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“ LORD saith ;" and the LORD hath 6 13. Therefore thus saith the LORD “not sent them: and they have made “ God; “I will even rend it with a others to hope that they would con- “stormy wind in my fury; and there “ firm the word (y). 7. Have ye not “ shall be an overflowing shower in

seen a vain vision, and have ye not “mine anger, and great hailstones in spoken a lying divination, whereas ye my fury to consume it. 14. So will

say, “ The Lord saith it ;” albeit I “I break down the wall that we have “ have not spoken? 8. Therefore thus “ daubed with untempered mortar and “ saith the LORD God; “ Because ye “ bring it down to the ground, so that “ have spoken vanity and seen lies, “ the foundation thereof shall be dis66 therefore behold, I am against you,

« covered, and it shall fall, and ye shall ” saith the Lord God. 9. And mine « be consumed in the midst thereof: “ hand shall be upon the prophets that " and ye shall_know that I am the “ see vanity, and that divine lies; they “ LORD. 15. Thus will I accomplish “ shall not be in the assembly of my “ my wrath upon the wall, and upon “ people, neither shall they be writ- " them that have daubed it with un“ten (z) in the writing of the house of “ tempered mortar, and will say unto " Israel, neither shall they enter (a) you, 66 The wall is no more, neither “ into the land of Israel; and ye shall “ they that daubed it;" 16. To wit, “ know that I am the LORD God. “ the prophets of Israel which prophesy

10. Because, even because they have “ concerning Jerusalem, and which see “ seduced my people, saying, “ Peace,” « visions of peace for her, and (d) there " and there was no peace; and one “is no peace, saith the LORD God. “ built up a wall, and lo others “ 17. Likewise, thou son of man, set “ daubed it (6) with untempered mor- “thy face against the daughters of thy tar: 11. Say unto them which daub “ people, which prophesy out of their “ it with untempered mortar, that it “ own heart; and prophesy thou against « shall fall: there shall be an over- “them, 18. And say, Thus saith the “ flowing shower (c); and ye, Ogreat 6 LORD God; “ Woe to the women that “ hailstones, shall fall; and a stormy “ sew pillows (e) to all (g) armholes (h), 66 wind shall rend it. 12. Lo, when “ and make kerchiefs upon the head of 6 the wall is fallen, shall it not be said

every stature to hunt souls (i)! Will “ unto you,“ Where is the daubing “ye hunt the souls (k) of my people (!)

, “ wherewith ye have daubed it ? “ and will ye save the souls alive that

(y) v. 6. “That they would confirm the kerchiefs on the head, might be symbols « word,” i. e. “ that what they foretold of quiet and peace.” « would happen."

(g) “ All armholes,” and “every sta(2) v. 9. " Written, &c." i. e. inrolled ture," every one indiscriminately that in the registry of the house of Israel. “ applies to you; without distinguishing (a) Enter," i. e. “ return."

“ between those who look up to me, and (6) v. 10. “Daubed it, &c.” (figurative): 6 those who do not.” « lulled them with false hopes, false ap- (h) “ Armholes," or " elbows."

pearances of security; giving them what lij « To hunt souls,” “ by giving a “ had the semblance indeed of strength, “ false confidence to sinners, and discou“ but not what is mentioned in verse 5. “raging the good.” “ a hedge to stand in the day of battle :" (K) Hunt the souls of my people, and the daubers are the false prophets, and save the souls alive that come unto you," their wall pretended visions and false hopes i.e. “ dishearten those who look to me, of security and peace. See verse 16. " and cheer up and encourage those who

(c) v. 11. “ An overflowing shower, &c.” “ look to you :" the same as is meant in “ Heavy calamities instead of peace."

the next verse, by“ (d) v. 16. “ And,” or “ when."

“ that should not die, and saving the souls (e) v. 18. “ Sew pillows," and “ make “ alive that should not live;" and in c. 22. " kerchiefs," i. e. (perhaps) " speak com- by making the heart of “the righteous

. “ fort,” “Jull into security.


