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“ you.”

“ hear (r), that shall he speak: | inspiration we may think those “ and he will shew you things to things that be good, and by thy

come. 14. He shall glorify me: merciful guiding may perform the “ for he shall receive of (s) mine, same, through our Lord Jesus " and shall shew it unto you.

Christ. Amen. 15. All things that the Father

The Epistle. James i. 22. “ hath are (t) mine : therefore " said I, that he shall take of Be ye doers (u) of the word, and " mine, and shall shew it unto

not hearers only, deceiving your own selves. 23. For if any be a hearer of the word, and not a

doer, he is like unto a man beFifth Sunday after Easter.

holding his natural face in a glass : The Collect.

24. for (x) he beholdeth himself, O Lord, from whom all good and goeth his way, and straightthings do come; Grant to us thy way forgetteth (y) what manner humble servants, that by thy holy of man he was. 25. But whoso

(r) “ Hear," i. e. “either from the Fa but by considering, as our church does, " ther or me." " And in as much as all the Father as God, the Son as God, and “ things that the Father hath are mine," the Holy Ghost as God? See Heber. 181 it will be the same whether the commu- to 183. — and Waterland, 190 to 196. nication is by him or me.

(t) v. 15. “ Are mine,” his power my (s) v. 14.“ Of mine." A strong proof power, his works my works, his spirit my of our Saviour's divinity, and of the per- spirit: our perfections common, our nasonality of the Holy Ghost. If the Spirit ture equal, and our glory one. Waterl. was to receive of what was Jesus Christ's, 188. A claim none of an inferior nature and if all things were in common to the could make. Waterl. 195, 196.; and see Father and the Son, so as to justify the Bellarmine de Christo. Lib. 1. c. vi. p. 300. expression, “ All things that the Father

(u) v. 22. “ Doers." The necessity of “ hath are mine," could Jesus Christ be a good works is strongly pressed by our subordinate being, a being of inferior Saviour, and the apostles, (See ante, 87. nature? If Jesus Christ were not God, and note on Philipp. iv. 5.) And yet it should the Spirit were an operation or quality seem by one part of this Epistle, that only, but an operation or quality of God, there were some who taught that “faith would it receive or take what was Jesus “ without works" might suffice. In Jam. Christ's? And how could it be sent by iii. 14. he says, “What doth it profit, my Jesus Christ? The superior, if the Spirit “ brethren, though a man say he hath were the superior, would receive or take “ faith, and have not works ; can faith nothing from the inferior; and who but “ save him ?” So, v. 17. Faith, if it hath God could send or give of what is God's ? “ not works, is dead;" and, v. 19. “ The And when the Spirit was come, whom was “ devils believe," (that is, have faith)" and he to glorify, and of whom was he to “ tremble.” If the tree be good, it must testify? Jesus Christ ! He was to speak, produce good fruit. (See ante, 151. note not of himself, but what he should hear : on John xv. 2.) and to hear of whom? Jesus Christ ! (x) v. 24. “ For be," i.e. “who ;" it is “ he shall receive of mine, and shew it not every one who forgets ; the parallel “ unto you." So that if Jesus were less only holds with those who do. than God, the Spirit of Truth, which pro- (y) “ Forgetteth.” A hearer, whose ceedeth from the Father, was to glorify, conduct is not influenced, is at least in as not the Father, but Jesus Christ; to tesa bad a situation as if he forgot. If the tify, not of the Father, but of Jesus Christ ; word, like a glass, shew him his defects, and was to speak, not what he should hear and he will not correct them, he in effect or receive from the Father, but what he straightway forgetteth what manner of should hear and receive from Jesus man he was. Christ!! And how can this be reconciled,


(6) deed.

looketh () into the perfect (a) " meth when I shall no law of liberty, and continueth “speak unto you in proverbs, but therein, he being not a forgetful “ I shall shew you plainly of the hearer, but a doer of the work, « Father. 26. At that day ye this man shall be blessed in his “ shall ask in my name: and I

26. If (c) any man “ say not unto you that I will pray among you seem to be religious, “ the (0) Father for you; 27. for and bridleth not his tongue, but “ the Father himself loveth you deceiveth his own heart, this man's “ because ye have loved me, and religion is vain.

