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21st Part. (d)
before thee : deliver me accord161. Princes have persecuted ing to thy word. me without a cause : but my
171. My lips shall speak of thy heart standeth in awe of thy praise : when thou hast taught word.
me thy statutes. 162. I am as glad of thy word: 172, Yea, my tongue shall sing as one that findeth great spoils.
of thy word : for all thy com163. As for lies, I hate and
mandments are righteous. abhor them : but thy law do I
173. Let thine hand help me : love.
for I have chosen thy command164. Seven times a day do I ments. praise thee : because of thy right
174. I have longed for thy saveous judgements.
ing health (e), O Lord : and in 165. Great is the peace that
thy law is my delight. they have who love thy law : and 175. O let my soul live, and it they are not offended at it. shall praise thee : and thy judge
166. Lord, I have looked for ments shall help me. thy saving health (e) : and done 176. I have gone astray like a after thy commandments.
sheep that is lost : 0 seek thy 187. My soul hath kept thy servant ; for I do not forget thy testimonies : and loved them ex
188. I have kept thy commandments and testimonies : for all
MORNING PRAYER. my ways are before thee.
Psalm cxx. (h) 22d Part. (g)
When I was in trouble, I called 169. Let my complaint come upon the Lord : and he heard before thee, O Lord : give me understanding according to thy 2. Deliver my soul, O Lord, word.
from lying lips : and from a 170. Let my supplication come
(d) A profession of obedience and love for God's law.
(e) v. 166. 174. “ Saving health,” i. e. “ deliverance at thy hands."
(8) A prayer for instruction and deliverance.
(k) This Psalm is supposed to have been written by David, when by the calumnies of Doeg and others he was constrained to quit his own country. (See 1 Sam. xxi. 10. and xxvii. 2.) It calls to mind that God had before heard him when he was in trouble, prays for further deliverance, and laments his banish. ment from his own land, and the inveteracy of his enemies. This and the next fourteen Psalms are called in the Hebrew " Songs of the ascent or going up;" and
though the reason for so calling them is not known with certainty, it might be one of these : first, because they were sung by the Levites whilst the king was going up to the temple, which we may suppose was an act of great state and solemnity, for amongst the things which astonished the queen of Sheba when she went to see Solomon, was “ his ascent by “ which he went up to the house of the “ Lord, (1 Kings x. 5.);" or, secondly, because they were sung by the people when they were going up to Jerusalem at the three solemn feasts (see note on Ps. cxxii. p. 421.); or, thirdly, because they were sung when the people went up from the Babylonish captivity.
3. What reward shall be given 2. My help cometh even from or done unto thee, thou false the Lord : who hath made heaven tongue ? even mighty and sharp and earth. (i) arrows, with hot burning 3. He will not suffer thy foot
to be moved : and he that 4. Woe is me, that I am con- keepeth thee will not sleep. strained to dwell with Mesech (k): 4. Behold, he that keepeth Isand to have my habitation among rael : shall neither slumber nor the tents of Kedar (1) !
sleep. 5. My soul hath' long dwelt 5. The Lord himself is thy among them: that are enemies
keeper : the Lord is thy defence unto peace. .
upon thy right hand; 6. I labour for peace; but when 6. So that the sun shall not I speak unto them thereof: they burn thee by day : neither the make them ready to battle. moon by night.
7. The Lord shall preserve thee Psalm cxxi. (m)
from all evil : yea, it is even he I will lift up mine eyes unto that shall keep thy soul. the hills (n): from whence cometh 8. The Lord shall preserve thy
going out and thy coming in :
(i) v. 3. “ Arrows" and " coals," i. e. “ Arabian pitch tent there,” implies that “ vengeance from God."
the Arabians, who were descendants of (k) v. 4. “ Mesech,” “Kedar.” Mesech
Ishmael, were then in the habit of dwellwas a son of Japheth, (Gen. x. 2. and ing in tents : and in Solomon's Song i. 5. 1 Chron. i. 3.) and Kedar a son of Ishmael, and Isaiah xlix. 29. are " the tents of Kedar" (Gen, xxv. 13. and 1 Chron. i. 29.); and mentioned. From this, and other stronger these names therefore are probably used instances in which the facts foretold in generally for the heathen: not importing scripture are fulfilling down to the prethat he was literally dwelling with any sent time, Bishop Newton illustrates the people of the name of Mesech or Kedar, position, “ that the prophecies really came or with any of their descendants, but « from God.” For how could it happen merely that he was constrained to dwell but through him, that their completion with some of the heathen, or with persons should be still in progress? as barbarous and unprincipled, and as
(m) Upon the transcendency of God's much averse to peace.
