now commenced his to register his edicts, nor tho Legislature of career of arms, which was afterwards to Kentucky, which has sold for gold and be developed in acts of heroism, address executive savor the bir:hright of our free and vigor that have placed his name dom, have the authority to snatch from us among the most brilliant of the Confedeour God-given heritage of liberty.”a rate leaders, and given him a rank above
He resigned his position as Inspeetor the Sumters and Marions of Revolutionary General of the State forces, and was com- days. missioned as Brigadier General in the On the 23d of Octeber, Gen. Zollicoffer Confederate service. A large number of advanced to reconnoitre the position of a the brave and patriotic Kentuckians, who Federal force at Camp “Wild Cat,” be-. bad previously been under his command, tween the two branches of Rockcastle adhered to bim now, and were mustered river. He found them strongly entrenched into the armies of the South. He ad- in the fork with log and earth works. He vanced from the borders, and on Wednes- assaulted a part of their works, and carday, the 18th of September, at half-pastfried one entrenchment, after a
ght, in 10 o'clock, 'entered the town of Bowling which the men, under Cols. Rains and Green, in Warren county, eleven miles Newman, shewed great steadiness and south of Green river, and immediately on spirit.' Finding the position too strong, the line of approach to Louisville. His and too full of men to be stormed, he withadvance guard were Kentuckians. On drew his forces, with a loss of eleven the day of his entry he issụed a proclama- killed and forty-two wounded. He brought tion to the people of Kentucky, stating off forty prisoners, and some captured that their Legislature bad been faithless to arms and ammunition. The enemy's loss their will; that instead of enforcing neu is said to have reached one hundred and trality, they had sought to make the State thirty.b a fortress, in which the armed forces of The. movements of the Confederates the United States might securely prepare along the whole Southern line, running to subjugate alike the people of Kentucky through the interior of Kentucky, extendand of the Southern States. He declared ing from Columbus, in the West, to Pres. that the Confederate troops occupied Bow- tonsburg and Pikeville in the mountains, ling Green as a defensive position, and on the Virginia frontier, alarmed the Union that he renewed the pledge previously powers and led them to inaugurate coungiven by their commanders, to retire as ter attacks. Gen. Anderson, though sufsoon as the Federal forces would in like ficiently zealous in seizing unarmed citimanner withdraw.b
zens, did not display the activity in the On the 7th of October, an advance party field called for by the Lincoln Governof scouts, under Capt. John H. Morgan,
a Telegram, Oct. 11th. Northern letters about twenty-seven in number, had al in Louisville Journal, Oct. 16th. sharp, skirmish at Bacon Creek, beyond
b Compare telegram. Knoxville Regis
ter, Oct. 25, with narrative in Nashville a Address, Russellville, Sept. 12, 1861.
Banner, Oct. 27th, and Capt. Ewing's acb Nashville American. Proclamation, count, Oct. 26. Dispatch, November 4, 6, Dispatch, Sept. 23rd.
ment. He was relieved from command there. They immediately formed, and at ostensibly by his own request, and be- about 8 o'clock advanced on the Southern cause of his feeble health, although he is force at Belmont. These movements said to have declared, that in addition to could be plainly seen from the Confedethis reason, he preferred to die in retire-rate camp; and dispositions were made to ment as "the Anderson of Sumter” rather meet them. thạn risk a disastrous battle with inade
The first shock of the conflict was borne quate men and arms.a Gen. McCook suc: by two Southern regiments, Col. Tappan's ceeded him in command, and prepared Arkansas and Wright's 13th Tennessee, for offensive war.