27. Pure religion o have believed that I came out (d), and undefiled before God “ from God. 28. I (k) came forth and (e) the Father, is this, “To “ from the Father, and am come "visit the fatherless and widows “ into the world: again, I leave the " in their affliction, and to keep “ world, and go to the Father.” " himself unspotted from the 29. His disciples said unto him, "world.”

Lo, now speakest thou plainly, The Gospel. John xvi. 23. (g)

“ and speakest

no proverb. Verily, verily, I say unto you,

“ 30. Now are we sure that thou “ Whatsoever ye shall ask the “ knowest all things, and needest " Father in my (h) name, he will “ not that any man should ask “ give it you. 24. Hitherto have “ thee : by this we believe that " ye asked nothing in my name :

“ thou camest forth from God.” "ask, and ye shall receive, that

31. Jesus answered them, “ Do ye your joy may be full. 25. These “ now believe ? 32. Behold, the things have I spoken unto you

“ hour cometh, yea, is now come, "in proverbs : but the time co- “ that ye shall be scattered (1),

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(z) v. 25. “ Looketh into," i.e. “studies, " to do justly, and to love mercy, and to " attentively considers.”

walk humbly with thy God.(a) “ Perfect law of liberty," i. e. (e) “ And," or even." " the gospel dispensation;" he calls it (g) Part of what passed at the last again, ch. ii. v. 12. “ the law of liberty;" supper, on the evening our Saviour was and he might mean, that it was free from betrayed. St. John was present, and sat the bondage of ceremonial ordinances, and next him. required inward purity and good works, (h) v. 23. “ In my name," i. e. and nothing more. St Paul, when he “ ground of being my disciples." presses upon the Galatians to rely solely (i) v. 26. “ Will pray the Father." I upon the gospel, and to pay no attention shall have no occasion; the Father shall to the Mosaic institutions, says, (Gal. v. 1.) do it of himself. "Stand fast, therefore, in the liberty (k) v. 28. “ I came forth, &c.” An un" wherewith Christ hath made us free, and equivocal assertion of his pre-existence: "be not entangled again in the yoke of and a plain intimation that it was his own bondage." (i. e. the Mosaic institutions.) act to come from the Father, and to re(6) “His deed," i. e.“ all he does." turn again to him. Agreeably to what he (c) v. 26. “If, &c." One of the first says, John x. 17, 18. *

I lay down my life, requisites of “ doer of the word” is to " that I might take it again. I lay it down keep his tongue under proper restraint. of myself. I have power to lay it down, See ante, 92. note on Eph. v. 4.

“ and I have power to take it again. This (d) v. 27. “ Pure religion, &c.” The commandment have I received of my sum of religion is beneficence and purity.

« Father.” In Micah vi. is another summary :

(1) v. 32. “ Be scattered," i. e. “ shall “What doth the Lord require of thee, but “ desert me." So Matt. xxvi. 31. “ All


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“ every man to his own, and shall Jesus began both to do and teach, “ leave me alone: and yet I am 2. until the day in which he was o not alone, because the Father taken up, after that he through " is with me. 33. These things the Holy Ghost had given com“ I have spoken unto you, that mandments

mandments unto the apostles “ in me ye might have peace. (m)

whom he had chosen: 3. to whom “ In the world ye shall have tri- also he shewed himself alive after “ bulation ; but be of good cheer; his passion by many infallible “ I have overcome the world.” proofs, being seen of them (0)

forty days, and speaking of the AscENSION Day.

things pertaining to the kingdom

of God: 4. and, being assembled The Collect. Grant, we beseech thee, Al

together with them, commanded

them that they should not depart mighty God, that like as we do

from Jerusalem, but wait for believe thine only begotten Son, the (p) promise of the Father

, our Lord Jesus Christ to have

" which, saith he, “ye have ascended into the heavens ; so we • heard of me:

5. for (9) John may also in heart and mind thither

truly baptized with (r) water; ascend, and with him continually

“ but ye shall be baptized with the dwell, who liveth and reigneth Holy Ghost not (s) many days with thee and the Holy Ghost, “ hence.6. When they thereone God, world without end.

fore were come together, they Amen.

asked of him, saying, “ Lord, For the Epistle. Acts i. 1. “ wilt thou at this time (t) restore The former (n) treatise have I “ again the kingdom to Ísrael?" made, O Theophilus, of all that 7. And he said unto them, “ It is

ye shall be offended because of me,” state any thing of St. Paul after his reach(i. e. “ shall fall off from me, shall be ing Rome, A. D. 63. St. Luke was much as afraid to declare your adherence to me,”) with St. Paul from A. D. 46. to A. D. 58. " this night,” (i. e. the same night of (0) v. 3. “ Forty days,” not uninterruptwhich St. John speaks ;) and accordingly, edly, but occasionally during that time. in the self-same night, they “all forsook The apostles mention eight distinct ap“ him, and Aed," and Peter three times

pearances. denied knowing him. So speedily was this (p) v. 4. “ The promise,” ,

66 of the prediction verified !