protection. _It is supposed to have been (1) “ Tents of Kedar.” In the pro- written by David, and expresses the high phecy as to Ishmael (Gen. xvi. 12.) confidence he had in God; and it was thankwhich meant to apply to his posterity fully called to remembrance upon the also, what we translate " he shall dwell
return from the captivity, to remind the “ in the presence of all his brethren," people that in the greatest troubles the signifies more strictly " he shall dwell in
surest wisdom is to trust in God. Bishop “ tents ;” and it is remarkable that down Lowth thinks the first two verses were to the present day many of his descend spoken by David, when going out to war , ants adhere to the practice of dwelling and that the other six constituted the in tents. This Psalm (which, if written
answer of encouragement from the high
, by David, must have been written 900 priest. There is evidently a change of years after the prophecy, and 450 years
person at the 3d verse which continues after Genesis was written,) speaks of the to the end of the Psalm, so that the last tents of Kedar, as if it was well known six verses are an answer to the person who that the descendants of Kedar, Ishmael's uttered the first two. son, then dwelt in tents; and Isaiah, who
(n) v. 1. “ The hills," i. e. “ heaven." wrote 300 years after David's time, when
4. Augustine, 460. he says, (Isa. xiii. 20.) “ neither shall the
from this time forth for ever- O thou that dwellest in the more.
heavens. Psalm cxxii. (0)
2. Behold, even as the eyes of I
servants look unto the hand of was glad when they said unto me : “ We will go into the
their masters, and as the eyes of “ house of the Lord ;
a maiden unto the hand of her
mistress : even so our eyes wait 2. “ Our feet shall stand in
upon thy gates, O Jerusalem.”
the Lord our God, until he 3. Jerusalem is built as a city :
have mercy upon us.
3. Have mercy upon us, O that is at unity (P) in itself. 4. For thither the tribes go
Lord, have mercy upon us : for
we are utterly despised. up, even the tribes of the Lord : to testify unto Israel, to give
4. Our soul is filled (r) with thanks unto the Name of the
the scornful reproof of the Lord.
wealthy : and with the despite5. For there is the seat of judge
fulness of the proud. ment : even the seat of the house
Psalm cxxiv. (s) of David.
If the Lord himself had not been 6. O pray for the peace of Je
on our side, now may Israel say : rusalem : they shall prosper that
that if the Lord himself had not been love thee.
on our side, when men rose up 7. Peace be within thy walls : against us; and plenteousness within thy 2. They had swallowed us up palaces.
quick : when they were so wrath8. For my brethren and com- fully displeased at us. panion's sakes : I will wish thee
3. Yea, the waters had drowned prosperity.
us : and the stream had gone 9. Yea, because of the house of
over (t) our soul. the Lord our God: I will seek
4. The deep waters of the to do thee good.
proud : had gone even over our Psalm cxxiii. (9)
soul. Unto thee lift I up mine eyes :
5. But praised be the Lord :
(O) A hymn, supposed to have been written by David, and to have been used by the people upon their going up to the public worship at Jerusalem. By the Mosaic law (Exod. xxiii. 17.— Deut. xvi. 16.) three times in a year were all the males to appear before the Lord, in the place which he should choose, (which was afterwards Jerusalem,) viz. at the Feast of the Passover or unleavened bread, at the Feast of Weeks or Pentecost, and at the Feast of Tabernacles. The Psalm might also be used again upon the return from the Babylonish captivity: (p) v. 3. “ At unity,” i. e. “ free from
where the people are unanimous, of one mind.
(9) An anxious appeal to God in time of great distress.
It might be written, either when Sennacherib, king of Assyria, threatened Jerusalem (see 2 Kings xviii. 17. and Isaiah xxxvi. 2.), or during the Babylonish captivity.
(r) v. 4.“ Filled," i. e.“ ready to over“ Aow, not in a condition to bear more.”
(s) A thanksgiving for some signal deliverance, ascribing it to God. Dr. Hammond says, it was appointed to be sung by the Levites after the return from the Babylonish captivity. It is one of the Psalms for the Thanksgiving Days of 29th May, and 5th November.
(t) v. 3, 4. “ Gone over our soul," i. e. put an end to our lives.”
“ dissensions ;
who hath not given us over for a salem : even
so standeth the prey unto their teeth.