with a battery which had been sent into On the 6th of November, Gen. Ulysses the field chiefly by the private means and $. Grant, commanding the Federal troops exertions of Col. Watson, of Louisiana, at Cairo, prepared for a move against the and therefore was called by his name, ål. Confederate camp at Belmont, oppositė though commanded hy Capt. Beltzhoover. to Columbus. His purpose, as declared Skirmishers of infantry were sent forsome days after, was to prevent the South-ward, with one field piece, and as the
from sending reinforcements Federals advanced, they opened fire, to General Price, and also to prevent them checking the assault, and slowly falling from cutting off two columns' oi' Federal back, as the enemy in numbers pressed troops whom he had sent from Cairo and forward to flank them. Rapid volley's Cape Girardeau to operate against Jeff were exchanged as the opposing forces * Thompson.b But when his movements, neared each other. The enemy were, te both before and after the impending bat- a great extent, sheltered by the woods, in tle, are logically considered, it is hardly which the battle commenced, and although to be doubted that he intended to take the un'equal Southern force had the same permanent hold of the position at Bel- shelter at first, yet, as they were pressed mont, and to operate against Columbus on every side, they were gradually forced from both sides of the river. By his direc-back into the more open fields around tion, a considerable force was sent from their encampment. Paducah to approach by way of Mayfield, and he sent another body on the Kentucky side were hard pressed, Gen. Pillow, of
Seoing that the small force on the other side by way of Elliott's Mills. Both of these columns were to threaten Columbus
Tennessee, hastened over to their succor while the principal move was in progress Pickett's, Freeman's and Knox Walker's
with Col. . Mark's Louisiana and Cols. under in his own direction. Before daylight, on Thursday, the 7th of
Tenressee regiments. General Polk could November, he embarked in steam-boats spare no more men, because he had rewith an available force of three thousand ceived information of the advance of five hundred men, consisting of Colonel Federal troops from Paducah, and was Dougherty's 22d, Buford's 27th, Fouke's
hourly expecting their approach to assail 30th, and Logan's 31st Illinois regiments, Columbus." On reaching the Missouri Lanman's 7th Iowa, Taylor's Chicago bat: shore, Gen. Pillow threw his men rapidly tery, and two companies of Cavalry, un
in line of battle. His whole force did der Captains Delano and Dollen. Grant not exceed ewenty-five hundred men. commanded in person, aided by General Notwithstanding his inferiority in numJohn · A. McClernand. They proceeded bers, and the disadvantage of his position down the river to. Lucas' bend, where in the open field, while the enemy were they landed on the Missours side, about under forest cover, he presented a formithree miles below Columbus, and entirely dable front which the foe. endeavored in beyond the range of the cannon mounted vain to break, From half-past 10 to 12.
the battle raged with continuous violence, a Bowling Green correspondent. Dis- the reports of musketry and the roar of patch, Nov. 6.
cannon mingling with the shouts of the b Grant's official report, Nov. 10, 1861. combatants. The Confederate left was Examiner, Nov. 30th.
somewhat protected by felled trees and an
abattis; on their right, the Federals made repeated charges, but were received with
THE TWO SNOWFLAKES: such deadly rounds from Beltzhoover's guns, and the muskets of Wright's Tennesseeans, that 'they were driven back be-
I. yond the range of fire.
Again they advanced on the centre with such a pressure of numbers that for a time
Two snow fakes sailed through an April it.wavered, and there was danger of the
sky, line of the Southern troops there being On the wing of a cloud that was floating broken General Pillow displayed the
high ; highest courage and address in cheering Their hearts seemed pure us their. robes bis troops and driving back the enemy.
were white, He was in full uniform, and rode a very
And, jewelled, they glittered in the mom, beautiful animal," the finest gray mare” in
ing light. the army.a He was seen everywhere
“I will, go,” said one, to earth I'll go;" along the lines forming his troops and
“I'm too pure and too cold in this realm of arging them to the combat, yet he escaped unhurt. "His staff were equally gallant, Oh, too oft, too oft, pure hearts, I ween, but noi so fortunate. Every one had his Are seduced hy the far-off, deceitful sheen horse sbot under him, and one of his aids That wraps, as a veil, the sunlit bowers, was shot through the hip at the same time. Where vice' reigns supreme among foun. ihat his horse sell riddled with balls. By
tains and flowers! their exertions, the Confederate centre was
She went, but while in the upper sky, again formed, and again the enemy was Met a gay, young Zephyr careering on driven back.
high. In this obstinate conflict, the Northwes As a carpet-knight, he tossed his curls, tern nen, consisting of Illinois and Iowa And turned her young head with his waliztroops, first came into collision with South- es and whirls. erners, and it was abundantly manifest No wonder, dazed. by his many charms, that they fought with a resolution, vigor She fell unresistíngly into his arms. and skill far beyond that of the New Awhile he fondled the silly fay, England and middle States troops. Gene. Then mockingly, laughingły, put her away. rals Grant and McClernand were often Ah, swify then fell the sin-stricken sprite, greatly exposed, and both had horses shot No more to return to the regions of liglat. under thein. Col. Lanman was severely wounded. The battle lines often swayed A stagnant stream caught the fallen flake back and forth, as the contending regi- Twixt a bloated toad and a venomours monts pressed upon each other.