“ Comforter, or Spirit of truth," mentioned (m) v. 33. “ Peace," i. e. “comfort," repeatedly by our Saviour in his confrom an assurance that your dependance versation at the last supper. John xiv. on me shall not be vain.

17. 26. xv. 26. xvi. 7. 13. ante, 159. (n) v. 1. “ Former treatise," i. e. “ St. “ Luke's Gospel." The Acts are supposed (q) v. 5. “ John," i. e. “ the Baptist." to have been written by St. Luke, and (r) “ With water.” So said the Bapto have been published about A. D. 64. tist himself, (Matt. iii. 11.) “ I indeed They do not record the actions of all the baptize you with water unto repentance; disciples, but are principally confined to " but he that cometh after me" (i.e. the the works of St. Peter and St. Paul, and Messiah) “is mightier than I; he shall to part of their works only. They state " baptize you with the Holy Ghost and nothing of St. Peter after Herod's death, 66 with fire. A. D. 44. though he lived twenty-four (s) “ Not many days hence.” It occuryears afterwards, and but little of St. Paul red on the day of Pentecost, i.

« Whittill he went to Iconium, A. D. 46. twelve “sunday," ten days after the Ascension. years after his conversion; nor do they (t) v. 6. “ Restore, &c." Even at this

post, 167.


“not for you to know the times “ or the seasons which the Father

The Gospel. Mark xvi. 14. " hath put in his own power. 8. But Jesus appeared unto the eleven " ye shall receive power, after as they sat at meat, and upbraided “ that the Holy Ghost is come them with their unbelief and hardupon you: and ye shall be wit- ness of heart, because they benesses unto me both in Jerusa- | lieved not them which had seen “ lem, and in all Judea, and in him after he was risen. 15. And Samaria, and unto the (u) utter- he said unto them, Go


into “most part of the earth.” 9. And “ all the world, and (x) preach when he had spoken these things, “ the Gospel to every creature. while they beheld, he was taken He that believeth and is up; and a cloud received him out (y) baptized shall be saved; but of their sight.

10. And while “ he that believeth not shall be they looked stedfastly toward « damned. 17. And these signs heaven, as he went up, behold, “shall (2) follow them that betwo men stood by them in white “ lieve : In my name shall they apparel, 11. which also said, “Ye “ cast out devils; they shall speak "men of Galilee, why stand ye “ (a) with new tongues ; 18. they "gazing up into heaven? This “ shall take up serpents; and if "same Jesus, which is taken up they drink any deadly thing, it

you into heaven, shall so “ shall not hurt them; they shall “come in like manner as ye

have lay hands on the sick, and they “ seen him go into heaven.” « shall recover.” 19. So then

« 16.

« from

time they seem to have expected that our Saviour was to restore temporal power to the Jews. They were not aware that the kingdom of heaven, Christ's kingdom, was, (as he says, John xviii. 36.) not of this " world, but (as he states, Luke xvii. 21.) " the kingdom of God is within you," i. e. " a kingdom, and dominion over the heart, "mind, passions, and propensities of man."

(4) v. 8. “ Uttermost part of the earth.” Our Saviour had told them before his crucifixion, (in his prophecy of the destruction of Jerusalem, Matt. xxiv. 14.) " This gospel of the kingdom shall be

preached in all the world for a witness "unto al nations, and then shall the end” (i. e. the end of the Jewish polity, the destruction of Jerusalem) “ come;" and accordingly, the gospel was preached before the destruction of Jerusalem in Asia Minor, Greece, and Italy; as far north as Scythia, south as Ethiopia, east as Parthia and India, and west as Spain and Britain. 2 Newt. Proph. 156. This shews the zeal of the apostles, their conviction of the truth of what they preached, and God's assistance to the cause. It shews too that

the gift of tongues, the power of speaking languages they had never learnt, was not a mere display of God's power, nor a mere attestation from him that he was with them, but an essential requisite for their propagating the religion : for how could they have preached to the distant nations, unless they could have spoken their languages ?

