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interest to the Southern mind, and anxious attracted the attention of many other peo solicitude to the hearts of those Marylan- ple than Governor Foote. ders who are with us in feeling, than the position of Maryland after the war. Mr.

We have received a copy of the Report Buchanan has contributed much to the of. S. S. Scott, Commissioner of Indian elucidation of this important subject. In

Affairs. a previous pamphlet, entitled “ Maryland's

The First and Second Reader, designed Crisis," co which “ Maryland's Hope” is a for the use of Primary Schools, by A. De sequel, he presented with great force the v. Chandron, Mobile, are two well printed, various disadvantages of the present posi- neatly executed little volumes, and have tion of his State, and the difficulties con- been most favorably pronounced upon by spiring against her union with the South. the Southern Press. . In the pamphlet before us he views the bright side of the picture, and with much earnestness and ability urges the impor. Omnibus. tance and necessity of a future political connexion between Maryland and the Con.

CONFEDERATE WOMEN AND THE WAR.-So federate States.

much has been said of the women of the The work is published by West & John-South for the noble part taken in our strugston, which is a sufficient guarantee of its

gle for independence, [all of wbich we enneatness of typographical execution, and dorse,] it may not be amiss to give a slight exterior appearance.

glimpse of the reverse of the picture. We CONFEDERATE PUBLICATIONS IN ENGLAND. copy from a lady correspondent of the Mo. A London letter says:

bile Advertiser and Register. She says: We have two Confederate books, which

The Confederacy is writhing in the will each have some influence. Bentley throes of mighty agony, yet woman has published Mrs. Greenhow's account of bow to fashion's shrine, and burn the her imprisonment at Washington. It is as most costly incense., Peace with drooping bitter as a woman's hate can make it. wings hovers in the distance, but, all rePerhaps it is rather too spiteful to serve its gardless of woe, our ladies find time for object. People do not pity one who seems

feasting and dancing, for laughing and so able to take her own part; many will flirting. As long as they can buy glitterwonder, not that she was treated with such ing baubles, and throw their treasures into severivy, but that she got off so well. The the extortioner's hand, so long will be press other is a commercial. statistical and politi- lis iron heel upon the aching heart of the cal work on cotton, by George McHenry, a sunny South. Ladies may rail against the Philadelphian, but a Confederate by adop- extortion, but they are the support of the

Without their sinful vanity tion, and one of the most indefatigable extortioner. workers in tha: cause in Europe.

He he could not live. writes for the Index, the Times, the Econo

The daughters of the South are the pride mist, and works away with wonderful in. and boast of her chivalry; Heaven forbid dustry.

that they should make themselves a jest.

The example of the mothers of the RevoQUARTERMASTER'S REGULATIONS. From J. lution stands out in bold relief, a shining W. Randolph, 121 Main Street, we have land of Peace where the flowers of Liber

light to guide us in the path of truth to the received “Regulations of the Confede

ty forever bloom. They speak from the rate States Army for the Quartermaster's silent shades their warning, lest sinful leve Department, including the Pay Branch ity should lead to thy destruction. There Thereof."

are noble hearts among us, whose evory We have not examined this work suffi. throb thrills with patriotic devotion, and

whose every breath is a prayer for victory; ciently to pronounce upon its merits, and but how many are joined to their idot are not sure that such examination would pleasure and forget every noble impulse in have resulted much in our enlightenment bowing at the shrine of vanity. as to its value. We do not know whether

THE CREEDS OF THE WORLD.-The fol. it contains any revelations of, or provides lowing classification of the inhabitants of: any remedy for the alleged corruptions in the earth, according to the creeds, is made this department of the Army, wbich have by C. F. W. Deitterich, a very thorougla

cent.

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and careful statistician, and Director of the TAE FORCE OF EDUCATION.-Nothing was Statistical Department of Berlin, taking so much dreaded, in our schoolboy days, the number of 1,200,000,000 as the total as to be punished by sitting between two population of the earth, he classifies them girls. Ah!, the force of education. In as follows:

after years we learn to submit to such Christians, 335,000,000, or 25,77 per things without shedding a tear. cent. Jews, 5,000,000, or 38 per cent.

A young wife remonstrated with her Asiatic religions, 600,000,000, or' 40.15 husband, å dissipated spendthrift, on his per cent.

conduet. “My dear,” said he, “I am only Mahomedan, 150,000,000, or 12.81 per like the Prodigal Son-I shall reform by

an-by.” “And I will be like the Prodigal Pagans, 200,000,000, or 25.29 per cent. Son, too,” replied she, “I will arise and go Total, 1,200,000,000, or 100 per cent. to my father's house,” and off she went.