“ sad,” and “strengthening the hands of pillows or cushions to the arms, and making

" the wicked."

slaying the souls

come unto you (l)? 19. And will


CHAP. XIV. (9) pollute me (m) among my people for 1 Then came certain of the elders (r) of “handfuls of barley (n) and for pieces Israel unto me, and sat before me (s). “ of bread, to slay the souls that should 2. And the word of the LORD came “not die, and to save the souls alive

unto me, saying, 3. “ Son of man; “ that should not live, by your lying to 6 these men have set up their idols in my people that hear your lies?

“ their heart (t), and put the stumbling“ 20. Wherefore thus saith the LORD

“ block (u) of their iniquity before (1) “ God; “Behold, I am against your “ their face: should I be enquired of at “pillows, wherewith ye there hunt the

“ all by them? 4. Therefore speak unto “souls to make them fly (o), and I will

“ them, and say unto them, Thus saith “ tear them from your arms (P), and will

“ the LORD God; Every man of the “ let the souls go, even the souls that ye 6 house of Israel that setteth up his “ hunt to make them fly. 21. Your ker- " idols in his heart, and putteth the “ chiefs also will I tear, and deliver

“ stumbling-block of his iniquity before my people (1) out of your hand, and “ his face, and cometh to the prophet, they shall be no more in your

hand to "I the LORD will answer him that “ be hunted; and ye shall know that I

“ cometh, according to the multitude of the LORD. 22. Because with lies

“ his idols; 5. That I may take the ye have made the heart of the righteous 66 house of Israel in their own heart, sad, whom I have not made sad ; and

“ because they are all estranged from strengthened the hands of the wicked

“ me through their idols. 6. Therefore “ that he should not return from his

say unto the house of Israel, Thus “ wicked way, by promising him life : “ saith the Lord God, “ Repent and “ 23. Therefore ye shall see no more “ turn yourselves from your idols, and vanity, nor divine divinations : for I

“ turn away your faces from all your “ will deliver my people (1) out of your “ abominations. 7. For every one of “ hand, and ye shall know that I am the 66 the house of Israel, or of the stranger “ LORD."

" that sojourneth in Israel, which sepa

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(1) v. 18. 21. 23. “My people," i.e. “ and quiet when there is no peace, that “ those who obey me,” in opposition to my people (they who trust in me) shall be the wicked, “ those who come to you." “ free from the delusions you create." This opposition should be attended to from (g) A solemn warning to the Jews to 0.18.-" The souls that should not die," and bring them back from idol worship; an in“ the souls that are hunted to make them timation that in God's judgments one man's “Ay," are those who in v. 18. 21. 23. have righteousness should save none but himself, the appellation of "my people ;” and in but that still there should be a remnant verse 22. -" the righteous, whom I have left. Ezekiel was at this time in captivity “ not made sad,” and “the souls that in the land of Babylon. B. C. 593. “ should not live," are those “ who come (r) v. 1. “ of the elders,” “ who were “ unto you,” who are called, v. 22. “ the “ in captivity with Ezekiel.” " wicked.”

(s) “ Sat before me," " that Ezekiel (m) v. 19. “Pollute me," “by pretended might enquire of God on their behalf.” “predictions, by ascribing to me what I Such enquiries were common in the times “ have never said, and what will therefore of the prophets. See ante, 579. note on never come to pass.”.

2 Sam. xxi. 1. and Jer. xxi. 2. and post, (n) “ Handfuls of barley," i. e. “re- Ezek. xx. 1. “ wards."

(t) v. 3. “ In their heart," and “ before (o) v. 20. “ To make them fly," i. e. “ their face;" “ in mind and deed: not only to dishearten them."