Lord round about his people, 6. Our soul is escaped even as from this time forth for evera bird out of the snare of the
more. fowler : the snare is broken, and 3. For the (x) rod of the unwe are delivered,
godly cometh not into the (y) lot 7. Our help standeth in the
standeth in the of the righteous : lest the rightName of the Lord : who hath
eous put their hand unto wickedmade heaven and earth.
4. Do well, O Lord : unto Psalm cxxv. (u)
those that are good and true of THEY that put their trust in heart. the Lord shall be even as the 5. As for such as turn back mount Sion : which may unto their own wickedness : the be removed, but standeth fast Lord shall lead them forth with
the evil doers; but peace shall be 2. The hills stand about Jeru
(u) Upon God's protection to those who trust in him, and walk in his ways. It is one of the Psalms for 5th November.
(x) v. 3. “ Rod," i. e. either “ domi. “nion," or "punishment.” “Therighteous u shall not come under the rule of the un
'godly: God shall protect the former from
the sway of the latter ;” or “ the punish“ment which falls upon the one shall not " extend unto the other."
(y) “ Lot," i. e. “ inheritance, portion, possessions."
Lessons for the Twenty-seventh Day of the Month throughout the Year.
(1) ante, 74.
(2) ante, 226. 207. (3) ante, 213. 149. 220. (4) ante, 55. 167.
(5) ante, 73. 176.
(9) ante, 157. 180.990 (12) ante, 226. (13) ante, 130.
2. Except the Lord keep the Psalm cxxvi. (2)
city : the watchman waketh but
in vain. When the Lord turned again
3. It is but lost labour that
ye the captivity of Sion : then were we like unto them that dream. (a) | take rest, and eat the bread of
haste to rise up early, and so late 2. Then was our mouth filled with laughter : and our tongue his beloved sleep.
carefulness : for (h) so he giveth 3. Then said they among the
4. Lo, children and the fruit of
the womb : are an heritage and heathen : « The Lord hath done
gift that cometh of the Lord. “ great things for them.”
5. Like as the arrows in the 4. Yea, the Lord hath done
hand of the giant : even so (i) great things for us already : whereof we rejoice.
are the young children. 5. Turn (6) our captivity, O.
6. Happy is the man that hath Lord : as the rivers in the south.
his quiver full of them : they 6. They that sow in tears :
shall not be ashamed when they shall reap in joy.
speak with their enemies in the gate. 7. He that now goeth on his
Psalm cxxviii. (K) way weeping, and beareth (c) BLESSED are all they that fear forth good seed : shall doubtless the Lord : and walk in his ways. come again with joy, and bring 2. For thou (1) shalt eat the his sheaves (d) with him.
labours of thine hands : 0 well Psalm cxxvii. (a)
is thee, and happy shalt thou be. Except the Lord build the 3. Thy wife shall be as the house (8) : their labour is but fruitful vine : upon the walls of lost that build it.
thine house ;
(z) A spirited song upon the return pression frequently used for “ continuing from the Babylonish captivity. One of * a family," and probably so intended the Psalms for 29th May.
here. See Exod. i. 21. — Deut. (a) v. 1. “ Dream,” our joy so great, we
9. Ruth iv. 11.- See also Ps. cxiii. 8. could hardly believe our deliverance real. (h) v. 3. For“so,” or “but,” Parkh. Hebr.
(6) v. 5. “ Turn, &c.” The meaning Dict. 322, 323. The meaning probably is probably is, complete as effectual a change this : human exertion, without God's asin us, from misery to joy, as the rivers sistance, is of small avail : they whom effect in the south, the hot and dry coun- God favours can acquire with ease, without tries, by turning them from barrenness to giving up any of their ordinary comforts, plenty.
more than others can with the greatest sa(c) v. 7.“ Beareth, &c." i. e. (probably) crifices and labour. “makes a proper use of his adversity, by (i) v. 5.“ Even so, &c." " adding in the “ turning unto God."
“ same way to the Father's powers," or (d) “Bring his sheaves, &c." Proba- “ taking what direction he thinks fit to bly a proverbial expression to denote great “ give them ; instruments in his hand to joy, as in Isaiah ix. 3. “ they joy before “ execute his purposes or receive his in:" thee according to the joy in harvest." “ pulse, as arrows in a giant's hand.”
(e) Upon the vanity and inefficacy of (k) Upon the blessings of those who human attempts without God's assist- fear God; supposed to have been sung at ance. One of the Psalms appointed to the marriages of the Israelites. be read at the
Churching of Women. (2) v. 2. “ Thou," i. e. “ whoever thou (g) 0. 1. “ Build the house." An ex- “ art that fearest God, &c."