The 335,000,000 of Christians, are again divided into * 170,000,000 Roman Catholics, 60.7 per ance of a man dancing the polka says:

Somebody, describing the absurd appear. cent,

He looks as though he had a hole in 89,000,000 Protestants, 25.6 per cent. 79,000,000 Greek Catholics, 22.7 per ing down the leg of his pantaloons."

his pocket, and was trying to shake a shill. ceut. Total, 335,000,000, or 100 per cent.

“Wise," said a man, looking for a boot. The well known author, Charles Lever, jack, “I have places to keep my things, now British Consul at Sperza, has coin

and you ought to know it.” “Yes,” said menced a new tale of Irish life, called she, “I ought to know where you keep your “ Luttrell of Arran.”

late hours, but I don't." GIVING IN MARRIAGE IN Russia.--When

“ KNEW TAD Party.”-Mrs. Partington, the promise of marriage has been given, when she heard the minister say there the father summons his daughter, who would be a nave in the new church, ob. comes covered with a linen veil in his served that “she knew well who the party presence, and, asking her whether she be was." still minded to marry; be takes up a new rod, which has been kept ready for the WITH PLEASURE.-When an old farmer purpose, and then strikes his daughter in Essex buried his wife, a friend asked once or twice, saying: “Lo! my darling the disconsolate why he expended so much daughter, this is the last time that I shall money on her funeral. Oh, sir," replied admonish thee of thy father's authority, he, "she would have done as much, or beneath whose rule thou hast lived until more, for me, with pleasure."

Now thou art free from me. Remember that thou hast not so much escaped BACHELOR'S Hall.-An architect propofrom sway, as rather passed beneath that ses to build a “Bachelor's Hall," which of another. Shouldst thou behave not as will differ from most houses, in having no thou oughtest toward thy husband, he in Eves. my stead shalladmonish thee with this rod.” With this the father, concluding his speech, stretches at the same time the whip to the large letters on a shop shutter in London:

OPENBD.--The following is exhibited in bridegroom, who, excusing himself briefly, "Mr. S. having disposed of this business according to custom, says that he believes to Mr. P., will be opened by him on Friday he shall have no need of this whip, but

morning!” he is bound to accept it and put it under his belt like a valuable present.

ATONEMENT. A quack doctor on his death. Curran said of the Libe of the Press : bed willed his property to a lunatic asylum, * That great sentinel of the State, that giving as a reason for doing so that be grand detecter of public imposture ; guard wished his fortune to go to the liberal class it, because when it sinks, there sinks with who patronised him. it, in one common grave, the liberty of the subject and the liberty of the crown.” HONEST AMBITION.-Oh, I'm so glad you

like birds!” exclaimed a young lady CHILDREN.-Jean Paul says beautifully of " which kind do you adınire most?" " Well, children: “the smallest are nearest God, I think a good goose with plenty of stuff. es the smallest planets are nearest the ing is about as nice as any," replied her

now.

beau.

sun,"

THE LITERARY MESSENGER.

A Magazine Devoted to Literature, Science and Art.

VOL. 38.]

RICHMOND, MARCH, 1864.

[No. 3.

Under these circumstances, after conHISTORY OF THE WAR.

sultation, in which Generals Johnston,

Beauregard and Gustavus W. Smith were BY ROBERT R HOWIBON

the chiefs in council, it was determined Author of a History of Virginia.

that the advanced corps of the army should

quietly fall back to Centreville. The (Copy-right secured.)

movement commenced on Tuesday night,

the 15th of Oetober. An order was issued CHAPTER IX.