“ idolaters in heart, but have actually set (p) “ Tear them from your arms, (i..e. up idols to worship them." (probably) “ will bring such calamities (a) “ The stumbling-block of their ini

upon those to whom you speak comfort, quity,” i. e. “ an idol." u will so expose your prophecies of peace

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“ rateth himself from me, and setteth " and Job were in it, they should deliver “ up his idols in his heart, and putteth but their own souls (a) by their right“ the stumbling-block of his iniquity “ eousness, saith the Lord God. 15. If “ before his face, and cometh to a pro- “ I cause noisome beasts to pass through “phet to enquire of him concerning “ the land, and they spoil it, so that it “me; I the LORD will answer him by “ be desolate, that no man may pass “ myself. 8. And I will set my face “ through because of the beasts : “ against that man, and will make him “ 16. Though these three men were in it

, “ a sign and a proverb (x), and I will " as I live, saith the Lord God, they

cut him off from the midst of my “ shall deliver neither sons nor daugh“people; and ye shall know that I am “ ters; they only shall be delivered, “ the LORD. 9. And if (y) the prophet 6 but the land shall be desolate. 17.01 “ be deceived when he hath spoken a if I bring a sword upon that land,

thing, I the Lord have deceived that “ and say, “ Sword, go through the “prophet, and I will stretch out my “ land ;" so that I cut off man and beast “ hand upon him, and will destroy him “ from it: 18. Though these three men “ from the midst of my people Israel. “ were in it, as I live, saith the Lord “ 10. And they shall bear the punish- “ God, they shall deliver neither sous “ ment of their iniquity: the punish- “ nor daughters, but they only shall be “ment of the prophet shall be even as 6 delivered themselves. 19. Or if I “ the punishment of him that seeketh “ send a pestilence into that land, and 66 unto him: 11. That the house of

pour out my fury upon it in blood, * Israel may go no more astray from “ to cut off from it man and beast : 6 me, neither be polluted any more “ 20. Though Noah, Daniel, and Job “ with all their transgressions : but that were in it, as I live saith the Lord “they may be my people, and I may “ God, they shall deliver neither son « be their God, saith the Lord God.” “nor daughter; they shall but deliver 12. The word of the Lord came again " their own souls by their righteousness

. to me, saying, 13. “ Son of man, when “ 21. For thus saith the Lord GOD, “ the land sinneth against me by tres- 66 « How much more when I send my “passing grievously, then will I stretch “ four sore judgments upon Jerusalem, " out mine hand upon it, and will break “the sword, and the famine, and the “ the staff of the bread thereof, and will “ noisome beast

, and the pestilence

, “ send famine upon it, and will cut off “ to cut off from it man and beast? “ man and beast from it. 14. Though “ 22. Yet behold, therein shall be left “ these three men, Noah, Daniel (Z), a remnant (6) that shall be brought

(-3) v. 8.“ A sign and a proverb," "to be « referred to as an instance of God's ven“ geance:" like Is. lxv. 15. ante, 672. “ Ye shall leave your name for a curse." See the note there.

(y) v. 9. “If, &c.” or “ if a prophet be “ induced to speak a word," (i.e.“ if he “ assume to utter as a prophecy what he “ has no commission to utter,) “ | the Lord “ will frustrate that prophet. 4 Hamm. “ 351.” It is not to be supposed that God would punish a prophet for prophesying what he had himself suggested, and the offence referred to seems to be the daring to speak what God had not authorized. This presumption is made a subject of complaint in the preceding chapter, Ezek. xiii. 2, 3. and 6 to 9.

(z) v. 14. “ Daniel,” who was at this time living in Babylon.

(a) “ Deliver but their own souls," i. e. “save only their own lives :" though Ged would have spared Sodom and Gomorrab

, had there been ten righteous in it (Geo. xviii. 52.), and would have pardoned Je. rusalem in Josiah's time could one righteous man have been found in it, (Jer. v. 1.) he had no longer such a disposition to forbearance.