snake; And they mocked her. Oh !.what fall was
there The Enraged Musician.---The famous For an angel form and a spirit of air! Rameau, the composer, while making a
The toad, too, had fallen in times gone by, call on a lady, suddenly sprang up, seized As young toads will fall from a cloud in the a little dog that was yelping at her feet, and
sky. threw him out of the window. What is He croaked with joy when he saw the flake that for ?" cried the lady, " Because he At last in the power of himself and the barks out of tune!" shouted Rameau, with
snake. the indignation of an enthusiastic musician They bore her down through sink and sewer whose ear bad been cruelly wounded.
Among thousands who once, like herself,
Her bright gems stealing, rifling her charms, a Memphis & valanche. Columbus cor.
Till she struggled no more in a reptile's respondent, Dispatch, Nov. 19.
And sank at last, through a bog's green bell, last of the immortals, the poet who slime,
joined the music of harmonious diction to To the doom of the fallen and the end of the fascinations of romance, has ever claim. crime.
ed a larger and more attentive, if not a
more select audience than any other. In II.
vain would lawgivers, real and imaginary, The sister flake concluded to cling
Solons or Platos, banish minstrel and bard A short while longer to the cloud-mother's from their commonwealths.
· The epic wing.
chant, the tragic wailing, and the comic Not long, for soon a bright sunbeam came, recitative have maintained their ground, And she blushed and she wept, but neither and come down to our own days unimpairthrough shame.
ed in their influence, but rather ripened She loved the gleam of the bright sunbeam, and mellowed by time; like those masterAnd went away with him as one in a dream. pieces of sculpture which have received a Away, away, through the waves of air, golden tinge from the hand of eld. For Sped the flake so pure, and the sunbeam ourselves, whether as readers or as critics, so fair.
we confess that Homer and Virgil, Tasso They paused awhile in a daisy's cup,
and Ariosto and Chaucer, take precedence Which the sunbeam had lifted tenderly up. among our favorite authors. Even Milton But the flake was too pure for the earth,
falls in with the humour of the multitude, And she wept for the skies that had given and pleads guilty to having spent whole her birth.
nights, even till day dawned, in poring Sadly at eve the beam left the fay,
over the poet who sung And he followed the westering sun away. On his return with the morning light,
The fairest of her sex, Angelica, He found but the corpse of the Heaven
born sprite. A bright tear lay on the daisy's leaf,
Who left half told And the flower's soft eyelids' were dewy The story of Cambuscan bold,
with grief. Then the beam in a vaporous shroud
and neither Chaucer nor Ariosto could Took the spirit up to its home in the cloud. have received a finer compliment.
The glory of English poetry is a light Unstained by crime, unsullied by sin,
kindled from the sunny skies of Italy. What a glorious life the snow-flake's has Milton, Spenser, Shakespeare and Chaucer been !
drew their inspiration, directly or indirect: The death of such is only a change
ly, from the same source. And neither the To a higher life and a loftier range,
merits nor the beauties of the Northern Of sight and of thought, of joy and love,
poets can be properly appreciated, but by 'Mong the chosen of God, in His heaven those who are familiar with their Southern above.
predecessors. Boccaccio, Petrarch, Dante,
left a mass of materials from which the CHAUCER.
British muse constructed a new world.
Chaucer, in particular, appears to have The art of telling a good story in good been formed at that school. His style of verse, is one, which has always held a high thinking often too delicate and refined for place among men in every stage of civilian Englishman; the manner in which he zation and refinement. From the days developes his theme, the very productions when Homer sang the wrath of Achilles, of his pen, and particularly his façon, give that effected so much of damage not only indications of a student of Italian litera. to the Greeks, but also to the Trojans, and ture; and that, not lightly, nor on the sur. more than all to himself, down to those of face merely, but as one who labours and Gertrude of Wyoming, no less barbarous, finds delight in his labour. It must be acor of Lalla Rookh, of Moore and Camp-I knowledged that few, even among those