(x) v. 15. " Preach.” See the preceding note.

(y) v. 16.“ Is baptized," i. e.“ takes

upon himself my baptism : makes that “ public avowal of being my servant, and “ lives a suitable life. See 2 Cl. Attr. 206.

(z) v. 17.“ Shall follow.” Another prediction, which would put the truth of his religion to the test. The disciples would expect to possess these powers — the converts to see them exerted. Would either have adhered to Christianity had they not been possessed and exercised?

(a) “Speak, &c." So that this gift, which, according to Acts ii. (post, 166.) was conferred on the following Whitsunday, was here foretold.

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after the (6) Lord had spoken, hand : be ye therefore sober, and unto them, he was received up watch unto prayer. 8. And above into heaven, and sat on the right all things have fervent (d) chahand of God. 20. And they went rity among yourselves : for charity forth, and preached every-where, shall (e) cover the () multitude the (6) Lord working with them, of sins. 9. Use hospitality one to and confirming the word with another, without grudging. 10. As signs following

every man hath received the gift

(h), even so minister the same Sunday after Ascension Day.

one to another, as good stewards The Collect.

of the manifold (i) grace of God. O God, the King of Glory, who

11. If any man speak, let him hast exalted thine only Son Jesus speak as the (k) oracles of God; Christ with great triumph unto if

any man minister, let him do it thy kingdom in heaven ; We be

as of the ability which God seech thee, leave us not comfort. giveth : that God in all things less; but send to us thine Holy may be glorified through Jesus Ghost to comfort us, and exalt Christ; to whom be praise and us unto the same place whither dominion for ever

and our Saviour Christ is gone before ; Amen. who liveth and reigneth with thee and the Holy Ghost, one God, The Gospel. John xv. 26. and part of world without end. Amen.

Chap. xvi. (1)
The Epistle. 1 Pet. iv. 7.

When the (m) Comforter is THE (C) end of all things is at “ come, whom I (n) will send


(6) v. 19. “ The Lord,” “ • Kúpos," & 12 Kupia, with the article.

(c) v. 7. “ The end,” i. e. probably one of the times so often signified by the expression, “ the day of the Lord,” the « coming of the Lord," the great period of the destruction of the Jews. See ante, 32. note on Luke xxi. 25. It is called “ the end" several times in our Saviour's prediction, (Matt. xxiv. 6. 13, 14.- Luke xxi. 9.) and it did put an end to the temple, the sacrifices, the ceremonies, and the nation. Has the sceptre at any time since been in Judah, or a lawgiver between his feet ? See Gen. xlix. 10. ante, 69. note (l) on Mal. ii. 1.

(d) v. 8. “ Fervent charity," i.e.“warm, “ active benevolence.” So our Saviour says, (John xiii. 35.) “ by this shall all

men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one to another." See ante, 28. note on Rom. xiii. 8. Christianity inculcates not only benevolence “ among

ourselves," to relations and neighbours, but general good-will to all mankind.

(e) “ Cover," i. e. “ either obtain res mission for," (like Jam. v. 26.) or

“ look,” in the first case, referring to our own sins; in the second, to those of others.

(g) “ The,” or “a.” No article in the original : 753os.

(h) v. 10.“ The gift," i.e. “ any gift." No article: “ χάρισμα.

(1) “ Manifold grace," i. e. “ whatever “ God has given."

(k) v. 11. “ As the oracles, &c." Perhaps, in speaking, ministering, &c. ascribe to God your power so to speak, minister, &c.; and so, according to verse 10. you will be good stewards, &c. and the consequence desired, verse 11. will follow: “ God will in all things be glorified.”

(l) Part of our Lord's discourse at the last supper, the evening he was betrayed. St. John sat next him.

(m) v. 26. “ The Comforter," i. " the “ Holy Ghost.” Ante, 159. note on John xvi. 7.

(n) “I will send, &c." So that our Saviour, after his crucifixion, was to have this power. Some proof of his divinity! Who less than God could send his Comforter? See ante, 160, note on John xvi. 14.



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