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for he is gracious : and his mercy | down, and there was none to help endureth for ever.

them. 2. Let them give thanks, whom 13. So (r) when they cried unto the Lord hath redeemed : and the Lord in their trouble : he delivered from the hand of the delivered them out of their enemy ;

distress. 3. And gathered them out of 14. For he brought them out the lands, from the east, and from of darkness, and out of the shathe west : from the north, and dow of death : and brake their from the south.

bonds in sunder. 4. They went astray in the wil- 15. O that men would therederness out of the way : and fore praise the Lord for his good. found no city (2) to dwell in ; ness : and declare the wonders

5. Hungry and thirsty : their that he doeth for the children of soul fainted in them.

men ! 6. So (r) they cried unto the 16. For he hath broken the Lord in their trouble : and he de- gates of brass : and smitten the livered them from their distress. bars of iron in sunder.

7. He led them forth by the 17. Foolish men are plagued right way : that they might go to (t) for their offence : and because the city where they dwelt

. (*) of their wickedness. 8. O that men would therefore 18. Their soul abhorred (u) all praise the Lord for his goodness : manner of meat: and they were(u) and declare the wonders that he even hard at death's door. doeth for the children of men ! 19. So (r) when they cried

9. For he satisfieth the empty unto the Lord in their trouble : soul : and filleth the hungry soul he delivered them out of their with goodness.

distress. 10. Such as sit in darkness, and 20. He sent his word, and in the shadow of death : being healed them, and they were fast bound in misery and iron. saved from their destruction.

11. Because they rebelled against 21. O that men would there. the words of the Lord : and lightly fore praise the Lord for his goodregarded the counsel of the Most ness : and declare the wonders Highest;

that he doeth for the children of 12. He also brought down their men! heart through heaviness : they fell 22. That they would offer unto

to praise and depend upon God, by point- | or, “ a city to dwell in." The Bible transing out instances of his mercy, and show- lation is, “a city of habitation," which is ing his readiness to hear in times of trou- the same thing. The complaint in the 4th ble. Bp. Lowth reckons it amongst the verse is, “ they found no city to dwell in," most elegant monuments of antiquity. It and this answers that complaint. There is used at sea as a thanksgiving after a is no article in the original. storm. The first Psalm of the fifth or last

(t) v. 17. “ For," i. e. “ because of. Book.

“ Peters, 35." (9) v. 4. “ No city, &c." See Job xii. (u) v. 18. “ Abhorred" and " were," or 24. post, note on verses 7. 27.

« abhorreth” and “ are:" — " abhorreth," (r) v. 6. 13. 19.“ So,” or “ but."

i.e.“ loatheth" from illness. (s) v. 7. “ The city where they dwelt,"

the deep.

him the sacrifice of thanksgiving : 32. That they would exalt him and tell out his works with glad also in the congregation of the ness!

people : and praise him in the 23. They that go down to the seat of the elders! sea in ships : and occupy

their 33. Who turneth the floods (y) business in great waters;

into a wilderness : and drieth up 24. These men see the works the water-springs. of the Lord: and his wonders in 34. A fruitful land maketh he

barren : for the wickedness of 25. For at his word the stormy | them that dwell therein. wind ariseth : which lifteth up 35. Again, he maketh (2) the the waves thereof.

wilderness a standing water : and 26. They are carried (v) up to water-springs of a dry ground. the heaven, and down again to 36. And there he setteth the the deep : their soul melteth away hungry: that they may build them because of the trouble.

a city to dwell in; 27. They reel to and fro, and 37. That they may sow their stagger (W) like a drunken man: land, and plant vineyards : to and are at their wits' end.

yield them fruits of increase. 28. So (r) when they cry unto 38. He blesseth them so, that the Lord' in their trouble : he they multiply exceedingly : and delivereth them out of their dis-suffereth not their cattle to de tress.

29. For he maketh the storm to 39. And again, when they are cease : so that the waves thereof minished and brought low : are still.

through oppression, through any 30. Then are they glad, be- plague or trouble ; cause they are at rest : and so he

he 40. Though he suffer them to bringeth them unto the haven be evil-intreated through tyrants : where they would be.

and let them wander out of the 31. O that men would therefore way in the wilderness;

: 41. and declare the wonders that he out of misery : and maketh him doeth for the children of men ! households like a flock of sheep.