(6) v. 22. “ A remnant ;" in all his denunciations God promised that a rennost should be left. This was calculated to keep up hope in the minds of the faithful

, to satisfy them that God had not wholly cast off the nation, but that they might still expect out of it the great Deliverer, the

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“ forth (c), both sons and daughters : 6 shall not have occasion any more to “ behold, they shall come forth unto “ use this proverb in Israel. 4. Behold,


shall see their way, and “ all souls are mine, as the soul of the “ their doings: and ye shall be com- “ father, so also the soul of the son is “ forted (d) concerning the evil that I “ mine : the soul that sinneth, it shall “ have brought upon Jerusalem, even

5. But if a man be just, and do “ concerning all that I have brought “ that which is lawful and right, 6. And upon it. 23. And they (e) shall com

6 hath not eaten upon

the mountains (1), you

when ye see their ways and “ neither hath lifted up his eyes (m) to “ their doings (g): and ye shall know 66 the idols of the house of Israel, nei" that I have not done without cause, “ther hath defiled his neighbour's wife, “ all that I have done in it, saith the 66 neither hath come near to a men“ Lord God.”

struous woman,

7. And hath not

“ oppressed any, but hath restored (n) CHAP. XVIII. (h)

to the debtor his pledge, hath spoiled The word of the LORD came unto “none by violence, hath given his me (i) again, saying, 2. “ What mean “ bread to the hungry, and hath co“ye, that ye use this proverb concerning

“ vered the naked with a garment, “the land of Israel, saying, The fa- “ 8. He that hath not given forth upon “thers (k) have eaten sour grapes, and “usury (0), neither hath taken any in“ the children's teeth are set on edge ? crease, that hath withdrawn his hand “ 3. As I live, saith the Lord God, ye “ from iniquity, hath executed true Messiah. God afterwards signified dis- eousness; that a change from sin to righttinctly by Jeremiah by what means they

or from righteousness to sin should escape:

“ He that abideth in this should produce the consequences of that “city (Jerusalem) shall die by the sword, change. A justification of God's ways, “and by the famine, and by the pestilence: and an exhortation to repentance and obe“but he that goeth out, and falleth unto dience. The date is about 13 years after " the Chaldeans that besiege you, he shall the commencement of the Babylonish cap“ live. Jer. xxi. 9."

tivity. B. C.593. (c) “ Brought forth,” viz. “ in cap- (i) v. 1. “Me," i.e. “Ezekiel," who “tivity to Babylon," and accordingly in was then captive in the land of Babylon. about five years, in the 11th of Zede- (k) v. 2. * The fathers, &c.” Implying kiah's reign, Zedekiah and the rest of the that the sons were punished not for their people that were left in Jerusalem, and own sins, but for those of their fathers. the fugitives that fell away to the king of The same proverb is noticed, Jer. xxxi. Babylon, excepting only some of the poor 29, 30. In those days they shall say no of the land who were left to be husband- “ more, the fathers have eaten a sour grape, men and vine-dressers, were carried to “ and the children's teeth are set on edge: Babylon. 2 Kings xxv.11, 12.-Jer. xxxix. “ but every one shall die for his own ini. 9, 10.-Jer. lii. 15, 16. and 2 Chron. xxxvi. quity: every man that eateth the sour 17 to 20.

"grape," (i. e. that sinneth) “his teeth (d) “ Comforted," i. e. (perhaps)" by “ shall be set on edge," i. e. “ shall bear being convinced of its justice, from see- “the punishment." The passage in Jere“ing the evil ways of those who were miah is ascribed to the first year of the “spared, and by considering it a proof of Babylonish captivity, twelve years before “God's kind disposition towards the na- Ezekiel's. " tion, that they also were not destroyed." (2) v. 6. “Eaten upon the mountains,"

(e) v. 23. “They shall comfort you,” i. e. ' in honour of any idol." i. e. (impersonally) “ you shall be com- (m) “ Lift up his eyes," i.e. “ in wor“ forted."