that the army should prepare to march at After seeking in vain for a month to a moment's notice. At first an advance draw out the enemy for a general engage was expected, but when it was ascertained ment, the Confederate officers were called that the army was to fall back, many of to decide what position their armies on the true-hearted people of Fairfax and of the line of the Potomac must take for the the region to be abandoned to the enemy winter. It was obviously impossible, were filled with sorrow. The evacuation without a chain of strong fortifications, to was performed in a very skilful and orderly hold the advanced line of Munson's and manner. Some of the scenes were thus Mason's hills, or even the interior one of described by an eye witness : Regiment Fairfax Court House and its flanks. As it after regiment filed ihrough the streets; was not intended that the army should long trains of transport wagons, droves of assault the entrenchiments defending toiling and lowing beeves, cavalcades of Washington, the occupation of that city horses, batteries of artillery, companies and of Alexandria for the winter were not and squads of men, and levies of strag. contemplated. It was essential to the glers, singing snatches of familiar songs, health and safety of the troops that winter passed by in orderly march." quarters should be occupied and prepared. country for miles around was blazing with And as it was well known that McClel. lights, and far away on the distant hilllan's army was increasing in size and sides, beyond the wood, across the valley, strength, it was necessary that the South- glimmered the camp fires through the ern forces confronting him should be with- dark." "In the observatory built upon the in supporting distance of each other. An roof of the hotel, the signal men vore tele. examination of the map will show, that graphing to the outposts, and the red glare while their right and left wings rested re- of the torches waving to and fro, and fallspectively on Dumfries, near the Evans-ing upon the moving forms and faces, and port batteries, and on Leesburg, at the upon the busy masses below, gave all the same time that their centre held Fairfax appearance of magicians moving under Court House, the Confederate lines were the spell of some mighty enchantmeni." on the convex arc of a circle, with the cen- "At twelve o'clock the army was put in tre thrown dangerously forward, exposing it motion, and in perfect silence, without the to a concenirated attack, if the enemy beat of. a drum or the note of a bugle, the should gather enterprize and courage. men marched out of their forsaken en

“ The

Vol. XXXVIII-9

campments, and took the road to Centre , try covering the Northern belt of Fairfax ville. The Generals superintended the and Loudon, McClellan ordered an admarch in person, and were riding here and vance by Gen. McCall, from Washington there, seemingly uneonscious of fatigue. towards Dranesville. At the same time, Whole families were seen walking by the he ordered Brig. Gen. Charles P. Sione, wayside, carrying such articles as they commanding opposite to Edwards' Ferry, could hastily gather in their arms. Old nearly opposite to Leesburg, to throw ren, maidens and little children tramped across the river a sufficient force to cothrough the weary night to a home of operate with the lower movement. a safety beyond the reach of a vandal foe."

Leesburg is three miles and a half from "With feelings of intense sorrow and the Potomac. Between the town and the pain, I rode by these unfortunate families, river came first open fields, and then a driven from their happy homes to seek thick wooded strip running to a steep bank shelter behind the line of our army. Lean- hanging over the water. Harrison's Ising on the arm of an aged man, the form land was opposite to the landing below of a sick girl, whose patient, pensive face this bank It was about three miles long comes to me more often than any other, and one hundred and fifty yards wide, and passed in the singular cortege. The sight two hundred yards from the Virginia, and was one that brought tears into eyes long nearly six hundred from the Maryland urused to weeping." a

shore. Conrad's Ferry was three quarters The withdrawal of the foe who had so of a mile above, and Edward's Ferry daringly invited them to battle for two about seven miles below, just above the months, wrought a highly exhilarating ef mouth of Goose Creek. fuct on McClellan and his army. They ad- On Sunday, the 20th of October, the vanced boldły to Munson and Mason's bills, Federal guns opposite Edwards' Ferry finding no entrenchments that deserved commenced shelling the opposite bank the name, and only a line of moek cannon, with vigor, under the belief that a considewhich had long held them at bay. Pickets rable Southern force was there. At the from the Confederate regiments were still same time, plain demonstrations of their kept at Fairfax Court House, and the Fed-intent to cross at that point were made by erals did not venture to occupy it in lorce. the enemy. Gen. Evans sent to their front But the apparent retreat to Centreville en-the 13th Mississippi regiment, under Col. couraged General MeClellan to undertake Barksdale, the 17th, Col. Burt, and part of an advance on the extreme left wing of the 18th, Col. Fetherstone, and ordered the the Southern force, which brought on a Richmond Howitzers, under Capt. Shields conflict among the most sanguinary of the and Lieut. Palmer, to take a strong posiwar, when es:imated in view of the num- tion commanding the road from Edwards' bers engaged.