(v) v. 26. “ Carried, &c.” So Virgil, 1 Æn. 106., and 3 Æn. 565.

(w) v. 27. “ Stagger, &c.” In describing God's controul, Job uses the same expression, “ He taketh away the heart of the “chief of the people of the earth, and “causeth them to wander in a wilderness “where there is no way : they grope in the “ dark without light, and he maketh them to "stagger like a drunken man, Job xii. 24, 25."

(I) 0. 28. “ So,” or “but."

(y) v. 33. “ The floods," i. “ the land "near water:” making that dry, barren, and desolate, which before was well watered, fruitful, and cultivated.

(2) v. 35. “ Maketh, &c.” In the encouragement God is giving the people, Isaiah xli. 17, 18. he uses expressions exactly conformable to this passage, “ When “ the poor and needy seek water, and “ there is none, and their tongue faileth “ for thirst, I the Lord will hear them, I 66 the God of Jacob will not forsake them : “ I will open rivers in high places, and “ fountains in the midst of the valleys: I « will make the wilderness a pool of water, " and the dry land springs of water.' See also Isaiah xxxv. 6. xliii, 19.xliv. 3.


42. The righteous will consider 43. Whoso is wise, will ponder this, and rejoice : and the mouth these things: and they shall under

. of all wickedness shall be stop stand the loving-kindness of the ped.


Lessons for the Twenty-second Day of the Month throughout the Year.

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4. For thy mercy is greater than Psalm cviii. (a)

the heavens: and thy truth O God, my heart is ready, my reacheth unto the clouds. heart is ready : I will sing and 5. Set up thyself, O God, give praise with the best mem

above the heavens : and thy glory ber (6) that I have.

above all the earth. 2. Awake, thou lute and harp : 6. That thy beloved may be I myself will awake right early. delivered : let thy right hand

3. I will give thanks unto thee, save them, and hear thou me. O Lord, among the people : I will 7. God hath_spoken (c) in his sing praises unto thee among the holiness (d): “I will rejoice therenations.

“ fore, and divide Sichem, and

(a) The first five verses are nearly the same as the last five in the 57th Psalm ; and the last eight, as the last eight in the 60th Psalm. It might be united as a triumphal hymn after David had succeeded against the Philistines the Moab. ites and the Edomites, calling to mind and repeating in the eight last verses, the song of hope he had made before he went

out against them. It is one of the proper Psalms for Ascension Day, the day our Saviour triumphed over all his enemies.

(6) v. 1. “ Best member," i. e. " his u tongue."

(c) v. 7. “ Spoken," i. e. (perhaps “ given me assurance." See note on Ps. Ix. 6.

(d) “Holiness," or "Sanctuary."

“mete out the valley of Suc

Psalm cix. (h) “coth.”

Hold not thy tongue, O God of 8. Gilead is mine, and Manas- my praise : for the mouth of the ses is mine : Ephraim also is the ungodly, yea, the mouth of the strength of my head.

deceitful is opened upon me. 9. Judah is my lawgiver ; Moab 2. And they have spoken is my wash-pot : over Edom will against me with false tongues : I cast out my shoe; upon Philistia they compassed me about also will I triumph.

with words of hatred, and fought 10. Who will lead me into the against me without a cause. (e) strong city : and who will 3. For the love that I had unto bring me into Edom ?

them, lo, they now take my con11. Hast not thou (f) forsa- trary part : but I give myself unto ken (?) us, O God: and wilt not prayer. thou, O God, go forth with our 4. Thus have they rewarded hosts?

me evil for good : and hatred for 12. O help us against the ene- my good will; my: for vain is the help of man. 5. “ Set (i) thou an ungodly

13. Through God we shall do man to be ruler over him : and great acts : and it is he that shall “ let Satan stand at his riglit tread down our enemies.