“ship." (g) “Doings," i. e. “ sins, presump- (n) v. 7. “ Restored." According to the “ tions."

injunctions, Exod. xxii. 26. and Deut.xxiv. (h) An intimation that every man should 10 to 13. bear the consequences

hi own acts; (o) v. 8. “ Upon usury." Contrary to that a son should not suffer for his father's Exod. xxii. 25. and Levit. xxv. 35 to 37. sins, nor be protected by a father's right


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“judgment between man and man, “shall be upon him, and the wickedness “ 9. Hath walked in my statutes, and “ of the wicked shall be upon him. “ hath kept my judgments to deal truly; 66 21. But if the wicked will turn from “he is just, he shall surely live, saith “ all his sins that he hath committed, “ the Lord God. 10. If he beget a son 6 and keep all my statutes, and do that " that is a robber, a shedder of blood, “ which is lawful and right, he shall “ and that doeth the like to any one of “ surely live, he shall not die. 22. All “these things, 11. And that doeth not “his transgressions that he hath com“ any of those duties, but even hath “mitted, they shall not be mentioned “ eaten upon the mountains, and defiled “ unto him : in his righteousness that “his neighbour's wife, 12. Hath op- “ he hath done, he shall live. 23. Have

pressed the poor and needy, hath “I any pleasure at all that the wicked “ spoiled by violence, hath not restored 66 should die? saith the Lord God; and “ the pledge, and hath lifted up his eyes not that he should return from his “ to the idols, hath committed abo- ways and live ? 24. But when the “mination, 13. Hath given forth upon righteous turneth away from his right66 usury, and hath taken increase: shall eousness, and committeth iniquity, “ he then live? he shall not live: he and doeth according to all the abo" hath done all these abominations, he minations that the wicked man doeth, “ shall surely die; his blood shall be “ shall he live? all his righteousness “ upon him. 14. Now lo, if he beget " that he hath done shall not be men

a son that seeth all his father's sins “ tioned : in his trespass that he hath “ which he hath done, and considereth trespassed, and in his sin that he hath " and doeth not such like, 15. That “ sinned, in them sball he die. 25. Yet “ hath not eaten upon the mountains, ye say, way

of the Lord is not “ neither hath lifted up his eyes to the equal.” Hear now, O house of Israel, “ idols of the house of Israel, hath not “ Is not my way equal ? are not your “ defiled his neighbour's wife, 16. Nei- “ ways unequal? 26. When a righteous “ther hath oppressed any, hath not “ man turneth away from his righteous“ withholden the pledge, neither hath ness, and committeth iniquity, and “ spoiled by violence, but hath given “ dieth in them; for his iniquity that he “ his bread to the hungry, and hath “ hath done, shall he die. 27. Again; " covered the naked with a garment,

66 when the wicked man turneth away " 17. That hath taken off his hand from “ from his wickedness that he hath com“ the poor, that hath not received usury “mitted, and doeth that which is lawful “ nor increase, hath executed my judg- “ and right, he shall save his soul alive. “ments, hath walked in my statutes; “ 28. Because he considereth, and turn" he shall not die for the iniquity of his “eth away from all his transgressions “ father, he shall surely live. 18. As " that he hath committed, he shall sure " for his father, because he cruelly op- “ ly live, he shall not die. 29. Yet, “pressed, spoiled his brother by vio- saith the house of Israel, “ The way “ lence, and did that which is not good “ of the LORD is not equal." O house

among his people, lo, even he shall “ of Israel, are not my ways equal ? are “ die in his iniquity. 19. Yet say ye,

“ not your ways unequal ? 30. Therefore “ Why? doth not the son bear the “ I will judge you, O house of Israel

, “ iniquity of the father? when the son “ every one according to his ways, saith “ hath done that which is lawful and “ the Lord God. Repent and turn “ right, and hath kept all my statutes, yourselves from all your transgressions, “ and hath done them, he shall surely so iniquity shall not be your ruin. “ live. 20. The soul that sinneth, it “ 31. Cast away from

you all your trans. 66 shall die : the son shall not bear the “gressions whereby ye have trans

iniquity of the father, neither shall the “gressed, and make you a new heart “ father bear the iniquity of the son ; “ and a new spirit; for why will ge die, " the righteousness of the righteous “ O house of Israel? 32. For I have

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