Ferry to Leesburg. The 8th Virginia, un- Colonel Evans, whose stubborn courage der Col. Hunton, made up of troops from had been so conspicuous on the field of Prince William and Loudon, with an adManassas, had been made a Brigadier ditional force under Lt. Col. Jenifer, conGeneral, and commanded a force of about sisting of four companies of the 18th Mistwo thousand men in and around Lees- sissippi, and about a hundred dragoons of burg. His command consisted of the 8th the Loudon cavalry, were left in the Virginia, the 13th, 17th and 18th Missis- neighborhood of Ball's Bluff, opposite Har. sippi regiments, six guns of the Riohmond rison's Island. Howitzer battalion, and a small body of Before daylight on the morning of Moncavalry.

day, the 21st of October, Capt. Devens, of Believing that he would be able, without any bloody resistance, to force back the small Southern commands holding their

a See McClellan's order, No. 1, Oct. 20, extreme left, and thus to occupy the

1861, by A. V. Colburn, Assis. Adj't. Gen. coun

to Gen. Stone. After the battle, McClellan

attempted to deny that he had ordered a Bohemian. Letter in Dispatch, Octo- Stone to advance in force, or to make arr bor 21.

attack. Examiner, Nov. 11, 1861.

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the 15th Massachusetts regiment, with, cluding the advanced companies unde" about three hundred men, crossed the river Devens, was two thousand three hundred at Harrison's Island, and cautiously ad- strong, and he was immediately followed vanced through the skirt of woods beyond over by the 19th Massachusetts and anthe bluff. They were met by two South-other New York regiment, with two full ern picket companies, one from the 17th batteries of artillery, making up a total of Mississippi, under Capt. Duff, and one at least four thousand men. a The whole from the 18th, under Capt. Welbourn, who Southern force opposed to them did not at challenged their advanced skirmishers any time exceed eighteen hundred. with the usual query, "Who comes there ?"

By two o'clock the greater part of Ba* Friends,” was the reply; but the ad-ker's troops had gained the bluff, and. vance continued. Capt. Duff received formed on its ridge, with the three pieces them with a volley, which threw them of artillery in position. The guns had into confusion, and stopped the advance been dragged with immense labor up the until other companies came

steep from the landing; the rifled piece had crossed after the party under Devens.

was dismounted and rolled up with levers, The Southern pickets slowly fall back, and afterwards again mounted for action. until met by a reinforcement under Lieut. The Federals advanced towards the woodCol. Jenifer, consisting of four infantry ed plain between the river and Leesburg. companies, and a body of Loudon cavalry, Into this Col. Hunton had thrown his regiwho dismounted and joined the infantry.

ment, with the supporting companies of Throwing themselves into the forest shel

the 10th and 18th Mississippi, and the dister, this small body then opened so galling mounted cavalry. He received the enemy a fire that, the Northern force was checked

with the greatest intrepidity and coolness. and fell back for reinforcements. @

His men fired scorching volleys, under Hearing the firing, Col. Baker of the

which the Northern troops were severely Federal army, under orders from General

cut up. Their dead and wounded were Stone, crossed with his brigade, consisting

borne rapidly to the rear, and carried over of the 15th and 20th Massachusetts, the Tammany regiment of New York, a corps with difficulty kept his men in position

to the island in small boats. Col. Baker called the California regiment; made up of

under this destructive fire. The artillesome nien from that State, and others recruited in the North, and three guns of a

rists all left their guns and fed, and for Rhode Island battery, iwo howitzers and nearly an hour one of the howitzers was a rifled piece. Col, Baker was the former worked by Col. Baker, Lt. Col.' Wistar, Senator from Oregon, already prominent as

Col. Cogswell, and Adjutant Harve;, a fierce advocate of the war in its most aided by a few men of the California regibloody form. He was an Englishman by ment. 6 The Southerners had not a piece birth, and a brave man. But on the eve of of artillery in the action, yet so accurate crossing, he expressed misgivings and aud deadly was their use of the musket fears as to the result, and a presentiment and Mississippi rifie, that the enemy's suof his own death. His means of trans- periority in numbers and weight of arms portation were two flat boats, each capa

was more than matched. ble of carrying about fifty men. By the Finding that no advance of the Federals use of Jines connec'ed with the shore and from Edwards' Ferry was attempted, Gen. Harrison's Island, the crossing was effect. Evans ordered the 17th and 18th Missised more rapidly than could have been ex- sippi to march rapidly to the left, to reinpected. Gen. Stone had ordered seven force Hunton, retaining the 13th and the thousand five hundred men to co-operate Howitzers on the approaches to Leesburg, in the movement. c Baker's brigade, in- to guard against the possibility of surprise.

a Letter of Bohemian, Dispatch, Oct. 29 a Official report of Col. Hinks, of 19th b Northern account in Examiner, Nov.5. Mass., Oct. 23rd. Maryland News Sheet, c Col. Colbourn's account, Examiner,

Oct. 26th. Baltimore South, Oct. 25th. Nov. 1s.

b New York World, Oct. 26th.

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