“ hand. (k)

(e) v. 10. “ The strong city," i. e. « who are my enemies, and who speak “Bozrah," the capital of Edom; situated “ evil against my soul;" (See 2. Kennic. on a rock, and fortified, so as to be deemed Dissert. 581, 582. - Kennic. Rem. 271.) impregnable.

and this translation seems to agree with 19) v. 11. For “hast not thou,” the the original and with the Septuagint. Dr. reading should perhaps be, “hast thou Kennicott's supposition appears strongly “then.” This agrees better with the countenanced also by the context and geconcluding part of the verse, and with neral scope of the Psalm. It begins with the prayer in verse 12. The Septuagint stating that the mouth of the ungodly was is, “ Ουχί σι ο Θεός και απωσάμενος ήμας,” opened upon him and compassed him which may be rendered, “ Wilt not thou about with words of hatred. Is it then "O God, though for a time thou hast improbable he should state what those “ forsaken us ?"

words were? The verses from verse 5 to (g) “ Forsaken,” or “encompassed," 19. all speak of an individual in the singu" armed.”

lar number; the prayer to God, in verse (h) An anxious prayer to God for pro

20. &c. comes in naturally; the petition, tection, supposed to be written by David, in verse 27., " though they curse, yet (Wats. Apol. 55.) complaining bitterly of “bless thou,” agrees with the notion that he the malevolence and rancour of his ene- had been specifying the curses they used; mies, praying for or predicting their con- the prayer, in verse 28. that his enemies fusion, noticing his own distress, but may be clothed with shame, follows the concluding with a resolution to praise imputation upon him in verse 17. that he God, as being confident of deliverance. clothed himself with cursing; and the in

(i) v. 5. “ Set, &c.” Some translators timation in verse 30. that the Lord should render this and the following verses as

stand at the right hand of the poor, (that predictions, not as imprecations : “ Thou is, at his right hand,) is in contrast with * shalt set, &c.” “ and Satan shall stand, their prayer in verse 5. that Satan might * &c." Dr. Kennicott treats them as im- stand there. precations, but as the imprecations of (k) " At his right hand," to annoy him; David's enemies: and he translates verse

to lead him into trouble; to expose him 19. “ This is the prayer to God of those to God's wrath.

my soul.

poor : and

6. “ When sentence is given " and it shall come into his bowels “ upon him, let him be con- “ like water, and like oil into his “ demned : and let his prayer be « bones. 66 turned into sin.

18. « Let it be unto him as the 7. “ Let his days be few : and " cloke that he hath upon him : « let another take his office.

“ and as the girdle that he is 8. “ Let his children be father

alway girded withal.” « less : and his wife a widow. 19. Let it thus happen from

9. “ Let his children be vaga- the Lord unto mine enemies : and “ bonds, and beg their bread : let to those that speak evil against « them seek it also out of desolate places.

20. But deal thou with me, 0 10. « Let the extortioner con- Lord God, according unto thy « sume all that he hath : and let Name : for sweet is thy mercy. “ the stranger spoil his labour. 21. O deliver me ; for I am 11. “ Let there be no man to helpless and


heart pity him : nor to have compas- is wounded within me. “ sion upon his fatherless chil

22. I go hence like the shadow 6 dren.

that departeth : and am driven 12. “ Let his posterity be de- away as the grasshopper. “stroyed : and in the next ge- 23. My knees are weak through “ neration let his name be clean fasting : my flesh is dried up for “ put out.

want of fatness. " Let the wickedness of 24. I became also a reproach « his fathers be had in remem- unto them : they, that looked “ brance in the sight of the Lord :

upon me, shaked their heads. 6 and let not the sin of his mother

25. Help me, O Lord


God: 6 be done away.

O save me according to thy mercy. 14. “ Let them (1) alway be 26. And they shall know, how “ before the Lord : that he may that this is thy hand : and that “ root out the memorial of them thou, Lord, hast done it. « from off the earth;

27. Though they curse, yet 15. “ And that, because his bless thou : and let them be con“mind was not to do good : but founded that rise up against me ; “ persecuted the poor helpless but let thy servant rejoice. “ man, that he might slay him 28. Let mine adversaries be “ that was vexed at the heart.

clothed with shame : and let them 16. “ His delight was in curs- cover themselves with their own

ing, and it shall happen unto confusion, as with a cloke. “ him : he loved not blessing, 29. As for me, I will give great " therefore shall it be far from thanks unto the Lord with my « him.

mouth : and praise him among 17. “ He clothed himself with the multitude. “ cursing, like as with a raiment:

30. For he shall stand at the

right hand of the poor : to (l) v. 14. “ Them, &c." i. e. “the wick- save his soul from unrighteous “edness of his fathers, and the sin of his judges. « mother."


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